Woodland Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio
Overview
 
Woodland Cemetery and Arboretum (200 acres), located at 118 Woodland Avenue, Dayton, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
Dayton is the 6th largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County, the fifth most populous county in the state. The population was 141,527 at the 2010 census. The Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 841,502 in the 2010 census...

, is one of the oldest "garden" cemeteries in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

.

Woodland was founded in 1841 by John Whitten Van Cleve (July, 1801–6 September 1858), the first male child born in Dayton. He was the son of Benjamin Van Cleve and Mary Whitten Van Cleve. The cemetery began with 40 acres (161,874.4 m²) southeast of Dayton and has been enlarged to its present size of 200 acre (0.809372 km²).
Encyclopedia
Woodland Cemetery and Arboretum (200 acres), located at 118 Woodland Avenue, Dayton, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
Dayton is the 6th largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County, the fifth most populous county in the state. The population was 141,527 at the 2010 census. The Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 841,502 in the 2010 census...

, is one of the oldest "garden" cemeteries in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

.

Woodland was founded in 1841 by John Whitten Van Cleve (July, 1801–6 September 1858), the first male child born in Dayton. He was the son of Benjamin Van Cleve and Mary Whitten Van Cleve. The cemetery began with 40 acres (161,874.4 m²) southeast of Dayton and has been enlarged to its present size of 200 acre (0.809372 km²). Over 3,000 trees and 165 specimens of native Midwestern trees and woody plants grace the rolling hills. Many of the trees are more than a century old and 9 have been designated "Ohio Champions." The highest point in Dayton is within the cemetery, and during the Great Dayton Flood
Great Dayton Flood
The Great Dayton Flood of 1913 flooded Dayton, Ohio, and the surrounding area with water from the Great Miami River, causing the greatest natural disaster in Ohio history...

 of 1913, it became a place of refuge.

The Romanesque
Romanesque architecture
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of Medieval Europe characterised by semi-circular arches. There is no consensus for the beginning date of the Romanesque architecture, with proposals ranging from the 6th to the 10th century. It developed in the 12th century into the Gothic style,...

 gateway, chapel and office, completed in 1889, are on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation...

. The buildings were constructed of the stone from the original cemetery wall. The chapel has one of the finest original Tiffany
Tiffany glass
Tiffany glass refers to the many and varied types of glass developed and produced from 1878 to 1933 at the Tiffany Studios, by Louis Comfort Tiffany....

 windows in the country. A mausoleum
Mausoleum
A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons. A monument without the interment is a cenotaph. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb or the tomb may be considered to be within the...

, with a rock and bronze exterior, features twenty-two varieties of imported marble and twelve large stained glass windows inspired by famous literary works. It was added in 1970.

A receiving vault
Receiving vault
A receiving vault is typically an underground crypt or above-ground building built within a cemetery, with the purpose of storing the bodies of deceased persons in winter months when the ground is too frozen to dig a permanent grave...

 large enough to contain 12 crypts was built in 1847 by Joseph Wuichert, who was said to be Dayton’s premier stonemason. Throughout the 19th century it was used for temporary storage when burials were delayed due to bad weather or for other reasons (for example, refer to the article below on Levi and Matilda Stanley). Located near the main entrance to the cemetery and across from the mausoleum, it is constructed of giant limestone slabs and was designed as a replica of the Egyptian-style temple of Thebes and Karnak
History of the Karnak Temple complex
The history of the Karnak Temple complex is largely the history of Thebes. The city does not appear to have been of any significance before the Eleventh Dynasty, and any temple building here would have been relatively small and unimportant, with any shrines being dedicated to the early god of...

. It was unused for nearly 100 years but the exterior was restored in 2008 to its original condition.

Notable burials

See also :Category:Burials at Woodland Cemetery, Dayton.

The monuments, ranging from rugged boulders to Greek statues and temples, memorialize the lives of people who helped shape the nation and the city. Woodland is the final resting place for more than 100,000 people, including:
  • John H. Balsley
    John H. Balsley
    John H. Balsley was a master carpenter and inventor, inventing a practical folding wooden stepladder and receiving the first U.S. patent issued for a safety stepladder....

    , inventor of the folding step-ladder
  • Loren M. Berry
    Loren M. Berry
    Loren Murphy Berry was born in Wabash, Indiana, the son of Charles D. and Elizebeth Berry. He was a pioneer in the Yellow Pages business telephone directory industry.- Early life :...

    , inventor of the Yellow Pages
  • Erma Bombeck
    Erma Bombeck
    Erma Louise Bombeck was an American humorist who achieved great popularity for her newspaper column that described suburban home life from the mid-1960s until the late 1990s...

    , humorist and writer
  • Mrs. Leslie Carter
    Mrs. Leslie Carter
    Caroline Louise Dudley was an American silent film and stage actress who used her married name, Mrs. Leslie Carter, as her stage name to spite her former husband. She was called "The American Sarah Bernhardt"....

    , actress
  • William Charch, DuPont Chemist, inventor of moistureproof cellophane for food packaging.
  • Daniel C. Cooper
    Daniel C. Cooper
    Daniel C. Cooper was an American surveyor, farmer, miller and political leader.-Biography:He was born in the Passaic Valley at Long Hill, Morris County, New Jersey, the son of wealthy farmer George Cooper and Margaret Lafferty...

    , surveyor and Proprietor of Dayton
  • James M. Cox
    James M. Cox
    James Middleton Cox was the 46th and 48th Governor of Ohio, U.S. Representative from Ohio and Democratic candidate for President of the United States in the election of 1920....

    , newspaper publisher, Governor of Ohio and Presidential candidate
  • Edward A. Deeds
    Edward A. Deeds
    Edward Andrew Deeds was an American engineer, inventor and industrialist prominent in the Dayton, Ohio area.-Biography:...

    , engineer, inventor and industrialist
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar
    Paul Laurence Dunbar
    Paul Laurence Dunbar was a seminal African American poet of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Dunbar gained national recognition for his 1896 "Ode to Ethiopia", one poem in the collection Lyrics of Lowly Life....

    , poet
  • John Glossinger, popularized the Oh Henry!
    Oh Henry!
    Oh Henry! is a chocolate bar containing peanuts, caramel, and fudge coated in chocolate. It was first introduced in 1920, by the Williamson Candy Company of Chicago, Illinois. According to legend, Oh Henry! was originally named after a boy who frequented the Williamson company, flirting with the...

     candy bar
  • George P. Huffman
    George P. Huffman
    George P. Huffman was an American businessman. His Davis Sewing Machine Company, which began producing bicycles in the late 19th century, was the precursor to the Huffman Manufacturing Company , a manufacturer of high-quality bicycles.In 1887, Huffman purchased the Davis Sewing Machine Company in...

    , industrialist (Huffy Bicycles)
  • Andrew Iddings, inventor of the stereoptic (3-D) camera.
  • Charles F. Kettering, inventor
  • Earl Kiser
    Earl Kiser
    Earl Herbert Kiser was a professional American cyclist who was known as "little Dayton Demon". He was one of the leading names in bicycling beginning in 1888...

    , bicyclist and auto racer, "Little Dayton Demon"
  • L. L. Langstroth
    L. L. Langstroth
    Rev. Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth , apiarist, clergyman and teacher, is considered the "Father of American Beekeeping."L. L. Langstroth was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania...

    , father of American beekeeping
  • George Mead, industrialist (Mead Paper)
  • John H. Patterson
    John Henry Patterson (NCR owner)
    John Henry Patterson was an industrialist and founder of the National Cash Register Company. He was a businessperson and salesperson.-Early years:Patterson was born in 1844 on the family farm near Dayton, Ohio...

    , industrialist (NCR)
  • James Ritty
    James Ritty
    James Jacob Ritty , saloonkeeper and inventor, opened his first saloon in Dayton, Ohio in 1879, billing himself as a "Dealer in Pure Whiskies, Fine Wines, and Cigars." Some of Ritty's employees would take the customers' money and pocket it, rather than depositing the cash that was meant to pay for...

    , inventor of the cash register
  • James Findlay Schenck
    James F. Schenck
    James Findlay Schenck was a rear admiral in the United States Navy who served in the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War.-Biography:...

    , Rear Admiral, United States Navy
  • Robert Cumming Schenck
    Robert C. Schenck
    Robert Cumming Schenck was a Union Army general in the American Civil War, and American diplomatic representative to Brazil and the United Kingdom. He was at both battles of Bull Run and took part in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, and the Battle of Cross Keys...

    , Civil War General, member of US Congress and Ambassador to Brazil
    Brazil
    Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

     and United Kingdom
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

  • Levi and Matilda Stanley
    Levi and Matilda Stanley
    Levi Stanley and Matilda Joles Stanley were accorded the honorific titles of King and Queen of the Gypsies...

     "King and Queen" of the Gypsies
  • John W. Stoddard
    John W. Stoddard
    John Williams Stoddard was a manufacturer of agricultural implements and automobile pioneer. He was a cousin of General William Tecumseh Sherman.-Biography:...

     built the Stoddard-Dayton
    Stoddard-Dayton
    Stoddard-Dayton was a high quality car manufactured by Dayton Motor Car Company in Dayton, Ohio, USA, between 1905 and 1913. John W. Stoddard and his son Charles G...

     automobile
  • Clement Vallandigham
    Clement Vallandigham
    Clement Laird Vallandigham was an Ohio resident of the Copperhead faction of anti-war Democrats during the American Civil War. He served two terms in the United States House of Representatives.-Biography:...

     Congressman and Copperhead leader
  • Wilbur and Orville Wright
    Wright brothers
    The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur , were two Americans credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903...

    , inventors of the first practical flying machine
  • David Ziegler
    David Ziegler
    David Ziegler was a German immigrant to the United States who served in the U.S. military and became the first mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio.-Early life and career:...

    , first mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio

See also


External links

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