Twenty-eight mansions
Overview
 
The Twenty-eight Mansions , , or are part of the Chinese constellations system. They can be considered as the equivalent to the zodiacal constellations in the Western astronomy, though the Twenty-eight Mansions reflect the movement of the Moon in a lunar month rather than the Sun in a solar year. Another similar system, called Nakshatra
Nakshatra
Nakshatra is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology. A nakshatra is one of 27 sectors along the ecliptic...

, is used in traditional Indian astronomy.
Ancient Chinese astronomers divided the sky ecliptic
Ecliptic
The ecliptic is the plane of the earth's orbit around the sun. In more accurate terms, it is the intersection of the celestial sphere with the ecliptic plane, which is the geometric plane containing the mean orbit of the Earth around the Sun...

 into four regions, collectively known as the Four Symbols
Four Symbols (Chinese constellation)
The Four Symbols are four mythological creatures in the Chinese constellations. They are:*Azure Dragon of the East *Vermilion Bird of the South *White Tiger of the West *Black Tortoise of the North...

, each assigned a mysterious animal.
Encyclopedia
The Twenty-eight Mansions , , or are part of the Chinese constellations system. They can be considered as the equivalent to the zodiacal constellations in the Western astronomy, though the Twenty-eight Mansions reflect the movement of the Moon in a lunar month rather than the Sun in a solar year. Another similar system, called Nakshatra
Nakshatra
Nakshatra is the term for lunar mansion in Hindu astrology. A nakshatra is one of 27 sectors along the ecliptic...

, is used in traditional Indian astronomy.

Overview

Ancient Chinese astronomers divided the sky ecliptic
Ecliptic
The ecliptic is the plane of the earth's orbit around the sun. In more accurate terms, it is the intersection of the celestial sphere with the ecliptic plane, which is the geometric plane containing the mean orbit of the Earth around the Sun...

 into four regions, collectively known as the Four Symbols
Four Symbols (Chinese constellation)
The Four Symbols are four mythological creatures in the Chinese constellations. They are:*Azure Dragon of the East *Vermilion Bird of the South *White Tiger of the West *Black Tortoise of the North...

, each assigned a mysterious animal. They are Azure Dragon (青龍) on the east, Black Tortoise (玄武) on the north, White Tiger (白虎) on the west, and Vermilion Bird (朱雀) on the south. Each region contains seven mansions, making a total of 28 mansions. The mansions or xiù are latitudes the Moon crosses during its monthly journey around Earth and serve as a way to track the Moon's progress.

List of mansions

The names and determinative stars of the mansions are:
Four Symbols
Four Symbols (Chinese constellation)
The Four Symbols are four mythological creatures in the Chinese constellations. They are:*Azure Dragon of the East *Vermilion Bird of the South *White Tiger of the West *Black Tortoise of the North...


(四象)
| Mansion (宿)
Number Name (pinyin
Pinyin
Pinyin is the official system to transcribe Chinese characters into the Roman alphabet in China, Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan. It is also often used to teach Mandarin Chinese and spell Chinese names in foreign publications and used as an input method to enter Chinese characters into...

)
Translation Determinative star
Azure Dragon
of the East
(東方青龍)
Spring
1 角 (Jiăo) Horn
Horn (Chinese constellation)
The Horn mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.-Asterisms:...

 
α Vir
Spica
Spica is the brightest star in the constellation Virgo, and the 15th brightest star in the nighttime sky. It is 260 light years distant from Earth...

2 亢 (Kàng) Neck
Neck (Chinese constellation)
The Neck mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.In Chinese Cosmology, the Kang Constellation is associated with the Kidney Organ...

 
κ Vir
Kappa Virginis
Kappa Virginis is a star in the constellation Virgo.Kappa Virginis is an orange K-type giant with an apparent magnitude of +4.18. It is approximately 224 light years from Earth....

3 氐 (Dĭ) Root
Root (Chinese constellation)
The Root mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.-Asterisms:...

 
α Lib
Alpha Librae
Alpha Librae is the second brightest star in the constellation Libra . It has the traditional name Zubenelgenubi. The name, from Arabic الزبن الجنوبي , means "southern claw" and was coined before Libra was recognized as distinct from Scorpius...

4 房 (Fáng) Room
Room (Chinese constellation)
The Room mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.-Asterisms:...

 
π Sco
Pi Scorpii
Pi Scorpii is a triple star system in the constellation Scorpius. It is approximately 459 light years from Earth.Pi Scorpii A is a contact binary of the Beta Lyrae type. Both its members are hot, blue-white B-type dwarfs. Together they have a mean apparent magnitude of +2.89. Their rotation...

5 心 (Xīn) Heart
Heart (Chinese constellation)
The Heart mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.-Asterisms:...

 
σ Sco
Sigma Scorpii
Sigma Scorpii is a star system in the constellation Scorpius. It has the traditional name Al Niyat, although this name is sometimes also applied to Tau Scorpii, or to the asterism formed by both Sigma and Tau. Sigma Scorpii is 735 light years from the Sun.The primary component of the system,...

6 尾 (Wěi) Tail
Tail (Chinese constellation)
The Tail mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.- Asterisms :...

 
μ Sco
Mu Scorpii
The Bayer designation Mu Scorpii is shared by two star systems, in the constellation Scorpius:* μ¹ Scorpii* μ² ScorpiiThey are separated by 0.1° in the sky....

7 箕 (Jī) Winnowing Basket
Winnowing Basket (Chinese constellation)
The Winnowing Basket mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the eastern mansions of the Azure Dragon.-Asterisms:...

 
γ Sgr
Gamma Sagittarii
Gamma Sagittarii is a 3rd-magnitude star in the constellation Sagittarius.It was temporarily referred to Gamma-2 Sagittarii . The Bayer designation "Gamma Sagittarii" was temporarily shared by two star systems in this constellation, γ1 Sagittarii and γ2 Sagittarii...

Black Tortoise
of the North
(北方玄武)
Winter
8 斗 (Dǒu) (Southern) Dipper
Dipper (Chinese constellation)
The Dipper mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the northern mansions of the Black Tortoise.-Asterisms:-Stars:* ζ Sgr* τ Sgr* σ Sgr* φ Sgr* λ Sgr* μ Sgr...

 
φ Sgr
Phi Sagittarii
Phi Sagittarii is a star in the constellation Sagittarius. It is a member of the teapot asterism marking the junction of lid and handle.Phi Sagittarii is a spectral type B8 giant and has an apparent magnitude of +3.17...

9 牛 (Niú) Ox
Ox (Chinese constellation)
The Ox mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the northern mansions of the Black Tortoise.-Asterisms:...

 
β Cap
Beta Capricorni
Beta Capricorni is a star system in the constellation Capricornus. It has the traditional name Dabih, which comes from the Arabic الذابح al-dhābiḥ, meaning "the butcher". The β Capricorni system is located 328 light years from Earth...

10 女 (Nǚ) Girl
Girl (Chinese constellation)
The Girl mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the northern mansions of the Black Tortoise.- Asterisms :...

 
ε Aqr
Epsilon Aquarii
Epsilon Aquarii is a star in the constellation Aquarius. It has an obscure traditional name, Albali, from the Arabic البالع albāli‘ "the swallower"...

11 虛 (Xū) Emptiness
Emptiness (Chinese constellation)
The Emptiness mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the northern mansions of the Black Tortoise.-Asterisms:...

 
β Aqr
Beta Aquarii
Beta Aquarii is a triple star in the constellation Aquarius. It has the traditional name Sadalsuud, from an Arabic expression سعد السعود sa‘d al-su‘ūd, the "luck of lucks"...

12 危 (Wēi) Rooftop
Rooftop (Chinese constellation)
The Rooftop mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the northern mansions of the Black Tortoise.- Asterisms :...

 
α Aqr
13 室 (Shì) Encampment
Encampment (Chinese constellation)
The Encampment mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the northern mansions of the Black Tortoise.-Asterisms:...

 
α Peg
Alpha Pegasi
Alpha Pegasi is the third brightest star in the constellation Pegasus and one of the four stars in the asterism known as the Great Square of Pegasus. It has the traditional name Markab .Markab is a relatively average star nearing the end of its stellar evolution on the main sequence...

14 壁 (Bì) Wall
Wall (Chinese constellation)
The Wall mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the northern mansions of the Black Tortoise.- Asterisms :...

 
γ Peg
Gamma Pegasi
Gamma Pegasi is a star in the constellation of Pegasus. It also has the traditional name Algenib; confusingly however, this name is also used for Alpha Persei....

White Tiger
of the West
(西方白虎)
Fall
15 奎 (Kuí) Legs
Legs (Chinese constellation)
The Legs mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the western mansions of the White Tiger.-Asterisms:...

 
η And
Eta Andromedae
Eta Andromedae is a spectroscopic binary star in the constellation of Andromeda...

16 婁 (Lóu) Bond
Bond (Chinese constellation)
Leu sieu meaning "the Train of a garment", was one of the twenty-eight lunar mansions of the traditional Chinese astronomy. It was one of the White Tiger of the West (西方白虎).- The asterisms in the Region of Leu (婁宿天區):...

 
β Ari
35 Arietis
35 Arietis is a star in the constellation Aries. Its apparent magnitude is 4.65.-References:*...

17 胃 (Wèi) Stomach
Stomach (Chinese constellation)
The Stomach mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the western mansions of the White Tiger.-Asterisms:...

 
35 Ari
Epsilon Arietis
Epsilon Arietis is a double star in the constellation Aries. It is approximately 293 light years from Earth.The two components are both white A-type main sequence dwarfs with apparent magnitudes of 5.2 and 5.5 respectively. They are separated by 1.5 arcseconds on the sky...

18 昴 (Mǎo) Hairy Head
Hairy Head (Chinese constellation)
The Hairy Head mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the western mansions of the White Tiger.This mansion corresponds to the Pleiades in English.-Asterisms:...

 
17 Tau
Electra (star)
Electra, also cataloged as 17 Tauri, is a blue-white giant star in the constellation of Taurus. The star is one of the nine brightest stars in the Pleiades open cluster. The most visible stars in this group are named for the Seven Sisters of Greek mythology.The star has an apparent brightness of...

19 畢 (Bì) Net
Net (Chinese constellation)
The Net mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the western mansions of the White Tiger.-Asterisms:...

 
ε Tau
Epsilon Tauri
Epsilon Tauri is an orange giant star, spectral type of K0 III, located approximately 147 light-years away from the Sun in the constellation of Taurus. It is a member of the Hyades open cluster...

20 觜 (Zī) Turtle Beak
Turtle Beak (Chinese constellation)
The Turtle Beak mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the western mansions of the White Tiger.-Asterisms:...

 
λ Ori
Lambda Orionis
Lambda Orionis is a star in the constellation Orion. It has the traditional names Meissa or Heka. "Meissa" derives from the Arabic "Al-Maisan" which means "The Shining One". This term was used for Gamma Gemini , but was somehow also mistakenly applied to λ Orionis and the name stuck...

21 參 (Shēn) Three Stars
Three Stars (Chinese constellation)
The Three Stars mansion is one of the twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the western mansions of the White Tiger. This collection of seven bright stars is visible during winter in the Northern Hemisphere .- Asterisms :...

 
ζ Ori
Vermilion Bird
of the South
(南方朱雀)
Summer
22 井 (Jǐng) Well
Well (Chinese constellation)
The Well mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the southern mansions of the Vermilion Bird.-Asterisms:...

 
μ Gem
Mu Geminorum
Mu Geminorum is a star in the constellation Gemini, approximately 230 light years away from Earth. It has the traditional name Tejat Posterior, which means back foot, because it is the foot of Castor, one of the Gemini twins...

23 鬼 (Guǐ) Ghost
Ghost (Chinese constellation)
The Ghost mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the southern mansions of the Vermilion Bird.-Asterisms:...

 
θ Cnc
Theta Cancri
Theta Cancri is a binary star in the constellation Cancer, 494 light years from Earth.θ Cancri is classified as an orange K-type giant with an apparent magnitude of +5.33. Since it is near the ecliptic, it can be occulted by the Moon and, very rarely, by planets...

24 柳 (Liǔ) Willow
Willow (Chinese constellation)
The Willow mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the southern mansions of the Vermilion Bird.-Asterisms:...

 
δ Hya
Delta Hydrae
Delta Hydrae is a Class A1, fourth-magnitude star in the constellation Hydra. Delta Hydrae is a binary double star, located about 180 light-years from Earth.-Name and etymology:...

25 星 (Xīng) Star
Star (Chinese constellation)
The Star mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the southern mansions of the Vermilion Bird.- Asterisms :...

 
α Hya
Alphard
Alphard is the brightest star in the constellation Hydra. The name Alphard is from the Arabic الفرد , "the solitary one", there being no other bright stars near it. It was also known as the "backbone of the Serpent" to the Arabs. In ancient China it formed part of an asterism called the "red bird"...

26 張 (Zhāng) Extended Net
Extended Net (Chinese constellation)
The Extended Net mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the southern mansions of the Vermilion Bird.-Asterisms:...

 
υ¹ Hya
Upsilon1 Hydrae
Upsilon1 Hydrae is a yellow giant star in the constellation of Hydra. The star is one of Okayama Planet Search's main target for planet search and has turned out to host a substellar companion.-Substellar companion:...

27 翼 (Yì) Wings
Wings (Chinese constellation)
The Wings mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the southern mansions of the Vermilion Bird.- Asterisms :...

 
α Crt
Alpha Crateris
Alpha Crateris is a star in the constellation Crater. It has the traditional name Alkes, from the Arabic الكاس alkās or الكأس alka's "the cup"....

28 軫 (Zhěn) Chariot
Chariot (Chinese constellation)
The Chariot mansion is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of the southern mansions of the Vermilion Bird.-Asterisms:...

 
γ Crv
Gamma Corvi
Gamma Corvi is the brightest star in the constellation Corvus. Its traditional name is Gienah, which it shares with Epsilon Cygni...



External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK