Euclidean geometry is a mathematical system attributed to the Alexandrian Greek mathematician Euclid, which he described in his textbook on geometry: the Elements. Euclid's method consists in assuming a small set of intuitively appealing axioms, and deducing many other propositions from these...
, a convex
In Euclidean space, an object is convex if for every pair of points within the object, every point on the straight line segment that joins them is also within the object...
In Euclidean plane geometry, a quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides and four vertices or corners. Sometimes, the term quadrangle is used, by analogy with triangle, and sometimes tetragon for consistency with pentagon , hexagon and so on...
with one pair of parallel sides is referred to as a trapezoid in American English
American English is a set of dialects of the English language used mostly in the United States. Approximately two-thirds of the world's native speakers of English live in the United States....
and as a trapezium in English outside North America. A trapezoid with vertices
In geometry, a vertex is a special kind of point that describes the corners or intersections of geometric shapes.-Of an angle:...
ABCD is denoted
Mathematical notation is a system of symbolic representations of mathematical objects and ideas. Mathematical notations are used in mathematics, the physical sciences, engineering, and economics...
. The parallel sides are called the bases of the trapezoid.
This article uses the term trapezoid in the sense that is current in the United States (and sometimes in some other English-speaking countries).