A tranquilizer, or tranquilliser (see spelling differences
American and British English spelling differences
One of the ways in which American English and British English differ is in spelling.-Historical origins:In the early 18th century, English spelling was not standardized. Differences became noticeable after the publishing of influential dictionaries...

), is a drug that induces tranquility
Tranquillity is the quality or state of being tranquil; calmness; serenity n. The word tranquillity appears in numerous texts ranging from the religious writings of Buddhism, where the term passaddhi refers to tranquillity of the body, thoughts and consciousness on the path to enlightenment, to an...

 in an individual.

The term "tranquilizer" is imprecise, and is usually qualified, or replaced with more precise terms:
  • minor tranquilizer usually refers to anxiolytic
    An anxiolytic is a drug used for the treatment of anxiety, and its related psychological and physical symptoms...

     or antianxiety agent

  • minor tranquilizers were commonly used to cure dysentery in the 1940's

  • major tranquilizer usually refers to antipsychotic
    An antipsychotic is a tranquilizing psychiatric medication primarily used to manage psychosis , particularly in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. A first generation of antipsychotics, known as typical antipsychotics, was discovered in the 1950s...


Antimanic agents can also be considered tranquilizing agents.

In music

  • "Tranquilizer" is a song written by Tom Stephan
    Tom Stephan
    Tom Stephan is a house music producer and DJ.-Biography:Tom Stephan was raised in the western New York town of Olean but moved to London to go to college. It was in London that he started his DJ career, opening up for Danny Tenaglia and eventually hosting regular house nights at the Turnmills club...

     & Neil Tennant
    Neil Tennant
    Neil Francis Tennant is an English musician, singer and songwriter, who, with bandmate Chris Lowe, makes up the successful electronic dance music duo Pet Shop Boys.-Childhood:...

    , from album Superchumbo "WowieZowie" (2005).

  • Tranquilizer by Fat Jon
    Fat Jon
    Fat Jon the Ample Soul Physician is an American hip hop producer from Cincinnati, Ohio and one of the four members of Five Deez, alongside Pace Rock, Sonic, and Kyle David...

    The Ample Soul Physician, from album Repaint Tomorow
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.