Schneider Electric
Overview
 
Schneider Electric is a French
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 global company. It was founded in 1836 by two brothers, Eugène
Eugène Schneider
Joseph Eugène Schneider was a French industrialist who in 1836 co-founded the Schneider company with his brother Adolphe.-Biography:...

 and Adolphe Schneider.

In the first part of the 20th century, Schneider et Cie associated itself with Westinghouse Systems, a major international electrical group at the time. The group began manufacturing electric motors and locomotives. After the Second World War, the armaments businesses were abandoned in favor of electrical engineering, and iron and steel works.
Encyclopedia
Schneider Electric is a French
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 global company. It was founded in 1836 by two brothers, Eugène
Eugène Schneider
Joseph Eugène Schneider was a French industrialist who in 1836 co-founded the Schneider company with his brother Adolphe.-Biography:...

 and Adolphe Schneider.

In the first part of the 20th century, Schneider et Cie associated itself with Westinghouse Systems, a major international electrical group at the time. The group began manufacturing electric motors and locomotives. After the Second World War, the armaments businesses were abandoned in favor of electrical engineering, and iron and steel works. The company remained in this sector until the early 1980s.

In 1981, Groupe Schneider was broken up, focusing on the electrical and controls industry. This was followed by strategic acquisitions of Telemecanique (1988), Square D
Square D
Square D is an American manufacturer of equipment used to control and distribute electric power headquartered in Palatine, Illinois.Square D was founded in 1903 in Detroit, Michigan by Bryson Dexter Horton who is credited with the invention of the safety switch which encased high voltage switches...

  (1991) and Merlin Gerin (1992) and it is these brands that are the core products of the company's offering.

In 1999, Groupe Schneider was renamed Schneider Electric. The Schneider company also acquired The Lexel Group that year.

1836, beginnings

In 1836 the brothers Eugène and Adolphe Schneider took over an abandoned foundry
Foundry
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the metal in a mold, and removing the mold material or casting after the metal has solidified as it cools. The most common metals processed are aluminum and cast iron...

 at Le Creusot
Le Creusot
Le Creusot is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.The inhabitants are known as Creusotins. Formerly a mining town, its economy is now dominated by metallurgical companies such as ArcelorMittal, Schneider Electric, and Alstom.Since the 1990s, the...

, which allowed them to participate in the industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times...

. The company's main focus was on the steel industry, working on train tracks, ships and various other types of heavy machinery.

1870–1944, first activities

Eugène's son, Henri Schneider, began to use new production methods that were appearing during the 1860s and the 1870s, making it possible to make cheaper but stronger steel.

Most of the company's income came from the armament sector, but after World War I the company started focusing more on the development of electricity and steel as everyday products. It is also during this time that Merlin Gerin, Telemecanique and Square D started prospering. After World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

 Schneider adopted an expansion strategy, going into Germany and East Europe. This strategy was put on hold when WWII started.

1944–1981, changes and difficulties

After the Liberation of France, Schneider was forced to face a new crisis. The group's new chief, Charles Schneider, progressively abandoned the armament industry in favor of civilian sectors.

Charles Schneider's violent death during August 1960 brought up a succession problem. The company was also suffering in its key sectors. Baron Edouard-Jean Empain took control of the group in 1969. He unsuccessfully tried to diversify the group's traditional main sectors. Eventually, alliances started developing with other companies.

1981–2000, from Schneider to Schneider Electric

In 1981, Didier Pineau-Valencienne changed the company's structure, completely eliminating the sectors that were in crisis, such as iron, steel and marine construction.

After getting the company financially on its feet, thanks to new investors and changes in the company's structure, Schneider started an expansion period at the end of the 1980s. After having absorbed much of Merlin Gerin (1986), Pineau-Valencienne started buying companies such as Télémecanique (1988) and Square D (1991).

In May 1999, under the leadership of its new CEO, Henri Lachmann, Group Schneider changed its name to Schneider Electric, marking its principal objective in the electrical field.

2000–today, growth

Henri Lachmann retired in 2007 to be replaced by Jean-Pascal Tricoire, who is the current Chairman and CEO of the company.

In October 2008, the company's Canadian division, Schneider Electric PMC Victoria, was named one of BC's Top Employers
BC's Top Employers
BC's Top Employers is an annual competition that recognizes the best employers in British Columbia to work. First published in October 2005, the special designation recognizes the British Columbia employers that lead their industries in offering exceptional places to work...

 by Mediacorp Canada Inc., which was announced by The Vancouver Sun
The Vancouver Sun
The Vancouver Sun is a daily newspaper first published in the Canadian province of British Columbia on February 12, 1912. The paper is currently published by the Pacific Newspaper Group, a division of Postmedia Network. It is published six days a week, Monday to Saturday...

, The Province
The Province
The Province is a daily, tabloid format newspaper published in British Columbia by Postmedia. It has been a daily newspaper since 1898.According to a recent NADbank survey, The Provinces average weekday readership was 520,100, making it British Columbia's most read newspaper...

 and the Victoria Times-Colonist.

In June 2011, the Indian arm of company has launched the new retail
Retail
Retail consists of the sale of physical goods or merchandise from a fixed location, such as a department store, boutique or kiosk, or by mail, in small or individual lots for direct consumption by the purchaser. Retailing may include subordinated services, such as delivery. Purchasers may be...

 channels vertical in India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. This is the first time that Schneider Electric has planned for a long term retail concentration around globe.

Overseas expansion

Currently PT Schneider Electric Indonesia has 3 existing plants in Cikarang
Cikarang
Cikarang is the capital of Bekasi Regency, West Java in Indonesia. Jababeka is the biggest industrial estate in Southeast Asia. Property projects have also been built in Cikarang, such as Lippo Cikarang, Cikarang Baru, and Kota Delta Mas. The last one is the office complex of Bekasi.-Cikarang Dry...

, Pulo Gadung
Pulo Gadung
Pulo Gadung is a subdistrict of East Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia. The boundary of Pulo Gadung is Bekasi Timur Raya - I Gusti Ngurah Rai Road to the south, Bekasi Raya Road to the east, Perintis Kemerdekaan Road to the north, and Jenderal Ahmad Yani Road to the west.-Kelurahan :Pulo Gadung...

 in East Jakarta
East Jakarta
East Jakarta is a city within Jakarta Special District, Indonesia. It had a population of 2,687,027 at the 2010, making it the most populous of the five cities within Jakarta....

, and in Batam Island with total employment 4,000 workers. In 2012, Schneider Electric will build a new plant in Cibitung, West Java
West Java
West Java , with a population of over 43 million, is the most populous and most densely populated province of Indonesia. Located on the island of Java, it is slightly smaller in area than densely populated Taiwan, but with nearly double the population...

. More than 75 percent of the production is for export market, such as ASEAN countries, the US and Europe and will be developed to the Asia Pacific and Middle East
Middle East
The Middle East is a region that encompasses Western Asia and Northern Africa. It is often used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East...

 market. Indonesia is the third largest operation for the company in Asia after China and India.

Head office

Schneider Electric has had its head office in the Trianon site in Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of France. It is located 12.6 kilometers from the center of Paris.-Name:...

, France since 2000. The current headquarters, also located in Rueil Malmaison and known as the Hive, previously housed Schneider subsidiary Télémécanique, while the parent company occupied a site in Boulogne-Billancourt
Boulogne-Billancourt
Boulogne-Billancourt is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the centre of Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a sub-prefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt....

.
In september 2010, Schneider Electric has obtained HQE Exploitation, ISO 14001 and NF EN 16001 certification for this head office building.

Alliances


See also

  • Home automation
    Home automation
    Home automation is the residential extension of "building automation". It is automation of the home, housework or household activity. Home automation may include centralized control of lighting, HVAC , appliances, and other systems, to provide improved convenience, comfort, energy efficiency and...

  • X10 (industry standard)
    X10 (industry standard)
    X10 is an international and open industry standard for communication among electronic devices used for home automation, also known as domotics. It primarily uses power line wiring for signaling and control, where the signals involve brief radio frequency bursts representing digital information...

  • Creusot steam hammer
    Creusot steam hammer
    The Creusot steam hammer was a giant steam hammer built in 1877 by Schneider and Co. in the French industrial town of Le Creusot. With the ability to deliver a blow of up to 100 tons, the Creusot hammer was the most powerful in the world until 1891, when the Bethlehem Iron Company of the United...

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