United States Cavalry
Overview
 
The United States Cavalry, or U.S. Cavalry, is the designation of the mounted force of the United States Army
United States Army
The United States Army is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services...

. The role of the U.S. Cavalry is reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance is the military term for exploring beyond the area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about enemy forces or features of the environment....

, security and mounted assault. Cavalry has served as a part of the Army forces in every war in which the United States has participated. Originally designated as United States Dragoons, the forces were patterned after cavalry units employed during the Revolutionary War.
Encyclopedia
The United States Cavalry, or U.S. Cavalry, is the designation of the mounted force of the United States Army
United States Army
The United States Army is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services...

. The role of the U.S. Cavalry is reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance is the military term for exploring beyond the area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about enemy forces or features of the environment....

, security and mounted assault. Cavalry has served as a part of the Army forces in every war in which the United States has participated. Originally designated as United States Dragoons, the forces were patterned after cavalry units employed during the Revolutionary War. The traditions of the U.S. Cavalry originated with the horse-mounted force which played an important role in extending United States governance into the Western United States after the American Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

.

Immediately preceding World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, the U.S. Cavalry began transitioning to a mechanized, mounted force. During World War II, the Army's cavalry units operated as horse-mounted, mechanized, or dismounted forces (infantry). The last horse-mounted cavalry charge by a U.S. Cavalry unit took place on the Bataan Peninsula
Bataan Peninsula
The Bataan Peninsula is a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains, on Luzon in the Philippines. It separates the Manila Bay from the South China Sea...

, in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. The 26th Cavalry Regiment of the Philippine Scouts
Philippine Scouts
The Philippine Scouts was a military organization of the United States Army from 1901 until the end of World War II. Made up of native Filipinos assigned to the United States Army Philippine Department, these troops were generally enlisted and under the command of American officers, however, a...

 executed the charge against Japanese forces near the village of Morong on 16 January 1942.

The U.S. Cavalry branch was absorbed into the Armor branch as part of the Army Reorganization Act of 1950. The Vietnam War
Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of...

 saw the introduction of helicopters and operations as an airborne force with the designation of Air Cavalry, while mechanized cavalry received the designation of Armored Cavalry. Today, cavalry designations and traditions continue with regiments of both armor and aviation units that perform the cavalry mission. The 1st Cavalry Division is the only active division
Division (military)
A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers. In most armies, a division is composed of several regiments or brigades, and in turn several divisions typically make up a corps...

 in the United States Army with a cavalry designation. The division maintains a detachment of horse-mounted cavalry for ceremonial purposes.

History

Washington saw the intimidating effect of the small force of British 17th Light Dragoons
17th Lancers
The 17th Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army, notable for its participation in the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War...

 which panicked his militia infantry at White Plains
Battle of White Plains
The Battle of White Plains was a battle in the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on October 28, 1776, near White Plains, New York. Following the retreat of George Washington's Continental Army northward from New York City, British General William Howe landed...

, appreciating the ability of the 5th Regiment of Connecticut Light Horse Militia under Major Elisha Sheldon to gather intelligence during the subsequent retreat of Continental forces into New Jersey. He asked the Continental Congress for a light cavalry force in the Continental army, and in late 1776 Congress authorized Washington to establish a mounted force of 3,000 men.

American Revolutionary War

On 12 December 1776, Congress converted Elisha Sheldon's militia regiment into the Regiment of Light Dragoons
2nd Continental Light Dragoons
The 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Sheldon's Horse after Colonel Elisha Sheldon, was commissioned by the Continental Congress on December 12, 1776 and was first mustered at Wethersfield, Connecticut in March 1777 for service with the Continental Army...

. In March 1777, Washington established the Corps of Continental Light Dragoons consisting of four regiments of six troops and 280 men each. Many problems faced the light dragoon regiments, including the inability of recruiting to bring the units to authorized strength, shortage of suitable cavalry weapons and horses, and lack of uniformity among troopers in dress and discipline. Congress appointed the Polish revolutionary and professional soldier Count Casimir Pulaski
Kazimierz Pulaski
Casimir Pulaski, or Kazimierz Pułaski in Polish of Ślepowron coat-of-arms , was a Polish soldier, nobleman, and politician who has been called "the father of American cavalry"....

 to train them as an offensive strike force during winter quarters of 1777–78 at Trenton, New Jersey.

Pulaski's efforts led to friction with the American officers, resulting in his resignation, but Congress authorized Pulaski to form his own independent corps in 1778. Pulaski's Legion consisted of dragoons, riflemen, grenadiers, and infantry. Another independent corps of dragoons joined Pulaski's in the Continental Line during 1778 when a former captain in Bland's Horse, "Light Horse Harry" Lee, formed Lee's Corps of Partisan Light Dragoons
Lee's Legion
Lee's Legion was a military unit within the Continental Army during the American Revolution. It primarily served in the Southern Theater of Operations, and gained a reputation for efficiency and bravery on the battlefield.The original unit was raised June 8, 1776, at Williamsburg, Virginia, under...

, which specialized in raiding British supply lines. Colonel Charles Armand Tuffin, marquis de la Rouerie
Charles Armand Tuffin, marquis de la Rouerie
Charles Armand Tuffin, marquis de la Rouërie , also known in the United States as "Colonel Armand", was a Breton cavalry officer who served under the American flag during the American War of Independence. He was promoted to brigadier general after the Battle of Yorktown...

 ("Col. Armand"), a French nobleman, raised a third corps of infantry in Boston, called the Free and Independent Chasseurs, which later added a troop of dragoons, becoming Armand's Legion
Armand's Legion
Armand's Legion was formed on June 25, 1778 at Boston, Massachusetts under the command of Colonel Charles Armand Tuffin for service with the Continental Army. The Legion was recruited primarily from foreign volunteers to the American Revolution. It was reorganized and renamed the 1st Partisan Corps...

. Although a reorganization in 1778 authorized expansion of the four regiments to 415 men each, forage difficulties, expiration of enlistments, desertions, and other problems made this impossible, and no regiment ever carried more than 200 men on its roles, and they averaged 120 to 180 men between 1778 and 1780.

In 1779, Washington ordered the 2nd and 4th Continental Light Dragoons
4th Continental Light Dragoons
The 4th Continental Light Dragoons also known as Moylan's Horse was raised on January 5, 1777 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for service with the Continental Army under Colonel Stephen Moylan...

 equipped temporarily as infantry, and deployed the 1st
1st Continental Light Dragoons
The 1st Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Bland's Horse, was a mounted regiment of the Continental Army organized between 13 June and 10 September 1776 in Williamsburg, Virginia from eastern and northern Virginia for service with the Continental Army.The regiment was first authorized 8 June...

 and 3rd Continental Light Dragoons
3rd Continental Light Dragoons
The 3rd Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Baylor's Horse or Lady Washington's Horse, was a mounted regiment of the Continental Army raised on January 1, 1777 at Morristown, New Jersey...

 and Pulaski's Legion
Pulaski's Legion
Pulaski's Legion was raised on March 28, 1778 at Baltimore, Maryland under the command of Kazimierz Pułaski for service with the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. The Legion consisted of one troop of lancers, two troops of dragoons and 200 light infantry soldiers...

 to the South to join local militia cavalry and to oppose the new British strategy for controlling that area. Battle engagements in South Carolina largely seriously attrited the 1st and 3rd Regiments in the spring of 1780, who amalgamated into a single unit. Following the capture of Charleston, South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Charleston is the second largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina. It was made the county seat of Charleston County in 1901 when Charleston County was founded. The city's original name was Charles Towne in 1670, and it moved to its present location from a location on the west bank of the...

 on 12 May 1780, the remnants tried to regroup and reconstitute in Virginia and North Carolina. In August, 1780, Armand's Legion was with General Gates
Horatio Gates
Horatio Lloyd Gates was a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War. He took credit for the American victory at the Battle of Saratoga – Benedict Arnold, who led the attack, was finally forced from the field when he was shot in the leg – and...

 at the disastrous Battle of Camden
Battle of Camden
The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War...

.

The most significant engagement of the war involving Continental light dragoons was the Battle of Cowpens
Battle of Cowpens
The Battle of Cowpens was a decisive victory by Patriot Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War...

 in January 1781. Southern theater commander General Nathanael Greene
Nathanael Greene
Nathanael Greene was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. When the war began, Greene was a militia private, the lowest rank possible; he emerged from the war with a reputation as George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer. Many places in the United...

 reorganized part of Lee's Legion and elements of the amalgamated 1st and 3rd Light Dragoons in Charlotte and dispatched them on a series of raids against Loyalist forces in western Carolina. The British responded by organizing a large force of dragoons and infantry under British Lt-Col Banastre Tarleton
Banastre Tarleton
General Sir Banastre Tarleton, 1st Baronet, GCB was a British soldier and politician.He is today probably best remembered for his military service during the American War of Independence. He became the focal point of a propaganda campaign claiming that he had fired upon surrendering Continental...

 to stop the raids and put down the mobile forces. The dragoons joined the "flying corps" commanded by General Daniel Morgan
Daniel Morgan
Daniel Morgan was an American pioneer, soldier, and United States Representative from Virginia. One of the most gifted battlefield tacticians of the American Revolutionary War, he later commanded troops during the suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion.-Early years:Most authorities believe that...

 at Cowpens
Battle of Cowpens
The Battle of Cowpens was a decisive victory by Patriot Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War...

, charged the advancing lines of Tarlton's infantry at a calculated moment, broke their ranks, and secured a crucial victory. Later, the 3rd Legionary Corps participated in Greene's maneuvers across North Carolina and fought Cornwallis's army well at Guilford Courthouse.

In January 1781, the practice of the dragoons in employing both mounted and dismounted troops resulted in their official reconfiguration as Legionary Corps, the mounted dragoons supported by dismounted dragoons armed as infantry, an organization that persisted until war's end. In 1783, the Continental Army was discharged and the dragoons were released.

War of 1812

The first cavalry unit formed by the Congress of the United States of America was a squadron of four troops commanded by Major Michael Rudolph
Michael Rudolph
Michael Rudolph was an officer in the United States Army who served as acting Adjutant General and acting Inspector General of the U.S. Army in 1793....

 on 5 March 1792. In 1799, Congress established a provision for mobilization of three cavalry regiments in the event of a war. Equipment for 3,000 men and horses was procured and stored. The Congressional act of 12 April 1808 authorized a standing regiment of light dragoons consisting of eight troops. As war loomed, Congress authorized another regiment of light dragoons on 11 January 1812. These regiments were respectively known afterwards as the First and Second United States Dragoons.

Secretary of War John Armstrong, Jr.
John Armstrong, Jr.
John Armstrong, Jr. was an American soldier and statesman who was a delegate to the Continental Congress, U.S. Senator from New York, and Secretary of War.-Early life and Revolutionary War:...

 granted Colonel Richard Mentor Johnson
Richard Mentor Johnson
Richard Mentor Johnson was the ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren . He was the only vice-president ever elected by the United States Senate under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment. Johnson also represented Kentucky in the U.S...

 permission to raise two battalions of volunteer cavalry in 1813. Johnson recruited 1,200 men, divided into 14 companies. In autumn, after much training, Johnson's Volunteers, as they had come to be called, clashed with the British 45th Foot along the Thames River, 90 miles east of Detroit. The training and the tactical leadership of Col. Johnson resulted in the surrender of the British.

Congress combined the First and Second United States Dragoons into one Regiment of Light Dragoons on 30 March 1814. This was a result of cutting the costs of sustaining two organizations when neither could maintain a full complement of riders. At the end of the year, the war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent
Treaty of Ghent
The Treaty of Ghent , signed on 24 December 1814, in Ghent , was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland...

. The regiment was disbanded on 3 March 1815, with the explanation that cavalry forces were too expensive to maintain as part of a standing army. The retained officers and men were folded into the Corps of Artillery by 15 June 1815, all others were discharged.

Westward expansion

In 1832, Congress formed the United States Mounted Ranger Battalion to protect settlers along the east bank of the Mississippi River and to keep the Santa Fe trail open. The battalion comprised volunteers organized into six companies of 100 men. To correct what was perceived as a lack of discipline, organization and reliability, Congress formed the United States Regiment of Dragoons as a regular force in 1833, consisting of 10 companies (designated A through K) with a total of 750 men. The Regiment fought against the Seminole nation in 1835, when Chief Osceola
Osceola
Osceola, also known as Billy Powell , became an influential leader with the Seminole in Florida. He was of Creek, Scots-Irish and English parentage, and had migrated to Florida with his mother after the defeat of the Creek in 1814.Osceola led a small band of warriors in the Seminole resistance...

 led warriors from his tribe in the Second Seminole War
Second Seminole War
The Second Seminole War, also known as the Florida War, was a conflict from 1835 to 1842 in Florida between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the United States, part of a series of conflicts called the Seminole Wars...

 in protest to the Treaty of Payne's Landing
Treaty of Payne's Landing
The Treaty of Payne's Landing was an agreement signed on 9 May 1832 between the government of the United States and several chiefs of the Seminole Indians in the present-day state of Florida.- Background :...

. For a year, the established units had difficulty containing the Indians. Congress responded by establishing the 2nd United States Regiment of Dragoons in 1836.

War with Mexico

The First Dragoons served in the Mexican War, and Charles A. May
Charles A. May
Charles Augustus May was an American officer of the United States Army who served in the Mexican War and other campaigns over a 25-year career...

's squadron of the Second Dragoons helped decide the Battle of Resaca de la Palma
Battle of Resaca de la Palma
At the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, one of the early engagements of the Mexican-American War,United States General Zachary Taylor engaged the retreating forces of the Mexican Ejército del Norte under General Mariano Arista on May 9, 1846.-Background:During the night of May 8, following...

.

Civil War

Shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War the Army's dragoon regiments were designated as "Cavalry", losing their previous distinctions. The change was an unpopular one and the former dragoons retained their orange braided blue jackets until they wore out and had to be replaced with cavalry yellow. The 1st United States Cavalry fought in virtually every campaign in the north during the American Civil War.

Indian wars

The U.S. Cavalry played a prominent role in the American Indian Wars particularly in the American Old West
American Old West
The American Old West, or the Wild West, comprises the history, geography, people, lore, and cultural expression of life in the Western United States, most often referring to the latter half of the 19th century, between the American Civil War and the end of the century...

. Particularly notable were the 7th Cavalry, associated with General George Armstrong Custer
George Armstrong Custer
George Armstrong Custer was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. Raised in Michigan and Ohio, Custer was admitted to West Point in 1858, where he graduated last in his class...

 and the Battle of the Little Bighorn
Battle of the Little Bighorn
The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also known as Custer's Last Stand and, by the Indians involved, as the Battle of the Greasy Grass, was an armed engagement between combined forces of Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho people against the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army...

 and the 9th and 10th Cavalry, the Buffalo Soldier
Buffalo Soldier
Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas....

s. Infantry units, called by the Indians "walkaheaps", were also involved and in some cases were the main force deployed. Infantry, when mounted, were called "mounted infantry" lacking training and skill in horsemanship and cavalry tactics.

World War II

Starting before World War II the Army commenced experimenting with mechanization, and had partially mechanized some cavalry regiments, such as the Wyoming National Guard's 115th Cavalry Horse-Mechanized. During the war, many of the Army's cavalry units were mechanized with tanks and reconnaissance vehicles while others fought dismounted as infantry. Some units were converted into other types of units entirely, some of which made use of the cavalry's experience with horses. The Mars Men of the China Burma theater give such an example.

The last horse cavalry charge by an Army cavalry unit took place against Japanese forces during the fighting in the Bataan Peninsula, Philippines, in the village of Morong on 16 January 1942, by the 26th Cavalry Regiment of the Philippine Scouts. Shortly thereafter, the besieged combined United States-Philippine forces were forced to slaughter their horses for food and the 26th Regiment fought on foot or in whatever scarce vehicles were available until their surrender.

The 10th Mountain Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop of the 10th Mountain Division, while not designated as U.S. Cavalry, conducted the last horse-mounted charge of any Army organization in 1945, in Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

. An impromptu pistol charge by the Third Platoon was carried out when the Troop encountered a machine gun nest in an Italian village/town sometime between 14–23 April 1945.

A Horse Cavalry Rifle Squad consisted of a Corporal and seven Privates in a set of Four. One of the Privates was the Squad 2nd In Command. Each set of Four consists of a Squad leader or 2IC, a Scout, a Horseholder and a Rifleman.

To attack mounted troopers would attack with their pistols. At the command Charge troopers shorten their reins, lean well forward, and ride at full speed toward the enemy. Each trooper selects a victim in his immediate front and bears down on him with his pistol extended at arm's length, withholding fire until within 25 yards. To fight on foot the horseholder takes control of the other horse's in the Four after the other troopers dismout and take their rifles from the scabbards.

The Horse Cavalry Rifle Platoon consisted of three Rifle Squads and a Platoon Headquarters. The Platoon HQ consisted of a Lieutenant as Platoon Leader, a Platoon Sergeant, a File Closer Sergeant, two Intelligence Scouts who also acted as messengers, and three basic Privates for replacement of casualties.

Horse Cavalry Rifle Troop 1944

  • Troop Headquarters
    • HQ
      • Troop Commander (Captain) pistol
      • 1st Sergeant pistol
      • Stable Staff Sergeant pistol
      • Bugler (Private) pistol
      • Intelligence Scout (Private) rifle and pistol
      • Clerk (Corporal) rifle and pistol
      • Orderly (Private) rifle and pistol
    • Troop Train
      • Three Horseshoers one with pack horse (Private's) rifles and pistols
      • Saddler with pack horse (Private) rifle and pistol
      • Two Pack drivers with pack horses for ammuntion (Privates) rifles and pistols
    • Kitchen Section
      • Mess Sergeant rifle and pistol
      • Three Cooks one in wagon (Privates) rifles and pistols
      • Wagoner with four horses and wagon (Private)
      • Two Pack drivers with pack horses (Privates) rifles and pistols
      • Two Cook Helpers with pack horses (Privates) rifles and pistols
  • Three Rifle Platoons
    • Platoon Headquarters
      • Platoon Leader (Second Lieutenant) pistol
      • Platoon Sergeant (Staff Sergeant) rifle and pistol
      • Two Intelligence Scouts (Privates) rifles and pistols
      • File Closer Sergeant rifle and pistol
      • Three Basic Riflemen (Privates) rifles and pistols
    • Three Rifle Squads
      • Squad Leader (Corporal) rifle and pistol
      • Two Riflemen (Privates) rifles and pistols
      • Two Horseholders (Privates) rifles and pistols
      • Two Scouts (Privates) rifles and pistols
      • Second-in-command (Private) rifle and pistol
  • Machine Gun Platoon
    • Platoon Headquarters
      • Platoon Leader (Second Lieutenant) pistol
      • Platoon Sergeant (Staff Sergeant) rifle and pistol
      • Two Intelligence Scouts (Privates) rifles and pistols
      • File Closer Sergeant rifle and pistol
      • Three Basic Riflemen (Privates) rifles and pistols
    • Light Machine Gun Section
      • Section Leader (Sergeant) pistol
      • Two Light Machine Gun Squads
        • Squad Leader (Corporal) pistol
        • Three Pack drivers with pack horses, two for one LMG each and one for ammuntion (Privates) rifles and pistols
        • Two Gunners for LMGs (Privates) pistols
        • Two Assistant Gunners (Privates) pistols
    • .50 Machine Gun Section
      • Section Leader (Sergeant) pistol
      • Two .50 Machine Gun Squads
        • Squad Leader (Corporal) pistol
        • Three Pack drivers with pack horses, two for ammuntion and one for .50 MG (Privates) rifles and pistols
        • Gunner for .50 MG (Private) pistol
        • Two Assistant Gunners (Privates) pistols
        • Ammuntion Carrier (Private) pistol

Vietnam

The Vietnam War saw the first combat use of air cavalry warfare; and twenty armored and air cavalry units were deployed in Vietnam, during the war. Armored cavalry units in Vietnam were initially equipped with the M48 Patton tank, armed with a 90 mm main gun, and the M113 Armored Cavalry Assault Vehicle
M113 Armored Personnel Carrier
The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier that has formed the backbone of the United States Army's mechanized infantry units from the time of its first fielding in Vietnam in April 1962. The M113 was the most widely used armored vehicle of the U.S...

 (ACAV). In January 1969, the cavalry began transitioning from the Patton tank to the M551 Sheridan
M551 Sheridan
The M551 Sheridan was a light tank developed by the United States and named after Civil War General Philip Sheridan. It was designed to be landed by parachute and to swim across rivers. It was armed with the technically advanced but troublesome M81/M81E1 152mm gun/launcher which fired conventional...

 Armored Airborne Reconnaissance Assault Vehicle. By 1970, all armored cavalry units in Vietnam were operating the Sheridan except for the tank companies of the 11th ACR, which continued to use Patton tanks.

Historical units

  • First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry
    First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry
    thumb|right|300px|Captain [[Joseph Lapsley Wilson]] of the First City Troop circa 1894The First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry, also known as the First City Troop, is a unit of the Pennsylvania Army National Guard.-History:...

     also called Philadelphia Light Horse, mustered into Federal Service. Now Troop A, 1st Sq­ron, 104th Cavalry Regiment
    104th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 104th Cavalry Regiment is a Regiment of the United States Army first established in 1921.-History:Headquarters and Headquarters Troop 1-104th Cavalry traces its roots back to the Revolutionary War and the 8th Pennslyvania Infantry. On December 6, 1869 the First Cavalry of Philadelphia, PA...

    , Pennsylvania Army National Guard
    Pennsylvania Army National Guard
    The Pennsylvania Army National Guard, abbreviated PAARNG, is part of the United States Army National Guard and is based in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania...

    .


Dragoons
  • 1st Continental Light Dragoons
    1st Continental Light Dragoons
    The 1st Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Bland's Horse, was a mounted regiment of the Continental Army organized between 13 June and 10 September 1776 in Williamsburg, Virginia from eastern and northern Virginia for service with the Continental Army.The regiment was first authorized 8 June...

  • 2nd Continental Light Dragoons
    2nd Continental Light Dragoons
    The 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Sheldon's Horse after Colonel Elisha Sheldon, was commissioned by the Continental Congress on December 12, 1776 and was first mustered at Wethersfield, Connecticut in March 1777 for service with the Continental Army...

     also (Sheldon's Horse)
  • 3rd Continental Light Dragoons
    3rd Continental Light Dragoons
    The 3rd Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Baylor's Horse or Lady Washington's Horse, was a mounted regiment of the Continental Army raised on January 1, 1777 at Morristown, New Jersey...

  • 4th Continental Light Dragoons
    4th Continental Light Dragoons
    The 4th Continental Light Dragoons also known as Moylan's Horse was raised on January 5, 1777 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for service with the Continental Army under Colonel Stephen Moylan...

  • Pulaski's Legion
    Pulaski's Legion
    Pulaski's Legion was raised on March 28, 1778 at Baltimore, Maryland under the command of Kazimierz Pułaski for service with the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. The Legion consisted of one troop of lancers, two troops of dragoons and 200 light infantry soldiers...

     (1778–1780)
  • Armand's Legion
    Armand's Legion
    Armand's Legion was formed on June 25, 1778 at Boston, Massachusetts under the command of Colonel Charles Armand Tuffin for service with the Continental Army. The Legion was recruited primarily from foreign volunteers to the American Revolution. It was reorganized and renamed the 1st Partisan Corps...

     (1778–1783)
  • Lee's Legion
    Lee's Legion
    Lee's Legion was a military unit within the Continental Army during the American Revolution. It primarily served in the Southern Theater of Operations, and gained a reputation for efficiency and bravery on the battlefield.The original unit was raised June 8, 1776, at Williamsburg, Virginia, under...

    , also Lee's Partisan Corps
  • Ottendorf's Corps
    Ottendorf's Corps
    Ottendorf's Corps was raised on December 5, 1776 in eastern Pennsylvania for service with the Continental Army. As Congress directed the corps would be composed of 150 privates, sergeants and corporals included and that it be divided as follows:...



Cavalry
  • 106th Cavalry Group (United States)
  • 2nd Cavalry Division
    2nd Cavalry Division (United States)
    -Heraldry:SHOULDER SLEEVE INSIGNIA*Description: On a yellow Norman shield with a green border, a blue chevron below two eight-pointed blue stars.*Blazon: Or, a chevron azure, in chief 2 mullets of eight points of the second, a bordure vert....

     (Inactive) The 2nd Cavalry Division was constituted 20 August 1921 and in April 1941 activated. On 15 July 1942 inactivated then on 25 February 1943 activated. And final deactivation 10 March 1944.

  • 3rd Cavalry Division
    3rd Cavalry Division (United States)
    The United States Army's 3rd Cavalry Division was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units in the interwar period.The 3rd Cavalry Division was largely a "paper" formation existing from 1927 to 1940. Its units were never assembled in a single location. The 3rd Cavalry Division...

     (Inactive)
  • 15th Cavalry Division
    15th Cavalry Division (United States)
    The 15th Cavalry Division was created with the 1st & 2nd Cavalry Brigades in February 1917 at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. It numbered in succession of the 1st–14th Divisions, which were not all active at its creation. Originally trained for deployment to Europe, its units were later converted into...

     (Inactivated with assets used to form 1st & 2nd Cavalry Divisions)
  • 21st Cavalry Division
    21st Cavalry Division (United States)
    The National Guard's 21st Cavalry Division was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units after the First World War. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation...

    ; New York; New Jersey; Pennsylvania and Rhode Island Army National Guards
  • 22nd Cavalry Division
    22nd Cavalry Division (United States)
    The National Guard's 22nd Cavalry Division was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It numbered in succession after the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation...

    ; Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Ohio, West Virginia and Wisconsin Army National Guards
  • 23rd Cavalry Division
    23rd Cavalry Division (United States)
    The National Guard's 23rd Cavalry Division was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation...

    ; Alabama, Massachusetts, New Mexico, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin Army National Guards
  • 24th Cavalry Division
    24th Cavalry Division (United States)
    The United States Army National Guard's 24th Cavalry Division was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation...

    ; Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming Army National Guards
  • 61st Cavalry Division
    61st Cavalry Division (United States)
    The Organized Reserve's 61st Cavalry Division was constituted 15 October 1921 from the perceived need for additional cavalry units after World War One. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation. The Division was officially disbanded on 30...

    ; New York and New Jersey
  • 62nd Cavalry Division
    62nd Cavalry Division (United States)
    The Army Reserve's 62nd Cavalry Division was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation...

    ; Maryland, Virginia, District of Columbia, and Pennsylvania
  • 63rd Cavalry Division
    63rd Cavalry Division (United States)
    The US Army's 63rd Cavalry Division, Organized Reserve, was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation....

    ; Tennessee, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina, Texas, Oklahoma, and Colorado
  • 64th Cavalry Division
    64th Cavalry Division (United States)
    The 64th Cavalry Division of the United States Army Organized Reserve was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation....

    ; Kentucky, Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire
  • 65th Cavalry Division
    65th Cavalry Division (United States)
    The Army Reserve's 65th Cavalry Division was created due to the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It was numbered in succession with the Regular Army Divisions, not all of which were active at its creation....

    ; Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin
  • 66th Cavalry Division
    66th Cavalry Division (United States)
    The Army Reserve's 66th Cavalry Division was created from the perceived need for additional cavalry units. It numbered in succession of the Regular Army Divisions, which were not all active at its creation. Going into World War II, the U.S...

    ; Nebraska, Missouri, Utah, and North Dakota


  • 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (United States)
  • 2nd Cavalry Brigade
  • 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (United States)
  • 5th Cavalry Brigade HHT (cld), 2nd Cavalry Division, activated 25 February 1943 and reorganized as 6400th Ordnance Battalion (Ammo)(Provisional) 12 June 1944.
  • 26th Cavalry Regiment (United States), Philippine Scouts
    Philippine Scouts
    The Philippine Scouts was a military organization of the United States Army from 1901 until the end of World War II. Made up of native Filipinos assigned to the United States Army Philippine Department, these troops were generally enlisted and under the command of American officers, however, a...

  • 27th Cavalry Regiment (cld)
    27th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 27th Cavalry Regiment was a short-lived African-American unit of the United States Army. The regiment was formed as part of the 2nd Cavalry Division in 1943 and inactivated in north Africa in 1944 without seeing combat.-History:...

    , 2nd Cavalry Division, activated April 1941 and attached to the 5th Cavalry Brigade (cld) on 25 February 1943. It was deactivated 27 March 1944 and personnel later reorganized into the 6400th Ordnance Battalion (Ammo) (Provisional) 12 June 1944.
  • 28th Cavalry Regiment (cld), 2nd Cavalry Division, activated February 1942 and attached to the 5th Cavalry Brigade (cld) on 25 February 1943. It was deactivated 31 March 1944 and personnel later reorganized into the 6400th Ordnance Battalion (Ammo) (Provisional) 12 June 1944.
  • 31st Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    31st Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 31st Cavalry is a historical organization within the United States Army and the Alabama Army National Guard that began as a Troop of Cavalry under "The Alabama Militia Law of 1820"...

    , deactivated 2005

Recent developments

The 1st Dragoons was reformed in the Vietnam era as 1st Sq­ron, 1st Cavalry, and continues to this day as the oldest cavalry unit, as well as the most decorated unit, in the U.S. Army. Today's modern 1–1st Cavalry is a scout/attack unit, equipped with M1A1 Abrams tanks
M1 Abrams
The M1 Abrams is a third-generation main battle tank produced in the United States. It is named after General Creighton Abrams, former Army Chief of Staff and Commander of US military forces in Vietnam from 1968 to 1972. The M1 is a well armed, heavily armored, and highly mobile tank designed for...

 and M3 Bradley CFVs
M2 Bradley
The Bradley Fighting Vehicle is an American fighting vehicle platform manufactured by BAE Systems Land and Armaments, formerly United Defense.As with other infantry fighting vehicles, the Bradley is designed to transport infantry with armor protection while providing covering fire to suppress enemy...

.

Another modern U.S. Army unit informally known as the 2nd Dragoons is the 2nd Cavalry Regiment (Stryker). This unit was originally organized as the Second Dragoon Regiment in 1836 until it was renamed the Second Cavalry Regiment in 1860, morphing into the 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment in the 1960s. The regiment is currently equipped with the Stryker family of wheeled fighting vehicles. As equipped with the Stryker, the 2nd Cavalry once again can be accurately referred to as a "Dragoon" force – mounted infantry.

Traditions

The cavalry, like any other military force, has its own unique traditions and history. These traditions include the Order of the Spur
Order of the Spur
The Order of the Spur is a Cavalry tradition within the United States Army. Soldiers serving with Cavalry units are inducted into the Order of the Spur after successfully completing a "Spur Ride" or for having served during combat as a member of a Cavalry unit...

 commonly called "Spur Ride", cavalry Stetson
Stetson
Stetsons are the brand of hat manufactured by the John B. Stetson Company of St. Joseph, Missouri.Stetson eventually became the world’s largest hat maker, producing over 3.3 million hats a year in a factory spread over . Today Stetson remains a family-owned concern...

, Saber Arch
Saber Arch
A Saber Arch is a wedding tradition in which sabers or swords are used to salute a newly married couple. The bride and groom pass under an honorary arch of sabers, typically when exiting the building in which the wedding ceremony took place...

, Fiddler's Green
Fiddler's Green
Fiddler's Green is a legendary imagined afterlife, where there is perpetual mirth, a fiddle that never stops playing, and dancers who never tire...

 poem, the song or rallying cry Garryowen
Garryowen
Garryowen, also known as Garyowen, Garry Owen and Gary Owens, is an Irish tune for a quickstep dance.- History :It emerged in the late 18th century, when it was a drinking song of rich young roisters in Limerick...

, and the Order of the Yellow Rose. Units in the modern Army with cavalry lineage often adopt a Black Stetson hat as unofficial semi dress headgear, recalling the black felt campaign hats of the American frontier era.

Cavalry designation

The distinct cavalry branch ceased to exist when it was absorbed into the Armor branch in 1951, during the Korean War. Other regiments of both armored and air cavalry exist in the Army. The patches on 1st Cavalry Division helicopters that served in Vietnam retained the symbol of a horse, symbolizing the mobility that characterized the original horse cavalry. In spite of the formal disbanding of the branch, however, the recognition of it continues on within the Army's armor and aviation branches, where some officers choose cavalry branch insignia over the very similar armor branch insignia or aviation "prop and wing" insignia.

Chief, the last surviving tactical horse of the United States Cavalry, died in 1968, at the age of 36.

There is one Army Military Occupational Specialty
Military Occupational Specialty
A United States military occupation code, or a Military Occupational Specialty code , is a nine character code used in the United States Army and United States Marines to identify a specific job. In the U.S. Air Force, a system of Air Force Specialty Codes is used...

 in use from the early cavalry days: 19D, Armored Cavalry Reconnaissance Specialist, or Cavalry Scout
Cavalry Scout
The Cavalry Scout is a job title and a reconnaissance specialist in the United States Army. Cavalry Scouts work to obtain, distribute and share vital combat and battlefield information on the enemy and on combat circumstances and environmental conditions. The role originated with the United States...

.

The 1st Cavalry Division is the only presently existing division of the Army that retains the "cavalry" name and the division retains one detachment of ceremonial horse cavalry for morale and ceremonial purposes. The division is otherwise divided into four armored brigades and one air cavalry brigade, both of which contain subordinate units that perform traditional cavalry tasks.

Heraldry

  • Branch Insignia:
    Two crossed sabers in scabbards, cutting edge up, 11/16-inch in height, of gold color metal. The cavalry insignia was adopted in 1851. Officers and enlisted personnel assigned to cavalry regiments, cavalry squadrons or separate cavalry troops are authorized to wear the cavalry collar insignia in lieu of their insignia of branch when approved by the MACOM commander. Some of the armor and aviation units are designated cavalry units.

  • Branch Plaque:
    The plaque design has the Cavalry insignia and rim in gold. The background is white and the letters are scarlet.

  • Regimental Insignia:
    Personnel assigned to cavalry units affiliate with a specific regiment of their branch or cavalry unit and wear the insignia of the affiliated regiment.

  • Regimental Coat of Arms:
    There is no standard cavalry regimental flag to represent all of the cavalry regiments. Each cavalry regiment has its own coat of arms that is displayed on the breast of a displayed eagle. The background of all cavalry regimental flags is yellow, and they have yellow fringes.

  • Branch Colors:
    Yellow is used as a branch color for personnel assigned to cavalry units. In March 1855, two regiments of cavalry were created and their trimmings were to be "yellow." In 1861, the designation of dragoon and mounted rifleman disappeared, all becoming troopers with "yellow" as their colors. Yellow was continued as the color for cavalry units subsequent to disbanding as a branch. Although the regimental flags for cavalry units are yellow, the troop guidons are red and white without an insignia on the guidon.

U.S. Army Cavalrymen

  • John Bigelow, Jr.
    John Bigelow, Jr.
    John Bigelow, Jr. was a United States Army Lieutenant Colonel. He was the subject of many articles on military frontier life in Outing Magazine published by his brother Poultney Bigelow and with sketches drawn in the field by the then young and obscure Frederic Remington...

  • John Buford
    John Buford
    John Buford, Jr. was a Union cavalry officer during the American Civil War, with a prominent role at the start of the Battle of Gettysburg.-Early years:...

  • Louis H. Carpenter
    Louis H. Carpenter
    Louis Henry Carpenter was a United States Army brigadier general and a recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions in the American Indian Wars....

  • Adna Chaffee, Jr.
  • Adna R. Chaffee
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs
    Edgar Rice Burroughs
    Edgar Rice Burroughs was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan and the heroic Mars adventurer John Carter, although he produced works in many genres.-Biography:...

  • Elijah Churchill
    Elijah Churchill
    Elijah Churchill , was a soldier for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Born in Enfield, Connecticut, a carpenter, he entered the 8th Connecticut Regiment as a private on 7 July 1775...

  • Forrest Tucker
    Forrest Tucker
    Forrest Tucker was an American actor in both movies and television from the 1940s to the 1980s. Tucker, who stood 190 cm tall and weighed 93 kg , appeared in nearly 100 action films in the 1940s and 1950s.-Early life:Forrest Meredith Tucker was born in Plainfield, Indiana, a son of...

  • Francis Marion
    Francis Marion
    Francis Marion was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. Acting with Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina in 1780 and 1781, even after the Continental Army was driven...

  • George Armstrong Custer
    George Armstrong Custer
    George Armstrong Custer was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. Raised in Michigan and Ohio, Custer was admitted to West Point in 1858, where he graduated last in his class...

  • George S. Patton
    George S. Patton
    George Smith Patton, Jr. was a United States Army officer best known for his leadership while commanding corps and armies as a general during World War II. He was also well known for his eccentricity and controversial outspokenness.Patton was commissioned in the U.S. Army after his graduation from...


  • Hal Moore
    Hal Moore
    Harold Gregory "Hal" Moore, Jr. is a retired lieutenant general in the United States Army and author. Moore is a recipient of the Distinguished Service Cross, which is the second highest military decoration of the United States Army, and was the first of his West Point class to be promoted to...

  • Harry A. "Paddy" Flint
  • Henry Lee III
  • H.R. McMaster
  • Nicholas M. Nolan
    Nicholas M. Nolan
    Nicholas Merritt Nolan was a United States Army major. He began his military career on December 9, 1852 as an artilleryman then served in the 2nd Dragoons. He started as a private and rose through the ranks becoming a First Sergeant. He was commissioned an officer in late 1862 in the Regular Army...

  • John J. Pershing
    John J. Pershing
    John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing, GCB , was a general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I...

  • John P. Lucas
    John P. Lucas
    John Porter Lucas was an American Major General and one of the commanders of VI Corps during the Italian Campaign of the Mediterranean Theater of World War II.-Early career:...

  • Lemuel Cook
    Lemuel Cook
    Lemuel Cook was one of the last verifiable surviving veterans of the American Revolutionary War. He was born in Litchfield County, Connecticut to Henry Cook and his wife Hannah Benham. Enlisting in the Continental Army at the age of sixteen, Cook fought at Brandywine and in the Virginia campaign,...

  • William Donovan
    William Joseph Donovan
    William Joseph Donovan was a United States soldier, lawyer and intelligence officer, best remembered as the wartime head of the Office of Strategic Services...


  • Lucian Truscott
    Lucian Truscott
    Lucian King Truscott, Jr. was a U.S. Army General, who successively commanded the 3rd Infantry Division, VI Corps, U.S. Fifteenth Army and U.S. Fifth Army during World War II.-Early life:...

  • Luke Short
    Luke Short
    Western frontiersman Luke L. Short was a noted gunfighter, who had worked as a farmer, cowboy, whiskey peddler, army scout, dispatch rider, gambler and saloon keeper at various times during the four decades of his life.- Early life :...

  • Phillip Sheridan
  • Samuel H. Starr
    Samuel H. Starr
    Samuel Henry Starr was a career United States Army Officer, regimental commander and prisoner of war. A collection of his letters provide a rare view of military life, the War with Mexico, Indian conflicts, the Civil War, his fall from grace, recovery and post Civil War service...

  • Robert E. Lee
    Robert E. Lee
    Robert Edward Lee was a career military officer who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War....

  • Ronald Reagan
    Ronald Reagan
    Ronald Wilson Reagan was the 40th President of the United States , the 33rd Governor of California and, prior to that, a radio, film and television actor....

  • Samuel P. Carter
    Samuel P. Carter
    Samuel Perry "Powhatan" Carter was a United States naval officer who served in the Union Army as a brevet major general during the American Civil War and became a rear admiral in the postbellum United States Navy. He was the first and thusfar only United States officer to have been commissioned...

  • Stephen W. Kearny
    Stephen W. Kearny
    Stephen Watts Kearny surname also appears as Kearney in some historic sources; August 30, 1794 October 31, 1848), was one of the foremost antebellum frontier officers of the United States Army. He is remembered for his significant contributions in the Mexican-American War, especially the conquest...

  • Charles Willeford
    Charles Willeford
    Charles Ray Willeford III was an American writer. An author of fiction, poetry, autobiography, and literary criticism, Willeford is best known for his series of novels featuring hardboiled detective Hoke Moseley. The first Hoke Moseley book, Miami Blues , is considered one of its era's most...


  • Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States . He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity...

  • Thomas Custer
    Thomas Custer
    Thomas Ward Custer was a United States Army officer and two-time recipient of the Medal of Honor for bravery during the American Civil War...

  • Wesley Merritt
    Wesley Merritt
    Wesley Merritt was a general in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Spanish-American War. He is noted for distinguished service in the cavalry.-Early life:...

  • Wild Bill Hickok
    Wild Bill Hickok
    James Butler Hickok , better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a folk hero of the American Old West. His skills as a gunfighter and scout, along with his reputation as a lawman, provided the basis for his fame, although some of his exploits are fictionalized.Hickok came to the West as a stagecoach...

  • William Cody
  • William Washington
    William Washington
    William Washington , was an officer of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, who held a final rank of Brigadier General in the newly created United States after the war...

  • Will Cook
  • James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Charles A. May
    Charles A. May
    Charles Augustus May was an American officer of the United States Army who served in the Mexican War and other campaigns over a 25-year career...



Current units

Active units:
  • 1st Cavalry Division founded 1921, (Active)
  • 1st Cavalry Regiment (6), US Regiment of Dragoons founded 1832. Changed to the 1st Cavalry Regiment in 1861.
  • 2nd Cavalry Regiment (4), 2nd Regiment of Dragoons founded 1836. Changed from 2nd Dragoons to the 2nd Cavalry in 1861.
  • 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment (3), Regiment of Mounted Riflemen founded 1846
  • 4th Cavalry Regiment (5), founded 1855
  • 5th Cavalry Regiment (2 squadron and 2 troops), formerly 2nd Cavalry Regiment formed 1855. Changed to 5th Cavalry in 1861
  • 6th Cavalry Regiment (3), founded 1861
  • 7th Cavalry Regiment (5), founded 1866
  • 8th Cavalry Regiment (4), founded 1866
  • 9th Cavalry Regiment (3), founded 1866
  • 10th Cavalry Regiment (3), (Buffalo Soldiers), founded 28 July 1866
  • 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment (2), founded 2 February 1901
  • 12th Cavalry Regiment (2), founded 2 February 1901
  • 13th Cavalry Regiment
    13th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 13th Cavalry Regiment is a unit of the United States Army. The 1st and 2nd Squadrons are currently stationed at Fort Bliss, Texas as part of the 1st Armored Division.-Service History:...

     (2), founded 1901
  • 14th Cavalry Regiment (2), founded 1901
  • 15th Cavalry Regiment
    15th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 15th Cavalry Regiment is a cavalry regiment of the United States Army. It was one of the Expansion Units originally established for the Spanish American War, but has been a general workhorse unit ever since.-Origins:...

    , founded 1901 US Army Training and Doctrine Command
    United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
    Established 1 July 1973, the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command is an army command of the United States Army headquartered at Fort Eustis, Virginia. It is charged with overseeing training of Army forces, the development of operational doctrine, and the development and procurement of...

     unit
  • 16th Cavalry Regiment
    16th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 16th Cavalry Regiment is a Regiment of the United States Army first established in 1916.-Lineage:Constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as the 16th Cavalry and organized at Fort Sam Houston, Texas...

    , founded 1916 US Army Armor School
    United States Army Armor School
    The United States Army Armor School is a training school located at Fort Benning. Its primary focus is the training of United States Army soldiers, NCOs, and commissioned officers in the operation, tactics, and maintenance of Armor forces and equipment, including the M1 Abrams main battle tank, the...

  • 17th Cavalry Regiment
    17th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 17th Cavalry is a historical organization within the United States Army that began as a regiment of cavalry after the Pancho Villa Expedition. The unit was constituted on 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as the 17th Cavalry at Fort Bliss, Texas and originally inactivated 26 September 1921 at the...

     (5), founded 1916.
  • 32nd Cavalry Regiment (1)
  • 33rd Cavalry Regiment (1)
  • 40th Cavalry Regiment (1)
  • 61st Cavalry Regiment
    61st Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 61st Cavalry Regiment is a Regiment of the United States Army first established in 2004.-Distinctive Unit Insignia:* DescriptionA Gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches in diameter overall blazoned as follows: Per pale Gules and Argent, a pall Sable charged with ten mullets Or,...

     (2)
  • 71st Cavalry Regiment
    71st Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 71st Cavalry was originally constituted on 3 December 1941 in the Army of the United States as the 701st Tank Destroyer Battalion.-History:The unit was activated on 15 December 1941 at Fort Knox, Kentucky...

     (2), reestablished in 2004
  • 73rd Cavalry Regiment
    73rd Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 73rd Cavalry Regiment is a Cavalry Regiment in the U.S. Army first formed in 1941.-History:The 4 squadrons of the 73rd Cavalry Regiment provide reconnaissance, surveillance, & target acquisition to the Brigade Combat Teams of the 82nd Airborne Division...

     (4)
  • 75th Cavalry Regiment
    75th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 75th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment. Currently, only 1st Squadron , assigned to the 101st Airborne Division, is active.-Training and Activation:...

     (1)
  • 89th Cavalry Regiment
    89th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 89th Cavalry Regiment is a Regiment of the United States Army first established in 1940.-Lineage:Constituted 1 June 1940 in the Regular Army as the 10th Antitank Battalion.* Redesignated 99th Antitank Battalion, 11 June 1940....

     (2)
  • 91st Cavalry Regiment (1)


Army National Guard:
  • 18th Cavalry Regiment, CA ARNG
    California Army National Guard
    The California Army National Guard is the land force component of the California National Guard, one of the reserve component United States Army and is part of the United States National Guard. The California Army National Guard is composed of about 20,000 soldiers...

  • 104th Cavalry Regiment
    104th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 104th Cavalry Regiment is a Regiment of the United States Army first established in 1921.-History:Headquarters and Headquarters Troop 1-104th Cavalry traces its roots back to the Revolutionary War and the 8th Pennslyvania Infantry. On December 6, 1869 the First Cavalry of Philadelphia, PA...

    , PA ARNG
    Pennsylvania Army National Guard
    The Pennsylvania Army National Guard, abbreviated PAARNG, is part of the United States Army National Guard and is based in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania...

  • 106th Cavalry Regiment
    106th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 106th Cavalry Group was a mechanized cavalry unit of the United States Army in World War II. The 106th Cavalry Group had previously been known as the 1st Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry during the Spanish American War and World War I and was constituted in 1921 as part of the Illinois...

    , reestablished in 2006
  • 107th Cavalry Regiment
    107th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 107th Cavalry Regiment, Ohio Army National Guard, is a parent regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System, with headquarters at Cincinnati, Ohio...

    , OH ARNG
  • 108th Cavalry Regiment
    108th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
    The 108th Cavalry Regiment is a Regiment of the Georgia Army National Guard and the Louisiana Army National Guard respectively-Lineage:The 108th Cavalry was constituted June 1, 1921, assigned to the 23rd Cavalry Division, allotted to the National Guard of the States of Georgia and Louisiana, and...

    , LA ARNG
  • 113th Cavalry Regiment, IA ARNG
    Iowa Army National Guard
    The Iowa Army National Guard is the Army component of the Iowa National Guard, a military reserve force with dual federal and state missions. It is empowered to function in a state status if needed to carry out limited actions during non-emergency situations all the way to full scale law...

  • 116th Cavalry Brigade, ID ARNG
  • 1st Squadron 134th Cavalry (United States) Reconnaissance and Surveillance Squadron (1-134 Cavalry R&S)-- formerly 1-167th Cavalry RSTA, 67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Nebraska Army National Guard (NEARNG)
  • 152nd Cavalry Regiment, 1st Squadron in 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States)
    76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States)
    The 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team is a modular infantry brigade of the United States Army National Guard of Indiana...

    , 2nd Squadron in 219th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
    219th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
    The 219th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade is a Battlefield Surveillance Brigade in the US Army National Guard. It is part of the Indiana Army National Guard...

    , IN ARNG
    Indiana National Guard
    The Indiana National Guard is the armed force of the state of Indiana. It consists of the Indiana Army National Guard and the Indiana Air National Guard, and is part of the larger Army National Guard and the Air National Guard...

  • 1–153rd Cavalry Sq­ron, FL ARNG
  • 158th Cavalry Regiment, MD ARNG
  • 163rd Cavalry Regiment, MT ARNG
  • 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment, TN ARNG
  • 299th Cavalry Regiment, HI ARNG
  • 303rd Cavalry Regiment, WA ARNG
  • 1/221 Cavalry Squadron , 11th ACR reconnaissance squadron, NV ARNG
  • 2nd Squadron, 183rd Cavalry Regiment, 116th IBCT, VA ARNG

See also

  • United States Army branch insignia
    United States Army branch insignia
    Branch insignia of the United States Army refers to military emblems that may be worn on the uniform of the United States Army to denote membership in a particular area of expertise and series of functional areas...

  • Coats of arms of U.S. Armor and Cavalry Regiments
    Coats of arms of U.S. Armor and Cavalry Regiments
    This page has been split as follows:* Coats of arms of U.S. Armor Regiments* Coats of arms of U.S. Cavalry Regiments-See also:* commons:Field Army insignia of the United States Army* Corps insignia of the United States Army...

  • Buffalo Soldier
    Buffalo Soldier
    Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas....

    , African American cavalrymen

Further reading

  • Carleton, James Henry, author, Pelzer, Louis, editor, The Prairie Logbooks: Dragoon Campaigns to the Pawnee Villages in 1844, and to the Rocky Mountains in 1845, University of Nebraska Press (1 June 1983), trade paperback, ; hardcover, 295 pages, University of Nebraska Press (1 May 1983)

  • Hildreth, James, Dragoon Campaigns To The Rocky Mountains: A History Of The Enlistment, Organization And First Campaigns Of The Regiment Of U. S. Dragoons 1836, Kessinger Publishing, LLC (17 May 2005), hardcover, 288 pages ; trade paperback, 288 pages, Kessinger Publishing, LLC (10 September 2010)

  • Starry, Donn A.
    Donn A. Starry
    General Donn Albert Starry was a United States Army four star general who served as Commanding General, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command from 1977 to 1981; and as Commander in Chief, U.S...

    , General. "Mounted Combat In Vietnam." Vietnam Studies; Department of the Army; First printing 1978.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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