Semyon Stroganov
Semyon Stroganov (died 22 October 1586) was a Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n merchant from the family of Stroganov who financed Yermak
Yermak Timofeyevich
Yermak Timofeyevich , Cossack leader, Russian folk hero and explorer of Siberia. His exploration of Siberia marked the beginning of the expansion of Russia towards this region and its colonization...

's Siberia
Siberia is an extensive region constituting almost all of Northern Asia. Comprising the central and eastern portion of the Russian Federation, it was part of the Soviet Union from its beginning, as its predecessor states, the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire, conquered it during the 16th...

n campaign in 1581.

Semyon was the younger son of Anikey Stroganov
Anikey Stroganov
Anikey Stroganov was a founder of numerous salterns in Solvychegodsk and Perm, a colonizer of the basin of the Kama and Chusovaya Rivers. He was the progenitor of the family of highly successful Russian merchants, industrialists, landowners, and statesmen.Anikey Stroganov was the fourth and...

. His date of birth is unknown, but most likely he reached adulthood before 1559. In this year Anikey and his elder sons Yakov and Grigori moved from Solvychegodsk
Solvychegodsk is a town in the southern part of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, located on the right-hand bank of the Vychegda River northeast of Kotlas. Administratively, it is a part of Kotlassky District. Municipally, it is incorporated as Solvychegodskoye Urban Settlement of Kotlassky Municipal...

 to his newly granted lands in the Perm Krai
Perm Krai
Perm Krai is a federal subject of Russia that came into existence on December 1, 2005 as a result of the 2004 referendum on the merger of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. The city of Perm became the administrative center of the new federal subject...

. Semyon stayed in Solvychegodsk, where he successfully led the family business there by himself. In 1567 Anikey Stroganov decided to withdraw from business, and rejoined Semyon in Solvychegodsk, where he lived for a short time before becoming a monk.

After the death of his father in 1570 - 1571, Semyon began a quarrel with his brothers. The reasons for this quarrel are unknown. On 29 June 1573 tsar
Tsar is a title used to designate certain European Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers. As a system of government in the Tsardom of Russia and Russian Empire, it is known as Tsarist autocracy, or Tsarism...

 Ivan the Terrible issued an ukaz proclaiming Semyon guilty "for robbery". The aftermath of quarrel is also not certain, but only his brothers received lands in Siberia after this. However, after the deaths of Yakov and Grigori he took part in the division of the family wealth and received an appropriate part.

The information about his participation in the preparation of the Yermak expedition is contradictory. In the tsar's ukaz of 16 November 1583, only his nephews Maksim Yakovlevich and Nikita Grigoriyevich are mentioned. But in the Stroganov Chronicle
Stroganov Chronicle
The Stroganov Chronicle, also known under the name "On Capturing of the Siberian Land" is one of the earliest Siberian Chronicles....

 Semyon Stroganov appeared as the sole supporter of Yermak. It is definitely known that he contributed three cannons to Yermak's expedition. After the results of the Yermak expedition became known, the Tsar granted new lands in Bolshaya and Malaya Sol to Semyon.

Semyon Stroganov was married two times and had two sons, — Andrei and Pyotr.
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