Ranchi
Overview
 
Ranchi has a humid subtropical climate
Humid subtropical climate
A humid subtropical climate is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters...

. However, due to its position and the forests around the city, it is known for its pleasant climate. Its climate is the primary reason why Ranchi was once the summer capital of the undivided State of Bihar. Temperature ranges from maximum 42 to 20 °C during summer, and from 25 to 0 °C during winter.December and January are the coolest months with temperature getting to freezing point in some places of the city.The annual rainfall is about 1430 mm (56.34 inches).
Encyclopedia

Climate

Ranchi has a humid subtropical climate
Humid subtropical climate
A humid subtropical climate is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters...

. However, due to its position and the forests around the city, it is known for its pleasant climate. Its climate is the primary reason why Ranchi was once the summer capital of the undivided State of Bihar. Temperature ranges from maximum 42 to 20 °C during summer, and from 25 to 0 °C during winter.December and January are the coolest months with temperature getting to freezing point in some places of the city.The annual rainfall is about 1430 mm (56.34 inches). From June to September the rainfall is about 1,100 mm.

Demographics

As per latest 2011 India census, Ranchi has a population of 11,26,741. Males constitute 51.3% of the population and females 48.7%.Ranchi is the second most populous district of Jharkhand after dhanbad. Ranchi has an average literacy rate of 77.13%(census 2011), higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 85.63%, and female literacy is 68.2%. In Ranchi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Interestingly, as per the last Census it was found that the cases of Divorce in this State has increased manyfold. The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration of the new state of Jharkhand in 2000. Owing to the rising employment opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by ASSOCHAM
ASSOCHAM
The ASSOciated CHAMbers of Commerce and Industry of India is the umbrella body of chambers of commerce in India. The organisation represents the interests of trade and commerce in India, and interacting with the Government of India on policy issues, and liaisoning with their international...

 in late 2010, Ranchi was the highest employment generating Tier-III city in India with a share of 16.8%, followed by Mangalore and Mysore.Earlier it was considered as one of the Hill Station of India.

Railways

Ranchi is well connected with major cities of India via Rail routes and most profitable station in South Eastern Railways. It is well connected with metro and major cities of India like Bilaspur
Bilaspur
Bilaspur may refer to:India* Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh** Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, administrative headquarters of the district** Bilaspur * Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh...

, New Delhi
New Delhi
New Delhi is the capital city of India. It serves as the centre of the Government of India and the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. New Delhi is situated within the metropolis of Delhi. It is one of the nine districts of Delhi Union Territory. The total area of the city is...

, Chennai
Chennai
Chennai , formerly known as Madras or Madarasapatinam , is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal. Chennai is the fourth most populous metropolitan area and the sixth most populous city in India...

, Kolkata
Kolkata
Kolkata , formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it was the commercial capital of East India...

, Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

, Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar is the capital of the Indian state of Orissa, officially Odisha. The city has a long history of over 2000 years starting with Chedi dynasty who had Sisupalgarh near present-day Bhubaneswar as their capital...

, Bangalore
Bangalore
Bengaluru , formerly called Bengaluru is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Bangalore is nicknamed the Garden City and was once called a pensioner's paradise. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populous city and...

, Vishakhapatnam, Vijaywada, Hyderabad, Guwahati
Guwahati
Guwahati, Pragjyotishpura in ancient Assam formerly known as Gauhati is a metropolis,the largest city of Assam in India and ancient urban area in North East India, with a population of 963,429. It is also the largest metropolitan area in north-eastern India...

, Patna
Patna
Paṭnā , is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar and the second largest city in Eastern India . Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world...

, Amritsar
Amritsar
Amritsar is a city in the northern part of India and is the administrative headquarters of Amritsar district in the state of Punjab, India. The 2001 Indian census reported the population of the city to be over 1,500,000, with that of the entire district numbering 3,695,077...

, Nagpur
Nagpur
Nāgpur is a city and winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, the largest city in central India and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune...

, Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, near the border with Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division. Gorakhpur is one of the proposed capitals of the Purvanchal state which is yet to be formed...

, Pune
Pune
Pune , is the eighth largest metropolis in India, the second largest in the state of Maharashtra after Mumbai, and the largest city in the Western Ghats. Once the centre of power of the Maratha Empire, it is situated 560 metres above sea level on the Deccan plateau at the confluence of the Mula ...

 etc.

Airways

Birsa Munda Airport of Ranchi has direct flights from Patna
Patna
Paṭnā , is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar and the second largest city in Eastern India . Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world...

, Delhi
Delhi
Delhi , officially National Capital Territory of Delhi , is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest by population in India, next to Mumbai. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the world by population with 16,753,265 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census...

, Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

 and Kolkata
Kolkata
Kolkata , formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it was the commercial capital of East India...

. Few major airlines like Kingfisher Airlines
Kingfisher Airlines
Kingfisher Airlines is an airline group based in India. Its head office is Kingfisher House in Vile Parle , Mumbai. Kingfisher Airlines, through its parent company United Breweries Group, has a 50% stake in low-cost carrier Kingfisher Red....

, Air India
Air India
Air India is the flag carrier airline of India. It is part of the government of India owned Air India Limited . The airline operates a fleet of Airbus and Boeing aircraft serving Asia, Australia, Europe and North America. Its corporate office is located at the Air India Building at Nariman...

, Jet Lite, GoAir, serves this purpose.A new integrated terminal is being build in existing old airport to accommodate the continuously growing air traffic volume from the city.The new terminal has a capacity of approx 500 domestic and 200 international passengers.The renovation of the airport is also carried out as it will be shortly upgraded to international status.The parking capacity of the airport is also being boosted.All major technical facilities and facilities arec also being provided for proper flight operations during all time of the day and in all seasons.

Roadways

NH 33 and NH 23 passes through Ranchi. Roads connecting major cities are providing movement for passenger and freight traffic.

Buses of the Jharkhand State Road Transport Corporation and private buses ply regularly to connect Ranchi to the other parts of Jharkhand. Regular bus services are there to Kolkata and other towns of neighboring states. Private buses also ply regularly to Jamshedpur, Patna and Kolkata.A new ring road is under construction around the city to reduce the growing traffic overlod on the city roads.All major NH and other roads are being widened to 6 lanes or 8 lanes.

Bulk of the public transport constitute of autorickshaw and cycle rickshaw.A new city bus service has also started to meet the demands of public transport

Education

Primary and Secondary Schools
Ranchi is a regional hub for leading Pre-schools, Primary and Secondary schools. Major schools include:
  • DAV Kapildeo Public School, Kadru, Ranchi
  • St. Xavier's School, Doranda
  • Kairali School
    Kairali School
    Kairali School was established in 1978. The school is located in the heart of HEC Sector-2, Ranchi, India under the Malayalee association, Ranchi....

    , Ranchi
  • Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Shyamali
  • Vivekananda Vidya Mandir
    Vivekananda Vidya Mandir
    - Oldest Premier CBSE Senior secondary School at HEC Campus in Ranchi, Jharkhand :The Vivekananda Vidya Mandir is an English Medium co-educational school from KG to Class XII affiliated to the CBSE Board, New Delhi.-Motto:...

  • Oxford Public School
  • Army Public School Ranchi
  • D.A.V Public School, Dhurwa
  • St.Francis School, Harmu
  • St.Louis School, Harmu
  • Surendranath Centenary School
  • St. Anthony's School
    St. Anthony's School, Ranchi
    St. Anthony's School is an educational institution in Jharkhand located in Doranda, Ranchi, Jharkhand, .-Overview:St. Anthony's School provides education to students from Nursery to tenth grade. It is one of the premier schools in the city. St. Anthony's is affiliated to The Indian Certificate of...

    , Doranda
  • St. Thomas School, Dhurwa
  • Taurian World School
  • Sapphire International School
  • Sarala Birla Public School
  • St. Johns High School
  • St. Aloysius High School
  • St. Anne's Girls High School ------ Sabina's School
  • Ursuline Convent Girls High School
  • Bishop Westcott Girls' School
  • Bishop Westcott Boys' School
    Bishop Westcott Boys' School
    Located from Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand, It is one of the oldest schools in the eastern region of India. Bishop Westcott Boys' School is located on the banks of Subarnarekha River in Namkum block. Mr. Richard Ion Thornton is the principal of the school.This all boys school was founded in...

  • Delhi Public School, Ranchi

  • Sacred Heart Convent
  • Loreto Convent Doranda
  • Bridgeford School Tupudana ranchi
  • D.A.V Public School, Gandhinagar
  • Cambrian Public School, Kanke Road
  • Cambrian Public School, Rani Bagan Bariatu ------ Shahrukh's School
  • Cambridge School, Tatisilwai Ranchi ----- Mustafa's School
  • International Public School, Kanke
  • Central Academy, Kanke Road
  • DAV Public School, Bariatu
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Dipatoli
  • DAV Public School, Hehal
  • St. Paul's School
  • St. Thomas School
  • St. Mary's School
  • Holy Cross Girls High School, Purulia Road
  • R.T.C High School, PHED Buti

Colleges

  • XISS
  • St.Xavier College
  • Gossner College
  • Marwari College
  • Ranchi College
  • Women's College
  • Nirmala College
  • Yogada College
  • Doranda College
  • S.S.Memorial College
  • St. Paul College
  • Doranda College


All these and many more colleges are under the affiliation of Ranchi University.

Other Important Colleges and Institutions

  • Birla Institute of Technology(BIT),Mesra-Technical Institute

  • BIT,Lalpur Extension branch of BIT,Mesra-Management and MCA BCA Institute
  • Indian Institute of Management,Ranchi(IIM-R)
  • Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences(RIMS)
  • National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology(NIFFT)
  • Birsa Agricultural University
  • Central Institute of Psychiatry,Kanke
  • National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi(NUSRL)
  • Ranchi Institute of Neuro Psychiatry and Applied Sciences(RINPAS)
  • Central University of Jharkhand(CUJ)

Sports

Jharkhand always had a rich history in Sports and Ranchi being its capital enhances it as centre for numerous sports activities- few of them are cricket,hockey,football and many other.Ranchi has hosted the 34th National Games in 2011 due to which it has adequate infrastructure for different sports.An International Cricket stadium is under construction and is likely to host matches after clearance from the ICC. Ranchi is also famous for being the hometown of Captain of Indian Cricket team, Mahendra Singh Dhoni.

Market

Being the state capital,ranchi has a very vibrant market.The main time for shopping is during festival seasons in which Ranchi is the highest revene generating market in whole Jharkhand.Ranchi is witnessing a boom in retail sector as there many malls functional in the city and many more are in the pipeline.Fast food giants like Dominos,Subway have their counters functional in the city and others are also opening their outlets sooner.GEL Church complex is a famous shopping point with many retails outlets and restaurants.

Industries

As jharkhand is mineral rich state,it houses many industries.Many of them are located in Ranchi.Ranchi houses the Central Coalfields Limited(CCL) office(Darbhanga house) and washeries.It also have the Heavy Engineering Corporation(HEC) located in Dhurwa .MECON is also one of the centarl government undertaking located in Ranchi.CMPDI (Central Mine Planning and Design Institute ) the design wing of Mahartna Company COAL INDIA LTD is located in Kanke road , Ranchi. There many private sector companies in Ranchi.Few of them are Usha Martin,Abhijeet group,etc....

Tourist attractions

  • Rock garden & Kanke dam(Gonda hills)
  • Hundru Fall
  • Jonha Fall
  • Panchgagh Fall
  • Dassam Fall
  • Hirni Fall
  • Sita Fall
  • Pahari Mandir(Ranchi Hill)
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