Sarmatia or Sarmatian can refer to:
  • the land of Sarmatians
    The Iron Age Sarmatians were an Iranian people in Classical Antiquity, flourishing from about the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD....

    , western Scythia as described by many classical authors, such as Herodotus in the 5th century BC
  • Sarmatian languages, part of Scythian languages
    Scythian languages
    Scythian languages refers to all the languages spoken by all the peoples of a vast region of Eurasia named Scythia extending from the Vistula river in East Europe to Mongolia during ancient times. Included also are some languages of eastern Iran and the Central Asian subcontinent...

  • Semi-legendary and unofficial name of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
    Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
    The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was a dualistic state of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch. It was the largest and one of the most populous countries of 16th- and 17th‑century Europe with some and a multi-ethnic population of 11 million at its peak in the early 17th century...

    , popularised in the 17th century
  • Sarmatism
    "Sarmatism" is a term designating the dominant lifestyle, culture and ideology of the szlachta of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Together with "Golden Liberty," it formed a central aspect of the Commonwealth's culture...

    , lifestyle of the aristocracy of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • Sarmatian Review
    Sarmatian Review
    Sarmatian Review is an English language peer reviewed academic journal on the Slavistics published by Polish Institute of Houston at Rice University three times a year in January, April, and September...

    , a peer reviewed academic journal on the Slavistics published by Rice University
  • A Description of Sarmatian Europe, a chronicle by Alexander Guagnini
    Alexander Guagnini
    Alexander Guagnini was an Italian chronicler from Verona. He served in the Lithuanian military in Vitsebsk ....

     first published in 1578
  • Sarmatian craton
    Sarmatian craton
    Sarmatian craton is a geological and tectonics term for the southern segment/region of the East European craton also known as Scythian plateau. The craton contains Archaean rocks 2.8 to 3.7 billion years old. During the Carboniferous Period the craton was rifted apart by the Dneiper Donets rift...

    , in geology the southern segment/region of the East European craton
  • Sarmatian (age), an age in the geologic timescale of the Paratethys
    The Paratethys ocean, Paratethys sea or just Paratethys was a large shallow sea that stretched from the region north of the Alps over Central Europe to the Aral Sea in western Asia. The sea was formed during the Oxfordian epoch as an extension of the rift that formed the Central Atlantic Ocean and...

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