Warsaw University of Technology
Overview
 
The Warsaw University of Technology is one of the leading institutes of technology in Poland
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

, and one of the largest in Central Europe
Central Europe
Central Europe or alternatively Middle Europe is a region of the European continent lying between the variously defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe...

. It employs 2,453 teaching faculty, with 357 professor
Professor
A professor is a scholarly teacher; the precise meaning of the term varies by country. Literally, professor derives from Latin as a "person who professes" being usually an expert in arts or sciences; a teacher of high rank...

s (including 145 titular professors). The student body numbers 36,156 (as of 2011), mostly full-time. There are 17 faculties (divisions) covering almost all fields of science and technology. All are situated in Warsaw
Warsaw
Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. It is located on the Vistula River, roughly from the Baltic Sea and from the Carpathian Mountains. Its population in 2010 was estimated at 1,716,855 residents with a greater metropolitan area of 2,631,902 residents, making Warsaw the 10th most...

, except for one in Płock.

The Warsaw University of Technology has about 5,000 graduates per year.
Encyclopedia
The Warsaw University of Technology is one of the leading institutes of technology in Poland
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

, and one of the largest in Central Europe
Central Europe
Central Europe or alternatively Middle Europe is a region of the European continent lying between the variously defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe...

. It employs 2,453 teaching faculty, with 357 professor
Professor
A professor is a scholarly teacher; the precise meaning of the term varies by country. Literally, professor derives from Latin as a "person who professes" being usually an expert in arts or sciences; a teacher of high rank...

s (including 145 titular professors). The student body numbers 36,156 (as of 2011), mostly full-time. There are 17 faculties (divisions) covering almost all fields of science and technology. All are situated in Warsaw
Warsaw
Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. It is located on the Vistula River, roughly from the Baltic Sea and from the Carpathian Mountains. Its population in 2010 was estimated at 1,716,855 residents with a greater metropolitan area of 2,631,902 residents, making Warsaw the 10th most...

, except for one in Płock.

The Warsaw University of Technology has about 5,000 graduates per year. According to the 2008 "Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita (newspaper)
Rzeczpospolita is a Polish national daily newspaper, with a circulation around of 160,000. Issued every day except Sunday. Rzeczpospolita was printed in broadsheet format, then switched to compact at October 16, 2007...

" newspaper survey, engineers govern Polish companies. Warsaw Tech alums make up the highest percentage of Polish managers and executives. Every ninth president among the top 500 corporations in Poland is a graduate of the Warsaw University of Technology. Professor Kurnik, the rector of Warsaw Tech, explained that the school provides a solid basis for the performance of managers by equipping its students with an education at the highest level and a preparation with the necessary tools and information, including knowledge of foreign languages.

The origins of Warsaw University of Technology date back to 1826 when engineering
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

 education was begun in Warsaw Institute of Technology.

History

1826 - 1831

The origins of Polish universities of technology go back to the 18th century. They were related to either military technology
Military technology
Military technology is the collection of equipment, vehicles, structures and communication systems that are designed for use in warfare. It comprises the kinds of technology that are distinctly military in nature and not civilian in application, usually because they are impractical in civilian...

 or mining
Mining
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body, vein or seam. The term also includes the removal of soil. Materials recovered by mining include base metals, precious metals, iron, uranium, coal, diamonds, limestone, oil shale, rock...

, which demanded complicated technological processes as a result of the exploitation of deeper seams. The model school of technology, a university of technology, was designed by the French, who in 1794 founded the School of Technology in Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

. In the beginning of the 19th century universities of technology were opened in Prague
Prague
Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 2.3 million...

 (in 1806), Vienna
Vienna
Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

 (1815) and in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
The City of Karlsruhe is a city in the southwest of Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border.Karlsruhe was founded in 1715 as Karlsruhe Palace, when Germany was a series of principalities and city states...

 (1824).

In Poland, the first multidisciplinary university of technology was the Preparatory School for the Institute of Technology, which was opened on 4 January 1826. The Warsaw University of Technology still cultivates its traditions. The man who played the most important part in creating the school and writing its charter was Stanisław Staszic. Kajetan Garbiński
Kajetan Garbinski
Kajetan Garbiński was a Polish mathematician and prominent professor at the University of Warsaw. Minister of religion and education in the revolutionary Polish National Government during the November Uprising in 1831....

, a mathematician and Warsaw University professor became the director of the school. The School was closed in 1831, after the November Insurrection.

1898 - 1914

In 1898, the Technological Section of the Warsaw Society for Russian Commerce and Industry, whose director was engineer Kazimierz Obrębowicz, collected funds for the opening of Emperor Nicolas II University of Technology. Classes, with Russian
Russian language
Russian is a Slavic language used primarily in Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Turkmenistan and Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics...

 as the language of instruction, started on 5 September in the building at 81 Marszałkowska Street. They were soon moved to new buildings, built especially for the Institute. They were designed by Bronisław Rogóyski and Stefan Szyller.

On the day of the opening, the University had three faculties: the Faculty of Mathematics, Chemistry and Engineering and Construction. In June 1902, the Faculty of Mining was opened. Poles constituted the majority of students until 1905, when their number reached 1,100.

1915 - 1939

After German troops entered Warsaw on 5 August 1915, they wanted to gain the sympathy of Poles, and allowed University of Warsaw
University of Warsaw
The University of Warsaw is the largest university in Poland and one of the most prestigious, ranked as best Polish university in 2010 and 2011...

 and the Warsaw University of Technology to open with Polish
Polish language
Polish is a language of the Lechitic subgroup of West Slavic languages, used throughout Poland and by Polish minorities in other countries...

 as the language of instruction. The grand opening of both universities was held on 15 November 1915. Zygmunt Straszewicz was the first Rector of the Warsaw University of Technology. The period of World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

, together with the events connected with the restitution of the Polish State and the Polish-Bolshevik war did not help the development of the school. Daily lectures at the university only started in November 1920. The school taught the young future engineers at several faculties: at the Faculty of Mechanics, Electrical Engineering, Chemistry, Architecture, Civil Engineering, Aquatic Engineering, and finally, at the Faculty of Geodesy (or since 1925 - of Measuring). The last three faculties were merged on the basis of the new Academic Schools Law of 13 March 1933. The Polish Cabinet issued a decree on 25 September 1933, in which the new Faculty of Engineering was created.

The number of the Warsaw University of Technology students in the period of twenty years between the wars grew from 2,540 in the 1918/1819 academic year to 4,673 just before the outbreak of the World War II. In the same period the school granted more than 6,200 diplomas, including 320 for women. The Warsaw University of Technology became the most important scientific centre of engineering in Poland and gained international prestige. At that time, 66 graduates earned Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated as Ph.D., PhD, D.Phil., or DPhil , in English-speaking countries, is a postgraduate academic degree awarded by universities...

 degrees, and 50 qualified as assistant professors. The University was a centre of scientific research for people whose achievements were fundamental for world science and technology, including Karol Adamiecki
Karol Adamiecki
-External links:* * *...

, Stefan Bryła, Jan Czochralski
Jan Czochralski
Jan Czochralski was a Polish chemist who invented the Czochralski process, which is used to grow single crystals and is used in the production of semiconductor wafers....

, Tytus Maksymilian Huber
Tytus Maksymilian Huber
Tytus Maksymilian Huber was a world renowned Polish mechanical engineer, educator, and scientist. He was a member of the pre-war Polish scientific foundation, Kasa im...

, Janusz Groszkowski, Mieczysław Wolfke and many others.

1939 - 1945

During World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, despite enormous material losses and repressive measures, the Warsaw University of Technology continued to operate underground. Teaching continued in the form of clandestine and open courses, in vocational schools, and from 1942, in a two-year State Higher Technical School. Approximately 3,000 students took part in the clandestine courses and 198 earned engineer diplomas. Scientific research was also conducted, as 20 PhD and 14 assistant-professorship qualifying theses were written. There were also many works that were to serve the reconstruction of Poland after the war and constitute the foundation for the development of science in the future. Students and professors clandestinely worked on various projects. Professors Janusz Groszkowski, Marceli Struszyński
Marceli Struszynski
Marceli Struszyński was a Polish chemist and Professor of Warsaw University of Technology from 1938-1939 and 1945-1959....

, and Józef Zawadzki conducted a detailed analysis of the radio and steering devices of the German V-2 rocket
V-2 rocket
The V-2 rocket , technical name Aggregat-4 , was a ballistic missile that was developed at the beginning of the Second World War in Germany, specifically targeted at London and later Antwerp. The liquid-propellant rocket was the world's first long-range combat-ballistic missile and first known...

s, at the request of the Polish Home Army Intelligence.

1945 - present

After German troops had been dislodged from Warsaw, classes started in improvised conditions on 22 January 1945, and by the end of the year all the pre-war faculties were re-opened. Old and war-damaged buildings were rebuilt quickly; as well as new ones were erected. In 1951 the Warsaw University of Technology incorporated the Wawelberg
Wawelberg
The Wawelbergs were an Imperial Russian banking house with roots in Congress Poland.-Name:The House of Wawelberg, The Wawelberg Bank...

 and Rotwand
Rotwand
Rotwand is the name of several well-known peaks in the Alps:* Sextener Rotwand , in the Sexten Dolomites of South Tyrol* Rotwand , in the Rosengarten Group near the Karer Pass in South Tyrol...

's School of Engineering. The Academic and Research Centre in Płock was created in 1967. In the year 1945 there were 2,148 students in 6 faculties
Faculty (university)
A faculty is a division within a university comprising one subject area, or a number of related subject areas...

 (divisions), and in 1999 there were 22,000 students enrolled in 16 faculties. The Warsaw University of Technology granted over 104,000 Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
A Bachelor of Science is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years .-Australia:In Australia, the BSc is a 3 year degree, offered from 1st year on...

 and Master of Science
Master of Science
A Master of Science is a postgraduate academic master's degree awarded by universities in many countries. The degree is typically studied for in the sciences including the social sciences.-Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay:...

 engineer degrees between the years 1945 and 1998.

Over the years, the University was an important scientific centre, educating academic staff not only for its own purposes, but also for other Polish schools of technology. Between 1945 and 1998, 5,500 PhD theses were written in all faculties. There were almost 1,100 theses qualifying for assistant professorships. The number of academic staff grew significantly. In 1938, the University had 98 tenured professors and associate professors, as well as 307 assistant professors and teaching assistants; in 1948 there were 87 and 471; while in 1999 there were 371 professors, 1,028 tutors, 512 lecturers, and 341 teaching assistants.

Faculties

  • Faculty of Administration and Social Science
  • Faculty of Architecture
  • Faculty of Automotive and Construction Machinery Engineering
  • Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering
  • Faculty of Chemistry
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering
  • Faculty of Electronics and Information Technology
  • Faculty of Environmental Engineering
  • Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography
  • Faculty of Mathematics and Information Science
  • Faculty of Management
    Faculty of Management of Warsaw University of Technology
    The Faculty of Management at the Warsaw University of Technology is a business school in Warsaw. Its facilities are located on the southern side of the Warsaw University of Technology campus on ul...

  • Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering
  • Faculty of Mechatronics
  • Faculty of Production Engineering
  • Faculty of Physics
  • Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering
    Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering of Warsaw University of Technology
    Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering is located on the Central Campus of the Warsaw University of Technology...

  • Faculty of Transport

  • WUT Business School


University Płock Campus:
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering, Mechanics and Petrochemistry
  • College of Economics and Social Sciences

Transport

The transport faculty is engaged in research into the development of railway variable gauge axles
Variable gauge axles
A variable gauge system allows railway vehicles in a train to travel across a break of gauge caused by two railway networks with differing track gauges....

 which help overcome breaks of gauge, such as the SUW 2000
SUW 2000
SUW 2000 is a type of variable gauge system that allows a train to travel across a railway break-of-gauge.The SUW 2000 design is manufactured by Polish company ZNTK Poznań for Polish State Railways...

 system and INTERGAUGE.

Notable alumni

  • Stefan Kurylowicz (1972-2011) - Architect
    Architect
    An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the...

    and professor of architecture

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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