A tehsildar is a revenue administrative officer in Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

 and India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

 in charge of obtaining tax
To tax is to impose a financial charge or other levy upon a taxpayer by a state or the functional equivalent of a state such that failure to pay is punishable by law. Taxes are also imposed by many subnational entities...

ation from a tehsil
A Tehsil or Tahsil/Tahasil , also known as Taluk and Mandal, is an administrative division of some country/countries of South Asia....

. The term is of imperial Mughal
Mughal era
The Mughal era is a historic period of the Mughal Empire in South Asia . It ran from the early 15th century to a point in the early 18th century when the Mughal Emperors' power had dwindled...

 origin made of "tahsil", an Islamic administrative derived from Arabic, meaning "revenue generating; collection" and "dar", Persian
Persian language
Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and countries which historically came under Persian influence...

 for "holder of a position", together meaning tax collector. The role of tehsildar continued during the period of British Rule
British Raj
British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947; The term can also refer to the period of dominion...

 and was subsequently used by Pakistan and India following their independence from the British. The deputy of a tehsildar is known as a naib
Naib is an Arabic term for a local leader in some parts of the Ottoman Empire and eastern Caucasus.Naib or NAIB may also refer to:*National Association of Intercollegiate Basketball or National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics...


British rule

During British rule the tehsildar was a stipend
A stipend is a form of salary, such as for an internship or apprenticeship. It is often distinct from a wage or a salary because it does not necessarily represent payment for work performed, instead it represents a payment that enables somebody to be exempt partly or wholly from waged or salaried...

iary officer of the government to raise revenue, in the "History of the Colonies of the British Empire: From the Official Records", Robert Montgomery Martin described local government as follows :


In Pakistan a Tehsildar is responsible for obtaining revenue from a Tehsil, or Taluka (as called in Sindh), which is then used by the district government. A Tehsil is a sub-division of a District and will have multiple smaller administrative units called 'Mouza' or 'Deh'. Typically a district will contain multiple Tehsils.

He is a gazetted officer (class II), a Tehsildar enjoys a fair amount of authority and respect, especially in the rural areas and is also tasked to forecast the expected seasonal crop yields and classify and map the landuse in the respective Tehsil.

A Tehsildar is also called a 'Mukhtiarkar' in Sindh.


In India an official position is existing with this same title. In modern India a State is divided into various districts. The district's senior most civil servant is the District Collector, who could be a promoted officer from the state cadre or most likely an IAS
Indian Administrative Service
The Indian Administrative Service is the administrative civil service of the Government of India. It is one of the three All India Services....

 officer. These districts are further sub divided into Revenue Sub Divisions, under an officer designated as Revenue Divisional Officer (RDO). These sub divisions are divided into various Tehsils or Taluks. The Teshils and Taluks are under an officer designated as Tehsildar. The Tehsildar appointment is a formally announced through the official gazette of the state government. The Tehsils/Taluks are further divided into Villages, under a Village officer. This hierarchy is mainly used for under taking the regular administrative activities, including identification and collection of revenue (from land) etc. A separate hierarchy exists for the law enforcement in a district.
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