Piana degli Albanesi
Overview
 
Piana degli Albanesi is a comune
Comune
In Italy, the comune is the basic administrative division, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality.-Importance and function:...

with 6,427 inhabitants in the Province of Palermo
Province of Palermo
The Province of Palermo is a province in the autonomous region of Sicily, a major island in Southern Italy. Its capital is the city of Palermo. The Province of Palermo has 82 comuni , 1,239,272 inhabitants, and is 4,992 km² .-External links:...

, Sicily
Sicily
Sicily is a region of Italy, and is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Along with the surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy, the Regione Autonoma Siciliana Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature,...

.

The town is the most important and populous Arbëreshë community in Sicily and it is the episcopal see of the Byzantine Catholic Church. Situated on a mountainous plateau, which is mirrored on a large lake, and on the eastern side of the imposing Mount Pizzuta, it is far from the provincial capital 24 km.
Encyclopedia
Piana degli Albanesi is a comune
Comune
In Italy, the comune is the basic administrative division, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality.-Importance and function:...

with 6,427 inhabitants in the Province of Palermo
Province of Palermo
The Province of Palermo is a province in the autonomous region of Sicily, a major island in Southern Italy. Its capital is the city of Palermo. The Province of Palermo has 82 comuni , 1,239,272 inhabitants, and is 4,992 km² .-External links:...

, Sicily
Sicily
Sicily is a region of Italy, and is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Along with the surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy, the Regione Autonoma Siciliana Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature,...

.

The town is the most important and populous Arbëreshë community in Sicily and it is the episcopal see of the Byzantine Catholic Church. Situated on a mountainous plateau, which is mirrored on a large lake, and on the eastern side of the imposing Mount Pizzuta, it is far from the provincial capital 24 km. The community has maintained many ethnic elements of Albanian
Albanians
Albanians are a nation and ethnic group native to Albania and neighbouring countries. They speak the Albanian language. More than half of all Albanians live in Albania and Kosovo...

 culture like language, religious ritual, traditional costumes, music and folklore. The inhabitants are the descendants of Albanian families, including nobles and relatives of Skanderbeg
Skanderbeg
George Kastrioti Skanderbeg or Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu , widely known as Skanderbeg , was a 15th-century Albanian lord. He was appointed as the governor of the Sanjak of Dibra by the Ottomans in 1440...

, that settled in Southern Italy during the Ottoman Turkish
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

 conquest of the Balkans. The municipal government uses bilingual documents and signs in Albanian
Albanian language
Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by approximately 7.6 million people, primarily in Albania and Kosovo but also in other areas of the Balkans in which there is an Albanian population, including western Macedonia, southern Montenegro, southern Serbia and northwestern Greece...

 and Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...

 under existing Italian legislation on protecting ethnic
Minority group
A minority is a sociological group within a demographic. The demographic could be based on many factors from ethnicity, gender, wealth, power, etc. The term extends to numerous situations, and civilizations within history, despite the misnomer of minorities associated with a numerical statistic...

 and linguistic minorities.

History

Piana degli Albanesi was founded in the late fifteenth century by a large group of Albanian refugees coming from the Balkans during the conquest of the latter by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

. The exodus began after the defeat of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire during the periods of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, centred on the capital of Constantinople. Known simply as the Roman Empire or Romania to its inhabitants and neighbours, the Empire was the direct continuation of the Ancient Roman State...

 and the death of Skanderbeg
Skanderbeg
George Kastrioti Skanderbeg or Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu , widely known as Skanderbeg , was a 15th-century Albanian lord. He was appointed as the governor of the Sanjak of Dibra by the Ottomans in 1440...

, who successfully fought for the freedom of their people for more than two decades.

The village was founded on 30 August 1488, was asked to Cardinal Giovanni Borgia by Monreale
Monreale
Monreale is a town and comune in the province of Palermo, in Sicily, Italy, on the slope of Monte Caputo, overlooking the very fertile valley called "La Conca d'oro" , famed for its orange, olive and almond trees, the produce of which is exported in large quantities...

 the right to remain in the lands of Mercu and Aydingli, located in the mountains in the province of Palermo
Palermo
Palermo is a city in Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo. The city is noted for its history, culture, architecture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old...

.

In 1482-1485, after several attacks from the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

, the Christian-orthodox Albanians were forced to the Adriatic
Adriatic Sea
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges...

 coast where they hired ships from Republic of Venice
Republic of Venice
The Republic of Venice or Venetian Republic was a state originating from the city of Venice in Northeastern Italy. It existed for over a millennium, from the late 7th century until 1797. It was formally known as the Most Serene Republic of Venice and is often referred to as La Serenissima, in...

 and escaped by sailing managed to advance up to reach Sicily. They apparently were housed in temporary camps somewhere near Palermo until about 1486 or 1487, when they were granted land know initially as the "Plain of the Archbishop", inland areas of Sicily, in the mountains above the city of Palermo. Signed the "capitulation" in Albanian and Italian, which were also recognized with followed by the Brief of Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Sixtus IV , born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 1471 to 1484. His accomplishments as Pope included the establishment of the Sistine Chapel; the group of artists that he brought together introduced the Early Renaissance into Rome with the first masterpiece of the city's new artistic age,...

, the official concession of land was granted to the settlers in 1488, followed by the construction of the largest Albanian center of the island and, primarily, religious buildings.

King John II of Spain and Sicily allowed the original refugees to occupy the present place and to preserve their Orthodox religion, which was identified as Greek, so that the small town had the name of Piana dei Greci. In the beginning it was called "Piana dei Greci" for the use of Greek language
Greek language
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the majority of its history;...

 in the Byzantine rite
Byzantine Rite
The Byzantine Rite, sometimes called the Rite of Constantinople or Constantinopolitan Rite is the liturgical rite used currently by all the Eastern Orthodox Churches, by the Greek Catholic Churches , and by the Protestant Ukrainian Lutheran Church...

 professed by the inhabitants. In 1941, during the Fascist regime, has been changed to "Piana degli Albanesi".

During the 19th century, the Arbëreshë of Piana degli Albanesi played a significant role for the Italian national unity, and participated in the stronger phases of the movement of Fasci Siciliani
Fasci Siciliani
The Fasci Siciliani, short for Fasci Siciliani dei Lavoratori , were a popular movement of democratic and socialist inspiration, which arose in Sicily in the years between 1889 and 1894...

. The inhabitants of Piana degli Albanesi were known to have a reputation for compared to the maximum of his country, patriotic Albanians and first rebelliousness to the precarious situation of the times, but were not organized politically until the arrival of the Fascio
Fascio
Fascio, plural -sci /'faʃʃo, ʃi/ is an Italian word literally meaning "a bundle" or "a sheaf", and figuratively league, and which was used in the late 19th century to refer to political groups of many different orientations...

 in April 1893.

In 1947, the regional Mafia hired the bandit Salvatore Giuliano
Salvatore Giuliano
Salvatore Giuliano was a Sicilian peasant. It has been suggested that the subjugated social status of his class led him to become a bandit and separatist. He was mythologised during his life and after his death...

 to shoot down the annual May Day demonstration of the Pianesi, which took place in a remote mountain pass, the Portella della Ginestra. The bandit and his gang attacked them there, killing fourteen people.

After the founding of the village the inhabitants were required by papal decree to declare allegiance to the Pope
Pope
The Pope is the Bishop of Rome, a position that makes him the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church . In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle...

 and thus their faith was changed from Greek Orthodox to Byzantine Catholic, in practice their daily rituals changed little.

Over the centuries the inhabitants have jealously preserved their cultural roots as the Byzantine rite, language, traditions and typical women's costumes richly embroidered, and today, in the twenty-first century, is still strong attachment to the land native.

Location

Piana degli Albanesi is located 800 meters on sea level in a mountainous valley that ends at the lake. Surrounded by four majestic mountain (Pizzuta, Kumeta, Maganoce, Xeravulli), other interesting natural sites (Neviere, Cave "Garrone", Honi), and surrounded by "nature reserve Serre della Pizzuta", it enjoys a beautiful location. Because of its cultural features, historic and environmental forms part of the Sicilian landscape varied as "unique" unrepeatable. This area is surrounded by a complex and original frame that includes the lake, the mountains and the typical rural districts. These areas offer fauna and flora of primary interest in nature also are preparing to ospitrare sports activities such as hiking, cycling, horse riding, canoeing, paragliding. Features which suggested the inclusion of Hora e Arbëreshëvet in Italy hiking trails.

The territory is crossed by several streams rich in water and in particular by the river Belice right, barred in the twenties for the construction of the Lake of Piana degli Albanesi
Lago di Piana degli Albanesi
The Lago di Piana degli Albanesi , , is an artificial lake in Piana degli Albanesi, in the Province of Palermo, Sicily, Italy....

, since 1999 natural oasis protected and safeguarded by the World Wildlife Foundation.

Religion

The Byzantine Catholic Church in Italy covers three ecclesiastical: the Eparchy of Lungro for Italo-Albanian mainland, the Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi
Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi
The Eparchia di Piana degli Albanesi , in Sicily, has been an eparchy since 1941. It was founded in 1937, and has 15 parishes, being subject to the Italo-Albanian Byzantine Church.-Territory:...

 for the Arbëreshe of Sicily and the Monastery of Grottaferrata Rome
Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

.

The Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi forward, with other dioceses, the traditional cultural, spiritual and liturgical Byzantine church from the time of Justinian (VI century). The faithful of the Eparchy are distributed in 15 parishes, all in the following five municipalities in the province of Palermo: Piana degli Albanesi, Contessa Entellina
Contessa Entellina
Contessa Entellina is a small comune of 1,981 inhabitants in the province of Palermo, in Sicily, southern Italy...

, Mezzojuso
Mezzojuso
Mezzojuso is a comune in the Province of Palermo in the Italian region Sicily, located about 34 km southeast of Palermo...

, Palazzo Adriano
Palazzo Adriano
Palazzo Adriano is a town and comune in the province of Palermo, Sicily, southern Italy.-History:The first mentions of one casale Arianum date from before 1060 under the reign of the Norman Roger I of Sicily. More reliable are the data on the hamlet of Palazzo Adriano reported in a document 1243...

, Santa Cristina Gela
Santa Cristina Gela
Santa Cristina Gela is an Arbëreshë village in the province of Palermo in Sicily.The country, along with Contessa Entellina and Piana degli Albanesi, is one of three ethnic Albanian community in Sicily, where the old Albanian language is still spoken...

, and the prestigious church of Martorana
Martorana
The Church of Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio or San Nicolò dei Greci, commonly called the Martorana, overlooking the renowned Piazza Bellini in Palermo, Sicily, southern Italy...

 in Palermo
Palermo
Palermo is a city in Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo. The city is noted for its history, culture, architecture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old...

, for a total population of 33,000 faithful. Is led by Bishop Sotir Ferrara.

Church of Greek-Byzantine Rite

The rite of Piana degli Albanesi is different from other churches of Sicily and is the most important legacy of the Eastern Church of Byzantium
Byzantium
Byzantium was an ancient Greek city, founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas . The name Byzantium is a Latinization of the original name Byzantion...

. For the peculiarity of it, in fact, and the use of Greek liturgical celebrations, the town was formerly called Piana dei Greci. The strong characterization is particularly true of the rules, symbols, the shapes of the solemn and grand celebrations and sacred duties, and together with the language and customs, the ritual is the most important stretch of identity arbëreshe. The Greek Orthodox splendours are recalled in solemn pontifical vestments worn by the wealth of the large number of celebrants, who repeated the ancient ways loads of symbolism, and the special songs that are among the most pristine and archaic. The sacred liturgies are those written by the fathers of the Greek Church: that of St. Basil to 1 January, on the eve of Christmas
Christmas
Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual holiday generally celebrated on December 25 by billions of people around the world. It is a Christian feast that commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ, liturgically closing the Advent season and initiating the season of Christmastide, which lasts twelve days...

 and Epiphany, the Sundays of Lent
Lent
In the Christian tradition, Lent is the period of the liturgical year from Ash Wednesday to Easter. The traditional purpose of Lent is the preparation of the believer – through prayer, repentance, almsgiving and self-denial – for the annual commemoration during Holy Week of the Death and...

 and on Thursday and Holy Saturday, that of St. John Chrysostom at other occasions.

Main sights

The historic center of the country plays a constructive late-medieval style, reflecting the social status and economic conditions of the time when the settlement was built. The city streets are narrow and consist of steps (shkallët) and neighborhood (gjitoni), the physical space meeting place in front of the houses, with the exception of the main road (udha/dhromi i madhë), wide and straight that divides the country different sections. The joint par excellence is the Piazza Grande (Qaca e Madhe), from which wind dialogues and community relationships. The architecture and urbanism of the old town has changed in the middle of last century, thus compromising the original charm.

The churches of the town are among the most important architectural structures, the testimony of these two styles, the baroque linked to the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire during the periods of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, centred on the capital of Constantinople. Known simply as the Roman Empire or Romania to its inhabitants and neighbours, the Empire was the direct continuation of the Ancient Roman State...

. Of particular interest are the works of the architect and painter Pietro Novelli
Pietro Novelli
Pietro Novelli was an Italian painter of the Baroque period,active mainly in Palermo. Also known as il Monrealese or Pietro "Malta" Novelli to distinguish him from his father, Pietro Antonio Novelli....

, very active in the colony Arbëresh.

Religious architecture

The most notable churches in the country of Piana degli Albanesi are:
  • the Cathedral Church of Shën Mitri Dëshmor (St. Demetrius Megalomartyr
    Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki
    Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki was a Christian martyr, who lived in the early 4th century.During the Middle Ages, he came to be revered as one of the most important Orthodox military saints, often paired with Saint George...

    ), which serves as the head church of the Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi
    Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi
    The Eparchia di Piana degli Albanesi , in Sicily, has been an eparchy since 1941. It was founded in 1937, and has 15 parishes, being subject to the Italo-Albanian Byzantine Church.-Territory:...

    , the church dates to 1590;
  • the Church of Shën Mëria së Dhitrjës (St. Mary Odigitria
    Hodegetria
    A Hodegetria — or Virgin Hodegetria — is an iconographic depiction of the Theotokos holding the Child Jesus at her side while pointing to Him as the source of salvation for mankind...

    ) located in the village main square, was built in 1644 according to the project architect Pietro Novelli
    Pietro Novelli
    Pietro Novelli was an Italian painter of the Baroque period,active mainly in Palermo. Also known as il Monrealese or Pietro "Malta" Novelli to distinguish him from his father, Pietro Antonio Novelli....

    ;
  • the Church of Shën Gjergji (St. George), which is the oldest in the town;
  • the Church of Shën Kolli (St. Nicholas
    Saint Nicholas
    Saint Nicholas , also called Nikolaos of Myra, was a historic 4th-century saint and Greek Bishop of Myra . Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker...

    ), important church which houses precious icons of the seventeenth century;
  • the Church of Sëndo Vit (St. Vito
    San Vito
    San Vito is a comune in the Province of Cagliari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 45 km northeast of Cagliari.San Vito borders the following municipalities: Burcei, Castiadas, Muravera, Sinnai, Villaputzu, Villasalto....

    ) dating back to 1514, with an imposing portal, which is of Latin rite.

Easter

The town preserves unique Easter traditions, held every year according to a typical itinerary: first of all is the Divine Liturgy
Divine Liturgy
Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. As such, it is used in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches. Armenian Christians, both of the Armenian Apostolic Church and of the Armenian Catholic Church, use the same term...

, where the Gospel is read in seven languages, including Arabic. After the religious ceremony, there is a procession through the main street, all the women and several men dress in traditional Arbëresh costume, the procession leads to the square after the blessing the red eggs are distributed as a sign of Christ's resurrection.

Traditional costume

The traditional female costume of Piana degli Albanesi, such as language and ritual Byzantine, is one of the most obvious signs of cultural diversity Arbëreshë, and is a unique expression of local self-consciousness, which manifests itself in the desire to retain identity and traditions. From the historical point of view Piana degli Albanesi is the community Arbëreshe of Arbëria and Sicily the one of the most relief, moreover, there aren't a lot of specific news about the women's costumes, though, and documentary images, and substantial notes on literary texts local and the writings of the Grand Tour
Grand Tour
The Grand Tour was the traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class European young men of means. The custom flourished from about 1660 until the advent of large-scale rail transit in the 1840s, and was associated with a standard itinerary. It served as an educational rite of passage...

 of Italy, who reported the existence pluridatata. There are several artistic works on the clothes of Albanians of Piana degli Albanesi, including very valuable Vuillier prints of the eighteenth century, and paintings by Ettore De Maria Bergler, partly preserved at the Art Gallery of the monumental complex of Sant'Anna in Palermo and other private prints, postcards and watercolors of unknown authors. Both the former, together with additional and unlimited different representations portray and demonstrate the incomparability of the costume of Piana degli Albanesi.

The clothes, linked to the various moments of women's lives, from everyday life to marriage, punctuated the rhythms of social tradition of the past. Handed down from mother to daughter, and zealously preserved, but now they are no longer clothes, but costumes. The progressive loss of this link began in the 1940s, when after the war in Europe there was a need for more practical clothing.

The opulent and elegant clothes have preserved intact its specificity, and are worn on special occasions such as baptisms, Epiphany, Easter
Easter
Easter is the central feast in the Christian liturgical year. According to the Canonical gospels, Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion. His resurrection is celebrated on Easter Day or Easter Sunday...

 and especially marriage, continuing to be carefully preserved by the women of Piana degli Albanesi. It costs thousands of euros to make and repair these costumes, and the majority of women use them on these occasions. An epitome of beauty is the bridal costume, which makes it particularly valuable and the religious event of the Byzantine rite
Byzantine Rite
The Byzantine Rite, sometimes called the Rite of Constantinople or Constantinopolitan Rite is the liturgical rite used currently by all the Eastern Orthodox Churches, by the Greek Catholic Churches , and by the Protestant Ukrainian Lutheran Church...

. The quality of production, almost continuous, morals, is due to the great craftsmanship of the embroiderers arbëreshe specialists in embroidered gold and silk in turn (wheel), velvet and gold (in leads, and lenticciole canatiglie) in fine clothes and precious, using the pillow or the frame or just the needle, as is done for ricciatura honeycomb of shirt sleeves and lace-up needle. They are a priceless heritage to be handed down, protect and preseve.

The traditional female costume of Piana degli Albanesi has been admired through time and consensus. In the competition held in Venice in 1928, which took part in costume groups from every region of Italy, the group of Piana degli Albanesi was awarded first prize, having been recognized their traditional dress, including all the regional ones, the most sumptuous, rich in design, fabrics and colors.

Language

The most obvious traces of the strong ethnic identity of Piana degli Albanesi is the Albanian language (Arbërisht
Arbëresh language
Arbëreshë, also known as Arbërisht, is an ethnolect spoken by the Arbëreshë, the group of Albanian-speaking minorities in Italy.-Classification:...

), spoken by all, so it is easy to see among the people, street names, road signs and shop signs. The exodus from the Motherland and the distance has not touched Arbëreshë great pride, and the community has preserved its identity as much as possible. The language, even with its special phonetic and morpho-syntactic, Tosk language belongs to the widespread variation in southern Albania
Albania
Albania , officially known as the Republic of Albania , is a country in Southeastern Europe, in the Balkans region. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea...

, mixed at times with the greek phonetic, and is fully recognized within the local government and primary schools as a language minority ethno-linguistic. The Arbërisht remains still the mother tongue, and is the main vehicle of communication. Piana degli Albanesi is officially bilingual, as the official town documents are written in both Albanian and Italian. The citizens are bilingual, able to use both Albanian
Albanian language
Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by approximately 7.6 million people, primarily in Albania and Kosovo but also in other areas of the Balkans in which there is an Albanian population, including western Macedonia, southern Montenegro, southern Serbia and northwestern Greece...

 and Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...

.

The Albanian language is used in radio stations (ex. Radio Hora or Radio Jona), and especially in books and periodicals (ex. Mondo Albanese, Kartularet e Biblos, Albanica, Fluturimi i aikullës, Lajmtari Arbëreshëvet or Mirë ditë).

Music

The music and chants of Piana are deeply tied to religious tradition. The repertoire of sacred songs in greek and in albanian, used throughout the liturgical year of complex and detailed, is very wide. The weekly liturgies, festivals and other officiating are always adorned with a ceaseless flow of melody. The poetic and musical forms are dell'innografia Byzantine liturgical repertory of the museum system is modal theory and follows the Byzantine dell'oktòichos. In addition to these compositions, the prevailing source of educated, there are other evidences of a profane nature, strongly influenced, moreover, of the musical traditions of indigenous origin, it has a large number of popular songs, heritage still very much alive and thriving. The transmission of the songs is, even today, almost entirely through oral tradition. For their documentary value are significant, however, also mentioned the many testimonies pentagram on the manuscript, written, since the beginning of up to 900 times closer to us, priests and monks with the aim of safeguarding the integrity of sacred tradition. The hymns of the Byzantine tradition are performed in celebrations and concerts in the "Corale di San Demetrio" and "Coro dei Papàs di Piana degli Albanesi", while the popular songs from the folk group "Dhëndurët e Arbërit". Among the many heritage, the songs are the most common: Kostantini i vogëlith, Christòs Anèsti, Lazëri, Epi si Chieri, Vajtimet, Simeron Kremate, U të dua mirë, O Zonjë e Parrajsit, Te parkales, Një lule u deja t'isha, Kopile moj kopile, Muaji i mait, Ju lule te këtij sheshi, Trëndafili i Shkëmbit, Lule Borë, Malli çë kam për tij, Përçë ti rron, Perëndesh' e Bukuris, Kur të pash të parën herë, Për Mëmëdhenë, Shkova ka dera jote. The most emblematic songs, one religious and one secular, remain O mburonjë e Shqipëris and O e bukura More.

People from Piana degli Albanesi

  • Lekë Matrënga
    Lekë Matrënga
    Luca Matranga was an Arbëresh writer and priest from Sicily. He is regarded as one of the authors of the era of early Albanian literature.-Works:...

     (1567–1619), priest writer who gave the official start Arbëresh
    Arbëreshë
    The Arbëreshë are a linguistic and ethnic Albanian minority community living in southern Italy, especially the regions of Apulia, Basilicata, Molise, Calabria and Sicily...

     literature.
  • Gjergji Guzzetta (1682–1756), Apostle of the Albanians, founder of the Greek-Albanian seminary and priest of Byzantine rite for the sanctity of life and apostolic works memorable.
  • Giorgio Stassi (1721–1801), the first Bishop greek rite ordaining in Sicily and titular Bishop of Lampasco.
  • Dhimitër Kamarda
    Dhimiter Kamarda
    Demetrio Camarda was an Arbëreshë linguist, patriot of the arbëreshë, and publisher of Albanian folklore, with scientific knowledge also in the field of Indo-European linguistics. He was the follower of the work already performed by Jeronim De Rada...

     (1821–1882), Albanian language scholar, historian and philologist.
  • Giuseppe Musacchia (1837–1910), priest of the Byzantine-Greek rite
    Byzantine Rite
    The Byzantine Rite, sometimes called the Rite of Constantinople or Constantinopolitan Rite is the liturgical rite used currently by all the Eastern Orthodox Churches, by the Greek Catholic Churches , and by the Protestant Ukrainian Lutheran Church...

    , writer and publicist.
  • Nicola Barbato
    Nicola Barbato
    Nicola Barbato, , was a Arbëreshë socialist and politician. He was one of the national leaders of the Fasci Siciliani a popular movement of democratic and socialist inspiration in 1891-1894, and perhaps might have been the ablest among them, according to the Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm.-Early...

     (1856–1923), doctor and politician among the founders of the movement of the Fasci Siciliani
    Fasci Siciliani
    The Fasci Siciliani, short for Fasci Siciliani dei Lavoratori , were a popular movement of democratic and socialist inspiration, which arose in Sicily in the years between 1889 and 1894...

     Workers.
  • Giuseppe Schirò (1865–1925), poet, historian, linguist, publicist and Albanian patriot, most representative of the Albanian literary and cultural traditions of Sicily.
  • Nilo Borgia (1870–1942), priest of the Byzantine-Greek rite, bibliophile, writer, and theologian.
  • Gaetano Petrotta (1882–1952), papàs Albanologist, philologist, university teacher expert in Greek and Albanian language and literature.
  • Sepa Petta (1882–1959), papàs doctor of physical therapy and teacher of the faith, traditions and language of their ancestors.
  • Stefano Plescia (1921), priest of the Byzantine rite-greek, writer, promoter and lover of the Albanian culture.
  • Sotir Ferrara (1937), bishop of the Italo-Albanian Church of the Byzantine-Greek rite
    Byzantine Rite
    The Byzantine Rite, sometimes called the Rite of Constantinople or Constantinopolitan Rite is the liturgical rite used currently by all the Eastern Orthodox Churches, by the Greek Catholic Churches , and by the Protestant Ukrainian Lutheran Church...

    .
  • Giuseppe Schirò Di Maggio (1944), poet, journalist, essayist and playwright.

Agriculture

One of the main local resources is made from tourism, but because of the vast areas devoted to agriculture and its climate, its economy is based primarily on the production of dairy products, cereals, olive oil, wine and fruit, and by herds of sheep, cattle and goats. The office and industrial sector is thriving, the country is precisely known for the presence of accommodation such as guesthouses and restaurants that specialize in preparing dishes of those particular goods

Artistic crafts

A prestigious tradition also belongs to art and craft. Details are Byzantine icon
Icon
An icon is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from Eastern Christianity and in certain Eastern Catholic churches...

s created by iconographers according to the ancient canons of art. Embroidered with meticulousness elegant women's costumes Arbëreshë confirmed by their almost continuous production for over five centuries, the wealth of the work. Other local artists skilled goldsmith
Goldsmith
A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with gold and other precious metals. Since ancient times the techniques of a goldsmith have evolved very little in order to produce items of jewelry of quality standards. In modern times actual goldsmiths are rare...

s, especially related to the production of precious accessories of costume, the masters of the mosaic
Mosaic
Mosaic is the art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It may be a technique of decorative art, an aspect of interior decoration, or of cultural and spiritual significance as in a cathedral...

 and craftsmen who work with local marble. In the tradition of embroidery in addition, there are dolls dressed in Albanian, also embroidered in gold, and with materials so-called "poor" other objects of artistic interest.

Archaeology

Within the confines of the village, in Sant'Agata (Shënt Arhta in Albanian
Albanian language
Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by approximately 7.6 million people, primarily in Albania and Kosovo but also in other areas of the Balkans in which there is an Albanian population, including western Macedonia, southern Montenegro, southern Serbia and northwestern Greece...

), is situated a substantial ancient settlement called Pirama
Pirama
Pirama was an ancient city in Sicily on the road from Panormus to Agrigentum , mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary . Modern scholarship places the site at Sant'Agata in the comune of Piana degli Albanesi, where pottery sherds covering 40,000 m² have been found....

, late-Roman necropolis currently subject to archaeological research center.

Video


See also

  • Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi
    Eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi
    The Eparchia di Piana degli Albanesi , in Sicily, has been an eparchy since 1941. It was founded in 1937, and has 15 parishes, being subject to the Italo-Albanian Byzantine Church.-Territory:...

  • Byzantine Rite
    Byzantine Rite
    The Byzantine Rite, sometimes called the Rite of Constantinople or Constantinopolitan Rite is the liturgical rite used currently by all the Eastern Orthodox Churches, by the Greek Catholic Churches , and by the Protestant Ukrainian Lutheran Church...

  • Albania
    Albania
    Albania , officially known as the Republic of Albania , is a country in Southeastern Europe, in the Balkans region. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea...

  • Arbëreshë
    Arbëreshë
    The Arbëreshë are a linguistic and ethnic Albanian minority community living in southern Italy, especially the regions of Apulia, Basilicata, Molise, Calabria and Sicily...

  • Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu

External links

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