Remington 870
Overview
 
The Remington Model 870 is a U.S.
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

-made pump-action shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms Company, Inc.
Remington Arms
Remington Arms Company, Inc. was founded in 1816 by Eliphalet Remington in Ilion, New York, as E. Remington and Sons. It is the oldest company in the United States which still makes its original product, and is the oldest continuously operating manufacturer in North America. It is the only U.S....

 It is widely used by the public for sport shooting, hunting, and self-defense. It is also commonly used by law enforcement and military organizations worldwide.
The Remington 870 was the fourth major design in a series of Remington pump shotguns. John Pedersen designed the fragile Remington Model 10
Remington Model 10
The Remington Model 10 is a pump-action shotgunwith an internal hammer and tube magazine. It was offered in 12 gauge with barrel lengths from 20 to 32 inches .-Military use:...

 (and later the improved Remington Model 29).
Encyclopedia
The Remington Model 870 is a U.S.
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

-made pump-action shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms Company, Inc.
Remington Arms
Remington Arms Company, Inc. was founded in 1816 by Eliphalet Remington in Ilion, New York, as E. Remington and Sons. It is the oldest company in the United States which still makes its original product, and is the oldest continuously operating manufacturer in North America. It is the only U.S....

 It is widely used by the public for sport shooting, hunting, and self-defense. It is also commonly used by law enforcement and military organizations worldwide.

Development

The Remington 870 was the fourth major design in a series of Remington pump shotguns. John Pedersen designed the fragile Remington Model 10
Remington Model 10
The Remington Model 10 is a pump-action shotgunwith an internal hammer and tube magazine. It was offered in 12 gauge with barrel lengths from 20 to 32 inches .-Military use:...

 (and later the improved Remington Model 29). Working with John Browning
John Browning
John Moses Browning , born in Ogden, Utah, was an American firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms, many of which are still in use around the world...

, Pedersen also helped design the Model 17
Remington Model 17
In 1915 John Browning patented a pump action, hammerless, under-loading, tubular-magazine, bottom-ejecting, take-down shotgun which became the Remington Model 17. The manufacturing rights were sold to Remington Arms shortly after, but due to the production efforts of World War I, Remington was...

 which was adopted by Ithaca as the Ithaca 37
Ithaca 37
The Ithaca 37 is a pump-action shotgun made in large numbers for the civilian, military, and police markets. It utilizes a novel combination ejection/loading port on the bottom of the gun which leaves the sides closed to the elements. In addition, the outline of the gun is clean...

 and also served as the basis for the Remington 31
Remington model 31
The Remington Model 31 was a slide-action shotgun that competed with the Winchester Model 1912 for the American sporting arms market. Produced from 1931 to 1949, it superseded the John Pedersen-designed Model 10 and Model 17 and was replaced by the less expensive Remington 870.-History:While the...

. The Model 31 was well liked, but struggled for sales in the shadow of the Winchester Model 12
Winchester Model 1912
The Winchester Model 1912 is a hammerless slide-action, i.e., pump-action, shotgun with an external tube magazine. Popularly-named the Perfect Repeater at its introduction, it largely set the standard for pump action shotguns over its 51 year high-rate production life...

. Remington sought to correct that in 1950 by introducing a modern, streamlined, rugged, reliable, and relatively inexpensive shotgun - the 870 Wingmaster.

Sales of the 870 have been steady. They reached 2 million guns by 1973 (ten times the number of Model 31 shotguns it replaced). By 1996, spurred by the basic "Express" model, sales topped seven million guns. On April 13, 2009 the ten millionth Model 870 was produced, and the 870 holds the record for best-selling shotgun in the history of the world.

Design details

The 870 features a bottom-loading, side ejecting receiver, tubular magazine under the barrel, dual action bars, internal hammer, and a bolt which locks into an extension in the barrel. The action, receiver, trigger system, safety catch and slide release catch of the Remington Model 870 shotgun are similar to those used on the Remington Model 7600
Remington Model 7600 rifle
The Remington Model 7600 is a series of pump-action, centerfire rifles and carbines that are made by Remington Arms. The Model 7600 appears to be a combination of the Remington Model 7400 series semi-automatic hunting rifle with the action of the Remington Model 870 series pump-action shotgun,...

 series pump-action centerfire rifle
Rifle
A rifle is a firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder, with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves cut into the barrel walls. The raised areas of the rifling are called "lands," which make contact with the projectile , imparting spin around an axis corresponding to the...

s and carbine
Carbine
A carbine , from French carabine, is a longarm similar to but shorter than a rifle or musket. Many carbines are shortened versions of full rifles, firing the same ammunition at a lower velocity due to a shorter barrel length....

s. The trigger group itself was first used in the automatic 11-48
Remington 11-48
The Remington 11-48 is a semi-automatic shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms as the first of the "New Generation" semi-autos produced after World War II. The Model 11-48 was released as the replacement for Remington's Model 11...

. 20 gauge stocks will also interchange. Several parts of the 870 will interchange with the semi-automatic Remington 1100
Remington 1100
The Remington 1100 is a gas-operated semi-automatic shotgun, popular among sportsmen. The Remington 1100 was the first semiautomatic shotgun to feature significant reduction in felt recoil, light weight and reliability.- History :...

 and 11-87
Remington 11-87
The Remington 11-87 is a semi-automatic shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms. It is based on the Remington 1100 and was first announced in 1987....

.

The original 870 models were offered with fixed chokes. In 1986 Remington introduced the new Remington "Rem Choke" system of screw-in chokes (also fitted to Remington model 1100 auto-loading shotguns at the same time). Initially, the Rem Chokes were offered on barrel lengths of 21, 26 and 28". It was not offered on 30" barrels, deer guns, target guns or as a retrofit.

Early production 870s had a design flaw whereby a user could either "short stroke" the action - not pull the forearm all the way back while cycling the action - or fail to press a shell all the way into the magazine when loading. This would cause the gun's action to bind, requiring rough treatment of the action or even disassembly to clear. The issue was resolved with the introduction of the "Flexi Tab" carrier. Guns with this modification can be identified by the "U"-shaped cut-out on the carrier, visible from below the gun. The cut-out allows the round to ride over the carrier without binding the action.

Variants

There are hundreds of variations of the Remington 870. From the original fifteen models offered, Remington currently produces dozens of models for civilian, law enforcement, and military sales. 870 variants can be grouped into:
  • WingmasterBlued
    Bluing (steel)
    Bluing is a passivation process in which steel is partially protected against rust, and is named after the blue-black appearance of the resulting protective finish. True gun bluing is an electrochemical conversion coating resulting from an oxidizing chemical reaction with iron on the surface...

     steel with high gloss or satin walnut stocks. Originally the Wingmaster was only chambered for 2 3/4" rounds and came with a fixed modified choke. Models built after 1986 offer the RemChoke Interchangeable choke tube system, the 12-gauge model chambered in either 2 3/4" or 3". Prior to the introduction of the "Police" model 870, altered Wingmasters were popular among law enforcement.
  • PoliceBlued
    Bluing (steel)
    Bluing is a passivation process in which steel is partially protected against rust, and is named after the blue-black appearance of the resulting protective finish. True gun bluing is an electrochemical conversion coating resulting from an oxidizing chemical reaction with iron on the surface...

     or Parkerized steel with satin walnut, stained hardwood, or synthetic stocks. Action parts are heavy-duty and these models receive extra care and inspections during assembly. Also has an extended tube magazine.
  • Marine – Nickel plated with synthetic stocks.
  • Express – Matte black bead-blasted
    Abrasive blasting
    Abrasive blasting is the operation of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface, or remove surface contaminants. A pressurized fluid, typically air, or a centrifugal wheel is used to...

     with laminated hardwood or synthetic stocks.
  • Express Magnum - Matte black bead-blasted
    Abrasive blasting
    Abrasive blasting is the operation of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface, or remove surface contaminants. A pressurized fluid, typically air, or a centrifugal wheel is used to...

     with laminated hardwood or synthetic stocks and chambered for 2 3/4" and 3" 12 gauge shotshells.
  • Express Super Magnum – Matte black bead-blasted
    Abrasive blasting
    Abrasive blasting is the operation of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface, or remove surface contaminants. A pressurized fluid, typically air, or a centrifugal wheel is used to...

     with laminated hardwood or synthetic stocks and chambered for 3½" 12 gauge shotshells.
  • XCS - TriNyte coated external metal and nickel plated internals with speedfeed stocks.

Users

Country Organization name Quantity Date
 Australia Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
The Australian Defence Force is the military organisation responsible for the defence of Australia. It consists of the Royal Australian Navy , Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force and a number of 'tri-service' units...

_ _
 Austria EKO Cobra
EKO Cobra
EKO Cobra is Austria's foremost counter-terrorism special operations tactical unit. It is not part of the Austrian Federal Police but is directly under the control of the Austrian Federal Ministry for the Interior.-History:...

_ _
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Armed Forces _ _
 Canada Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
The Canadian Forces , officially the Canadian Armed Forces , are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces."...

_ _
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police , literally ‘Royal Gendarmerie of Canada’; colloquially known as The Mounties, and internally as ‘The Force’) is the national police force of Canada, and one of the most recognized of its kind in the world. It is unique in the world as a national, federal,...

 (RCMP)
_ _
 Finland Finnish Army
Finnish Army
The Finnish Army is the land forces branch of the Finnish Defence Forces.Today's Army is divided into six branches: the infantry , field artillery, anti-aircraft artillery, engineers, signals, and materiel troops.-History of the Finnish Army:Between 1809 and 1917 Finland was an autonomous part of...

_ _
 Germany Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
The Bundeswehr consists of the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities...

_ _
 Greece EKAM
Special Anti-Terrorist Unit
The Special Suppressive Anti-Terrorist Unit is the Greek counter-terrorism unit of the Hellenic Police. It is the most distinguished part of the Hellenic Police...

 counter-terrorist unit of the Hellenic Police
_ _
 Republic of Ireland Army Ranger Wing
Irish Army Rangers
The Army Ranger Wing is the special forces unit of the Irish Defence Forces.The ARW trains and operates with many international special operations units worldwide, including the US Army Rangers, Delta Force, French GIGN, German GSG 9, Polish GROM, Swedish SSG, Italian COMSUBIN, Australian SAS,...

_ _
 Israel Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
The Israel Defense Forces , commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal , are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force and navy. It is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces, and has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel...

 
_ _
 Luxembourg Unité Spéciale de la Police
Unité Spéciale de la Police
The Unité Spéciale de la Police is a special unit of the Grand Ducal Police that was created in Luxembourg in 1999. It is tasked with responding to especially dangerous situations such as hostage rescue operations, arrests of dangerous individuals, bomb threats, and dignitary protection duties...

group of the Grand Ducal Police
Grand Ducal Police
The Grand Ducal Police is the primary law enforcement agency in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The police is under the control of the Minister for the Interior of Luxembourg, although they operate in the name, and under the ultimate control, of the Grand Duke. Day-to-day executive control is...

_ _
 Malaysia Malaysian Special Operations Force
Malaysian Special Operations Force
Malaysian Special Operations Force is a multi service force tasked with a counter-terrorism mission. It consists of the 10 Paratrooper Brigade, Grup Gerak Khas , Pasukan Khas Laut , Pasukan Khas Udara , Pasukan Gerakan Khas , Unit Gempur Marin , Trup Tindakan Cepat and Special Task And Rescue .-...

_ _
 Sweden Swedish Armed Forces
Swedish Armed Forces
The Swedish Armed Forces is a Swedish Government Agency responsible for the operation of the armed forces of the Realm. The primary task of the agency is to train, organize and to deploy military forces, domestically and abroad, while maintaining the long-term ability to defend the Realm in the...

_ _
 Switzerland Swiss Armed Forces (designated Mehrzweckgewehr 91; MzGw 91) _ _
 United Kingdom United Kingdom Special Forces
United Kingdom Special Forces
The United Kingdom Special Forces is a UK Ministry of Defence Directorate which also has the capability to provide a Joint Special Operations Task Force Headquarters...

 (designated L74A1) and some Specialist Firearms Officer
Specialist Firearms Officer
A Specialist Firearms Officer is a British Police officer who has undergone training in the use of police firearms, and therefore is authorised to carry and when necessary use a firearm to prevent an immediate threat to life. All SFOs first train as Authorised Firearms Officers which crew armed...

s (as a breaching weapon)
_ _
 United States U.S. Border Patrol _ _
U.S. Department of Education _ _
U.S. Military (designated M870) _ _
U.S. Secret Service 1,600 2001
Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service
The Internal Revenue Service is the revenue service of the United States federal government. The agency is a bureau of the Department of the Treasury, and is under the immediate direction of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue...

_ _
Various police
Police
The police is a personification of the state designated to put in practice the enforced law, protect property and reduce civil disorder in civilian matters. Their powers include the legitimized use of force...

 forces such as the California Highway Patrol
California Highway Patrol
The California Highway Patrol is a law enforcement agency of the U.S. state of California. The CHP has patrol jurisdiction over all California highways and also acts as the state police....

 (since 1965), Phoenix, Arizona SWAT, and Sparta, New Jersey
Sparta Township, New Jersey
Sparta Township is a Township in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 19,722...

 Police Department
_ _

See also

  • Combat shotgun
    Combat shotgun
    A combat shotgun is a shotgun that is intended for use in an offensive role, typically by a military force. The earliest shotguns specifically designed for combat were the trench guns or trench shotguns issued in World War I...

  • KAC Masterkey
    KAC Masterkey
    The Masterkey is a door breaching shotgun system manufactured by Knight's Armament Company.The Masterkey project was initiated during the 1980s to provide assault rifles with a potent built-in door breaching tool. Individual soldiers were often forced to carry a breaching shotgun in addition to...

    , Underslung shotgun used on assault rifles.
  • List of individual weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces (Shotguns)
  • List of shotguns
  • Norinco HP9-1
    Norinco HP9-1
    The Norinco HP9-1, also known as the Norinco N870-14.00, is a short pump action shotgun made by Norinco of China. This 12 gauge smoothbore firearm has a 14 inch barrel and has a rust-resistant parkerized finish. It is a close copy of the Remington 870, a widely-distributed design no longer under...

    , Remington 870 derivative.
  • Remington 887 Nitro Mag
    Remington 887 Nitro Mag
    The Remington Model 887 Nitro Mag is a U.S.-made pump-action shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms Company, Inc. It is noted for using a polymer finish called ArmorLokt, which is designed to survive any type of weather condition and leaves no exterior surfaces to rust...


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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