Zimbabwean parliamentary election, 1980
General elections were held in Southern Rhodesia
Southern Rhodesia
Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated north of the Limpopo River and the Union of South Africa. From its independence in 1965 until its extinction in 1980, it was known as Rhodesia...

 in February 1980 in order to elect a government which would govern the country after it was granted independence as Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three...

, in accordance with the conclusions of the Lancaster House Agreement
Lancaster House Agreement
The negotiations which led to the Lancaster House Agreement brought independence to Rhodesia following Ian Smith’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965. The Agreement covered the Independence Constitution, pre-independence arrangements, and a ceasefire...

. The election was won by the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front
Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front
The Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front has been the ruling party in Zimbabwe since independence in 1980, led by Robert Mugabe, first as Prime Minister with the party simply known as ZANU, and then as President from 1988 after taking over ZAPU and retaining the name ZANU-PF...

 (ZANU-PF) and its leader Robert Mugabe
Robert Mugabe
Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the President of Zimbabwe. As one of the leaders of the liberation movement against white-minority rule, he was elected into power in 1980...

 therefore became the first Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.
Agreement at Lancaster House on the fundamentals of the constitution was relatively easy.

A wet sheet and a flowing sea, A wind that follows fast,And fills the white and rustling sail, And bends the gallant mast.And bends the gallant mast, my boys, While like the eagle freeAway the good ship flies, and leaves Old England on the lee.

"A Wet Sheet and a Flowing Sea".

While the hollow oak our palace is,Our heritage the sea.

"A Wet Sheet and a Flowing Sea", line 23.

When looks were fond and words were few.

"The Poet's Bridal-day Song", line 20.