on the north bank of the River Thames
in central London
, England. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets
, separated from the eastern edge of the City of London
by the open space known as Tower Hill
. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England
. The White Tower
, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite.
1346 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
1381 Richard II of England meets leaders of Peasants' Revolt on Blackheath. The Tower of London is stormed by rebels who enter without resistance.
1478 George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is executed in private at the Tower of London.
1499 Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
1616 Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years of imprisonment.
1645 Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London.
1671 Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England's Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
1941 Corporal Josef Jakobs is executed by firing squad at the Tower of London at 7:12am, making him the last person to be executed at the Tower for treason.