Trikala is a city in northwestern Thessaly
Thessaly is a traditional geographical region and an administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name. Before the Greek Dark Ages, Thessaly was known as Aeolia, and appears thus in Homer's Odyssey....

, Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

. It is the capital of the Trikala peripheral unit, and is located NW of Athens
Athens , is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state...

, NW, of Karditsa, E of Ioannina
Ioannina , often called Jannena within Greece, is the largest city of Epirus, north-western Greece, with a population of 70,203 . It lies at an elevation of approximately 500 meters above sea level, on the western shore of lake Pamvotis . It is located within the Ioannina municipality, and is the...

 and Metsovo
Metsovo is a town in Epirus on the mountains of Pindus in northern Greece, between Ioannina to the north and Meteora to the south. The largest centre of Vlach life in Greece, Metsovo is bypassed by GR-6 and also by Egnatia Odos Motorway....

, S of Grevena
Grevena is a town and municipality in Greece, capital of the Grevena peripheral unit. The town's current population is 10,447 citizens; it lies about 400 km from Athens and about 180 km from Thessaloniki. The municipality's population is 30,564...

, SW of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki , historically also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of the region of Central Macedonia as well as the capital of the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace...

, and W of Larissa
Larissa is the capital and biggest city of the Thessaly region of Greece and capital of the Larissa regional unit. It is a principal agricultural centre and a national transportation hub, linked by road and rail with the port of Volos, the city of Thessaloniki and Athens...

. The city is straddled by the River Litheon, which is a tributary of Pineios river .According to the National Statistical Service, Trikala had 80,900 inhabitants, while the apartment Trikkaion shows population density 133,150 inhabitants per square kilometer.


The region of Trikala has been inhabited since prehistoric times and the first signs of life in the cave of Theopetra are reach back to the 49,000 BC approx. They also discovered Neolithic settlements from 6,000 BC in Grand Kefalovriso and other locations.

The city of Trikalas is built on the ancient city Trikka or Trikki, which was founded around the 3rd millennium B.C. and took its name by the nymph Trikki, daughter of Penaeus or according to others daughterof Asopos river. The city was an important center of antiquity, while here lived and acted the Asklipios, that today constitutes emblem of Municipality Trikkaion, which was also king of city. In the region existed in deed one of the most important and ancienter Asklipieia of season. The city is also mentioned in Iliada of Homer, that participated in the war of Troy in the side of Greeks, with thirty boats and heads the doctors sons of Asklipios, Machaona and Podaleirio. The city was also existed as a capital of kingdom at the Mycenaen season and later it constituted center of state of Estaiotidas that occupied roughly the current extent of prefecture Trikala and is described by the geographer Stravona.

In historical times, the city of Trikke and the surrounding area of the river has experienced growth. It fell to the Persians in 480 BC, while ten years later joined the monetary union Thessaly. In 352 BC it was united with the Macedonia of Philip II. The city became a spot of hard battles between Macedonians and Romen, at the invasion of last ones in Greece, while Philippos E' and the son of Perseas were triying to keep the city free, without final success after 168 B.C. it was conquered.

The first afterwards Christ centuries the city and the region was conquered by many intruders in the Balkan space: Gotthous (396), Ounns (447), Slabs (577), Bulgarians (976-1025), Normen (1081), Catalonians (1309–1311) and from 1204 by Fragks, while for one short space returned in the Byzantine Empire and Despotato of Continent. In the beginning of the millennium the city presents itself for first time with her current name, Trikala, in Alexiada of Anna Komninis. The city was conquered finally by the Ottomans in 1393, and after a extended period of decline becomes important center of cottage industry, with famed products of skin. Also the city constituted an important intellectual center, for a big part of Ottoman domination (1543-1854) it functioned here the Faculty Trikkis (and later Greek Faculty) in which they taught famous schoolteachers of season, as Dionysios the Philosopher.

On 23 August 1881 with the Treaty of Konstantinoupolis( Istanbul), the city passes in Greek sovereignty, as the remainder of Thessaly. It will be again under Turkish sovereignty with the Greek-Turkish war 1897 for roughly one year, up to her final incorporation in Greece (1898). Afterwards Trikala played a fundamental role in the rural mobilizations of beginning of 20th century against the squires and existed the place of foundation of first Agricultural Cooperative in Greece, in 1906.


The municipality Trikala was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 8 former municipalities, that became municipal units:
  • Estiaiotida
    Estiaiotida is a former municipality in the Trikala peripheral unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform, it is part of the municipality Trikala, of which it is a municipal unit. Population 2,976 . The seat of the municipality was in Megalochori....

  • Faloreia
    Faloreia is a former municipality in the Trikala peripheral unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trikala, of which it is a municipal unit. The current population is approximately 4,085 . The seat of the municipality was in Kefalovryso....

  • Kallidendro
    Kallidendro is a former municipality in the Trikala peripheral unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trikala, of which it is a municipal unit. Population 2,456 . The seat of the municipality was in Valtino....

  • Koziakas
    Koziakas is a former municipality in the Trikala peripheral unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trikala, of which it is a municipal unit. Population 2,894 . The seat of the municipality was in Prinos....

  • Megala Kalyvia
    Megala Kalyvia
    Megala Kalyvia is a former municipality in the Trikala peripheral unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trikala, of which it is a municipal unit. Population 3,169 ....

  • Paliokastro
    Paliokastro is a former municipality in the Trikala peripheral unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trikala, of which it is a municipal unit. It is located in the east-northeastern part of the peripheral unit. Its population was 3,461 at...

  • Paralithaioi
    Paralithaioi is a former municipality in the Trikala peripheral unit, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trikala, of which it is a municipal unit. Population 3,689 . The seat of the municipality was in Rizoma....

  • Trikala


Trikala is home to the General Hospital of the Trikala Prefecture. The Physical Education and Sport Science department of the University of Thessaly is also located in Trikala, and was founded in 1994, with the first students being admitted in the academic year 1994-1995; it was originally housed in the Matsopoulos Park facility, but moved to the new Karyes campus in July 1999. Trikala has over 20 schools of secondary education, and a modern night technical school also functions in the town.

Since December 2005, the Municipality of Trikala offers its residents free high speed Wireless
Wireless telecommunications is the transfer of information between two or more points that are not physically connected. Distances can be short, such as a few meters for television remote control, or as far as thousands or even millions of kilometers for deep-space radio communications...

 Internet connection. As of 2007, around 95% of the total area of Trikala has access; this is one of the few European cities to offer such a service for free. Since 2009 tele-medicine is available for its residents, to track serious conditions without the need to visit hospitals.

Sporting teams

  • A.O. Trikala, a football team that competed in the Greek first division as recently as the year 2000.
  • AS Trikala 2000 BC, a basketball team that competes in the Greek top division
    A1 Ethniki
    The Greek Basket League , commonly referred to as the Greek Basketball League or Greek Basketball Championship, is the highest professional basketball league in Greece. It is run by HEBA...


Twin towns — Sister cities

Trikala is twinned
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

 with: Amberg
Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is located in the Upper Palatinate, roughly halfway between Regensburg and Bayreuth. Population: 44,756 .- History :...

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

Brașov is a city in Romania and the capital of Brașov County.According to the last Romanian census, from 2002, there were 284,596 people living within the city of Brașov, making it the 8th most populated city in Romania....

, Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

Chongqing is a major city in Southwest China and one of the five national central cities of China. Administratively, it is one of the PRC's four direct-controlled municipalities , and the only such municipality in inland China.The municipality was created on 14 March 1997, succeeding the...

, People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

Pyatigorsk is a city in Stavropol Krai on the Podkumok River, about from Mineralnye Vody. Since January 19, 2010 it has been the administrative center of the North Caucasian Federal District of Russia...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

Talence is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.It is the third-largest suburb of the city of Bordeaux, and is adjacent to it on the south side...

, France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 Tucson, USA

Notable people

  • Œcumenius
    Oecumenius , once believed to be a Bishop of Trikka in Thessaly writing about 990 , was reputed to be the author of several commentaries on books of the New Testament...

     (about 990) Bishop of Trikka (now Trikkala)
  • Evangelos Averoff
    Evangelos Averoff
    Evangelos Averoff-Tositsas was a distinguished right-wing Greek politician of Aromanian origin and author of several books on political and historical topics....

     (1910–1990), politician
  • Sotirios Hatzigakis
    Sotirios Hatzigakis
    Sotirios Hatzigakis is a Greek conservative politician.Born in Athens, Hatzigakis studied Law at the University of Athens where he gained his Bachelor's degree. He obtained a Master's degree from the University College London, United Kingdom in Economics and from the Sorbonne of Paris, France in...

     (1944) politician
  • Georgios Kondylis
    Georgios Kondylis
    Georgios Kondylis was a general of the Greek army and Prime Minister of Greece. He was nicknamed Keravnos, Greek for "Thunder" or "Thunderbolt".-Military career:...

     (1879–1936) army officer, Prime Minister of Greece
  • Sotirios Kyrgiakos
    Sotirios Kyrgiakos
    Sotirios Kyrgiakos is a Greek international footballer who plays for Wolfsburg as a centre back. He is known for his powerful heading.-Panathinaikos:...

     (1979) footballer
  • Vasia Loi (1975) fashion model and television presenter
  • Dimitris Mitropanos
    Dimitris Mitropanos
    Dimitris Mitropanos is a Greek singer. He is renowned for his mastery of Laïkó, a Greek music style.-Biography:Mitropanos lived in his native city of Trikala in northwest Thessaly until the age of 16, beginning his musical career in 1964....

     (1948) singer
  • Christos Papanikolaou
    Christos Papanikolaou
    Christos Papanikolaou is a retired Greek pole vaulter.He was born in Trikala. At a young age he joined the Sports Club of Trikala. After completing his high school education he enrolled in the Sports Academy of Athens...

     (1941) pole vaulter
  • Efthimios Rentzias
    Efthimios Rentzias
    Efthimios Rentzias is a retired Greek professional basketball player. He was most notably a member of the NBA's Philadelphia 76ers...

     (1976) basketball player
  • Vassilis Tsitsanis
    Vassilis Tsitsanis
    Vassilis Tsitsanis was a Greek songwriter and bouzouki player. He became one of the leading Greek composers of his time and is widely regarded as one of the founders of modern Rebetika. Tsitsanis wrote more than 500 songs and is still remembered as an extraordinary bouzouki...

     (1915–1984) songwriter and singer
  • Sofia Sakorafa
    Sofia Sakorafa
    Sofia Sakorafa is a former javelin thrower from Greece. She was born in Trikala.She broke the world record on 1982-09-16 with a throw of 74.20 metres. That mark stood as a Greek record until the new javelin was introduced in 1999....

     (1957) javelin's thrower
  • Lampros Choutos
    Lampros Choutos
    Lampros Choutos is a Greek footballer who plays as a striker.During his career, he played equal periods of time in his country and Italy.-Early years:...

     (1979) footballer
  • Periklis Iakovakis
    Periklís Iakovákis
    Periklís Iakovákis is a Greek athlete mainly competing in 400 metres hurdles. He is the Greek record holder and nine times national champion in the event....

     (1979) hurdler
  • Georgios Koltsidas
    Georgios Koltsidas
    Georgios Koltsidas was a famous football player, defender, who had played for Aris Thessaloniki. Considered as a tough defender he had been sent-off many times during his career. In spite of his harshness he was the backbone of Aris Thessaloniki having served his team for almost 15 years.He started...

     (1970) footballer
  • Dimitrios Sgouros (1969) pianist

External links

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