Pakistan penal code
The Pakistan Penal Code usually called PPC is a penal code for all offences charged in Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. It was originally prepared by Lord Macaulay with a great consultation in 1860 on the behalf of the Government of British India as the Indian Penal Code
Indian Penal Code
Indian Penal Code is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code, intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. It was drafted in 1860 and came into force in colonial India during the British Raj in 1862...

. After the partition of India
Partition of India
The Partition of India was the partition of British India on the basis of religious demographics that led to the creation of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India on 14 and 15...

 in 1947, Pakistan inherited the same code and subsequently after several amendments in different governments,it is now mixture of Islamic and English Law.


The draft of the (British) Indian Penal Code was prepared by the First Law Commission and it was chaired by Lord Macaulay. Its basis is the law of England freed from superfluities, technicalities and local peculiarities. Suggestions were also derived from the French Penal Code and from Livingstone's Code of Louisiana. The draft underwent a very careful revision at the hands of Sir Barnes Peacock, Chief Justice, and puisne Judges of the Calcutta Supreme Court
Supreme court
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court, judgment court, high court, or apex court...

 who were members of the Legislative Council
Legislative Council
A Legislative Council is the name given to the legislatures, or one of the chambers of the legislature of many nations and colonies.A Member of the Legislative Council is commonly referred to as an MLC.- Unicameral legislatures :...

, and was passed into law in 1860, unfortunately Macaulay did not survive to see his masterpiece enacted into a law.

Though it is principally the work of a man who had hardly held a brief, and whose time was devoted to politics
Politics is a process by which groups of people make collective decisions. The term is generally applied to the art or science of running governmental or state affairs, including behavior within civil governments, but also applies to institutions, fields, and special interest groups such as the...

 and literature
Literature is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources...

, it was universally acknowledged to be a monument of codification and an everlasting memorial to the high juristic attainments of its distinguished author. For example even cyber crimes can be punished under the code.


Section 1. Title and extent of operation of the Code.
This Act shall be called the Pakistan Penal Code, and shall take effect throughout Pakistan.
  • Section 4

The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence committed by:-
  • (1) any citizen of Pakistan or any person in the service of Pakistan in any place without and beyond Pakistan;
  • (4) any person on any ship or aircraft registered in Pakistan wherever it may be.

Explanation: In this section the word "offence" includes every act committed outside Pakistan which, if committed in Pakistan, would be punishable under this Code.Extension of Code to extraterritorial offences.


  • Section 53.

The punishments to which offenders are liable under the provisions of this Code are:
  • Firstly, Qisas;
  • Secondly, Diyat;
  • Thirdly, Arsh;
  • Fourthly, Daman;
  • Fifthly, Ta'zir;
  • Sixthly, Death;
  • Seventhly, Imprisonment for life;
  • Eighthly, Imprisonment which is of two descriptions, namely:-- (i) Rigorous, i.e., with hard labour;

(ii) Simple;
  • Ninthly, Forfeiture of property;
  • Tenthly, Fine

First five punishments are added by amendments and are Islamic Punishments.

See also

  • Section 420
    Section 420
    Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code also used in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan has become a slang reference for a confidence trickster. Such criminals are called 420 in popular culture in those countries...

  • Court system of Pakistan
    Court system of Pakistan
    Court system of Pakistan is made up of many courts differing in levels of legal superiority and separated by jurisdiction. Some of the courts are federal in nature while others are provincial.-Structure of courts in Pakistan:...

  • Blasphemy law in Pakistan
    Blasphemy law in Pakistan
    The Pakistan Penal Code prohibits blasphemy against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death. However, in practice, it is only applied to Islam. An accusation of blasphemy commonly subjects the accused, police, lawyers, and judges to harassment, threats, and attacks...

  • Copyright protection in Pakistan
    Copyright protection in Pakistan
    Copyright protection in Pakistan is a major economic, political and diplomatic issue.In a country like Pakistan where laws are very difficult to implement, copyright infringement has always been a concern, and the country has been on the Special 301 Watch List since 1989.-Legislative...

  • Gay rights in Pakistan
  • Hudood Ordinance
    Hudood Ordinance
    The Hudood Ordinance was a law in Pakistan that was enacted in 1979 as part of then-military ruler Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's Islamization and replaced or revised in 2006 by the Women's Protection Bill....

External links

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