- This article is about the polyhedron pyramid (a 3-dimensional shape); for other versions including architectural pyramids, see Pyramid (disambiguation)Pyramid (disambiguation)A pyramid is a shape with typically three or four triangular sides.Pyramid may also refer to:-Anatomy and medicine:* Petrous part of the temporal bone, the pyramid* Pyramid , the anterior part of medulla oblongata-Games and sport:...
Geometry arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre-modern mathematics, the other being the study of numbers ....
, a pyramid is a polyhedron
In elementary geometry a polyhedron is a geometric solid in three dimensions with flat faces and straight edges...
formed by connecting a polygon
In geometry a polygon is a flat shape consisting of straight lines that are joined to form a closed chain orcircuit.A polygon is traditionally a plane figure that is bounded by a closed path, composed of a finite sequence of straight line segments...
al base and a point, called the apex
In geometry, an apex is the vertex which is in some sense the highest of the figure to which it belongs.*In an isosceles triangle, the apex is the vertex where the two sides of equal length meet, opposite the unequal third side....
. Each base edge and apex form a triangle. It is a conic solid with polygonal base.
A pyramid with an n-sided base will have n + 1 vertices, n + 1 faces, and 2n edges.