Songgotu (Manchu
Manchu language
Manchu is a Tungusic endangered language spoken in Northeast China; it used to be the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese and there are fewer than 70 native speakers of Manchu out of a total of nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus...

: ;, Suǒétú) was a minister during the reign of Emperor Kangxi. He was an uncle of the emperor's official wife, Empress Xiaochengren of the Heseri
Clan Heseri , is a Manchu clan which came from Jianzhou Jurchens. It was once the most important and powerful family in the early Qing Dynasty in China, second only to the royal House of Aisin Gioro, to whom they were closely related by marriage...

 clan who died during childbirth. He was the son of Sonin
Sonin, also known as Soni, and rarely Sony , was a senior regent of the Four Regents during Chinese Kangxi Emperor's minority in the Qing Dynasty. Sonin was from the Heseri clan, belonged to the Plain Yellow Banner....

, one of the four regents appointed to assist the young Emperor Kangxi during his minority. He was the uncle of the crown prince, Prince Yinreng.

He helped the young Emperor Kangxi to get rid of Oboi
Oboi was a highly decorated Manchu military commander and courtier who served in various military and administrative posts under three successive Emperors of the early Qing Dynasty. He was one of four regents nominated by the Shunzhi Emperor to oversee the government during the Kangxi Emperor's...

, a regent during the reign of the young emperor. Gradually, he gained more and more power and became one of the most prominent officials under Kangxi. He was involved in a long power struggle with Mingzhu
Mingzhu , of the Manchurian Nara clan, was an eminent and powerful official of the Qing Dynasty during the reign of Kangxi Emperor of China....

, another leading official at that time. He also acted as a diplomat and signed the Treaty of Nerchinsk
Treaty of Nerchinsk
The Treaty of Nerchinsk of 1689 was the first treaty between Russia and China. The Russians gave up the area north of the Amur River as far as the Stanovoy Mountains and kept the area between the Argun River and Lake Baikal. This border along the Argun River and Stanovoy Mountains lasted until...

 with Russia. Songgotu was later found guilty of attempt to murder Emperor Kangxi, along with a series of corruption charges, and was imprisoned and died of starvation.


  • The Deer and the Cauldron
    The Deer and the Cauldron
    The Deer and the Cauldron, also known as The Duke of Mount Deer, is a novel by Jin Yong, and was the last of Jin Yong's works. The novel was initially published as a serial, and ran between October 24, 1969 to September 23, 1972 in Ming Pao.Although the book is often termed as a wuxia novel, it is...

    (鹿鼎記): a wuxia
    Wuxia is a broad genre of Chinese fiction concerning the adventures of martial artists. Although wuxia is traditionally a form of literature, its popularity has caused it to spread to diverse art forms like Chinese opera, manhua , films, television series, and video games...

     novel by Louis Cha. In the story, Songgotu was an aristocrat who befriended the protagonist, Wei Xiaobao
    Wei Xiaobao
    Wei Xiaobao is the fictional protagonist of Jin Yong's wuxia novel The Deer and the Cauldron . He is a witty, sly and illiterate teenager, born to a prostitute from a brothel in Yangzhou during the Qing Dynasty. He bumbles his way into the Forbidden City and has a fateful encounter with the young...

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