Silver Star
Overview
 
The Silver Star is the third-highest combat military decoration
Awards and decorations of the United States military
Awards and decorations of the United States Military are military decorations which recognize service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces...

 that can be awarded to a member of any branch of the United States armed forces
United States armed forces
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States. They consist of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard.The United States has a strong tradition of civilian control of the military...

 for valor in the face of the enemy.

The Silver Star is awarded for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States not justifying one of the two higher awards – the service crosses (Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Cross (United States)
The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Army, for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. Actions that merit the Distinguished Service Cross must be of such a high degree...

, the Navy Cross
Navy Cross
The Navy Cross is the highest decoration that may be bestowed by the Department of the Navy and the second highest decoration given for valor. It is normally only awarded to members of the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps and United States Coast Guard, but can be awarded to all...

, or the Air Force Cross
Air Force Cross (United States)
The Air Force Cross is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Air Force. The Air Force Cross is the Air Force decoration equivalent to the Distinguished Service Cross and the Navy Cross .The Air Force Cross is awarded for extraordinary heroism...

), the second-highest military decoration, or the Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor
The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government. It is bestowed by the President, in the name of Congress, upon members of the United States Armed Forces who distinguish themselves through "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his or her...

, the highest decoration.
Encyclopedia
The Silver Star is the third-highest combat military decoration
Awards and decorations of the United States military
Awards and decorations of the United States Military are military decorations which recognize service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces...

 that can be awarded to a member of any branch of the United States armed forces
United States armed forces
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States. They consist of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard.The United States has a strong tradition of civilian control of the military...

 for valor in the face of the enemy.

The Silver Star is awarded for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States not justifying one of the two higher awards – the service crosses (Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Cross (United States)
The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Army, for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. Actions that merit the Distinguished Service Cross must be of such a high degree...

, the Navy Cross
Navy Cross
The Navy Cross is the highest decoration that may be bestowed by the Department of the Navy and the second highest decoration given for valor. It is normally only awarded to members of the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps and United States Coast Guard, but can be awarded to all...

, or the Air Force Cross
Air Force Cross (United States)
The Air Force Cross is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Air Force. The Air Force Cross is the Air Force decoration equivalent to the Distinguished Service Cross and the Navy Cross .The Air Force Cross is awarded for extraordinary heroism...

), the second-highest military decoration, or the Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor
The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government. It is bestowed by the President, in the name of Congress, upon members of the United States Armed Forces who distinguish themselves through "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his or her...

, the highest decoration. The Silver Star may be awarded to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the armed forces, distinguishes himself or herself by extraordinary heroism involving one of the following actions:
  • In action against an enemy of the United States
  • While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force
  • While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party

General information

The Silver Star differs from the service crosses in that it requires a lesser degree of gallantry and need not be earned while in a position of great responsibility.

Air Force pilots, combat systems officers, Navy and Marine Corps Naval Aviators and Naval Flight Officers flying fighter aircraft are often considered eligible to receive a Silver Star upon becoming an ace
Flying ace
A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The actual number of aerial victories required to officially qualify as an "ace" has varied, but is usually considered to be five or more...

 (i.e., having five or more confirmed aerial kills), which entails the pilot and, in multi-seat fighters, the weapons system officer or radar intercept officer, intentionally and successfully risking his life multiple times under combat conditions and emerging victorious. However, during the Vietnam War, the last conflict to produce U.S. fighter aces, the one USAF pilot, the two USAF navigators/weapon systems officers (who were later retrained as pilots), the one USN Naval Aviator and the one USN Naval Flight Officer/radar intercept officer to achieve this distinction were eventually awarded the Air Force Cross
Air Force Cross (United States)
The Air Force Cross is the second highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Air Force. The Air Force Cross is the Air Force decoration equivalent to the Distinguished Service Cross and the Navy Cross .The Air Force Cross is awarded for extraordinary heroism...

 and Navy Cross
Navy Cross
The Navy Cross is the highest decoration that may be bestowed by the Department of the Navy and the second highest decoration given for valor. It is normally only awarded to members of the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps and United States Coast Guard, but can be awarded to all...

, respectively, in addition to Silver Stars previously awarded for earlier aerial kills.

Soldiers who received a Citation Star
Citation Star
The Citation Star was an award of the United States Army which was first established by the United States Congress on July 9, 1918. The Citation Star was a silver star device pinned to the World War I Victory Medal to denote those who had been cited for extreme heroism or valor...

 for gallantry in action during World War I were eligible to apply to have the citation converted to the Silver Star. (see below)

The Valorous Unit Award
Valorous Unit Award
The Valorous Unit Award is the second highest unit decoration which may be bestowed upon a U.S. Army unit and is considered the unit equivalent of the Silver Star...

 is considered the unit level equivalent of a Silver Star.

History

The Silver Star is the successor decoration to the Citation Star
Citation Star
The Citation Star was an award of the United States Army which was first established by the United States Congress on July 9, 1918. The Citation Star was a silver star device pinned to the World War I Victory Medal to denote those who had been cited for extreme heroism or valor...

 which was established by an Act of Congress
Act of Congress
An Act of Congress is a statute enacted by government with a legislature named "Congress," such as the United States Congress or the Congress of the Philippines....

 on July 9, 1918. On July 19, 1932, the Secretary of War
United States Secretary of War
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration. A similar position, called either "Secretary at War" or "Secretary of War," was appointed to serve the Congress of the Confederation under the Articles of Confederation...

 approved the Silver Star to replace the Citation Star. The original Citation Star is incorporated into the center of the Silver Star, and the ribbon for the Silver Star is based closely on the Certificate of Merit Medal
Certificate of Merit Medal
The Certificate of Merit Medal was a military decoration of the United States Army that was issued between the years of 1905 and 1918. The Certificate of Merit Medal was a military decoration which replaced the much older "Certificate of Merit" which had first been issued by the U.S...

.

Authorization for the Silver Star was placed into law by an Act of Congress for the U.S. Navy
United States Navy
The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest navies combined. The U.S...

 on August 7, 1942 and an Act of Congress for the U.S. Army
United States Army
The United States Army is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services...

 on December 15, 1942. The current statutory authorization for the Silver Star is Title 10 of the United States Code
Title 10 of the United States Code
Title 10 of the United States Code outlines the role of armed forces in the United States Code.It provides the legal basis for the roles, missions and organization of each of the services as well as the United States Department of Defense...

 .

The Department of Defense does not keep extensive records of Silver Star awards. Independent groups estimate that between 100,000 and 150,000 Silver Stars have been awarded since the award was established. Colonel
Colonel (United States)
In the United States Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, colonel is a senior field grade military officer rank just above the rank of lieutenant colonel and just below the rank of brigadier general...

 David Hackworth is the record holder for most Silver Stars awarded to a single person. He earned ten Silver Stars for service in the Korean War
Korean War
The Korean War was a conventional war between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China , with military material aid from the Soviet Union...

 and the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of...

, in addition to two Distinguished Service Crosses.

Appearance

The Silver Star is a gold five-pointed star
Five-pointed star
A five-pointed star is a very common ideogram throughout the world. If the colinear edges are joined together a pentagram is produced, which is the simplest of the unicursal star polygons, and a symbol of mystical and magical significance....

, 1 inches (38 mm) in circumscribing diameter with a laurel wreath
Laurel wreath
A laurel wreath is a circular wreath made of interlocking branches and leaves of the bay laurel , an aromatic broadleaf evergreen. In Greek mythology, Apollo is represented wearing a laurel wreath on his head...

 encircling rays from the center and a 3/16 inch (5 mm) diameter silver star superimposed in the center. The pendant is suspended from a rectangular shaped metal loop with rounded corners. The reverse has the inscription "FOR GALLANTRY IN ACTION". The ribbon is 1 inches (35 mm) wide and consists of the following stripes: 7/32 inch (6 mm) Old Glory red (center stripe); proceeding outward in pairs 7/32 inch (6 mm) white; 7/32 inch (6 mm) ultramarine blue; 3/64 inch (1 mm) white; and 3/32 inch (2 mm) ultramarine blue.

Additional decorations of the Silver Star are denoted by oak leaf cluster
Oak leaf cluster
An oak leaf cluster is a common device which is placed on U.S. Army and Air Force awards and decorations to denote those who have received more than one bestowal of a particular decoration. The number of oak leaf clusters typically indicates the number of subsequent awards of the decoration...

s in the Army
United States Army
The United States Army is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services...

 and Air Force
United States Air Force
The United States Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the American uniformed services. Initially part of the United States Army, the USAF was formed as a separate branch of the military on September 18, 1947 under the National Security Act of...

 and by award star
Award star
An award star is a decoration issued to personnel of the United States Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard in lieu of multiple awards of the same award. An award star is very similar to an oak leaf cluster, which serves the same purpose in the United States Army and United States Air Force...

s in the Navy
United States Navy
The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest navies combined. The U.S...

, Coast Guard
United States Coast Guard
The United States Coast Guard is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven U.S. uniformed services. The Coast Guard is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the military branches for having a maritime law enforcement mission and a federal regulatory agency...

, and Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
The United States Marine Corps is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to deliver combined-arms task forces rapidly. It is one of seven uniformed services of the United States...

.

Female recipients

In 1944, four nurses serving in World War II – First Lieutenant
First Lieutenant
First lieutenant is a military rank and, in some forces, an appointment.The rank of lieutenant has different meanings in different military formations , but the majority of cases it is common for it to be sub-divided into a senior and junior rank...

 Mary Roberts, Second Lieutenant
Second Lieutenant
Second lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces.- United Kingdom and Commonwealth :The rank second lieutenant was introduced throughout the British Army in 1871 to replace the rank of ensign , although it had long been used in the Royal Artillery, Royal...

 Elaine Roe
Elaine Roe
Second Lieutenant Elaine A. Roe was an officer in the United States Army during World War II. She was awarded the Silver Star for her actions during Operation Shingle...

, Second Lieutenant Rita Virginia Rourke, and Second Lieutenant Ellen Ainsworth (posthumous) – became the first female recipients of the Silver Star, all cited for their bravery in successfully evacuating the 33rd Field Hospital at Anzio
Anzio
Anzio is a city and comune on the coast of the Lazio region of Italy, about south of Rome.Well known for its seaside harbour setting, it is a fishing port and a departure point for ferries and hydroplanes to the Pontine Islands of Ponza, Palmarola and Ventotene...

, Italy on February 10.

The four nurses remained the sole female recipients of the Silver Star until Sergeant
Sergeant
Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organizations around the world. Its origins are the Latin serviens, "one who serves", through the French term Sergent....

 Leigh Ann Hester
Leigh Ann Hester
Leigh Ann Hester of the 617th Military Police Company, a Kentucky Army National Guard unit out of Richmond, Kentucky, received the Silver Star for her actions on March 20, 2005 during an enemy ambush on a supply convoy near the town of Salman Pak, Iraq.Hester was the first female soldier to...

 was awarded the Silver Star in 2005 for gallantry during an insurgent ambush on a convoy in Iraq. Three nurses who had served in World War I were posthumously awarded the Silver Star in 2007. Army Specialist
Specialist (rank)
Specialist is one of the four junior enlisted ranks in the U.S. Army, just above Private First Class and equivalent in pay grade to Corporal. Unlike Corporals, Specialists are not considered junior non-commissioned officers...

 Monica Lin Brown
Monica Lin Brown
Monica Lin Brown is a medic in the 782nd Brigade Support Battalion, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division who became the first woman in Afghanistan and only the second woman since World War II to receive the Silver Star, the United States' third-highest medal for valor.After a roadside...

 was awarded the Silver Star in March 2008 for actions in the War in Afghanistan
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
The War in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, as the armed forces of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Australia, and the Afghan United Front launched Operation Enduring Freedom...

.

Notable recipients

Notable recipients include:

  • Joseph H. Albers
    Joseph H. Albers
    Joseph H. Albers D.D. was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1929 at the age of 38, he was consecrated Auxiliary Bishop of Cincinnati, making him one of the youngest Roman Catholic bishops in the country. He continued in this role until he was assigned to establish the new Diocese of Lansing, Michigan...

  • John R. Alison
    John R. Alison
    - External links :* The All-American Airman, Walter J. Boyne, March 2000*John R. Alison Papers, 1945–1957*John R. Alison Collection, including extended video interview available online.*" John R. Alison Enshrinee Biography...

  • Terry de la Mesa Allen, Sr.
    Terry de la Mesa Allen, Sr.
    Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen, Sr. was a division-level United States Army officer during World War II. Allen was a decorated World War I veteran who commanded the First Infantry Division in North Africa and Sicily during 1942-43...

  • William Brantley Aycock
    William Brantley Aycock
    William Brantley Aycock is an American educator who served as chancellor of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1957 until 1964 and is the retired Kenan Professor of Law at the UNC School of Law....

  • Peter Badcoe (two awards)
  • Antonio Rodríguez Balinas
    Antonio Rodriguez Balinas
    Brigadier General Antonio Rodríguez Balinas was the first commander of the Office of the First U.S. Army Deputy Command.-Early years:...

  • Robert H. Barrow
    Robert H. Barrow
    Robert Hilliard Barrow was an American general, who was the 27th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps from 1979 to 1983. Barrow served for 41 years, including overseas command duty in three wars...

  • Olinto Barsanti
  • César Basa
    César Basa
    César Fernando Basa was a Filipino pilot and hero of World War II. Born in 1915, he was one of the pioneer fighter pilots in the Philippine Air Force and the first Filipino casualty during World War II.-Death:...

  • Harry F. Bauer
    Harry F. Bauer
    Harry Frederick Bauer was an officer in the United States Navy.Born at Camp Thomas in Lytle, Georgia, Bauer, the son of a U. S. Army First Sergeant, graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1927...

  • Charles Alvin Beckwith
  • David Bellavia
    David Bellavia
    David Bellavia is an American Iraq War veteran who was awarded the Silver Star for his actions during the Second Battle of Fallujah. Bellavia has also received the Bronze Star, three Army Commendation Medals, two Army Achievement Medals and the New York State Conspicuous Service Cross...


  • Rafael Celestino Benítez
    Rafael Celestino Benitez
    Rear Admiral Rafael Celestino Benítez was a highly decorated submarine commander who led the rescue effort of the crew members of the during the Cold War. After retiring from the Navy, he was Pan American World Airways' vice president for Latin America...

  • Albert Blithe
    Albert Blithe
    -External links:****...

  • Richard Bong
    Richard Bong
    Richard Ira "Dick" Bong is the United States' highest-scoring air ace, having shot down at least 40 Japanese aircraft during World War II. He was a fighter pilot in the U.S. Army Air Forces and a recipient of the Medal of Honor...

  • Bruce Godfrey Brackett
    Bruce Godfrey Brackett
    Bruce Godfrey Brackett was an United States naval aviator who was posthumously awarded the Silver Star for his heroism during World War II.-Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor:...

  • Omar Bradley
    Omar Bradley
    Omar Nelson Bradley was a senior U.S. Army field commander in North Africa and Europe during World War II, and a General of the Army in the United States Army...

  • Maurice L. Britt
  • Phil H. Bucklew
    Phil H. Bucklew
    Phil H. Bucklew was a former professional football player who went on to become a Navy officer. He served in one of the Navy's first special warfare units during World War II...

  • Arleigh Burke
    Arleigh Burke
    Admiral Arleigh Albert '31-knot' Burke was an admiral of the United States Navy who distinguished himself during World War II and the Korean War, and who served as Chief of Naval Operations during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations.-Early life and naval career:Burke was born in Boulder,...

  • Jess Cain

  • Agustín Ramos Calero
    Agustin Ramos Calero
    Sergeant First Class Agustín Ramos Calero was awarded 22 decorations and medals from the U.S. Army for his actions during World War II, thus becoming the most decorated Hispanic soldier in the United States military during that war.-Early years:Calero was born and raised in the town of Isabela,...

  • Modesto Cartagena
    Modesto Cartagena
    Sergeant First Class Modesto Cartagena , was a member of the United States Army who served in the 65th Infantry Regiment, an all-Puerto Rican regiment also known as "The Borinqueneers," during World War II and the Korean War...

  • Johnny Checketts
    Johnny Checketts
    Wing Commander John "Johnny" Milne Checketts, DSO, DFC was a World War II Flying ace.-Birth and education:...

  • David Christian
    David Christian
    David A. Christian , is a highly decorated American Vietnam War veteran, best known for his veteran's advocacy efforts. He is a candidate for the Republican nomination for United States Senator from Pennsylvania in the 2012 election, challenging incumbent Bob Casey Jr..-Early life and...

  • Nestor Chylak
    Nestor Chylak
    Nestor George Chylak, Jr. was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1954 to 1978.He was born in Olyphant, Pennsylvania of Ukrainian descent, and attended the University of Scranton, where he studied engineering...

  • Wesley Clark
    Wesley Clark
    Wesley Kanne Clark, Sr., is a retired general of the United States Army. Graduating as valedictorian of the class of 1966 at West Point, he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to the University of Oxford where he obtained a degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, and later graduated from the...

  • Max Cleland
    Max Cleland
    Joseph Maxwell Cleland is an American politician from Georgia. Cleland, a Democrat, is a disabled US Army veteran of the Vietnam War, a recipient of the Silver Star and the Bronze Star for valorous action in combat, and a former U.S. Senator...


  • Lynn Compton
    Lynn Compton
    Lynn D. "Buck" Compton is a retired California Court of Appeals judge who served as the lead prosecutor in Sirhan Sirhan's trial for the murder of Robert F. Kennedy. From 1946-1951, Compton served with the Los Angeles Police Department...

  • Louis Cukela
    Louis Cukela
    Louis Cukela, born Vjekoslav Lujo Čukela, was a United States Marine numbered among the nineteen two-time recipients of the Medal of Honor. Cukela was awarded the Medal by both the US Army and the US Navy for the same action during the Battle of Soissons in World War I...

  • Roy M. Davenport
    Roy M. Davenport
    Rear Admiral Roy Milton Davenport was an officer in the United States Navy and is the first individual and only sailor to receive five Navy Crosses, the U.S. Navy’s highest decoration after the Medal of Honor. Lieutenant General Chesty Puller, US Marines, was the second to be awarded five; there...

  • Juan César Cordero Dávila
    Juan Cesar Cordero Davila
    Major General Juan César Cordero Dávila , was the commanding officer of the 65th Infantry Regiment during the Korean War, rising to become one of the highest ranking ethnic officers in the United States Army.-Early years:...

  • Benjamin O. Davis Jr.
  • Ray Davis
    Ray Davis (U.S. Marine)
    Raymond Gilbert "Ray" Davis was a highly decorated United States Marine Corps officer, serving in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War...

  • James H. Doolittle
  • Hugh A. Drum
    Hugh A. Drum
    Hugh Aloysius Drum September 19, 1879 – October 3, 1951 was a U.S. general.Born in Fort Brady, Chippewa County, Michigan, he graduated from Boston College in 1898.Joining the United States Army, he was made a second lieutenant in the 12th Infantry Regiment...


  • Charles Durning
    Charles Durning
    Charles Durning is an American actor. With appearances in over 100 films, Durning's memorable roles include police officers in the Oscar-winning The Sting and crime drama Dog Day Afternoon , along with the comedies Tootsie, To Be Or Not To Be and The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, the last two...

  • Graves B. Erskine
    Graves B. Erskine
    General Graves Blanchard Erskine was a United States Marine Corps officer who led the 3rd Marine Division during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.-Early years:...

  • Douglas Fairbanks Jr.
  • Joseph A. Farinholt
    Joseph A. Farinholt
    Joseph A. Farinholt is thought to be the only enlisted man in the history of the U.S. military to receive four awards of the Silver Star, the United States third highest decoration for valor in combat...

  • Bernard Fisher
    Bernard Francis Fisher
    Bernard Francis "Bernie" Fisher is a retired United States Air Force officer and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor...

  • Wayne Fisk
    Wayne Fisk
    CMSgt Wayne Fisk was directly involved in the famed Son Tay POW camp raid and the rescue of the crew of the SS Mayagüez. When the Mayagüez was hijacked by Cambodian Communist forces in May 1975, Fisk was a member of the assault force that successfully recovered the ship and the entrapped United...

  • Ronald Fogleman
    Ronald Fogleman
    Ronald Robert Fogleman is a retired General in the United States Air Force who served the 15th Chief of Staff of the Air Force from 1994 to 1997, and before that, from 1992 to 1994 as Commander-in-Chief of the United States Transportation Command.-Air Force career:A 1963 graduate from the United...

  • Mayhew Foster
    Mayhew Foster
    Mayhew Y. "Bo" Foster was an American soldier who flew captured Nazi war criminal Hermann Göring from Austria to Germany for interrogation by the 7th Army. For his actions in World War II, Foster was awarded both the Silver Star and the Légion d'Honneur.At the end of the war, Göring surrendered...

  • Guy Gabaldon
    Guy Gabaldon
    PFC Guy Louis Gabaldon was a United States Marine who was credited with capturing about 1,500 Japanese soldiers and civilians during the Battle of Saipan in World War II...


  • James M. Gavin
    James M. Gavin
    James Maurice "Jumpin' Jim" Gavin was a prominent Lieutenant General in the United States Army during World War II...

  • Hobart R. Gay
    Hobart R. Gay
    Lieutenant General Hobart Raymond Gay , nicknamed "Hap", was a United States Army general.-Early military career:...

  • Jerauld R. Gentry
    Jerauld R. Gentry
    Jerauld Richard "Jerry" Gentry was a United States Air Force test pilot and Vietnam combat veteran. As chief USAF pilot of the Lifting Body Research Program, he helped validate the concept of flying a wingless vehicle back to Earth from space and landing it like an aircraft—an approach used...

  • John J. Gilligan
    John J. Gilligan
    John Joyce Gilligan is a American Democratic politician from the state of Ohio who served as a U.S. Representative and the 62nd Governor of Ohio. He is the father of Kathleen Sebelius...

  • Luigi Giorgi
    Luigi Giorgi (soldier)
    Captain Luigi Giorgi was an Italian soldier of World War II, the only one to receive two Gold Medals in the Italian Campaign and one of very few non-Americans to receive the Silver Star.-Biography:...

     (Italian serviceman)
  • David L. Grange
    David L. Grange
    David L. Grange is a retired United States Army Brigadier General, son of retired Lieutenant General David E. Grange, Jr. After retiring in 1999, David L. Grange served as the executive vice president and chief operating officer of the McCormick Foundation in Chicago. In September 2005, Grange...

     (three awards)
  • John Campbell Greenway
    John Campbell Greenway
    John Campbell Greenway was an American mining, steel and railroad executive: a man of many trades in many states...


  • William Guarnere
    William Guarnere
    Staff Sergeant William J. Guarnere was a non-commissioned officer with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division of the United States Army during World War II. Guarnere was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Frank John Hughes...

  • Ed Guthman
    Ed Guthman
    Edwin O. Guthman was a Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and university professor.-Biography:Guthman was born in Seattle, Washington, graduating from the University of Washington in 1941. He entered the Army in 1941. During World War II, he served as an infantry regiment reconnaissance platoon...

  • David Hackworth (ten awards)
  • Alexander Haig
    Alexander Haig
    Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr. was a United States Army general who served as the United States Secretary of State under President Ronald Reagan and White House Chief of Staff under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford...

  • Robert Halperin
    Robert Halperin
    Robert Sherman "Bob" Halperin , nicknamed "Buck", was an American competitive Star class sailor, and Olympic bronze medalist and Pan American Games gold medalist....

  • Iceal Hambleton
    Iceal Hambleton
    Lieutenant Colonel Iceal E. "Gene" Hambleton was an officer of the United States Air Force, famous for being the subject of a long and costly search and rescue mission during the Vietnam War. During the rescue, he used the callsign "Bat 21 Bravo"...

  • Edward Hardin
    Edward Hardin
    Edward P Hardin was the Vice President of U.S. Manufacturing for Mobil Oil.-Biography:Edward P. Hardin, Jr. was born in St. Louis, Missouri on July 13, 1922. He matriculated at Texas A&M University. Before graduating, he enlisted in the United States Army and served in Europe during World War II...


  • Tom Harmon
    Tom Harmon
    Thomas Dudley Harmon was a star player in American college football, a sports broadcaster, and patriarch of a family of American actors...

  • Raymond Harvey
    Raymond Harvey
    Raymond Harvey was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army who served during World War II and the Korean War. He received the Medal of Honor for his actions on March 9, 1951.-Early years and military service:...

  • Carlos Hathcock
    Carlos Hathcock
    Carlos Hathcock was a United States Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant sniper with a service record of 93 confirmed kills. Hathcock's record and the extraordinary details of the missions he undertook made him a legend in the Marine Corps...

  • Sterling Hayden
    Sterling Hayden
    Sterling Hayden was an American actor and author. For most of his career as a leading man, he specialized in westerns and film noir, such as Johnny Guitar, The Asphalt Jungle and The Killing. Later on he became noted as a character actor for such roles as Gen. Jack D. Ripper in Dr...

  • Diego E. Hernández
    Diego E. Hernandez
    Vice Admiral Diego E. Hernandez is a retired United States Navy officer who was the first Hispanic to be named Vice Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command.-Early years:...

  • Clifford B. Hicks
    Clifford B. Hicks
    Clifford B. Hicks was an American writer and magazine editor, best known for his children's books chronicling the adventures of Alvin Fernald.-Biography:...

  • Thomas Taro Higa
    Thomas Taro Higa
    Thomas Taro Higa was born on September 22, 1916 in Honolulu, Hawaii to immigrant parents Kana and Kamezo Higa. He was the third child of twelve children. He was raised by his grandparents in Okinawa and spent his early teen years in Osaka, Japan and returned to Hawaii to work as a farmer...


  • Charles Franklin Hildebrand
    Charles Franklin Hildebrand
    Charles Franklin Hildebrand, usually known as Franklin Hildebrand , was an American journalist who from 1930 to 1957 published the Jeff Davis Parish News, subsequently renamed the Jennings Daily News and located in Jennings, the seat of Jeff Davis Parish in southwestern Louisiana.Hildebrand was...

  • David Lee "Tex" Hill
  • Tony Hillerman
    Tony Hillerman
    Tony Hillerman was an award-winning American author of detective novels and non-fiction works best known for his Navajo Tribal Police mystery novels...

  • Lucius Roy Holbrook
    Lucius Roy Holbrook
    Lucius Roy Holbrook was a Major General who commanded of the United States Army's Philippine Department from 1936 to 1938....

  • Gordon Pai'ea Chung-Hoon
    Gordon Pai'ea Chung-Hoon
    Gordon Paiea Chung-Hoon, was an admiral in the United States Navy, who served during World War II, and the first Asian American flag officer. His father, William Chung-Hoon Jr., a Chinese English Hawaiian, was a County Treasurer and his mother Agnes Punana, a Hawaiian, was a member of the...

  • Joe R. Hooper
    Joe Hooper (soldier)
    Captain Joe Ronnie Hooper was a Vietnam veteran whose combat decorations surpassed those of Audie Murphy or Alvin York...

  • Robert L. Howard
    Robert L. Howard
    Robert Lewis Howard was a highly decorated United States Army soldier and Medal of Honor recipient of the Vietnam War. He was wounded 14 times over 54 months of combat, was awarded 8 Purple Hearts, 4 Bronze Stars, and was nominated for the Medal of Honor three separate times...

  • Clifton James
    Clifton James
    George Clifton James is an American actor. He is probably best known for his role as the bumbling Sheriff J.W. Pepper alongside Roger Moore in the James Bond films Live and Let Die and The Man With The Golden Gun and his role alongside Sean Connery in The Untouchables .-Personal life:James was...

  • Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
    Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
    Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg ruled Luxembourg from 1964 to 2000. He is the father of the current ruler, Grand Duke Henri, and the son of Grand Duchess Charlotte and Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma...

  • Lyndon B. Johnson
    Lyndon B. Johnson
    Lyndon Baines Johnson , often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States...

  • Sam Johnson
    Sam Johnson
    Samuel Robert "Sam" Johnson is an American politician and a retired career U.S. Air Force officer and fighter pilot. He currently is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the 3rd District of Texas...

     (two awards)
  • James L. Jones
    James L. Jones
    James Logan Jones, Jr. is the former United States National Security Advisor and a retired United States Marine Corps General....

  • John Kerry
    John Kerry
    John Forbes Kerry is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts, the 10th most senior U.S. Senator and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He was the presidential nominee of the Democratic Party in the 2004 presidential election, but lost to former President George W...

  • Charles C. Krulak
    Charles C. Krulak
    General Charles Chandler Krulak served as the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps from July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1999. He is the son of Lieutenant General Victor H. "Brute" Krulak, USMC, who served in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam...

  • Henry Louis Larsen
    Henry Louis Larsen
    Henry Louis Larsen was a United States Marine Corps Lieutenant General, the second Military Governor of Guam following its recapture from the Empire of Japan, and the first post-World War II Governor of Guam. He also served as the Military Governor of American Samoa alongside civilian Governor of...

     (three awards)
  • Ben Lear
    Ben Lear
    Benjamin Lear was a United States Army General.Ben Lear was born in Hamilton, Ontario on May 12, 1879. His military service began in 1898, when he enlisted with the 1st Colorado Infantry, USV, for the Spanish-American War as a First Sergeant...

  • John C. H. Lee
    John C. H. Lee
    John Clifford Hodges Lee was a US Army General. He graduated 12th out of 103 graduates from the United States Military Academy in 1909.He served in World War I, World War II and rose to the rank of Lieutenant General....


  • Homer Litzenberg
    Homer Litzenberg
    Homer Laurence Litzenberg was a decorated Lieutenant General in the United States Marine Corps, serving in Haiti, World War II, and the Korean War. His final rank was awarded at his retirement for valor in battle. He retired from the post of Inspector General of the Marine Corps on May 31, 1959,...

  • Douglas MacArthur
    Douglas MacArthur
    General of the Army Douglas MacArthur was an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was a Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the...

     (seven awards)
  • Fred K. Mahaffey
    Fred K. Mahaffey
    Fred Keith Mahaffey was a United States Army four star general who served as Commander in Chief, United States Readiness Command from 1985 to 1986. Considered a rising star in the Army, his career was cut short by cancer.-Military career:...

     (three awards)
  • Louis de Maigret
    Louis de Maigret
    François Marie Louis de Maigret, Count de Maigret & de Neau, Baron de Stockem, Count of the Holy Roman Empire , was a French military officer of World War II.- Life and career :...

  • Peyton C. March
    Peyton C. March
    Peyton Conway March was an American soldier and Army Chief of Staff.March was the son of Francis Andrew March, considered the principal founder of modern comparative linguistics in Anglo-Saxon and one of the first professors to advocate and teach English in colleges and universities...

  • Richard Marcinko
    Richard Marcinko
    Richard "Dick" Marcinko , is a retired Commander in the United States Navy and a former Navy SEAL. He was the first Commanding Officer of SEAL Team Six and Red Cell...

  • George Marshall
    George Marshall
    George Catlett Marshall was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense...

  • Richard Marshall
  • John McCain
    John McCain
    John Sidney McCain III is the senior United States Senator from Arizona. He was the Republican nominee for president in the 2008 United States election....

  • Sid McMath
    Sid McMath
    Sidney Sanders McMath was a decorated U.S. Marine, attorney and the 34th Governor of Arkansas who, in defiance of his state's political establishment, championed rapid rural electrification, massive highway and school construction, the building of the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences,...

  • Merrill A. McPeak
    Merrill A. McPeak
    Merrill Anthony "Tony" McPeak was the 14th Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. He retired from the service on November 1, 1994.-Education:McPeak was born in Santa Rosa, California...

  • Charles B. McVay III
    Charles B. McVay III
    Rear Admiral Charles Butler McVay III was the Commanding Officer of the when it was lost in action in 1945, resulting in massive loss of life. After years of mental health problems he committed suicide...

  • Daniel J. Miller
    Daniel J. Miller
    Colonel Daniel J. Miller was born in Stony Point, New York. He enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II and was a navigator in a B-24 Liberator. During the Korean War, he flew various aircraft, including the F-86 Sabre jet fighter. In the late Korean War and throughout...

  • Michael A. Monsoor
    Michael A. Monsoor
    Michael Anthony Monsoor was a U.S. Navy SEAL killed during the Iraq War and posthumously received the Medal of Honor. Monsoor enlisted in the United States Navy in 2001 and graduated from Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL training in 2004...


  • Cliff Montgomery
    Cliff Montgomery
    Cliff Montgomery was the captain of the Columbia University Lions college football team that won the 1934 Rose Bowl Game. Montgomery threw the pass, a trick play known as KF-79, that led to Columbia's 7-0 upset over Stanford University...

  • Audie Murphy
    Audie Murphy
    Audie Leon Murphy was a highly decorated and famous soldier. Through LIFE magazine's July 16, 1945 issue , he became one the most famous soldiers of World War II and widely regarded as the most decorated American soldier of the war...

     (two awards)
  • Raymond Murray
    Raymond Murray
    Major General Raymond Leroy Murray was a highly-decorated United States Marine Corps officer, who earned two Navy Crosses, one during World War II, and a second during the Korean War...

     (four awards)
  • Bismarck Myrick
    Bismarck Myrick
    Bismarck Myrick is a former U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Liberia and Lesotho . He is a career member of the Senior Foreign Service and a decorated Vietnam War hero....

  • Oliver North
    Oliver North
    Oliver Laurence North is a retired U.S. Marine Corps officer, political commentator, host of War Stories with Oliver North on Fox News Channel, a military historian, and a New York Times best-selling author....

  • Mike O'Callaghan
    Mike O'Callaghan
    -External links:* * * *...

  • Eric T. Olson
    Eric T. Olson
    Eric Thor Olson is a retired United States Navy admiral who last served as the eighth Commander, U.S. Special Operations Command from July 2, 2007 to August 8, 2011. He previously served as Deputy Commander, U.S. Special Operations Command from 2003 to July 2007...


  • George S. Patton
    George S. Patton
    George Smith Patton, Jr. was a United States Army officer best known for his leadership while commanding corps and armies as a general during World War II. He was also well known for his eccentricity and controversial outspokenness.Patton was commissioned in the U.S. Army after his graduation from...

  • George Patton IV
    George Patton IV
    George Smith Patton, IV was a Major General in the United States Army and the son of World War II General George Patton.-Military biography:...

  • Keith Payne
    Keith Payne
    Keith Payne VC, OAM is an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces, during the Vietnam War...

  • Endicott Peabody
    Endicott Peabody
    Endicott "Chub" Peabody was the 62nd Governor of Massachusetts from January 3, 1963 to January 7, 1965.-Early life:...

  • John J. Pershing
    John J. Pershing
    John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing, GCB , was a general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I...

  • Basil L. Plumley
    Basil L. Plumley
    Basil L. Plumley was born January 1, 1920 in Shady Spring, West Virginia, the second son and fifth child of coal miner Clay Plumley and his wife Georgia , both of West Virginian stock. He is most famous for his actions as a Sergeant-Major of the US Army's 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment, at...


  • Harvey Possinger
    Harvey Possinger
    Harvey Possinger was the second most highly decorated veteran of World War II. He received every medal for valor in combat except for the Medal of Honor which was promised to him by General Douglas MacArthur...

  • Charles E. Potter
    Charles E. Potter
    Charles Edward Potter was a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan.-Early Life:...

  • Tommy Prince
    Tommy Prince
    Thomas George "Tommy" Prince, MM was one of Canada's most decorated First Nations soldiers, serving in World War II and the Korean War.-Early life:...

  • Chesty Puller
    Chesty Puller
    Lieutenant General Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller was an officer in the United States Marine Corps. Puller is the most decorated U.S...

  • Edward F. Rector
    Edward F. Rector
    Edward "Ed" F. Rector was a Colonel in the United States Air Force, a fighter ace, and a member of the Flying Tigers.-Early years:...

  • Stephen C. Reich
    Stephen C. Reich
    Major Stephen C. Reich was an American soldier and minor league baseball player who was killed in action while on a rescue mission in Afghanistan at age 34...

  • Robert B. Rheault
    Robert B. Rheault
    Robert B. Rheault is a retired colonel in the U.S. Army Special Forces who served as commander of the First Special Forces Group in Okinawa, and the Fifth Special Forces Group in Vietnam from May to July 1969...

  • Karl W. Richter
    Karl W. Richter
    Karl Wendell Richter was an officer in the United States Air Force and an accomplished fighter pilot during the Vietnam War. At the age of 23 he was the youngest pilot in that conflict to shoot down a MiG in air-to-air combat.-Early career:Karl W. Richter was born October 4, 1942,the youngest of...

  • Matthew Ridgeway (two awards)
  • Pedro Rodriguez
    Pedro Rodriguez (soldier)
    Rodríguez, PedroOrganization:HEADQUARTERS 3D INFANTRY DIVISION G.O. # 261 – 8 July 19512nd Citation:-Later years:Sgt. Rodríguez retired from the Army with the rank of Master Sergeant and went to work as a mail carrier for the U.S. Postal Service in Puerto Rico. In 1979, Rodríguez went to live at...

  • Robert Rosenthal
    Robert Rosenthal (USAF)
    Lieutenant Colonel Robert "Rosie" Rosenthal was a highly-decorated pilot in the Eighth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces in World War II, receiving sixteen awards including the Distinguished Service Cross for "extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against the...

  • Barney Ross
    Barney Ross
    Barney Ross , born Beryl David Rosofsky, was a world champion boxer in three weight divisions and decorated veteran of World War II.-Early life:...

  • James N. Rowe
    James N. Rowe
    James Nicholas "Nick" Rowe was a United States Army officer and one of only thirty-four American prisoners of war to escape captivity during the Vietnam War...


  • Dick Rutan
    Dick Rutan
    Richard Glenn "Dick" Rutan is an aviator who piloted the Voyager aircraft around the world non-stop with co-pilot Jeana Yeager...

  • Wade Sanders
    Wade Sanders
    Wade Sanders is an attorney from in San Diego, California and a retired United States Navy Captain who served as Deputy Assistant United States Secretary of the Navy for Reserve Affairs during the Clinton Administration. He was formerly California Lt. Gov. John Garamendi's senior adviser for...

     (later revoked)
  • Paul Saunders
    Paul Saunders
    Chief Paul Golden Saunders was a highly decorated United States Navy submarine sailor who was twice awarded the Silver Star medal during World War II.-Naval career:...

  • Leonard T. Schroeder Jr.
    Leonard T. Schroeder
    Leonard T. "Max" Schroeder Jr. was a colonel in the United States Army, who served on active duty from 1941 to 1971. As a captain during World War II, he commanded Company F of the 2nd Battalion, 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division in the Normandy Landings on June 6, 1944, landing on Utah...

  • Arthur D. Simons
    Arthur D. Simons
    Colonel Arthur D. "Bull" Simons was a US Army Special Forces officer, best known for leading the Son Tay raid, an attempted rescue of American prisoners of war from a North Vietnamese prison at Son Tay.-Early life:Arthur David Simons was born in New York City, moving to Missouri in his youth...

  • Rodger W. Simpson
    Rodger W. Simpson
    Rodger Whitton Simpson was a rear admiral of the United States Navy, who distinguished himself during World War II. The frigate was named in his honor.-Biography:...

  • H. Norman Schwarzkopf
    Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr.
    General Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf KCB , also known as "Stormin' Norman" and "The Bear", is a retired United States Army General who, while he served as Commander of U.S. Central Command, was commander of the Coalition Forces in the Gulf War of 1991.-Early life:Schwarzkopf was born in Trenton, New...

  • Sidney Shachnow
    Sidney Shachnow
    Sidney Shachnow is a Holocaust survivor who attained the rank of Major General in United States Army. He retired in 1994, after 40 years of active service.-Surviving the concentration camp:...

  • Frederick W. Smith
    Frederick W. Smith
    Fred Sidney Smith III , or Fred Smith, is the founder, chairman, president, and CEO of FedEx, originally known as Federal Express, the first overnight express delivery company in the world, and the largest in the United States...

  • Oliver Prince Smith
  • Ronald Speirs
    Ronald Speirs
    Lieutenant Colonel Ronald C. Speirs was a United States Army officer who served in the U.S. 101st Airborne Division during World War II. He was initially a platoon leader in Company either "C" or "B" of the 2nd Battalion of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment...

  • Brian Stann
    Brian Stann
    Brian Michael Stann is an American mixed martial artist and former US Marine who competes as a middleweight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship. He is a former WEC Light Heavyweight champion...

  • James Stockdale
    James Stockdale
    Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale was one of the most highly decorated officers in the history of the United States Navy.Stockdale led aerial attacks from the carrier during the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Incident...

     (four awards)
  • George L. Street III
    George L. Street III
    George Levick Street, III was a submariner in the United States Navy. He received the Medal of Honor during World War II.-Early Life and Career:...

  • Samuel D. Sturgis Jr.
  • Richard K. Sutherland
    Richard K. Sutherland
    Richard Kerens Sutherland was a Lieutenant General of the US Army and General of the Army Douglas MacArthur's Chief of Staff in the South West Pacific Area during World War II.-Early life:...

  • Pat Tillman
    Pat Tillman
    Corporal Patrick Daniel "Pat" Tillman Jr. was an American football player who left his professional career and enlisted in the United States Army in June 2002 in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, attacks. He joined the Army Rangers and served several tours in combat before he died in the...

  • Michel Thomas
    Michel Thomas
    Michel Thomas was a polyglot linguist, language teacher and decorated war veteran. He survived imprisonment in several different Nazi concentration camps after serving in the Maquis of the French Resistance and worked with the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps during World War II...

  • William F. Train II
    William F. Train
    William F. Train II was a United States Army lieutenant general and veteran of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.-Biography:...

  • Paul K. Van Riper
    Paul K. Van Riper
    Lieutenant General Paul K. Van Riper is a retired officer of the United States Marine Corps. Since retirement Van Riper has served on several advisory boards and panels...

  • James Van Fleet
    James Van Fleet
    James Alward Van Fleet was a U.S. Army officer during World War I, World War II and the Korean War. Van Fleet was a native of New Jersey, who was raised in Florida and graduated from the U.S. Military Academy. He served as a regimental, divisional and corps commander during World War II and as...

     (three awards)
  • Humbert Roque Versace
    Humbert Roque Versace
    Captain Humbert Roque "Rocky" Versace was a United States Army officer of Puerto Rican-Italian descent who was awarded the United States' highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his heroic actions while a prisoner of war during the Vietnam War. He was the first member of...


  • Donald Walters
    Donald Walters
    Donald Ralph Walters was a United States Army Quartermaster Corps Sergeant, officially listed as killed in action in southern Iraqi city of Nasiriyah on March 23, 2003 in the same ambush in which Jessica Lynch was captured...

  • John T. Walton
    John T. Walton
    John Thomas Walton was a decorated United States war veteran and a son of Walmart founder Sam Walton. He was also the chairman of True North Partners, a venture capital firm...

  • Billy Waugh
    Billy Waugh
    Sergeant Major William "Billy" Waugh , is a highly decorated American Special Forces soldier and a Central Intelligence Agency Paramilitary Operations Officer who served in the United States military and CIA special operations for more than fifty years. SGM Waugh served in the U.S...

  • Jim Webb
    Jim Webb
    James Henry "Jim" Webb, Jr. is the senior United States Senator from Virginia. He is also an author and a former Secretary of the Navy. He is a member of the Democratic Party....

  • Charles Willeford
    Charles Willeford
    Charles Ray Willeford III was an American writer. An author of fiction, poetry, autobiography, and literary criticism, Willeford is best known for his series of novels featuring hardboiled detective Hoke Moseley. The first Hoke Moseley book, Miami Blues , is considered one of its era's most...

  • Jerauld Wright
    Jerauld Wright
    Admiral Jerauld Wright, USN, served as the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Atlantic Command and the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S...

  • Tahsin Yazıcı
    Tahsin Yazici
    Tahsin Yazıcı was an Ottoman Army officer, a Turkish Army general and politician....

  • Chuck Yeager
    Chuck Yeager
    Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager is a retired major general in the United States Air Force and noted test pilot. He was the first pilot to travel faster than sound...

     (two awards)
  • Elton Younger
    Elton Younger
    Major-General Allan Elton Younger DSO OBE, was a British soldier and author, Colonel Commandant of the Royal Engineers from 1974 to 1979.-Background:Younger's family has a long military tradition...

  • Douglas A. Zembiec
    Douglas A. Zembiec
    Major Douglas Alexander Zembiec , the "Lion of Fallujah" and also referred to as the "Unapologetic Warrior" was an officer in the United States Marine Corps who was killed in action while serving in Operation Iraqi Freedom...


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