The Riodininae are the larger by far of the subfamilies of the metalmark butterfly family
Family (biology)
In biological classification, family is* a taxonomic rank. Other well-known ranks are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus, and species, with family fitting between order and genus. As for the other well-known ranks, there is the option of an immediately lower rank, indicated by the...

, Riodinidae
The Riodinidae are a family of butterflies. The common name "metalmarks" refers to the small metallic-looking spots commonly found on their wings. There are approximately 1,000 species of metalmark butterflies in the world...

. The latter was long united with the Lycaenidae
The Lycaenidae are the second-largest family of butterflies, with about 6000 species worldwide, whose members are also called gossamer-winged butterflies...


A number of Riodininae genera are of uncertain affiliations. They might belong into the Helicopini
The Helicopini are a tribe of metalmark butterflies .-Genera:*Anteros Hübner, [1819]*Helicopis Fabricius, 1807*Ourocnemis Baker, 1887*Sarota Westwood, [1851]...

, but this needs further study. Such genera incertae sedis
Incertae sedis
, is a term used to define a taxonomic group where its broader relationships are unknown or undefined. Uncertainty at specific taxonomic levels is attributed by , , and similar terms.-Examples:*The fossil plant Paradinandra suecica could not be assigned to any...

  • Apodemia
    Apodemia is a New World genus of metalmark butterflies found from Canada to Brazil.-Species:*Apodemia castanea -- Castanea Metalmark*Apodemia chisosensis -- Chisos Metalmark...

  • Argyrogrammana
  • Astraeodes
  • Callistium
  • Calydna
  • Comphotis
  • Dianesia
  • Echenais
  • Echydna
  • Emesis
    Emesis (genus)
    Emesis is a genus of butterflies.Species include:*Emesis adelpha Le Cerf, 1958*Emesis aerigera *Emesis angularis Hewitson, 1870*Emesis ares *Emesis arnacis Stichel, 1928...

  • Imelda
  • Lamphiotes
  • Machaya
  • Pachythone
  • Petrocerus
  • Pixus
  • Pseudonymphidia
  • Pseudotinea
  • Roeberella
  • Zabuella

External links

  • Pteron Images. In Japanese but binomial
    In algebra, a binomial is a polynomial with two terms —the sum of two monomials—often bound by parenthesis or brackets when operated upon...

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