Perućac is a village in western Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

 in the immediate proximity of the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina , sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the...

. It is situated near the 346 km-long Drina River, which constitutes the natural border between Serbia and Bosnia.

The main feature of the village is the Bajina Bašta
Bajina Bašta
Bajina Bašta is a town located in the western mountains of Serbia. The town lies in the valley of the Drina River at the eastern edge of Tara National Park...

 hydro-electric power plant, which is the second largest of its kind in Serbia. It was built in 1966 as a result of a joint venture by ex-Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia refers to three political entities that existed successively on the western part of the Balkans during most of the 20th century....

n and Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

ese companies. Between 1976 and 1983 a reversible pumping station
Pumping station
Pumping stations are facilities including pumps and equipment for pumping fluids from one place to another. They are used for a variety of infrastructure systems, such as the supply of water to canals, the drainage of low-lying land, and the removal of sewage to processing sites.A pumping station...

 was built, which was the second phase of the project. Excessive electrical power produced during the rain season was used to pump water from Lake Perućac up to Mount Tara, some 600 metres above. To hold this water and act as a reservoir for the Bajina Bašta II plant an artificial lake, Zaovine Lake
Zaovine Lake
Zaovine Lake is an artificial lake in central-west Serbia, on the Tara Mountain...

, was created up in the mountains by damming the Beli Rzav river.

Perućac features what is reputedly Serbia's smallest river — the Vrelo
Vrelo is a right tributary of the river Drina in the settlement of Perućac, Bajina Bašta municipality in Serbia. The river is only 365 meters long and is probably one of the shortest rivers in the world....

. This is known as the "One-year-long River", due to its length— 365 m— from its source to its end, with the length in metres corresponding to the number of days in a year. The Vrelo flows into the Drina just a few hundred metres below the artificial lake.

During the summer days, Lake Perućac is the place where many of the residents of the surrounding area and the town of Bajina Bašta come to sunbathe, swim and fish. Perućac is also where the 56 km-long canyon of the River Drina begins.

See also

  • Perućac Lake
    Perućac lake
    Perućac Lake , also known as Lake Perućac, is an artificial lake partly in the municipalities of Srebrenica and Višegrad in Bosnia and Herzegovina and partly in the municipality of Bajina Bašta, Serbia...

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.