U.S. 34th Infantry Division
Overview
 
The 34th Infantry Division is a division
Division (military)
A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers. In most armies, a division is composed of several regiments or brigades, and in turn several divisions typically make up a corps...

 in the Army National Guard
Army National Guard
Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the National Guard and is divided up into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories and the District of Columbia operating under their respective governors...

 that participated in World War I, World War II and continues to serve today, with most of the Division part of the Minnesota
Minnesota National Guard
The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

 and Iowa
Iowa National Guard
The Iowa National Guard consists of the:*Iowa Army National Guard and the*Iowa Air National Guard-External links:* compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History*...

 National Guard. It is staffed by roughly 2,800 soldiers from the Iowa Guard, about 350 from the Nebraska Guard, and about 100 from other states. It holds the distinctions of being the first US Division deployed to Europe in World War II.
The division takes its name from the shoulder sleeve insignia designed for a 1917 training camp contest by American regionalist
Regionalism (art)
Regionalism is an American realist modern art movement that was popular during the 1930s. The artistic focus was from artists who shunned city life, and rapidly developing technological advances, to create scenes of rural life...

 artist Marvin Cone
Marvin Cone
Marvin Dorwart Cone was an American painter in the regionalist style.He was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa and lived there most of his life. He graduated from Washington High School in 1910. Cone attended college and traveled to Paris with his contemporary and high-school friend, Grant Wood...

, who was then a soldier enlisted in the unit.
Encyclopedia
The 34th Infantry Division is a division
Division (military)
A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers. In most armies, a division is composed of several regiments or brigades, and in turn several divisions typically make up a corps...

 in the Army National Guard
Army National Guard
Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the National Guard and is divided up into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories and the District of Columbia operating under their respective governors...

 that participated in World War I, World War II and continues to serve today, with most of the Division part of the Minnesota
Minnesota National Guard
The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

 and Iowa
Iowa National Guard
The Iowa National Guard consists of the:*Iowa Army National Guard and the*Iowa Air National Guard-External links:* compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History*...

 National Guard. It is staffed by roughly 2,800 soldiers from the Iowa Guard, about 350 from the Nebraska Guard, and about 100 from other states. It holds the distinctions of being the first US Division deployed to Europe in World War II.
The division takes its name from the shoulder sleeve insignia designed for a 1917 training camp contest by American regionalist
Regionalism (art)
Regionalism is an American realist modern art movement that was popular during the 1930s. The artistic focus was from artists who shunned city life, and rapidly developing technological advances, to create scenes of rural life...

 artist Marvin Cone
Marvin Cone
Marvin Dorwart Cone was an American painter in the regionalist style.He was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa and lived there most of his life. He graduated from Washington High School in 1910. Cone attended college and traveled to Paris with his contemporary and high-school friend, Grant Wood...

, who was then a soldier enlisted in the unit. Cone's design evoked the desert training grounds of Camp Cody, New Mexico
New Mexico
New Mexico is a state located in the southwest and western regions of the United States. New Mexico is also usually considered one of the Mountain States. With a population density of 16 per square mile, New Mexico is the sixth-most sparsely inhabited U.S...

, by superimposing a red steer skull over a black Mexican water jug called an "olla." In World War I, the unit was called the "Sandstorm Division." German troops in World War II, however, called the U.S. division's soldiers "Red Devils" and "Red Bulls"; the division later officially adopted the latter nickname.

The United States Army Rangers
United States Army Rangers
United States Army Rangers are elite members of the United States Army. Rangers have served in recognized U.S. Army Ranger units or have graduated from the U.S. Army's Ranger School...

 also trace their lineage back to the 34th Division. The modern incarnation of the Rangers were developed from 34th Infantry volunteers in Ireland under the command of Major William O. Darby. Of the original five hundred twenty World War II Rangers, two hundred eighty one came from the 34th Infantry Division.

The 34th replaced the 47th "Viking" Infantry Division
47th Infantry Division (United States)
The 47th Infantry Division was a formation of the Army National Guard active from 1946 to 1991. The Division was created on 10 June 1946 as a National Guard infantry division from the efforts of Minnesota's Adjutant General Ellard Walsh...

 when the 47th was deactivated in 1991.

During the Civil War, the First Minnesota Regiment, today the 2nd Battalion, 135th Infantry Regiment (2/135) was the first volunteer regiment to offer its services to President Lincoln. The men of the 1st Minnesota are most remembered for their actions on the late afternoon of 2 July 1863, during the second day's fighting at Gettysburg, resulting in the prevention of a serious breach in the Union defensive line on Cemetery Ridge.

World War I

The division was established as the 34th Division of the National Guard in August 1917, consisting of units from North Dakota
North Dakota
North Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America, along the Canadian border. The state is bordered by Canada to the north, Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south and Montana to the west. North Dakota is the 19th-largest state by area in the U.S....

, South Dakota
South Dakota
South Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux American Indian tribes. Once a part of Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889. The state has an area of and an estimated population of just over...

, Iowa
Iowa
Iowa is a state located in the Midwestern United States, an area often referred to as the "American Heartland". It derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many American Indian tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa was a part of the French colony of New...

, and Minnesota
Minnesota
Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...

. The 34th Division arrived in France in October 1918 but was too late to see action in World War I as the war ended the following month.
  • Overseas: Most of the division personnel were sent to other organizations.
  • Commanders:
    • Maj. Gen. A. P. Blacksom (25 August 1917)
    • Brig. Gen. F. G. Mauldin (18 September 1917)
    • Maj. Gen. A. P. Blacksom (10 December 1917)
    • Brig. Gen. F. G. Mauldin (8 May 1918)
    • Brig. Gen. John A. Johnston (26 October 1918)
  • Returned to U.S. and inactivated: December 1918

World War II

In common with other U.S. Army divisions the 34th was reorganised from a square to a triangular division before seeing combat. The division's three infantry regiments became the 133rd, 135th, and 168th Infantry Regiments.

The first contingent embarked at Brooklyn on 14 January 1942 and sailed from New York
New York Harbor
New York Harbor refers to the waterways of the estuary near the mouth of the Hudson River that empty into New York Bay. It is one of the largest natural harbors in the world. Although the U.S. Board of Geographic Names does not use the term, New York Harbor has important historical, governmental,...

 the next day. The initial group of 4,508 stepped ashore at 12:15 hrs on 26 January 1942 at Dufferin Quay, Belfast
Belfast
Belfast is the capital of and largest city in Northern Ireland. By population, it is the 14th biggest city in the United Kingdom and second biggest on the island of Ireland . It is the seat of the devolved government and legislative Northern Ireland Assembly...

 commanded by Major-General Russell P. Hartle. They were met by a delegation including the Governor General
Governor of Northern Ireland
The Governor of Northern Ireland was the principal officer and representative in Northern Ireland of the British monarch. The office was established on 9 December 1922 and abolished on 18 July 1973.-Overview:...

 (Duke of Abercorn
James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn
James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn KG, KP, PC , styled Marquess of Hamilton between 1885 and 1913, was a British peer and Unionist politician. He was the first Governor of Northern Ireland, a post he held between 1922 and 1945...

), the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland was the de facto head of the Government of Northern Ireland. No such office was provided for in the Government of Ireland Act 1920. However the Lord Lieutenant, as with Governors-General in other Westminster Systems such as in Canada, chose to appoint someone...

 (John Miller Andrews), the Commander of British Troops in Ulster (General G. E. W. Franklyn), and the Secretary of State for Air
Secretary of State for Air
The Secretary of State for Air was a cabinet level British position. The person holding this position was in charge of the Air Ministry. It was created on 10 January 1919 to manage the Royal Air Force...

 (Sir Archibald Sinclair
Archibald Sinclair, 1st Viscount Thurso
Archibald Henry Macdonald Sinclair, 1st Viscount Thurso KT, CMG, PC , known as Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt between 1912 and 1952, and often as Archie Sinclair, was a British politician and leader of the Liberal Party....

).

After continuing its training in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west...

, the 34th Infantry Division saw its first combat in North Africa
Operation Torch
Operation Torch was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign, started on 8 November 1942....

 on 8 November 1942. As a member of the Eastern Task force, which included two brigades of the British 78th Infantry Division, and two British Commando units, they landed at Algiers
Algiers
' is the capital and largest city of Algeria. According to the 1998 census, the population of the city proper was 1,519,570 and that of the urban agglomeration was 2,135,630. In 2009, the population was about 3,500,000...

 and seized the port and outlying airfields. Elements of the Division took part in numerous subsequent engagements in Tunisia during the Allied build-up, notably at Sened Station, Faid Pass, Sbeitla, and Fondouk Gap. In April 1943 the Division assaulted Hill 609, capturing it on 1 May 1943, and then drove through Chouigui Pass to Tebourba and Ferryville.
The Division then trained for the Salerno landing. The 151st FA Bn. went in on D-day, 9 September 1943, at Salerno, while the rest of the Division followed on 25 September. Contacting the enemy at the Calore River
Calore River
The Calore Irpino or Calore Beneventano or Calore River is a river in southwestern Italy. It rises from the Monte Cervialto in the Monti Picentini sub-range of the Apennine Mountains. The river flows first in the province of Avellino, and then in that of Benevento, before flowing into the Volturno...

, 28 September 1943, the 34th, part of U.S. II Corps
U.S. II Corps
The II Corps was a corps of the United States Army and the first US formation of any size to see combat in Europe or Africa during World War II.-World War I:...

, drove north to take Benevento, crossed the winding Volturno three times in October and November, assaulted Mount Patano and took one of its four peaks before being relieved, 9 December 1943. In January 1944, the Division was back in II Corps front line battering at the Bernhardt Line
Winter Line
The Winter Line was a series of German military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt. The primary Gustav Line ran across Italy from just north of where the Garigliano River flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west, through the Apennine Mountains to the...

 defenses. Thankfully, after bitter fighting through the Mignano Gap, they were able to take Mount Trocchio without resistance as the German defenders withdrew to the main prepared defenses of the Gustav Line. On 24 January 1944, during the First Battle of Monte Cassino they pushed across the Rapido River
Rapido River
The Rapido is a short river which flows through the Ciociaria in the Italian province of Frosinone.Its source is close to border between Lazio and Molise on the slopes of the Mainarde mountains...

 into the hills behind and attacked Monastery Hill which dominated the town of Cassino
Cassino
Cassino is a comune in the province of Frosinone, Italy, at the southern end of the region of Lazio.Cassino is located at the foot of Monte Cairo near the confluence of the Rapido and Liri rivers...

. While they nearly captured the objective, in the end their attacks on the monastery and the town failed. The performance of 34 Division in the mountains is considered to rank as one of the finest feats of arms carried out by any soldiers during the war. In return they sustained losses of about 80% in the Infantry battalions. They were relieved from their positions 11–13 February 1944. Eventually, it took the combined force of five allied infantry divisions to finish what the 34th nearly accomplished on its own.
After rest and rehabilitation, it landed in the Anzio
Operation Shingle
Operation Shingle , during the Italian Campaign of World War II, was an Allied amphibious landing against Axis forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy. The operation was commanded by Major General John P. Lucas and was intended to outflank German forces of the Winter Line and enable an...

 beachhead, 25 March 1944, maintaining defensive positions until the offensive of 23 May, when it broke out of the beachhead, took Cisterna
Cisterna
A cisterna comprises a flattened membrane disk that makes up the Golgi apparatus. A typical Golgi has anywhere from 3 to 7 cisternae stacked upon each other like a stack of dinner plates, but there are usually around 6...

, and raced to Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia is a town and comune of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio. A sea port on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is located 80 kilometers west-north-west of Rome, across the Mignone river. The harbor is formed by two piers and a breakwater, on which is a lighthouse...

 and Rome. After a short rest, the Division drove across the Cecina River to liberate Livorno
Livorno
Livorno , traditionally Leghorn , is a port city on the Tyrrhenian Sea on the western edge of Tuscany, Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Livorno, having a population of approximately 160,000 residents in 2009.- History :...

, 19 July 1944, and continued on to take Mount Belmonte in October during the fighting on the Gothic Line
Gothic Line
The Gothic Line formed Field Marshal Albert Kesselring's last major line of defence in the final stages of World War II along the summits of the Apennines during the fighting retreat of German forces in Italy against the Allied Armies in Italy commanded by General Sir Harold Alexander.Adolf Hitler...

. Digging in south of Bologna
Bologna
Bologna is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna, in the Po Valley of Northern Italy. The city lies between the Po River and the Apennine Mountains, more specifically, between the Reno River and the Savena River. Bologna is a lively and cosmopolitan Italian college city, with spectacular history,...

 for the winter, the 34th jumped off, 15 April 1945, and captured Bologna on 21 April. Pursuit of the routed enemy to the French border was halted on 2 May upon the German surrender in Italy.
The Division participated in six major Army campaigns in North Africa and Italy. The Division is credited with amassing 517 days of front line combat, more than any other U.S. division. One or more 34th Division units were engaged in actual combat with the enemy on 611 days. This would have been 1st Battalion, 133rd Infantry and the IRONMAN battalion. This battalion still holds the record over the rest of the United States Army for days in combat. The division was credited with more combat days than any other division in the war. The 34th Division suffered 3,737 killed in action, 14,165 wounded in action, and 3,460 missing in action, for a total of 21,362 battle casualties. Casualties of the division are considered to be the highest of any division in the theater when daily per capita fighting strengths are considered. There is little doubt the division took the most enemy-defended hills of any division in the European Theater. The division's soldiers were awarded 10 Medals of Honor, 98 Distinguished Service Crosses, one Distinguished Service Medal, 1,153 Silver Stars, 116 Legion of Merit medals, one Distinguished Flying Cross, 2,545 Bronze Stars, 54 Soldier Medals, 34 Air Medals, with duplicate awards of 52 oak leaf clusters, and 15,000 Purple Hearts. More recently, in 2000 the Minnesota Legislature renamed all of Interstate 35
Interstate 35
Interstate 35 is a north–south Interstate Highway in the central United States. I-35 stretches from Laredo, Texas, on the U.S.-Mexico border to Duluth, Minnesota, at Minnesota Highway 61 and 26th Avenue East. Many interstates used to have splits or spurs indicated with suffixed letters , but I-35...

 in Minnesota the "34th Division (Red Bull) Highway," in honor of the Division and its service in the World Wars.
  • Activated: 10 February 1941 (National Guard Division from North Dakota
    North Dakota
    North Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America, along the Canadian border. The state is bordered by Canada to the north, Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south and Montana to the west. North Dakota is the 19th-largest state by area in the U.S....

    , South Dakota
    South Dakota
    South Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux American Indian tribes. Once a part of Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889. The state has an area of and an estimated population of just over...

    , Iowa
    Iowa
    Iowa is a state located in the Midwestern United States, an area often referred to as the "American Heartland". It derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many American Indian tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa was a part of the French colony of New...

    , Minnesota
    Minnesota
    Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...

    )
  • Overseas: May 1942
  • Days of combat: 517
  • Distinguished Unit Citations: 3
  • Awards:
    • Medal of Honor
      Medal of Honor
      The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government. It is bestowed by the President, in the name of Congress, upon members of the United States Armed Forces who distinguish themselves through "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his or her...

      : 11
    • Distinguished Service Crosses
      Distinguished Service Cross (United States)
      The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Army, for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. Actions that merit the Distinguished Service Cross must be of such a high degree...

      : 98
    • Distinguished Service Medals
      Distinguished Service Medal (United States)
      The Distinguished Service Medal is the highest non-valorous military and civilian decoration of the United States military which is issued for exceptionally meritorious service to the government of the United States in either a senior government service position or as a senior officer of the United...

      : 1
    • Silver Star
      Silver Star
      The Silver Star is the third-highest combat military decoration that can be awarded to a member of any branch of the United States armed forces for valor in the face of the enemy....

      s: 1,153
    • Bronze Star
      Bronze Star Medal
      The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration that may be awarded for bravery, acts of merit, or meritorious service. As a medal it is awarded for merit, and with the "V" for valor device it is awarded for heroism. It is the fourth-highest combat award of the...

      s: 2,545
    • Legion of Merit
      Legion of Merit
      The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces that is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements...

      : 116
    • Soldier's Medal
      Soldier's Medal
      The Soldier's Medal is a military award of the United States Army. It was introduced as Section 11 of the Air Corps Act, passed by the Congress of the United States on July 2, 1926...

      : 54
    • Purple Heart
      Purple Heart
      The Purple Heart is a United States military decoration awarded in the name of the President to those who have been wounded or killed while serving on or after April 5, 1917 with the U.S. military. The National Purple Heart Hall of Honor is located in New Windsor, New York...

      s: 15,000
  • Foreign Awards:
    • French Croix de Guerre
      Croix de guerre
      The Croix de guerre is a military decoration of France. It was first created in 1915 and consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I, again in World War II, and in other conflicts...

  • Casualties:
    • Killed in Action: 3,737
    • Wounded in action: 14,165
    • Missing in action: 3,460
    • Total Battle Casualties: 21,362

  • Commanders:
    • Maj. Gen. Ellard A. Walsh (February–August 1941)
    • Maj. Gen. Russell P. Hartle (August 1941 – May 1942)
    • Maj. Gen. Charles W. Ryder (May 1942 – July 1944)
    • Maj. Gen. Charles L. Bolte
      Charles L. Bolte
      General Charles Lawrence Bolte was a U.S. Army general and World War I and World War II veteran.-Military career:...

       (July 1944 to inactivation)
  • Returned to U.S.: 3 November 1945
  • Inactivated: 3 November 1945

Cold War to 2001

The 34th Infantry Division was inactivated on 3 November 1945. The Division was reformed within the Iowa and Nebraska National Guards in 1946–7, but it disbanded again in 1963, being replaced in part by the 67th Infantry Brigade. It also retained its Division HQ as a Command HQ to supervise training of combat and support units in the former division area for some years. The 47th Infantry Division
47th Infantry Division (United States)
The 47th Infantry Division was a formation of the Army National Guard active from 1946 to 1991. The Division was created on 10 June 1946 as a National Guard infantry division from the efforts of Minnesota's Adjutant General Ellard Walsh...

 (which had never seen combat) was active at St Paul, Minn., by 1963, as the National Guard combat division covering the former 34th's area.

The division was reactivated as a National Guard division (renaming the 47th Division) for Minnesota and Iowa on 10 February 1991 upon the fiftieth anniversary of its federal activation for World War II. At that point the Division transitioned into a Medium Division, with a required strength of 18,062 soldiers.

Global War on Terror 2001 to present

Currently, the 34th Infantry "Red Bull" Division is ranked No. 1 of the eight National Guard Divisions with regard to key readiness indicators. The 34th Infantry Division was the first National Guard Division to transform to the Army's modular and expeditionary Brigade Combat Team Structure. The Division's force structure has grown and is now spread across several midwest states (Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Wyoming and Missouri). The Minnesota National Guard
Minnesota National Guard
The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

 provides the Division Headquarters and is located in Rosemount (Main Command Post), and Inver Grove Heights (Tactical Command Post); both are southern suburbs of the Twin Cities.

Today, the division has undergone much change due to transformation. The entire division is projected to have transformed by Training Year 2010.

The 34th Infantry Division has deployed approximately 11,000 soldiers to fight terrorism.

Afghanistan, Operation Enduring Freedom

  • 2004 In May 2004, the 1st Battalion, 168th Infantry Regiment (augmented by Company D, 2nd Battalion, 135th Infantry Regiment), 2nd Brigade, 34th Infantry Division, and with nearly 100 key positions filled by members of the 1st Battalion (IRONMAN), 133rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 34th Infantry Division, commenced combat operations at 13 Provincial Reconstruction Team
    Provincial reconstruction team
    A Provincial Reconstruction Team is a unit introduced by the United States government, consisting of military officers, diplomats, and reconstruction subject matter experts, working to support reconstruction efforts in unstable states. PRTs were first established in Afghanistan in late 2001 or...

     sites throughout Afghanistan
    Afghanistan
    Afghanistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. With a population of about 29 million, it has an area of , making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world...

     as part of Operation Enduring Freedom, returning the Red Bull patch to combat after 59 years and earning the battalion the distinction of becoming the first unit in the 34th Infantry Division to wear the Red Bull patch as a right-shoulder combat patch since World War II. The 2011 book Words in the Dust by former 34th ID soldier Trent Reedy is a novel based on the experiences of the 34th ID soldiers assigned to the Farah, Afghanistan
    Farah, Afghanistan
    Farah is a city in western Afghanistan, situated at 650 m altitude, and located on the Farah River. It is the capital of Farah Province, and has a population of approximately 109,409....

     PRT.

  • 2010 In August 2010, nearly 3,000 Iowa Army National Guard soldiers, with 28 hometown send-offs, left for a year-long deployment to Afghanistan, making it the largest deployment of the Iowa National Guard since World War II. Augmented by the 1–134th Cavalry Reconnaissance and Surveillance Squadron of the Nebraska Army National Guard, the brigade conducted pre-mobilization training in Mississippi and California. The troops partnered with Afghan security forces to provide security and assist in training.

Iraq, Operation Iraqi Freedom

  • 2006 In March 2006, the first brigade of the 34th Infantry Division commenced combat operations in central and southern Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom, marking the largest single unit deployment for the 34th Infantry Division since World War II. With its return in July 2007, the brigade became one of the longest serving unit (Activated for 22 months total with 16 in Iraq) in Iraq of the Army National Guard.


In an effort to recreate the Living Red Bull Patch from Camp Cody, NM, in 1918, the 1st Brigade made its own Living Patch on the parade field at Camp Shelby, MS prior to its deployment to Iraq for OIF 06-08.

Recent campaigns

34th Infantry Division personnel have been activated for the following recent operations:
  • Operation Joint Forge – Bosnia
  • Operation Joint Guardian – Kosovo
  • Operation Vigilant Hammer – Europe, the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, Egypt
  • Joint Task Force Bravo
    Joint Task Force Bravo
    Joint Task Force Bravo is one of three Task Forces under United States Southern Command . JTF-B is headquartered at Soto Cano Air Base, Honduras , located 10 miles south of the Honduran city of Comayagua.-Mission:JTF-Bravo conducts joint, combined and interagency operations, and supports...

     – Honduras
  • Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom – Iraq
  • Operation Noble Eagle
    Operation Noble Eagle
    Operation Noble Eagle is the name given to military operations related to homelandsecurity and support to federal, state, and local agencies...

     – US Homeland Defense


On 16 July 2009 3 members of the Fighting Red Bulls were killed in Basra, Iraq.

Current Structure

34th Infantry Division exercises Training and Readiness Oversight of the following elements, they cannot be considered organic:
  • Main Command Post (MCP)
    • Special Troops Battalion (STB)
  • 1st Heavy Brigade Combat Team (MN NG
    Minnesota National Guard
    The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

    )
    • Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 94th Cavalry Regiment (Armored Recon)
    • 1st Battalion, 194th Armor Regiment (Combined Arms)
    • 2nd Battalion, 136th Infantry Regiment (Combined Arms)
    • 1st Battalion, 125th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 134th Brigade Support Battalion
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IA NG
    Iowa National Guard
    The Iowa National Guard consists of the:*Iowa Army National Guard and the*Iowa Air National Guard-External links:* compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History*...

    )
    • Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 113th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA) (IA NG
      Iowa National Guard
      The Iowa National Guard consists of the:*Iowa Army National Guard and the*Iowa Air National Guard-External links:* compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History*...

      )
    • 1st Battalion, 133rd Infantry Regiment (IA NG
      Iowa National Guard
      The Iowa National Guard consists of the:*Iowa Army National Guard and the*Iowa Air National Guard-External links:* compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History*...

      )
    • 1st Battalion, 168th Infantry Regiment
      168th Infantry Regiment (United States)
      The 168th Infantry Regiment was an Iowa National Guard unit which served during the 'Punitive Expedition' pursuing Pancho Villa and the latter part of World War I. It became part of the 42nd Division, commonly referred to as the 'Rainbow' Division. For four months, from July to November 1917, the...

       (IA NG
      Iowa National Guard
      The Iowa National Guard consists of the:*Iowa Army National Guard and the*Iowa Air National Guard-External links:* compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History*...

      )
    • 2nd Battalion, 135th Infantry Regiment (MN NG
      Minnesota National Guard
      The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

      )
    • 1st Battalion, 194th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 334th Brigade Support Battalion
  • 32nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team (WI NG
    Wisconsin National Guard
    The Wisconsin Army National Guard has dual state and federal roles, and is jointly funded and maintained by both governments. Its federal mission is to provide trained units to the United States Army in time of war or national emergency...

    )
    • Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 105th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
    • 2nd Battalion, 127th Infantry Regiment
      127th Infantry Regiment (United States)
      The 2nd Battalion, 127th Infantry Regiment traces its origins to the 4th Infantry Battalion, Wisconsin National Guard.-Organization:The 4th Infantry Battalion, Wisconsin National Guard, was organized on 25 April 1884 from Milwaukee companies, expanded and redesignated in 1890 as the 4th Infantry...

    • 1st Battalion, 128th Infantry Regiment
      128th Infantry Regiment (United States)
      The 128th Infantry Regiment is a United States military unit of the Wisconsin National Guard. The 128th has served as part of the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, Mexican Civil War, World War I, World War II and the Iraq War....

    • 1st Battalion, 120th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 132nd Brigade Support Battalion
  • 116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team
    116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team
    The 116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team is the largest formation of the Idaho Army National Guard. It is headquartered at Gowen Field, Boise, Idaho. It has been reorganized into a Heavy Brigade Combat Team . The 116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team has units located throughout Idaho, Montana, and...

    (ID NG
    Idaho Army National Guard
    The Idaho Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization...

    )
    • Special Troops Battalion
    • 2nd Squadron, 116th Cavalry Regiment (Armored Recon) (ID NG
      Idaho National Guard
      The Idaho National Guard consists of the:*Idaho Army National Guard*Idaho Air National Guard-External links:*...

      )
    • 1st Squadron, 163rd Cavalry Regiment (Combined Arms) (MT NG
      Montana Army National Guard
      The Montana Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization...

      )
    • 3rd Squadron, 116th Cavalry Regiment (Combined Arms) (OR NG
      Oregon Army National Guard
      The Oregon Army National Guard is a Federally mandated and equipped military organization under the civilian direction of the Oregon Military Department, with the Governor of Oregon as its Commander in Chief. It responds to state and national emergencies, military conflicts and natural disasters,...

      )
    • 1st Battalion, 148th Field Artillery Regiment
      148th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)
      The 148th Field Artillery Regiment is a Field Artillery regiment of the Army National Guard.-World War I:The 148th Field Artillery was organized on September 29, 1917 by General Order 2, Headquarters 41st Division, trained at Camp Greene, North Carolina, Camp Mills, New York, and Camp Merritt, New...

       (ID NG
      Idaho National Guard
      The Idaho National Guard consists of the:*Idaho Army National Guard*Idaho Air National Guard-External links:*...

      )
    • 145th Brigade Support Battalion (ID NG
      Idaho National Guard
      The Idaho National Guard consists of the:*Idaho Army National Guard*Idaho Air National Guard-External links:*...

      )
  • Combat Aviation Brigade, 34th Infantry Division (MN NG
    Minnesota National Guard
    The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

    )
    • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
    • 1st Battalion, 113th Aviation Regiment (Support & Security) (ND NG
      North Dakota Army National Guard
      The North Dakota Army National Guard is headquartered at the Fraine Barracks in Bismarck, North Dakota, and consists of the 68th Troop Command, headquartered in Bismarck, and the 141st Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, headquartered in Fargo, North Dakota...

      )
    • 2nd Battalion, 147th Aviation Regiment (Assault) (MN NG
      Minnesota National Guard
      The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

      )
    • 1st Battalion, 183rd Aviation Regiment (Attack) (ID NG
      Idaho National Guard
      The Idaho National Guard consists of the:*Idaho Army National Guard*Idaho Air National Guard-External links:*...

      )
    • 1st Battalion, 189th Aviation Regiment (General Support) (MT NG
      Montana Army National Guard
      The Montana Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization...

      )
    • 834th Aviation Support Battalion
      834th Aviation Support Battalion
      The 834th Aviation Support Battalion is a US Army National Guard battalion headquartered in Saint Paul, Minnesota. It has units and elements in Minnesota, Mississippi, Oklahoma and West Virginia. The battalion has over 670 soldiers and is designed to support a Combat Aviation Brigade...

       (MN NG
      Minnesota National Guard
      The Minnesota National Guard is composed of approximately 14,000 soldiers of the Minnesota Army National Guard and Airmen of the Minnesota Air National Guard, serving in 63 communities across the state. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal...

      )

Attached Units

  • 115th Fires Brigade (WY NG
    Wyoming National Guard
    The Wyoming Military Department is part of the Government of Wyoming. It's primary components are the Wyoming Army National Guard, and the Wyoming Air National Guard. The most important component of the Wyoming Air National Guard is the 153d Airlift Wing...

    )
    • 1st Battalion, 121st Field Artillery Regiment (WI NG
      Wisconsin National Guard
      The Wisconsin Army National Guard has dual state and federal roles, and is jointly funded and maintained by both governments. Its federal mission is to provide trained units to the United States Army in time of war or national emergency...

      )
    • 1st Battalion, 147th Field Artillery Regiment (SD NG
      South Dakota National Guard
      The South Dakota National Guard is part of the South Dakota Department of Military & Veterans Affairs.It consists of the:*South Dakota Army National Guard ** Joint Forces Headquarters** 196th Maneuver Enhanced Brigade** 196th Regional Training Battalion...

      )
    • 2nd Battalion, 300th Field Artillery Regiment (WY NG
      Wyoming National Guard
      The Wyoming Military Department is part of the Government of Wyoming. It's primary components are the Wyoming Army National Guard, and the Wyoming Air National Guard. The most important component of the Wyoming Air National Guard is the 153d Airlift Wing...

      )
    • 960th Brigade Support Battalion (WY NG
      Wyoming National Guard
      The Wyoming Military Department is part of the Government of Wyoming. It's primary components are the Wyoming Army National Guard, and the Wyoming Air National Guard. The most important component of the Wyoming Air National Guard is the 153d Airlift Wing...

      )
    • 148th Signal Company (WY NG
      Wyoming National Guard
      The Wyoming Military Department is part of the Government of Wyoming. It's primary components are the Wyoming Army National Guard, and the Wyoming Air National Guard. The most important component of the Wyoming Air National Guard is the 153d Airlift Wing...

      )
  • 141st Maneuver Enhancement Brigade (ND NG
    North Dakota National Guard
    The North Dakota National Guard consists of the:*North Dakota Army National Guard*North Dakota Air National GuardIt is part of the North Dakota Department of Emergency Services.-External links:* compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History...

    )
  • 157th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade (WI NG
    Wisconsin National Guard
    The Wisconsin Army National Guard has dual state and federal roles, and is jointly funded and maintained by both governments. Its federal mission is to provide trained units to the United States Army in time of war or national emergency...

    )
  • 67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
    67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
    The 67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade is a battlefield surveillance brigade of the Nebraska Army National Guard. It derives its lineage from the 67th Infantry Brigade , previously a component of the 35th Infantry Division...

     (NE ARNG
    Nebraska Army National Guard
    The Nebraska Army National Guard is a group of Army National Guard units in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The Adjutant General for these units is Brigadier General Judd H. Lyons, and Assistant Adjutant General of Land Operations is Brigadier General Roma J. Amundson. The Chief of Staff is Colonel...

    ) (Attached)
    • 1st Squadron, 134th Cavalry Squadron (R&S) (NE ARNG)
    • 1167th Brigade Support Company (NE ARNG)
    • 250th Military Intelligence Battalion (CA NG)
    • 67th Signal Network Support Company (MT NG)
  • 347th Regional Support Group (formerly 34th Division Support Command)
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
    • 147th Personnel Services Battalion
    • 347th Personnel Services Detachment
    • 34th Military Police Company
    • 257th Military Police Company
    • 114th Transportation Company
    • 204th Medical Company (Area Support)
    • 247th Finance Detachment
    • 34th Infantry Division Band
    • Service Battery, 1st Battalion, 214th Field Artillery Regiment (GA NG)
  • Companies A and B, 2nd Battalion, 123rd Armor Regiment (KY NG)

Trivia

The entire length of U.S. Highway 34 in the state of Iowa
Iowa
Iowa is a state located in the Midwestern United States, an area often referred to as the "American Heartland". It derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many American Indian tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa was a part of the French colony of New...

honors the 34th Infantry Division, as it is called "The Red Bull Highway," in honor of the shoulder patch those in the 34th Infantry Division wear.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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