Ramsar sites in Japan
The Ramsar Convention
Ramsar Convention
The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i.e., to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural,...

 (Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl
Waterfowl are certain wildfowl of the order Anseriformes, especially members of the family Anatidae, which includes ducks, geese, and swans....

 Habitat) is an international treaty
A treaty is an express agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations. A treaty may also be known as an agreement, protocol, covenant, convention or exchange of letters, among other terms...

 for the conservation
Wetland conservation
Wetland conservation is aimed at protecting and preserving areas where water exists at or near the Earth's surface, such as swamps, marshes and bogs. Wetlands cover at least six per cent of the Earth and have become a focal issue for conservation due to the ecosystem services they provide...

 and sustainable use
Sustainability and environmental management
At the global scale and in the broadest sense sustainability and environmental management involves managing the oceans, freshwater systems, land and atmosphere, according to sustainability principles....

 of wetlands. Adopted in 1971, it entered into force in 1975 and as of March 2011 has 160 Contracting Parties. Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

 was the twenty-fourth party to accede, on 17 October 1980. Kushiro-shitsugen
Kushiro Shitsugen National Park
is a national park located in the east of the island of Hokkaidō, Japan. It was designated as a national park on 31 July 1987, and is the 28th and most recent of Japan's national parks. The park is known for its wetlands ecosystems....

 was the first of Japan's thirty-seven Ramsar Sites as of the tenth Conference of the Contracting Parties (2008), with protected wetlands totalling 130,027 hectares. Japan has set the objective of designating six more sites by the time of COP11 in 2012.
Ramsar Site Prefecture Altitude Area Designation Image National Park status Ref.
420m 1,318ha 2005
80-426m 563 ha 2005
0-20m 5,277ha 1993 N/A
86m 65,984ha 1993
1-4m 323 ha 2002 N/A
1m 6,139ha 2005 N/A
0-10m 222ha 2005 N/A
8.6m 24ha 2008 N/A
296m 60ha 2005 N/A
7m 559ha 1985 N/A
5.7m 423ha 2005 N/A
2.5-8m 10ha 1993
25.9m 34ha 2008 N/A
0m 353ha 2005
0-3m 2504ha 1993 N/A
1000-1270m 91ha 2005
-20-0m 574ha 2005
3-10m 7863ha 2005
1-2m 1607ha 1989 N/A
-0.5m 58ha 1999 N/A
0m 1110ha 2005
13m 41ha 2002 N/A
0m 157ha 2005 N/A
0m 8043ha 2005 N/A
0-10m 6053ha 2005 N/A
1400-1475m 260ha 2005
12m 39ha 2008 N/A
1400-2356m 8711 2005
5m 76ha 1996
3-7m 2560ha 2005 N/A
0.3m 7652ha 2005 N/A
120-280m 255ha 2009 N/A
1m 900ha 2005 N/A
850-900m 624ha 2005
1-5m 510ha 1991 N/A
<10m 10ha 2005
0m 40ha 1993 N/A

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