Podgorica Assembly
Overview
 
The Podgorica Assembly in full the Great National Assembly of the Serb People in Montenegro (Serbian
Serbian language
Serbian is a form of Serbo-Croatian, a South Slavic language, spoken by Serbs in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia and neighbouring countries....

: Велика Народна Скупштина Српског Народа у Црној Гори / Velika Narodna Skupština Srpskog Naroda u Crnoj Gori), was an assembly held in Podgorica
Podgorica
Podgorica , is the capital and largest city of Montenegro.Podgorica's favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers and the meeting point of the fertile Zeta Plain and Bjelopavlići Valley has encouraged settlement...

 that served as the representative body of the Montenegrin people during the Creation of Yugoslavia
Creation of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia was a statist concept among the South Slavic intelligentsia and later popular masses from the 17th to early 20th centuries that culminated in the realization of the ideal with the 1918 collapse of Habsburg Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I and the formation of the Kingdom of...

 in late 1918 and early 1919. It was organized by Central Executive Committee for Unification of Serbia and Montenegro which is created and financed by Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
The Kingdom of Serbia was created when Prince Milan Obrenović, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned King in 1882. The Principality of Serbia was ruled by the Karađorđevic dynasty from 1817 onwards . The Principality, suzerain to the Porte, had expelled all Ottoman troops by 1867, de...

.
Encyclopedia
The Podgorica Assembly in full the Great National Assembly of the Serb People in Montenegro (Serbian
Serbian language
Serbian is a form of Serbo-Croatian, a South Slavic language, spoken by Serbs in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia and neighbouring countries....

: Велика Народна Скупштина Српског Народа у Црној Гори / Velika Narodna Skupština Srpskog Naroda u Crnoj Gori), was an assembly held in Podgorica
Podgorica
Podgorica , is the capital and largest city of Montenegro.Podgorica's favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers and the meeting point of the fertile Zeta Plain and Bjelopavlići Valley has encouraged settlement...

 that served as the representative body of the Montenegrin people during the Creation of Yugoslavia
Creation of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia was a statist concept among the South Slavic intelligentsia and later popular masses from the 17th to early 20th centuries that culminated in the realization of the ideal with the 1918 collapse of Habsburg Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I and the formation of the Kingdom of...

 in late 1918 and early 1919. It was organized by Central Executive Committee for Unification of Serbia and Montenegro which is created and financed by Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
The Kingdom of Serbia was created when Prince Milan Obrenović, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned King in 1882. The Principality of Serbia was ruled by the Karađorđevic dynasty from 1817 onwards . The Principality, suzerain to the Porte, had expelled all Ottoman troops by 1867, de...

. Its most known for its decision to merge Montenegro with Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

.

Background

The Kingdom of Montenegro
Kingdom of Montenegro
The Kingdom of Montenegro was a monarchy in southeastern Europe during the tumultuous years on the Balkan Peninsula leading up to and during World War I. Legally it was a constitutional monarchy, but absolutist in practice...

 government capitulated to the forces of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary , more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in...

 on 6 January 1916 during The Great War. King Nicholas I
Nicholas I of Montenegro
Nikola I Mirkov Petrović-Njegoš was the only king of Montenegro, reigning as king from 1910 to 1918 and as prince from 1860 to 1910. He was also a poet, notably penning "Onamo, 'namo!", a popular song from Montenegro.-Early life:Nikola was born in the village of Njeguši, the ancient home of the...

 refused to sign capitulation and left the country to allied Italy where his daughter was married to the king. On 17 July 1917 the Yugoslav Committee
Yugoslav Committee
Yugoslav Committee was a political interest group formed by South Slavs from Austria-Hungary during World War I aimed at joining the existing south Slavic nations in an independent state.Founding members included:* Frano Supilo* Ante Trumbić...

 and the Government of the Kingdom of Serbia signed the Corfu Declaration
Corfu Declaration
The Corfu Declaration is the agreement that made the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia possible. In 1916, the Serbian Parliament in exile decided the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia at a meeting inside the Municipal Theatre of Corfu, Greece...

, which, accepted by the Great Allied Powers, laid the foundations for a South Slavic state. In 1918 the Serbian Royal Army took control of Montenegro from the Central Powers
Central Powers
The Central Powers were one of the two warring factions in World War I , composed of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria...

' occupation; Allied
Allies of World War I
The Entente Powers were the countries at war with the Central Powers during World War I. The members of the Triple Entente were the United Kingdom, France, and the Russian Empire; Italy entered the war on their side in 1915...

 mission of Serbia, Italy, France, the United Kingdom and the United States were assigned to provisionally occupy and establish control over Montenegro.

Montenegro was planning and preparing unification with Serbia for more than 50 years with the wish of Nicholas I
Nicholas I of Montenegro
Nikola I Mirkov Petrović-Njegoš was the only king of Montenegro, reigning as king from 1910 to 1918 and as prince from 1860 to 1910. He was also a poet, notably penning "Onamo, 'namo!", a popular song from Montenegro.-Early life:Nikola was born in the village of Njeguši, the ancient home of the...

 to become a ruler of the united state. This project of Nicolas had failed in 1903, after which Montengro population became separated in political blocks, for united state or for confederation. Last negotiations between Montenegro and Serbia started shortly before WWI in 1914 about military, economic and foreign affairs union problemacity. The most important disagreement point during last negotiations was position of Montenegro in union, as an equal partner to Serbia or province of Serbia. In Montenegro strongest supporter of unconditional union was later prime minister Andrija Radović, titled by the Serbian government which had been working on annexation of Montenegro from 1866. Since the beginning of October 1918, various initiatives were raised to formalize unification with the final moments of the war drawing to a close. Even Nicholas I
Nicholas I of Montenegro
Nikola I Mirkov Petrović-Njegoš was the only king of Montenegro, reigning as king from 1910 to 1918 and as prince from 1860 to 1910. He was also a poet, notably penning "Onamo, 'namo!", a popular song from Montenegro.-Early life:Nikola was born in the village of Njeguši, the ancient home of the...

 gave support to new united Yugoslav confederation but this position was still against Belgrade
Belgrade
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans. According to official results of Census 2011, the city has a population of 1,639,121. It is one of the 15 largest cities in Europe...

's wish of united state. Various tiny assemblies in territory controlled by Serbian army were organized similar to the ones in the former Austro-Hungarian
Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary , more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in...

 former lands. It is thus that on 15 October 1918 the Government of Serbia named a "Central Executive Committee for Unification of Serbia and Montenegro" consisting of four strong proponents of a union of the two states, two from Serbia and two from Montenegro, that would organize the process of unification. With this decision Kingdom of Serbia abolished legal Montenegro parliament, like Austro-Hungary earlier, with explanation: "Because 2/5 of parliament members are abroad it is necessary to elect new". This unconstitutional decision supported by Serbian military in Montenegro was against an order of Montenegro king, for gathering of parliament on first day after armistice was signed.

Electoral Rules

On 25 October 1918 in Berane
Berane
Berane , formerly Ivangrad, is a town in north-eastern Montenegro. It has a population of 11,776 .Berane is the centre of municipality and one of the centres of Polimlje area, named after the Lim River, on which Berane is situated.-History:During the medieval period the Montenegrin land of Berane...

, the city of one of the Committee's members, it brought the decision to schedule a nation-wide election with new election laws created by Central Executive Committee for Unification of Serbia and Montenegro for 165 MPs a Parliament which would decide about the form and process of unification of Montenegro with Serbia, as well as the rules of its election. The official name that was adopted was the Great People's Assembly of the Serbian People in Montenegro.

The people will secretly elect electors, who would subsequently nominate the assembly.
  • Each Captainies elects 10 electors
  • Each District (newly-gained unrepresented territories from the Balkan Wars) elects 15 electors
  • Each Town below 5,000 residents (Bar
    Bar, Montenegro
    Bar is a coastal town in Montenegro. It has a population of 17,727...

    , Ulcinj
    Ulcinj
    Ulcinj is a coastal resort town and municipality in Montenegro. The town of Ulcinj has a population of 10,828 of which the majority are Albanians...

    , Kolašin
    Kolašin
    Kolašin , is a town in northern Montenegro. It has a population of 2,989 .Kolašin is the centre of the municipality and unofficial centre of Morača region, named after Morača River....

    , Berane
    Berane
    Berane , formerly Ivangrad, is a town in north-eastern Montenegro. It has a population of 11,776 .Berane is the centre of municipality and one of the centres of Polimlje area, named after the Lim River, on which Berane is situated.-History:During the medieval period the Montenegrin land of Berane...

     and Bijelo Polje
    Bijelo Polje
    Bijelo Polje is a town in northern Montenegro. It has a population of 15,883 .Bijelo Polje is the center of municipality . It is unofficial center of north-eastern region of Montenegro...

    ) elects 5 electors and Cities with 5,000 or more citizens (Cetinje
    Cetinje
    Cetinje , Цетиње / Cetinje , Italian: Cettigne, Greek: Κετίγνη, Ketígni) is a town and Old Royal Capital of Montenegro. It is also a historical and the secondary capital of Montenegro , with the official residence of the President of Montenegro...

    , Podgorica
    Podgorica
    Podgorica , is the capital and largest city of Montenegro.Podgorica's favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers and the meeting point of the fertile Zeta Plain and Bjelopavlići Valley has encouraged settlement...

    , Pljevlja
    Pljevlja
    Pljevlja is a town and municipality located in the northern part of Montenegro. The city lies at an altitude of...

    , Peć
    Pec
    Peć or Pejë is a city and municipality in north-western Kosovo and Metohija - Serbia, and the administrative centre of the homonymous district. Governor of city is Ali Berisha....

     and Đakovica) elects 10 electors


The electors were the democratic holders of the national vote from the people, but they were supposed to themselves elect the Members of the Parliament in order to secure the balance and equally represent all levels of the community by profession, religious determination and ethnic affiliation.

Every male Montenegrin aged 25 or more had the right to be elected into the Parliament:
  • Each Captainy must give 2 MPs
  • Every District must give 3 MPs
  • Every Town must give 1 and every City 2 MPs


During Paris Peace Conference
Paris Peace Conference, 1919
The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting of the Allied victors following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918. It took place in Paris in 1919 and involved diplomats from more than 32 countries and nationalities...

, Nicholas I representative and future prime minister of Montenegro (de jure) general Gvozdenović attacked this election laws, because in his words: "Mere villages had been permitted to elect four deputies, while entire
districts had only sent one or two representatives". Other problems with election were in facts that voting was made without the lists in which it was supposed to be written who was having right to vote and that Serbian army didn't allow the opponents of union to enter Montenegro before elections ended

Election

Two organized lists were opposed:

1. White List - Gavrilo Dožić
Gavrilo Dožic
Gavrilo Dožić was the Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral and the 51st Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church...



2. Green List
Zelenaši
The Zelenaši were a group of Montenegrin dissidents, most notable for instigating the 1919 Christmas rebellion and later for supporting the existence of the fascist Kingdom of Montenegro during World War II....

 - Špiro Tomanović

The Whites were opponents of the reigning King Nikola, presenting him as an enemy to democracy, the people and betrayer of his dynasty's original foundations. They were led the Metropolitan of the Serb Orthodox Church in Montenegro
Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
The Metropolitanate of Montenegro is the largest diocese of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro. Founded in 1219 by Saint Sava, it is now one of the most prominent dioceses in the Serbian Orthodox Church. The current Metropolitan is Amfilohije...

, Gavrilo Dožić
Gavrilo Dožic
Gavrilo Dožić was the Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral and the 51st Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church...

, and stood for direct, immediate and unconditional unification with the Kingdom of Serbia. The Greens were pro-dynastic supporters of King Nikola and abbreviated for a conditional and loose unification of Montenegro with Serbia.

After quick but major preparations, the elections were held on 19 November 1918. The Whites won at all locations except Montenegrin capital Cetinje
Cetinje
Cetinje , Цетиње / Cetinje , Italian: Cettigne, Greek: Κετίγνη, Ketígni) is a town and Old Royal Capital of Montenegro. It is also a historical and the secondary capital of Montenegro , with the official residence of the President of Montenegro...

, but in Bijelo Polje, Plav
Plav
Plav Plav Plav (Montenegrin, (Albanian: Plav) is a town in north-eastern Montenegro. It has a population of 3,615 (2003 census).Plav is the centre of the municipality (population of 13,805),-Geography:...

 and Gusinje
Gusinje
Gusinje is a small town in Montenegro. According to the 2003 census, the town has a population of 1,704.-History:The history and origins of Gusinje are unknown prior to the Ottoman conquests. Before the Ottoman Turks took control of the region, Plav-Gusinje was under the control of various...

 instead of elections the electors were appointed by the local community, and due to the subsequent rapidly changing following acts elections were never properly repeated

Result of elections in this situation had become clear to international community before it was proclaimed. In last push to protect independent Montenegro Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
The Kingdom of Italy was a state forged in 1861 by the unification of Italy under the influence of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which was its legal predecessor state...

, which king was married to a daughter of Montenegrin king Nicholas, he tried to take Cetinje and proclaim restored Montenegrin state. Attack started from Bay of Kotor
Bay of Kotor
The Bay of Kotor in south-western Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic Sea. The bay, sometimes called Europe's southernmost fjord, is in fact a submerged river canyon of the disintegrated Bokelj River which used to run from the high mountain plateaus of Mount Orjen...

, but his forces withdrawn after the possibility of war with Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
The Kingdom of Serbia was created when Prince Milan Obrenović, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned King in 1882. The Principality of Serbia was ruled by the Karađorđevic dynasty from 1817 onwards . The Principality, suzerain to the Porte, had expelled all Ottoman troops by 1867, de...

 and due to pressure of the other Allied Powers.

The Electors then publicly nominated a Session of the Parliament with 165 MPs. 56 MPs had a PhD, 6 were teachers and priests, 25 were Clan Chieftains, 14 were Agricultural workers and 3 youthe. The several Green electors refused to show up and boycotted the assembly.

The Parliament

The Great National Assembly was constituated on 24 November 1918 not in Montenegro parliament which was in Cetinje, but in town Podgorica Tobacco Monopoly building. During that time Podgorica was the largest and most populated city in Montenegro. In two following session of 25 November '18 the parliament elected its President, two Vice-Presidents and the Secretary. Demands of Assembly members that they first restore independent Montenegro and only then start discussion about union with Serbia was refused by president of the assembly Savo Cerović: "This will not lead to anything good". On 26 November 1918 when assembly building was encircled by detachment of Serbian army the parliament unanimously adopted a resolution with the following decisions:
.
1. To depose King Nikola I
Nicholas I of Montenegro
Nikola I Mirkov Petrović-Njegoš was the only king of Montenegro, reigning as king from 1910 to 1918 and as prince from 1860 to 1910. He was also a poet, notably penning "Onamo, 'namo!", a popular song from Montenegro.-Early life:Nikola was born in the village of Njeguši, the ancient home of the...

 Petrović-Njegoš
House of Petrovic-Njegoš
The House of Petrović-Njegoš was the Royal House of Montenegro from 1696 to 1918. Montenegro had enjoyed de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire from 1711 but only received formal international recognition as an independent principality in 1878.Montenegro was ruled from inception by...

 and his dynasty from the Montenegrin throne

2. To unite Montenegro with the brotherly Serbia into a single state under the House of Karađorđević, and in such entity to then enter into a common Fatherland with our people under three names Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

3. To establish a National Executive Committee made up of five individuals, that shall handle the administrative affairs, until the unification of Serbia and Montenegro is complete

4. To announce the Assembly's decisions to:
  • ex King of Montenegro Nikola Petrović
  • the Government of the Kingdom of Serbia
  • the friendly Allies
    Allies of World War I
    The Entente Powers were the countries at war with the Central Powers during World War I. The members of the Triple Entente were the United Kingdom, France, and the Russian Empire; Italy entered the war on their side in 1915...

     (the United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

    , Britain
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

    , France
    French Third Republic
    The French Third Republic was the republican government of France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed due to the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, to 1940, when France was overrun by Nazi Germany during World War II, resulting in the German and Italian occupations of France...

    , and Italy), and all neutral countries


At the time, because of the threat of foreign claim of the liberated lands, detachments of Serbian army (with many volunteers from other nations of future Yugoslavia who helped liberate territories under Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary , more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 and King Nikola I
Nicholas I of Montenegro
Nikola I Mirkov Petrović-Njegoš was the only king of Montenegro, reigning as king from 1910 to 1918 and as prince from 1860 to 1910. He was also a poet, notably penning "Onamo, 'namo!", a popular song from Montenegro.-Early life:Nikola was born in the village of Njeguši, the ancient home of the...

) were dispatched throughout the newly liberated territory (which was unrecognised as part of any state until Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of...

 1920. Because this terrirory did not belong to any recognised state the threat of entry of foreign forces was annihilated until the unification was complete by the presence of the only recognised, organised army among South Slavs
South Slavs
The South Slavs are the southern branch of the Slavic peoples and speak South Slavic languages. Geographically, the South Slavs are native to the Balkan peninsula, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps...

 of Yugoslavia, Serbian army (with many Montenegrin Serb, Croat and Slovene volunteers)

The MPs called upon the long lasting desire to unite the Serb people
Serbs
The Serbs are a South Slavic ethnic group of the Balkans and southern Central Europe. Serbs are located mainly in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and form a sizable minority in Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia and Slovenia. Likewise, Serbs are an officially recognized minority in...

 from Montenegro with the one in Serbia and sent a copy of the Montenegrin Crown to King Petar I Karađorđević with a delegation that went to Belgrade led by Metropolitan Dožić on 17 December 1918. In his 24 December speech for The Associated Press King Nicholas I
Nicholas I of Montenegro
Nikola I Mirkov Petrović-Njegoš was the only king of Montenegro, reigning as king from 1910 to 1918 and as prince from 1860 to 1910. He was also a poet, notably penning "Onamo, 'namo!", a popular song from Montenegro.-Early life:Nikola was born in the village of Njeguši, the ancient home of the...

 repeated Montenegrin wish to became part of "Yugoslav confederation, but preserve its autonomy, independence and customs"

The Parliament continued its session until 29 November 1918, when the "Central Montenegrin Committee for Unification" of 5 members was appointed and sworn to duty.

Epilogue

Nevertheless, after the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was proclaimed, the historic entities have remained and Montenegro too, parallel to Serbia. The Great Serb People's Assembly convened for the last time on 27 December 1919 when it elected the Montenegrin share into the Collective National Representing Body of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes that was to draft a Constitution.

When the deposed King and his internationally recognized Government of the Kingdom of Montenegro in Exile in Neilly was informed by French intelligence, Nicholas discarded the decisions of the assembly claiming it was illegal, calling upon the Constitution of Montenegro
Constitution of Montenegro
The current Constitution of Montenegro was ratified and adopted by the Constitutional Parliament of Montenegro on 19 October 2007 on an extraordinary session by achieving the required two-thirds supermajority of votes. The Constitution was officially proclaimed as the Constitution of Montenegro on...

, and called forth the Montenegrins not to accept the annexation. Prime Minister Evgenije Popović
Evgenije Popovic
Evgenije Popović was a Montenegrin statesmen, journalist, diplomat, politician, writer and editor....

 wrote to the Great Powers in complaint.

The Greens led by Krsto Zrnov Popović
Krsto Žrnov Popovic
Captain Krsto Todorov-Zrnov Popović was one of the leaders of 1919 Christmas Uprising in Montenegro against Serbian dynasty Karađorđević, organized by the greens , followers of dethroned King Nikola and Montenegrin dynasty Petrović-Njegoš...

, supported by the Italians, changed their desire to include a completely independent Montenegrin state and resorted to rebellion. With slogan "For justice, honour and the freedom of Montenegro" they raised on Christmas Eve of 7 January 1919 the Christmas Uprising
Christmas Uprising
The Christmas Uprising or Christmas Rebellion refers to the uprising of Montenegrin guerrilla fighters aimed against the planned unification of Montenegro with the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes...

, with an attempt to restore independent Montenegro. The international community opposed uprising and the Serbian forces quelled the rebellion in blood, raising the rebel sieges of completely cut-off Cetinje and Nikšić. The insurgents mostly found amnesty, but some form of little guerrilla resistance from continued all the way until 1926.

During Paris Peace Conference
Paris Peace Conference, 1919
The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting of the Allied victors following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918. It took place in Paris in 1919 and involved diplomats from more than 32 countries and nationalities...

 representative of Montenegro king was called to give a speech in which he protested annexation, but for Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of...

 only representer of Yugoslav Montenegro was called. On this 2 conferences Kingdom of SCS was internationally recognized, but the Montenegrin question itself was left to be later resolved because of a bloody conflict escalating in Montenegro.

Independence of Montenegro was be recognized by Great Powers until 1922 after which all states accepted Yugoslav claim on this state. During 1918-22 period, annexation was supported by France, independence by Italy and Great Britain took middle road with suppression report about metode practiced by Serbia and French generals (in Montenegro) Franchet d'Esperey and Venal in Montenegro. It is important to note that Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 had a strong support for the dissolution of Yugoslavia
Dissolution of Yugoslavia
The Breakup of Yugoslavia refers to a series of conflicts and political upheavals resulting in the dissolution of Yugoslavia . The SFR Yugoslavia was a country that occupied a strip of land stretching from Central Europe to the Balkans – a region with a history of ethnic conflict...

 during both the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a state stretching from the Western Balkans to Central Europe which existed during the often-tumultuous interwar era of 1918–1941...

 (1918–1943) and SFR Yugoslavia (1943–1991) as it had a territorial claim on its territory (parts of Dalmatia
Dalmatia
Dalmatia is a historical region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea. It stretches from the island of Rab in the northwest to the Bay of Kotor in the southeast. The hinterland, the Dalmatian Zagora, ranges from fifty kilometers in width in the north to just a few kilometers in the south....

), and didn't want such a large country of different cultural and etnical background and identity on its borders.

Legacy

The state of Montenegro had regained its independence in 2006
Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006
The Montenegrin independence referendum was a refe­rendum on the independence of the Republic of Montenegro from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro that was held on 21 May 2006.The total turnout of the referendum was 86.5%...

 and the event was interpreted as a break of the assembly, initiating a controversy over its decisions. The minor ruling Social Democratic Party of Montenegro
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro
The Social Democratic Party of Montenegro is a political party in Montenegro....

 wanted to formally cancel the decisions of the Podgorica Assembly by the Parliament of Montenegro
Parliament of Montenegro
The Parliament of Montenegro is the unicameral legislature of Montenegro. The Parliament currently has 81 members, each elected for a four-year term. The current Speaker of the Parliament is Ranko Krivokapić, while the deputy speakers are Željko Šturanović and Rifat Rastoder...

 after the adoption of the new Constitution in late 2007. This was met with another controversy, as whether the decision of the Podgorica Assembly were legal, as they were accepted as state decisions thus far, including opposition from the opposition Liberal Party of Montenegro
Liberal Party of Montenegro
The Liberal Party of Montenegro is a centre-left liberal political party in Montenegro. The party advocated liberalism and the bringing down of Milo Đukanović's rule, seeing it as authoritarian and undemocratic...

 of the act, which upholds that abolishing a decision would automatically legitimize itself. The long-term Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic of the dominant Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
The Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro is the ruling social-democratic political party in Montenegro....

has noted in the day of celebration of the victory in the aforementioned independence referendum the people had abolished its decisions from 1918, so far staying just on that.

Links

Extract from The Podgorica Assembly of 1918 by Jovan R. Bojovic
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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