University of Trier
Overview
 
The University of Trier , in the German
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 city of Trier
Trier
Trier, historically called in English Treves is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BC....

, was founded in 1473. Closed in 1798 by order of the then French administration
French Revolutionary Wars
The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states...

 in Trier, the university was re-established in 1970 after a hiatus of some 172 years. The new university campus is located on top of the Tarforst
Tarforst
Tarforst is a suburban part of the city Trier in Germany with about 7,000 inhabitants. The University of Trier is situated in the suburb.The Romans settled in Tarforst 2,000 years ago. The village became a part of Trier in 1969.-External links:* *...

 heights, an urban district on the outskirts of the city. The university has six faculties with around 470 faculty members. In 2006 around 14,000 students were matriculated, with 43.5% of the student body male and 56.5% female; the percentage of foreign students was approximately 15.5%.
In 1455 Pope Nicholas V
Pope Nicholas V
Pope Nicholas V , born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from March 6, 1447 to his death in 1455.-Biography:He was born at Sarzana, Liguria, where his father was a physician...

 granted the Archbishop of Trier, Jakob von Sierck, the right to establish a university.
Encyclopedia
The University of Trier , in the German
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 city of Trier
Trier
Trier, historically called in English Treves is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BC....

, was founded in 1473. Closed in 1798 by order of the then French administration
French Revolutionary Wars
The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states...

 in Trier, the university was re-established in 1970 after a hiatus of some 172 years. The new university campus is located on top of the Tarforst
Tarforst
Tarforst is a suburban part of the city Trier in Germany with about 7,000 inhabitants. The University of Trier is situated in the suburb.The Romans settled in Tarforst 2,000 years ago. The village became a part of Trier in 1969.-External links:* *...

 heights, an urban district on the outskirts of the city. The university has six faculties with around 470 faculty members. In 2006 around 14,000 students were matriculated, with 43.5% of the student body male and 56.5% female; the percentage of foreign students was approximately 15.5%.

Historical university

In 1455 Pope Nicholas V
Pope Nicholas V
Pope Nicholas V , born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from March 6, 1447 to his death in 1455.-Biography:He was born at Sarzana, Liguria, where his father was a physician...

 granted the Archbishop of Trier, Jakob von Sierck, the right to establish a university. The University of Trier was founded March 16, 1473. Battling financial problems for decades, the university was acquired by the Jesuits in 1560. They emphasized the philosophical
Philosophy
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational...

 and theological
Theology
Theology is the systematic and rational study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truths, or the learned profession acquired by completing specialized training in religious studies, usually at a university or school of divinity or seminary.-Definition:Augustine of Hippo...

 faculties at the expense of medicine
Medicine
Medicine is the science and art of healing. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness....

 and law
Law
Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior, wherever possible. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a social mediator of relations between people. Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus...

. In the 1580s Peter Binsfeld
Peter Binsfeld
Peter Binsfeld was a German bishop and theologian....

 was president of the university. In the 1730s Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim
Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim
Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim was a German historian and theologian. He is remembered as Febronius, the pseudonym under which he wrote his 1763 treatise On the State of the Church and the Legitimate Power of the Roman Pontiff which offered Europe the "foremost formulation of the arguments against...

 was also a faculty member. After the French occupation of the Rhineland
French Revolutionary Wars: Campaigns of 1792
The French Revolutionary Wars began in 1792.-Preparations:France declared war on Austria on 20 April 1792. But Prussia and other powers had allied themselves with Austria in the expectation of conflict, and thus France faced a coalition and not a single power at the moment when the "emigration",...

, the French administration ordered the universities of Cologne
University of Cologne
The University of Cologne is one of the oldest universities in Europe and, with over 44,000 students, one of the largest universities in Germany. The university is part of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, an association of Germany's leading research universities...

, Mainz, Bonn
University of Bonn
The University of Bonn is a public research university located in Bonn, Germany. Founded in its present form in 1818, as the linear successor of earlier academic institutions, the University of Bonn is today one of the leading universities in Germany. The University of Bonn offers a large number...

 and Trier closed, the latter closing on April 6, 1798.

Modern university

After a hiatus of some 172 years the University of Trier was re-established in 1970 by the state
States of Germany
Germany is made up of sixteen which are partly sovereign constituent states of the Federal Republic of Germany. Land literally translates as "country", and constitutionally speaking, they are constituent countries...

 of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate is one of the 16 states of the Federal Republic of Germany. It has an area of and about four million inhabitants. The capital is Mainz. English speakers also commonly refer to the state by its German name, Rheinland-Pfalz ....

 as a constituent member of the twin University of Trier-Kaiserslautern
University of Kaiserslautern
The University of Kaiserslautern is a university in Kaiserslautern, Germany. It was founded in 1970 and is organized into 12 faculties.-History:...

, with 360 students matriculating in Trier on October 15, 1970. In 1975 the twin university was split into two independent universities. In 1977 the current university campus in Tarforst
Tarforst
Tarforst is a suburban part of the city Trier in Germany with about 7,000 inhabitants. The University of Trier is situated in the suburb.The Romans settled in Tarforst 2,000 years ago. The village became a part of Trier in 1969.-External links:* *...

 was opened and during the 1990s a nearby former French military hospital complex (dating from the French military presence in Germany following the Second World War) was acquired by the university and now forms a second campus, dubbed Campus II.

University seal

The modern university still uses the seal of the historical university in its corporate design http://www.uni-trier.de/uni/siegel.htm. It contains the Latin motto "" (God completes the favors of wisdom from the city of Trier). In 2000 an alternative logo http://www.uni-trier.de/Home/home_unisignet_450_214a.gif incorporating that seal was introduced, but this met with resistance.

Faculties

The university is divided into 6 faculties ("Fachbereiche").
  • FB I - Pedagogy, Philosophy, Psychology (ca. 2300 students)
  • FB II - Linguistics, Literature, Media (ca. 2700 students)
  • FB III - Egyptology, Papyrology, History, Archeology, Art history, Politics (ca. 1700 students)
  • FB IV - Economics, Sociology, Mathematics, Computer Science (ca. 3300 students)
  • FB V - Law (ca. 1800 students)
  • FB VI - Geography, Geology (ca. 1600 students)


There is also a Faculty of (Roman Catholic) Theology, affiliated to the university but administratively independent. It currently has about 300 students.

Student demographics

Foreign Students at the university (WS 2004/05)
Country Students Percentage
424 22.2%
290 15.2%
133 7.0%
86 4.5%
70 3.7%
56 2.9%
52 2.7%
50 2.6%
48 2.5%
43 2.3%
  • WS 2001/02: 11,867 students
  • WS 2002/03: 12,660 students
  • WS 2003/04: 13,082 students
  • WS 2004/05: 13,327 students
  • WS 2005/06: 13,755 students
  • WS 2006/07: 13,932 students
  • WS 2007/08: 13,982 students
  • WS 2008/09: 14,639 students
  • WS 2009/10: 14,612 students


While there is a considerable number of foreign students in Trier, a large majority of students hail from Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate is one of the 16 states of the Federal Republic of Germany. It has an area of and about four million inhabitants. The capital is Mainz. English speakers also commonly refer to the state by its German name, Rheinland-Pfalz ....

 and the adjacent German states of Saarland
Saarland
Saarland is one of the sixteen states of Germany. The capital is Saarbrücken. It has an area of 2570 km² and 1,045,000 inhabitants. In both area and population, it is the smallest state in Germany other than the city-states...

 and Northrhine-Westphalia. This situation has been exacerbated by the introduction of tuition fees in all German states except Rhineland-Palatine, with the University of Trier having experienced an increase in the number of students from other German states -- especially the neighbouring states -- matriculating or transferring there. The SPD
Social Democratic Party of Germany
The Social Democratic Party of Germany is a social-democratic political party in Germany...

, which is currently the governing party in Rhineland-Palatinate, does not at present plan to introduce tuition fees.

Karl-Marx-University of Trier

The General Students Committee
AStA
The General Students' Committee or AStA, is the acting executive board and the external representing agency of the student body at universities in most German states. It is therefore considered the student government and student representative organization...

 (German: Allgemeiner Studierendenausschuss, or AStA for short) put forward a proposal to change the university's official name to the Karl Marx
Karl Marx
Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement...

 University of Trier
(German: Karl-Marx-Universität Trier), in honour of perhaps the city's most famous son. Although the proposal was rejected by university authorities, the General Students Committee still typically refers to the university as "Karl-Marx-Universität Trier".

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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