Proletaren was a Norwegian periodical published by the Communist Party
Communist Party of Norway
The Communist Party of Norway is a political party in Norway without parliamentary representation. It was formed in 1923, following a split in the Norwegian Labour Party. The party played an important role in the resistance to German occupation during the Second World War, and experienced a brief...


Proletaren was started in September 1923 during the fraction in-fighting in the Labour Party which resulted in the breakaway of the Communist Party. Its purpose was to deliver ideological articles to party members. The first editor-in-chief was Hans Heggum, with Arvid G. Hansen
Arvid G. Hansen
Arvid Gilbert Hansen was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.-Early life and Labour Party career:...

 and Jørgen Vogt
Jørgen Vogt
Jørgen Herman Vogt was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician representing the Communist Party. He edited the newspapers Ny Tid and Friheten, served four terms in Trondheim city council and one term in the Norwegian Parliament.-Personal life:He was born in Kristiania as the son of professor...

 as co-editors.

The periodical was never issued fortnightly, as was the plan. The periodical stalled around March 1924, but returned in July 1924 with Eugène Olaussen
Eugène Olaussen
Ansgar Eugène Olaussen was a Norwegian newspaper editor, educated as a typographer, and politician. As a politician he started in Norges Socialdemokratiske Ungdomsforbund, and notably edited Klassekampen from 1911 to 1921...

 as new editor-in-chief. The next issue came one and a half month later, and Olaussen even had to take Arvid G. Hansen and Haavard Langseth on board as editors in the autumn because of illness. Hansen and Olaussen were pressured to leave in late 1925. The new editorial board consisted of Langseth, Halvor Sørum
Halvor Sørum
Halvor Enok Sørum was a Norwegian trade unionist and politician for the Communist Party.He was a painter by profession. He joined Norges Socialdemokratiske Ungdomsforbund in 1914, the Norwegian Labour Party in 1915. When NSU changed its name to the Young Communist League in 1921, Sørum chaired...

 and Christian Hilt
Christian Hilt
Christian Gottlieb Hilt was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties....

, but Hansen returned as editor-in-chief in September 1926. Heggum and Sverre Krogh
Sverre Krogh (Nazi)
Sverre Krogh was a Norwegian actuary, newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist Labour parties. He later became a Nazi, working for Norwegian and German Nazis during the Second World War.-Early life and labour movement:...

 were taken on board, before they all were replaced by a new editor Henry W. Kristiansen, who sat from October 1927 to the periodical went defunct in 1929.

The party had two other periodicals around the same time: Klassekampen
Klassekampen (1909–1940)
Klassekampen was a Norwegian newspaper. It was established in 1909 as an organ for the youth movement of the Norwegian Labour Party, Norges socialdemokratiske ungdomsforbund. Its editor-in-chief from 1911 to 1921 was Eugène Olaussen.At the Labour-Communist party split in 1923, the newspaper was...

for the Young Communist League of Norway
Young Communist League of Norway
Young Communist League of Norway was until April 2006 the youth league of Norges Kommunistiske Parti . April 1st 2006 NKP declared that NKU was no longer its youth organization, and that all youths interested in joining the movement should contact the party directly...

, and Gnisten
Gnisten was a Norwegian periodical published by the Communist Party.Gnisten was started in March 1925 after a lengthy fund-raising campaign. It was started by women in the Communist Party who were not satisfied with the coverage of women's affairs in the Communist Party newspapers, such as Norges...

for women's affairs.
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