Public holiday
Overview
 
A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday
Holiday
A Holiday is a day designated as having special significance for which individuals, a government, or a religious group have deemed that observance is warranted. It is generally an official or unofficial observance of religious, national, or cultural significance, often accompanied by celebrations...

 generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.

French Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées
Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées
The French Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées , established on June 30, 2004 under the government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin, was one where employees work one additional day each year , and one for which employers pay the state the approximate value of this day's work in increased...

(Day of solidarity with the elderly) is a notable exception. This holiday became a mandatory working day although the French Council of State confirmed it remains a holiday.

Sovereign nations and territories observe holidays based on events of significance to their history.
Encyclopedia
A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday
Holiday
A Holiday is a day designated as having special significance for which individuals, a government, or a religious group have deemed that observance is warranted. It is generally an official or unofficial observance of religious, national, or cultural significance, often accompanied by celebrations...

 generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.

French Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées
Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées
The French Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées , established on June 30, 2004 under the government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin, was one where employees work one additional day each year , and one for which employers pay the state the approximate value of this day's work in increased...

(Day of solidarity with the elderly) is a notable exception. This holiday became a mandatory working day although the French Council of State confirmed it remains a holiday.

Sovereign nations and territories observe holidays based on events of significance to their history. For example, Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

ns celebrate Australia Day
Australia Day
Australia Day is the official national day of Australia...

.

They vary by country and may vary by year. China, Hong Kong and Egypt have most days of holidays per year. The public holidays are generally days of celebration, like the anniversary of a significant historical event, or can be a religious celebration like Christmas
Christmas
Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual holiday generally celebrated on December 25 by billions of people around the world. It is a Christian feast that commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ, liturgically closing the Advent season and initiating the season of Christmastide, which lasts twelve days...

. Holidays can land on a specific day of the year, be tied to a certain day of the week in a certain month or follow other calendar systems like the Lunar Calendar
Lunar calendar
A lunar calendar is a calendar that is based on cycles of the lunar phase. A common purely lunar calendar is the Islamic calendar or Hijri calendar. A feature of the Islamic calendar is that a year is always 12 months, so the months are not linked with the seasons and drift each solar year by 11 to...

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