Paris, Texas
Overview
Paris, Texas is a city located 98 miles (157.7 km) northeast of the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Metropolitan Statistical Area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. The area is divided into two metropolitan divisions: Dallas–Plano–Irving and Fort Worth–Arlington. Residents of the area...

 in Lamar County, Texas, in the United States. It is situated in Northeast Texas
Northeast Texas
Northeast Texas is a region in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. It is geographically centered around two metropolitan areas strung along Interstate 20: Tyler in the west and Longview/Marshall to the east...

 at the western edge of the Piney Woods
Piney Woods
The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest terrestrial ecoregion in the Southern United States covering of East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma. These coniferous forests are dominated by several species of pine as well as hardwoods including hickory and...

. Physiographically, these regions are part of the West Gulf Coastal Plain. In 1900, 9,358 people lived in Paris; in 1910, 11,269; in 1920, 15,040; and in 1940, 18,678.
Discussions
Encyclopedia
Paris, Texas is a city located 98 miles (157.7 km) northeast of the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Metropolitan Statistical Area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. The area is divided into two metropolitan divisions: Dallas–Plano–Irving and Fort Worth–Arlington. Residents of the area...

 in Lamar County, Texas, in the United States. It is situated in Northeast Texas
Northeast Texas
Northeast Texas is a region in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. It is geographically centered around two metropolitan areas strung along Interstate 20: Tyler in the west and Longview/Marshall to the east...

 at the western edge of the Piney Woods
Piney Woods
The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest terrestrial ecoregion in the Southern United States covering of East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma. These coniferous forests are dominated by several species of pine as well as hardwoods including hickory and...

. Physiographically, these regions are part of the West Gulf Coastal Plain. In 1900, 9,358 people lived in Paris; in 1910, 11,269; in 1920, 15,040; and in 1940, 18,678. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 25,171. It is the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Lamar County and serves as a business and employment center for the county.

The film Paris, Texas
Paris, Texas (film)
Paris, Texas is a 1984 drama film directed by Wim Wenders. The screenplay is by L.M. Kit Carson and playwright Sam Shepard, and the distinctive musical score was composed by Ry Cooder. The cinematography is by Robby Müller....

 by Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders is a German film director, playwright, author, photographer and producer.-Early life:Wenders was born in Düsseldorf. He graduated from high school in Oberhausen in the Ruhr area. He then studied medicine and philosophy in Freiburg and Düsseldorf...

 was named after the city, but was not set there.

Local residents like the humorous slogan "Second Largest Paris in the World." Following a tradition of American cities named "Paris", a 65 feet (19.8 m) replica of the Eiffel Tower
Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower is a puddle iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. Built in 1889, it has become both a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world...

 was constructed in 1993. In 1998, presumably as a response to the 1993 construction of a 70 feet (21.3 m) tower in Paris, Tennessee
Paris, Tennessee
Paris is a city in Henry County, Tennessee, United States, west of Nashville, on a fork of the West Sandy River. In 1900, 2,018 people lived in Paris, Tennessee; in 1910, 3,881; and in 1940, 6,395. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 9,763. It is the county seat of Henry...

, the city placed a giant red cowboy hat atop the tower. The current tower is at least the second Eiffel Tower replica built in Paris; the first was constructed of wood and later destroyed by a tornado
Tornado
A tornado is a violent, dangerous, rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are often referred to as a twister or a cyclone, although the word cyclone is used in meteorology in a wider...

.

It is governed by a city council
City council
A city council or town council is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality or local government area.-Australia & NZ:Because of the differences in legislation between the States, the exact definition of a City Council varies...

 as specified in the city's charter adopted in 1948. It has fewer than 100 police officers, and fewer than 100 fire fighters. It is rated Risk Zone 1
Seismic risk
Seismic risk uses the results of a seismic hazard analysis, and includes both consequence and probability. Seismic risk has been defined, for most management purposes, as the potential economic, social and environmental consequences of hazardous events that may occur in a specified period of time...

 for earthquake potential, the lowest rating.

Origins

The first recorded settlement in the vicinity was in 1826, and settlements were known to be in the area as early as 1824. The town was founded by merchant George W. Wright, who donated 50 acres (202,343 m²) of land in February 1844, when the community was also designated the county seat. It was incorporated by the Congress of the Republic of Texas
Republic of Texas
The Republic of Texas was an independent nation in North America, bordering the United States and Mexico, that existed from 1836 to 1846.Formed as a break-away republic from Mexico by the Texas Revolution, the state claimed borders that encompassed an area that included all of the present U.S...

 on February 3, 1845. Paris was on the Central National Road of the Republic of Texas
Republic of Texas
The Republic of Texas was an independent nation in North America, bordering the United States and Mexico, that existed from 1836 to 1846.Formed as a break-away republic from Mexico by the Texas Revolution, the state claimed borders that encompassed an area that included all of the present U.S...

, which ran from San Antonio north through Paris to cross the Red River
Red River (Mississippi watershed)
The Red River, or sometimes the Red River of the South, is a major tributary of the Mississippi and Atchafalaya Rivers in the southern United States of America. The river gains its name from the red-bed country of its watershed. It is one of several rivers with that name...

. By the eve of the Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

, when it had 700 residents, Paris had become a cattle and farming center. It is the site of the first municipally owned and operated abattoir in the United States. Lamar County was one of the few Texas counties that voted against secession, though many of its inhabitants later served in the Confederacy
Confederate States of America
The Confederate States of America was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by 11 Southern slave states of the United States of America that had declared their secession from the U.S...

.

In 1877, 1896, and 1916, major fires forced the city to rebuild. The 1916 fire was so extensive that it destroyed almost half the town, ruining most of the central business district and sweeping through a residential area before it was finally controlled, resulting in property damages estimated at $11 million. Burned structures included the Federal Building and post office, Lamar County Courthouse and Jail, City Hall, most commercial buildings, and several churches. The 1916 fire started around 5 p.m. on March 21, 1916. The exact cause of the fire is unknown. Winds estimated at 50 miles per hour fanned the flames that were visible for up to forty miles away. The fire was brought under control on the morning on March 22 by local firefighters and those from surrounding cities in Texas and Hugo, Oklahoma
Hugo, Oklahoma
Hugo is a city in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma, bordering Texas. Hugo is the county seat for Choctaw County and has a population of 5,395 as of 2009 estimates. The city serves as winter quarters for some circus performers...

.

Transportation

Paris has long been a railroad center. The Texas and Pacific reached town in 1876; the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway
The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway was a subsidiary of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in eastern Texas and to Purcell, Oklahoma.- Nineteenth Century :...

 (later merged into the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway , often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the larger railroads in the United States. The company was first chartered in February 1859...

) and the St. Louis - San Francisco Railway in 1887; the Texas Midland (later Southern Pacific
Southern Pacific Railroad
The Southern Pacific Transportation Company , earlier Southern Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Company, and usually simply called the Southern Pacific or Espee, was an American railroad....

) in 1894; and the Paris and Mount Pleasant (Pa-Ma Line) in 1910.

Historical residences

The city is home to several stately late 19th century to mid-20th century homes. Among these is the Rufus Fenner Scott Mansion, designed by German architect J.L. Wees and constructed in 1910. The structure is solid concrete and steel with four floors. Rufus Scott was a prominent businessman known for shipping, imports, and banking. He was well known by local farmers who bought aging transport mules from Mr. Scott. The Scott Mansion narrowly survived the fire of 1916. After the fire, Mr. Scott brought Mr. Wees back to Paris to redesign the historic downtown area. In the early 1930s, Rufus Scott died, and his home was purchased by Gene Roden, who converted the home into a funeral home. It was the first funeral home in northeast Texas to have its own chapel. The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation...

 in 1982. On April 1, 2006, Gene Roden's Sons Funeral Home was sold to Arvin Starrett and E. Casey Rose (who was managing the firm at the time) and the name was changed to Starrett-Rose Funeral Home. In March 2007, Casey Rose sold his 50 % interest in the firm to Arvin Starrett and the name became Starrett Funeral Home.

Also of note is the recently restored home of William Belford Wise. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988, the property is an example of late Victorian Queen Anne style architecture
Queen Anne Style architecture
The Queen Anne Style in Britain means either the English Baroque architectural style roughly of the reign of Queen Anne , or a revived form that was popular in the last quarter of the 19th century and the early decades of the 20th century...

 in masonry.

Paris Junior College

Paris Junior College
Paris Junior College
Paris Junior College, or PJC, was founded in 1924 as a campus of Paris Independent School District in the U.S. state of Texas and currently counts three campuses: Paris, Greenville, and Sulphur Springs with a total enrollment of 4,000 students...

 was established in 1924. In 1990, it was one of the oldest junior colleges in Texas; at that time the main campus had twenty buildings, including a new $1.1 million physical education center, and the college offered both technical and academic instruction. Its jewelry technologies department, now known as The Texas Institute of Jewelry Technology at Paris Junior College, is internationally recognized. The PJC Dragon's Men's basketball team won the NJCAA national championship in 2005. PJC is now constructing a new women's dormitory which is set to be ready for fall of 2010.

Camp Maxey

From 1942–45, the US Army operated Camp Maxey
Camp Maxey
Camp Maxey was a World War II infantry training camp named in honor of Samuel Bell Maxey.Located just north of Paris, Texas, it opened on July 15, 1942 under the command of Colonel C.H. Palmer...

, 10 miles (16.1 km) north of Paris. During World War II, Camp Maxey had an area of 36,683 Acres (14,845.08 Hectares), and billeting space for 2,022 Officers, and 42,515 Enlisted Personnel.

The camp served as an infantry-division training camp. Named in honor of Samuel Bell Maxey, it was activated on 15 July 1942 and deactivated 1 October 1945. It also served as an internment center for many German prisoners of war. Currently, Camp Maxey is maintained by a Texas Army National Guard
Texas Army National Guard
The Texas Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army, the United States National Guard and the Texas Military Forces . Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support...

 unit, who regularly conduct training exercises, although the Camp itself is garrisoned normally by a force of only 10 men. Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol is a Congressionally chartered, federally supported, non-profit corporation that serves as the official civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force . CAP is a volunteer organization with an aviation-minded membership that includes people from all backgrounds, lifestyles, and...

's Texas Wing also regularly uses the camp for training events.

In June 2008, when word came that over 600 American service personnel were coming to receive training for the war in Iraq, residents of the city of Paris adopted them and made donations of everything the troops could possibly need so they might enjoy their stay in Paris before they went on to the war.

Modern city rating

Paris, Texas was named "Best Small Town in Texas" in 1998 by Kevin Heubusch in his book The New Rating Guide to Life in America's Small Cities.

Elder Care

Paris, Texas declared itself to be a "geriatric" retirement community in the last year promoting itself to be a place for the elderly to come to pass away. This has led to an increase in assisted care and nursing facilities. The side effect of this is that very little investment has or will occur for families that do locate there.

Urban renewal

Paris, Texas has demolished a huge amount of housing in the last 5 or so years. Many apartment facilities have also been vacated and/or demolished. This has led to a huge loss of low priced rental property and many families have left the city, as the price of rental property has skyrocketed. One apartment complex was completely gutted by fire recently. Texas municipalities have recently stopped bull dozing peoples property as there is a far reaching lawsuit taking place that could lead to huge damages on behalf of the plaintiff.

Employment

Paris, Texas has undergone some business hardships in recent years with many jobs lost to the recession. Philips lighting, Paris Industries, Rogers Wade, Paris Feed Mill, Paris Seed Refinery, Blockbuster, Starbucks and Furrs Diner have all closed and Sara Lee have announced their closure. Campbell Soup have cut back to three thermal production lines and have scaled back employment and laid off numerous maintenance staff.
Turner pipe are embroiled in a Federal racial employment lawsuit and have reduced operations in Paris. Employers such as Kimberly Clark, Paris Regional Medical Center and other health care industries, Paris Junior College, and multiple school systems located in Paris, TX still have operations. There is new company Daisy Farms, that will add a few additional jobs.

School

Paris, Texas has built a new high school at a cost in excess of $56M, the cost of this is in the form of bonds to be paid for by higher taxation. The original school is still in use although there are 200 students less in the area as families have left the city.

Entertainment

Paris, Texas is a semi-rural type of environment and as such there are few facilities and events for families. Dallas is the nearest large city that offers any form of entertainment. There is a walking track made from an old railway line, there are lots of churches, a community theater, a " Cinemark 8", a languishing local music scene hampered by city by-laws that shut them down at 10pm, a locally-based comedy production company of one, family fun center that opens on the weekends, and has a skating rink, miniature golf, game arcade, and new batting cages, a bowling alley, a swimming pool that is usually booked solid by the local school swim teams but is still open to the public, bingo twice a week. There is a lake 15 miles north of the city for fishing, although 40 miles south is the record holding Lake Fork (Bass fishing).

Diversity

A "Diversity Task Force" was created in 2008. The task force membership includes the Paris Chapter of the NAACP, the City of Paris, Lamar County Chamber of Commerce, Paris Economic Development Corporation, Workforce Solutions Northeast Texas and the Paris Ministers’ Alliance.

Bass Reeves

Recently, the Paris community also placed a bronze statue of U.S. Marshall Bass Reeves
Bass Reeves
Bass Reeves was one of the first African Americans to receive a commission as a Deputy U.S. Marshal west of the Mississippi River....

 in the Lamar County Courthouse. The statue honors Reeves for his ability to escape slavery and become the first black deputy U.S. Marshal west of the Mississippi.

Geography and weather

Paris is located at 33°39′45"N 95°32′52"W (33.662508, −95.547692).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total area of 44.4 square miles (115 km²), of which, 42.8 square miles (110.9 km²) of it is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²) of it (3.74%) is water.

Paris is located in "Tornado Alley
Tornado Alley
Tornado Alley is a colloquial and popular media term that most often refers to the area of the United States where tornadoes are most frequent. Although an official location is not defined, the area between the Rocky Mountains and Appalachian Mountains is usually associated with it.The areas...

", an area largely centered on the middle of the United States which sees tornadoes frequently. Paris is in USDA plant hardiness zone 7b for winter temperatures. This is cooler than its southern neighbor Dallas, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Dallas is the third-largest city in Texas and the ninth-largest in the United States. The Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex is the largest metropolitan area in the South and fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United States...

, and while similar to Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta is the capital and most populous city in the U.S. state of Georgia. According to the 2010 census, Atlanta's population is 420,003. Atlanta is the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan area, which is home to 5,268,860 people and is the ninth largest metropolitan area in...

, it has warmer summertime temperatures. Summertime average highs reach 94 f and 95 °F (35 °C) in July and August, with associated lows of 72 and 71. Winter temperatures drop to an average high of 51 and low of 30 in January. The highest temperature on record was 115, set in August 1936, and the record low was −5, set in 1930. Average precipitation is 47.82 inches (1,214.6 mm). Snow is not unusual, but is by no means predictable, and years can pass with no snowfall at all.

On April 2, 1982, Paris was hit by an F4 tornado
Tornado
A tornado is a violent, dangerous, rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are often referred to as a twister or a cyclone, although the word cyclone is used in meteorology in a wider...

 that destroyed more than 1,500 homes, left ten people dead, 170 injured and 3,000 homeless. The damage toll from this tornado was estimated at 50 million USD in 1982.

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census there are 25,171 people.
As of the census of 2000, there were 25,898 people, 10,570 households, and 6,711 families residing in the city. The population density was 605.7 people per square mile (233.9/km²). There were 11,777 housing units at an average density of 275.5 per square mile (106.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.92% White, 22.26% African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.12% of the population.

There were 10,570 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

. Of 10,570 households, 385 are unmarried partner households: 349 heterosexual, 14 same-sex male, and 22 same-sex female households. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,438, and the median income for a family was $34,916. Males had a median income of $29,378 versus $20,080 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,137. About 16.5% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

In the past, Paris was a major cotton exchange, and while cotton is still farmed on the lands around Paris, it is no longer the economic force that it once was.

Paris has one major hospital split on two campuses: Paris Regional Medical Center South (formerly St. Joseph's Hospital) and Paris Regional Medical Center North (formerly McCuistion Regional Medical Center). It serves as center for healthcare for much of Northeast Texas and Southeast Oklahoma. Both campuses are now operated jointly under the name of the Paris Regional Medical Center, a division of Essent Healthcare. The health network is the largest employer in the Paris area.

Outside of healthcare, the largest employers are Kimberly-Clark
Kimberly-Clark
Kimberly-Clark Corporation is an American corporation that produces mostly paper-based consumer products. Kimberly-Clark brand name products include "Kleenex" facial tissue, "Kotex" feminine hygiene products, "Cottonelle", Scott and Andrex toilet paper, Wypall utility wipes, "KimWipes"...

, and Campbell's Soup.

Transportation

Paris is served by two U.S. Highways: US 82 and US 271. Other important highways with routes through Paris are State Highway 19
State Highway 19 (Texas)
State Highway 19, or SH 19, runs from Huntsville to Paris in east Texas. It is a two-lane freeway near Huntsville.-History:SH 19 was one of the original 26 Texas state highways proposed in 1917. The original proposal was for it to run from the Texas/Oklahoma border north of Paris to Houston. By...

 (co-signed with State Highway 24
State Highway 24 (Texas)
State Highway 24, or SH 24, runs from Campbell to Paris in north Texas. It is a portion of the main route, along with Interstate 30, from Paris to the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex.-History:...

) and Loop 286
State Highway Loop 286 (Texas)
Loop 286 is a loop highway around Paris, Texas . Parts of it are co-signed as U.S. Highway 82 and U.S. Highway 271. Loop 286 is mostly a divided highway with partially controlled access, but parts of it on the south side of town near State Highway 19 are still 2 lanes.Loop 286 forms part of the...

.

According to the Texas Transportation Commission, Paris is the second-largest city in Texas without a four-lane divided highway connecting to an Interstate highway within the state. However, those traveling north of the city can go into the Midwest on a four-lane thoroughfare via US 271 across the Red River into Oklahoma, and then the Indian Nation Turnpike
Indian Nation Turnpike
The Indian Nation Turnpike is a toll road in southeastern Oklahoma. It is the longest tollway in the state.-Route description:The Indian Nation turnpike is built to parkway-like design standards, omitting a center barrier and left-hand shoulders for a slightly mounded grassy median that is flush...

 from Hugo to Interstate 40 at Henryetta, which in turn continues as a free four-lane highway via US 75 to Tulsa.

Paris is served by two taxicab companies, Yellow Cab
Yellow Cab
There are many Yellow Cabs taxicab operators around the world . The original Yellow Cab Company, based in Chicago, Illinois is one of the largest taxicab companies in the United States.- History :...

 and City Cab. Cox Field
Cox Field
Cox Field is a city-owned, public-use airport located six nautical miles east of the central business district of Paris, a city in Lamar County, Texas, United States. It is owned by the city of Paris but is operated and maintained by J.R...

 provides general aviation services.

Education

Elementary and secondary education is split between three main school district
School district
School districts are a form of special-purpose district which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools.-United States:...

s:
  • The Paris Independent School District
    Paris Independent School District
    Paris Independent School District is a public school district based in Paris, Texas . It is a 3A school, and is the largest in Lamar County, with an enrollment of almost 1,500 students....

     serves the portion of the city inside of Loop 286.
  • The North Lamar Independent School District
    North Lamar Independent School District
    North Lamar Independent School District is a public school district based in Paris, Texas .The district serves northern portions of Paris, the cities of Reno and Sun Valley, as well as the communities of Arthur City, Chicota, Powderly, and Sumner in northern Lamar County. A very small portion of...

     serves the north side of the city, outside of loop 286.
  • The Chisum Independent School District
    Chisum Independent School District
    Chisum Independent School District, or CISD, is a public school district based in the southern portion of Paris, Texas .The district was created in 1985 by the consolidation of the Delmar and West Lamar School Districts and adopted its present name in 1986.The district serves southern portions of...

     serves the south side of the city, outside loop 286.


In addition, Paris Junior College
Paris Junior College
Paris Junior College, or PJC, was founded in 1924 as a campus of Paris Independent School District in the U.S. state of Texas and currently counts three campuses: Paris, Greenville, and Sulphur Springs with a total enrollment of 4,000 students...

 provides post-secondary education, and hosts the Texas Institute of Jewelry Technology, a well-respected school of gemology, horology, and jewelry, and the Industrial Technology Division which offers programs in Air Conditioning Technology, Refrigeration Technology, Agricultural Technology, Drafting and Computer-aided Design, Electronics, Electromechanical Technology, and Welding Technology.

The Paris Public Library serves Paris.

State government

Paris is represented in the Texas Senate
Texas Senate
The Texas Senate is the upper house of the Texas Legislature. There are 31 members of the Senate, representing 31 single-member districts across the state with populations of approximately 672,000 per constituency. There are no term limits, and each term is four years long. The Senate meets at the...

 by Republican Kevin Eltife
Kevin Eltife
Kevin Paul Eltife is a businessman from Tyler, Texas, who is a Republican member of the Texas Senate. He was sworn in on March 5, 2004, as a result of a special election, to represent District 1...

, District 1, and in the Texas House of Representatives
Texas House of Representatives
The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the Texas Legislature. The House is composed of 150 members elected from single-member districts across the state. The average district has about 150,000 people. Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits...

 by Democrat Mark Homer
Mark Homer
Mark Homer is a British actor of stage, television and film. He is best known for playing Tony Hills in the popular British soap opera EastEnders from 1995 to 1999. His subsequent work includes guest appearances in Silent Witness and Spine Chillers, both also for the BBC...

, District 3.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice
Texas Department of Criminal Justice
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice is a department of the government of the state of Texas. The TDCJ is responsible for statewide criminal justice for adult offenders, including managing offenders in state prisons, state jails and private correctional facilities, funding and certain...

 (TDCJ) operates the Paris District Parole Office in Paris.

Federal government

At the Federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn
John Cornyn
John Cornyn, III is the junior United States Senator for Texas, serving since 2003. He is a member of the Republican Party. He was elected Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 111th U.S. Congress....

 and Kay Bailey Hutchison
Kay Bailey Hutchison
Kathryn Ann Bailey Hutchison, known as Kay Bailey Hutchison , is the senior United States Senator from Texas.She is a member of the Republican Party. In 2001, she was named one of the thirty most powerful women in America by Ladies Home Journal. The first woman to represent Texas in the U.S....

; Paris is part of Texas' US Congressional 4th District, which is currently represented by Republican Ralph M. Hall.

The United States Postal Service
United States Postal Service
The United States Postal Service is an independent agency of the United States government responsible for providing postal service in the United States...

 operates the Paris Post Office.

Attractions

  • Pat Mayse Lake
  • Lake Crook
  • Central Presbyterian Church – founded in 1844, it was the first church formed in Lamar County, boasts historic stained glass windows and is historically registered at the state and federal levels http://www.parispresbyterian.com
  • Beaver's Bend Resort Park (Oklahoma)
  • Evergreen Cemetery – Located on the south side of town, there are over 50,000 people interred; it is the home of the infamous 12 feet (3.7 m) tall "Jesus with cowboy boots" statue and grave marker, as well as the resting place of banker/philanthropist William J. McDonald
    William Johnson McDonald
    William Johnson McDonald was a Paris, Texas...

    , Confederate General/U.S. Senator Sam Bell Maxey, rancher Pitts Chisum, and cotton magnate John J. Culbertson. Pitts Chisum's more famous brother, John Chisum
    John Chisum
    John Simpson Chisum was a wealthy cattle baron in the American West in the mid-to-late 19th century. Born in Hardeman County, Tennessee, Chisum's family moved to Texas in 1837, with Chisum finding work as a building contractor...

    , is also buried in the city.
  • Sam Bell Maxey House – Maxey was a Confederate General

  • Culbertson Fountain
  • Bywaters Park
  • Pine Branch Daylily Farm – Breeding and selling of over 1,000 registered varieties.
  • Paris Eiffel Tower
  • Restored Courthouse and its lawn with monuments
  • Downtown restored 1918ish buildings
  • Trail de Paris (Multi-use recreational facility along abandoned railroad corridor)
  • Record Park
  • Public Pool & Bath House

  • The second Saturday of every October amateur radio
    Amateur radio
    Amateur radio is the use of designated radio frequency spectrum for purposes of private recreation, non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, and emergency communication...

     enthusiasts (ham radio operators) come to the city in large numbers to attend the annual Paris Texas Hamfest.Hamfest info
  • On October 4, 1955, early in his career, Elvis Presley
    Elvis Presley
    Elvis Aaron Presley was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon, he is widely known by the single name Elvis. He is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King"....

     performed at the Boys Club Gymnasium at 1530 1st Street Northeast in Paris as a member of the Louisiana Hayride
    Louisiana Hayride
    Louisiana Hayride was a radio and later television country music show broadcast from the Shreveport Municipal Memorial Auditorium in Shreveport, Louisiana, that during its heyday from 1948 to 1960 helped to launch the careers of some of the greatest names in American music...

     Jamboree tour.
  • Annual Paris Art Fair sponsored by the YWCA Paris and Lamar County.
  • Each July the Tour de Paris, a bicycle tour that brings many tourists, both American and European.

Notable residents

  • Wlliam Eudy, Former US Air Force C-5 Crew Chief, whose career was shortened because of an alleged case of PTSD.
  • Jerry Bywaters, artist who pioneered the style later termed "Lone Star Regionalism;" directed the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts (now the Dallas Museum of Art) for two decades beginning in 1943
  • John Chisum
    John Chisum
    John Simpson Chisum was a wealthy cattle baron in the American West in the mid-to-late 19th century. Born in Hardeman County, Tennessee, Chisum's family moved to Texas in 1837, with Chisum finding work as a building contractor...

    , cattle baron.
  • Bass Reeves
    Bass Reeves
    Bass Reeves was one of the first African Americans to receive a commission as a Deputy U.S. Marshal west of the Mississippi River....

    , Deputy U.S. Marshal
  • Duane Allen
    Duane Allen
    Duane David Allen had formal training in both operatic and quartet singing before becoming a member of The Oak Ridge Boys in 1966. Allen is the lead singer for the quartet and is heard on the majority of their most successful songs.He was inducted in the Texas Gospel Music Hall of Fame.He is...

    , member of The Oak Ridge Boys
    The Oak Ridge Boys
    The Oak Ridge Boys are an American country and gospel vocal quartet.The group was founded in the 1940s as the Oak Ridge Quartet. They became popular in southern gospel during the 1950s...

  • Raymond Berry
    Raymond Berry
    Raymond Emmett Berry is a former football wide receiver. He played for the Baltimore Colts during their two NFL championship wins. He later had a career in coaching, highlighted by his trip to Super Bowl XX as head coach of the New England Patriots...

    , professional football Hall of Fame Member
    Pro Football Hall of Fame
    The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of professional football in the United States with an emphasis on the National Football League . It opened in Canton, Ohio, on September 7, 1963, with 17 charter inductees...

  • Bobby Jack Floyd
    Bobby Jack Floyd
    Bobby Jack Floyd is a former fullback in the National Football League.-Career:Floyd was drafted by the Green Bay Packers in the fifteenth round of the 1952 NFL Draft and played that season with the team. The following season he played with the Chicago Bears....

    , National Football League fullback
  • Charles R. Floyd
    Charles R. Floyd
    thumb|right|Senator Charles R. Floyd, ca. 1920, from the family archiveCharles Richard Floyd a Democrat, was elected to three four-year terms to the Texas Senate, serving a total of twelve years as a senator, from 1917 to 1929...

    , Democratic State Senator who served three four-year terms; pioneer of the Texas Farm-to-market road system and an original founder of Paris Junior College
    Paris Junior College
    Paris Junior College, or PJC, was founded in 1924 as a campus of Paris Independent School District in the U.S. state of Texas and currently counts three campuses: Paris, Greenville, and Sulphur Springs with a total enrollment of 4,000 students...

  • General John P. Jumper
    John P. Jumper
    John P. Jumper is a retired United States Air Force general, who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force from September 6, 2001 to September 2, 2005. He retired from the Air Force on November 1, 2005. Jumper was succeeded as Chief of Staff by General T. Michael...

    , Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force
    Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force
    The Chief of Staff of the Air Force is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Air Force, and is the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Air Force, and as such is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the...

     from 2001 to 2005
  • Samuel Bell Maxey, United States Senator and Confederate
    Confederate States of America
    The Confederate States of America was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by 11 Southern slave states of the United States of America that had declared their secession from the U.S...

     Major General
  • John Osteen
    John Osteen
    John Hillery Osteen was the first pastor of Lakewood Church in Houston, Texas from its beginnings in 1959 until his death in 1999 of a heart attack. His son Joel Osteen succeeded him....

    , pastor
  • Paris 23, The twenty-three hired gunmen who went to Wyoming in 1892 with the intention of eliminating alleged rustlers in Johnson County and to break up the NWFSGA (Northern Wyoming Farmers and Stock Growers Association). The group was part of Woolcott's invaders in the historical event known as the Johnson County War
    Johnson County War
    The Johnson County War, also known as the War on Powder River, was a range war which took place in April 1892 in Johnson County, Natrona County and Converse County in the U.S. state of Wyoming...

    . The story was featured in the movie Heaven's Gate
  • Dave Philley
    Dave Philley
    David Earl Philley is a former outfielder who played in Major League Baseball. A switch-hitter who threw right-handed, he debuted on September 6, and played his final game on August 6, . He was born in Paris, Texas....

    , professional baseball player and holder of five MLB records
  • Eddie Robinson, professional baseball player and four-time all-star
  • Admiral James O. Richardson, United States Navy Fleet Commander 1940–1941
  • Jack Russell
    Jack Russell (baseball player)
    Jack Erwin Russell was a Major League Baseball player from 1926 to 1940 for the Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs, Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators, Detroit Tigers and St. Louis Cardinals. Russell was mainly a pitcher and his career marks were 85 wins, 141 losses, and a 4.46 ERA...

    , professional baseball player and first relief pitcher selected to a Major League Baseball All-Star Game
    Major League Baseball All-Star Game
    The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also known as the "Midsummer Classic", is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by a combination of fans, players, coaches, and managers...

  • Leslie Satcher
    Leslie Satcher
    Leslie Winn Satcher was born in 1962 in Paris, Texas. She has recorded two albums of her own and, in addition, she has co-written several singles for such artists as George Strait, Martina McBride, Pam Tillis, Gretchen Wilson, Patty Loveless, and Vince Gill....

    , country music recording artist
  • Shangela (ne D.J. Pierce) actor, comedian, and drag queen, best known for participation on RuPaul's Drag Race season 2 and 3.
  • Gene Stallings
    Gene Stallings
    Eugene Clifton Stallings, Jr. is a former American football player and coach. He played college football at Texas A&M University , where he was one of the "Junction Boys", and later served as the head coach at his alma mater from 1965 to 1971. Stallings was also the head coach of the St...

    , college and professional football coach
  • William Scott Scudder
    Scott Scudder
    William Scott Scudder was a Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher.Drafted by the Cincinnati Reds in the 1st round of the 1986 MLB amateur draft, Scudder made his Major League Baseball debut with the Cincinnati Reds on June 6, 1989, and appeared in his final game on May 22, 1993.Scudder was a...

    , Major League Baseball pitcher.
  • Beverly Leech
    Beverly Leech
    Beverly Leech is an American actress who is perhaps best-known for her portrayal of Kate Monday on Square One TV's Mathnet....

    , actress portrayed Kate Monday on Mathnet
    Mathnet
    Mathnet is a segment on the children's television show Square One, of which five seasons were produced . This parody of Dragnet featured detectives at the Los Angeles Police Department who solved mysteries using their mathematical skills. There were two main characters: detectives Kate Monday and...

  • Cas Haley
    Cas Haley
    Cas Haley is an American singer/guitarist who was the runner-up on Season 2 of America's Got Talent.-Career:His self-titled album charted as the #8 Best selling reggae album of 2008 on the Billboard Charts....

    , singer/musician, NBC's Season 2 of "America's Got Talent" runner-up
  • Allan Hubbard, actor from Tender Mercies
    Tender Mercies
    Tender Mercies is a 1983 American drama film directed by Bruce Beresford. The screenplay by Horton Foote focuses on Mac Sledge, a recovering alcoholic country music singer who seeks to turn his life around through his relationship with a young widow and her son in rural Texas...

  • David Fielding, the original voice of Zordon
    Zordon
    Zordon is a powerful wizard and mentor to the Power Rangers franchise, appearing in the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers television series and many of its subsequent incarnations....

     in Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
    Mighty Morphin Power Rangers is an American live-action children's television series based on the 16th installment of the Japanese Super Sentai franchise, Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger. Both the show and its related merchandise saw unbridled overnight success, catapulting into pop culture in mere months...

  • Tia Ballard
    Tia Ballard
    Tia Lynn Ballard is an American actress, artist, comedian, writer, and voice actress for FUNimation Entertainment.She received an Associate of Science degree in 2006 from Paris Junior College with an emphasis on Theatre and Art...

    , actress for Funimation Entertainment
    Funimation Entertainment
    Funimation is an American entertainment company. Originally founded in 1994 by Gen Fukunaga, the company became a subsidiary of Navarre Corporation on May 11, 2005...

    .
  • Gene Watson
    Gene Watson
    Gary Gene Watson is an American country singer. He is most famous for his 1975 hit "Love in the Hot Afternoon," his 1982 hit "Fourteen Carat Mind," and his signature song "Farewell Party." Watson's long career has notched six number ones, 23 top tens and over 75 charted singles.-Biography:Watson...

    , country singer
  • Vanilla Ice
    Vanilla Ice
    Robert Matthew Van Winkle , best known by his stage name Vanilla Ice, is an American rapper, extreme athlete and home improvement television personality...

    , musician
  • Sunny Sweeney
    Sunny Sweeney
    Sunny Michaela Sweeney is an American country music artist. She is signed to the Republic Nashville label. Her debut album, Heartbreaker's Hall of Fame, was issued in 2007. Although it produced three singles in "If I Could", "Ten Years Pass" and "East Texas Pines", none of these singles have charted...

    , musician
  • David F. Claxton III, Game designer and writer of horror fiction, children's books, and Directors Cut Survival Horror, also designer and writer for InParisTexas.com

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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