Ostend
Overview
 
Ostend  is a Belgian
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

 city
City
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 and municipality located in the Flemish
Flemish Region
The Flemish Region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region. Colloquially, it is usually simply referred to as Flanders, of which it is the institutional iteration within the context of the Belgian political system...

 province
Provinces of Belgium
Belgium is divided into three regions, two of them are subdivided into five provinces each.The division into provinces is fixed by Article 5 of the Belgian Constitution...

 of West Flanders. It comprises the boroughs of Mariakerke (West Flanders)
Mariakerke (West Flanders)
Mariakerke is a seaside resort in the West Flanders province of Belgium. Previously a village of its own just to the west of Ostend, it now forms part of that town. It has 11,305 inhabitants.-History:...

, Stene and Zandvoorde, and the city of Ostend proper – the largest on the Belgian coast.
In earlier times, Ostend was nothing more than a small village built on the east-end of an island (originally called Testerep
Testerep
Testerep was an island along the Belgian coast. Fishing villages were scattered about, among them were Oostende and Westende. Oostende being the far east , Westende the far west , and Middelkerke the middle of the island...

) between the North Sea and a beach lake.
Encyclopedia
Ostend  is a Belgian
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

 city
City
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 and municipality located in the Flemish
Flemish Region
The Flemish Region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region. Colloquially, it is usually simply referred to as Flanders, of which it is the institutional iteration within the context of the Belgian political system...

 province
Provinces of Belgium
Belgium is divided into three regions, two of them are subdivided into five provinces each.The division into provinces is fixed by Article 5 of the Belgian Constitution...

 of West Flanders. It comprises the boroughs of Mariakerke (West Flanders)
Mariakerke (West Flanders)
Mariakerke is a seaside resort in the West Flanders province of Belgium. Previously a village of its own just to the west of Ostend, it now forms part of that town. It has 11,305 inhabitants.-History:...

, Stene and Zandvoorde, and the city of Ostend proper – the largest on the Belgian coast.

Origin to Middle Ages

In earlier times, Ostend was nothing more than a small village built on the east-end of an island (originally called Testerep
Testerep
Testerep was an island along the Belgian coast. Fishing villages were scattered about, among them were Oostende and Westende. Oostende being the far east , Westende the far west , and Middelkerke the middle of the island...

) between the North Sea and a beach lake. Although small, the village rose to the status of "town" around 1265 when the inhabitants were allowed to hold a market and to build a market hall.

The major source of income for the inhabitants was fishing. The North Sea
North Sea
In the southwest, beyond the Straits of Dover, the North Sea becomes the English Channel connecting to the Atlantic Ocean. In the east, it connects to the Baltic Sea via the Skagerrak and Kattegat, narrow straits that separate Denmark from Norway and Sweden respectively...

 coastline has always been rather unstable and in 1395 the inhabitants decided to build a new Ostend behind large dikes and further away from the always-threatening sea.

Fifteenth to eighteenth century

The strategic position on the North Sea coast had major advantages for Ostend as a harbour but also proved to be a source of trouble. The town was frequently taken, ravaged, ransacked and destroyed by conquering armies. The Dutch
Dutch people
The Dutch people are an ethnic group native to the Netherlands. They share a common culture and speak the Dutch language. Dutch people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Suriname, Chile, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United...

 rebels, the Geuzen
Geuzen
Geuzen was a name assumed by the confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles and other malcontents, who from 1566 opposed Spanish rule in the Netherlands. The most successful group of them operated at sea, and so were called Watergeuzen...

, took control of the town. The Siege of Ostend
Siege of Ostend
The Siege of Ostend was a three-year siege of the city of Ostend during the Eighty Years' War and one of the longest sieges in history. It is remembered as the bloodiest battle of the war, and culminated in a Spanish victory...

, 1601 to 1604, of which it was said that "the Spanish assailed the unassailable and the Dutch defended the indefensible", cost a combined total of more than 80,000 dead or wounded, making it the single bloodiest battle of the Eighty Years' War. This shocking event set in motion negotiations that led to a truce several years later. When the truce broke down, it became a Dunkirker base.

After this era, Ostend was turned into a harbour of some importance. In 1722, the Dutch again closed off the entrance to the harbour of Antwerp, the Westerschelde. Therefore, Ostend rose in importance because the town provided an alternative exit to the sea. The Southern Netherlands
Southern Netherlands
Southern Netherlands were a part of the Low Countries controlled by Spain , Austria and annexed by France...

 (largely the territory of present Belgium) had become part of the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
The Austrian Empire was a modern era successor empire, which was centered on what is today's Austria and which officially lasted from 1804 to 1867. It was followed by the Empire of Austria-Hungary, whose proclamation was a diplomatic move that elevated Hungary's status within the Austrian Empire...

. The Austrian Emperor Charles VI
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI was the penultimate Habsburg sovereign of the Habsburg Empire. He succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia , Hungary and Croatia , Archduke of Austria, etc., in 1711...

 granted the town the trade monopoly with Africa and the Far-East. The Oostendse Compagnie (the "Ostend trade company") was allowed to found colonies overseas. However, in 1727 the Oostendse Compagnie was forced to stop its activities because of Dutch and British pressure. The Netherlands and Britain would not allow competitors on the international trade level. Both nations regarded international trade as their privilege.

Modern era

In later times, the harbour of Ostend continued to expand because the harbour dock, as well as the traffic connections with the hinterland, were improved. In 1838, a railway connection with Brussels
Brussels
Brussels , officially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Capital Region , is the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union...

 was constructed. Ostend became a transit harbour to England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

 in 1846 when the first ferry sailed to Dover
Dover
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England. It faces France across the narrowest part of the English Channel, and lies south-east of Canterbury; east of Kent's administrative capital Maidstone; and north-east along the coastline from Dungeness and Hastings...

. It no longer serves the Dover route, but now has passenger and freight connections with Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Ramsgate is a seaside town in the district of Thanet in east Kent, England. It was one of the great English seaside towns of the 19th century and is a member of the ancient confederation of Cinque Ports. It has a population of around 40,000. Ramsgate's main attraction is its coastline and its main...

. Very important for the image of the town was the attention it started to receive from the Belgian kings Leopold I
Leopold I of Belgium
Leopold I was from 21 July 1831 the first King of the Belgians, following Belgium's independence from the Netherlands. He was the founder of the Belgian line of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha...

 and Leopold II
Leopold II of Belgium
Leopold II was the second king of the Belgians. Born in Brussels the second son of Leopold I and Louise-Marie of Orléans, he succeeded his father to the throne on 17 December 1865 and remained king until his death.Leopold is chiefly remembered as the founder and sole owner of the Congo Free...

. Both liked to spend their holidays in Ostend. Important monuments and villas were built to please the Royal Family. The rest of aristocratic Belgium
Belgium
Belgium , officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.Belgium is also a member of, or affiliated to, many...

 followed and soon Ostend became known as "The Queen of the Belgian sea-side resorts".

In 1866 Ostend was the venue for a crucial meeting of exile Spanish
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 Liberals and Republicans which laid the framework for a major uprising in their country, culminating in Spain's Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution (Spain)
The Glorious Revolution took place in Spain in 1868, resulting in the deposition of Queen Isabella II.An 1866 rebellion led by General Juan Prim and a revolt of the sergeants at San Gil barracks, in Madrid, sent a signal to Spanish liberals and republicans that there was serious unrest with the...

 two years later.

The town hosted all but one of the sailing
Sailing at the 1920 Summer Olympics
The sailing at the 1920 Summer Olympics consisted of a total of 16 sailing classes . Two of these classes finally did not have entries. For each class three races were scheduled from 7 July 1920 to 9 July 1920 of the coast of Ostend North Sea. On 10 July 1920 sail-off races could be held.Two...

 events for the 1920 Summer Olympics
1920 Summer Olympics
The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium....

 in neighbouring Antwerp. They also hosted the polo
Polo at the 1920 Summer Olympics
Polo returned to the Olympic program at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, after not being contested at the 1912 Games.-Medalists:-Bracket:-References:...

 events.

Sights

  • Interesting locations are the Casino and Fort Napoleon.
  • Ostend is also famous for its sea-side esplanade, pier, and fine-sand beaches.
  • The James Ensor
    James Ensor
    James Sidney Edouard, Baron Ensor was a Flemish-Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life...

     museum can be visited in the house where the artist lived from 1917 until 1949.
  • The Mercator
    Mercator (ship)
    The barquentine Mercator was designed by the Antarctic explorer Adrien de Gerlache as a training ship for the Belgian merchant fleet. She was named after Gerardus Mercator , Flemish cartographer...

    , the ex training sailing ship for Belgian merchant navy officers, is now open to the public to view.
  • Hippodrome Wellington
    Hippodrome Wellington
    The Hippodrome Wellington was a horse racing track in Ostend in the Flemish Region of Belgium built in 1883 and named for the Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington....

    , horse racing
    Horse racing
    Horse racing is an equestrian sport that has a long history. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing occurred in ancient Babylon, Syria, and Egypt. Both chariot and mounted horse racing were events in the ancient Greek Olympics by 648 BC...

     venue.
  • St Petrus and St Paulus Church, Ostend (Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk
    Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk
    Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk , the main church of Ostend, Belgium, is a Roman Catholic Neo-Gothic church.It is built on the ashes of a previous church that occupied the site. King Leopold II enthusiastically supported a plan to build a new and more magnificent church...

    ), built in Neo Gothic style.
  • In the Mu.Zee
    Mu.ZEE
    The Mu.ZEE is a museum in Ostend specialized in Belgian art from 1830 on. It was created in 2008 from the former Provinciaal Museum voor Moderne Kunst and the Museum voor Schone Kunsten Oostende , both located in Ostend...

     (a new museum after the fusion of the Provinciaal Museum voor de Moderne Kunst-Aan-Zee and the "Museum voor Schone Kunsten"), the museum of modern art from the 1830s to the present, you can view works of noted local painters such as James Ensor
    James Ensor
    James Sidney Edouard, Baron Ensor was a Flemish-Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life...

    , Leon Spilliaert
    Leon Spilliaert
    Léon Spilliaert was a Belgian symbolist painter and graphic artist.Spilliaert was born in Ostend, the oldest of seven children of Léonard-Hubert Spilliaert, who was a perfumer, and Léonie . From childhood he displayed an interest in art and drawing. A prolific doodler and autodidact, he was...

    , Constant Permeke
    Constant Permeke
    Constant Permeke was a Belgian painter and sculptor who is considered the leading figure of Flemish expressionism.Permeke was born in Antwerp but when he was six years old the family moved to Ostend, where his father became curator of the Municipal Museum of Arts. Permeke went to school in Bruges...

     and the revolutionary post-war Belgian COBRA
    COBRA (avant-garde movement)
    COBRA was a European avant-garde movement active from 1948 to 1951. The name was coined in 1948 by Christian Dotremont from the initials of the members' home cities: Copenhagen , Brussels , Amsterdam .-History:...

     movement amongst others.
  • Beach(es): Ostend is visited by many 'day' tourists, especially during July and August. Tourists from the Belgian inland and foreigners mostly arrive by train (day trips) and head for the closest beach area from the station (kleinstrand). The locals and other residents in Belgium usually occupy the larger beach (grootstrand). Ostend used to be widely visited by British, Germans, French and Dutch, but is now mainly frequented by Belgians and Dutch.
  • Near the beach is a well-preserved section of the World War II Atlantic Wall
    Atlantic Wall
    The Atlantic Wall was an extensive system of coastal fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the western coast of Europe as a defense against an anticipated Allied invasion of the mainland continent from Great Britain.-History:On March 23, 1942 Führer Directive Number 40...

    .
  • Views from the pier promenade or beach of departing and arriving passenger ferry ships from Ramsgate (UK).
  • During summer evenings (or just any kind of weather) you can walk through the little streets around Het Vissersplein. At certain times there are local markets in the neighbourhood streets and in the summer the Vissersplein has music festivals. The Vissersplein (Bonenstraat/Kadzandstraat) is a car free zone with many brasseries where you can sit outside and have a drink. Look towards the port side and find many little fish outlets, and beyond that, again, you can view close the ferries docking.
  • Train station.
  • Film locations: more and more directors are filming in Ostend.
    The movies Place Vendôme
    Place Vendôme (film)
    Place Vendôme is a 1998 film directed by Nicole Garcia, starring Catherine Deneuve, and named after the Place Vendôme in Paris.Deneuve won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at Venice Film Festival for her role in the film.-Plot:...

    with Catherine Deneuve
    Catherine Deneuve
    Catherine Deneuve is a French actress. She gained recognition for her portrayal of aloof and mysterious beauties in films such as Repulsion and Belle de jour . Deneuve was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress in 1993 for her performance in Indochine; she also won César Awards for that...

    ; Daughters of Darkness with Delphine Seyrig
    Delphine Seyrig
    Delphine Claire Beltiane Seyrig was a stage and film actress and a film director.-Early life:...

     as Countess Bathory; Armaguedon with Alain Delon
    Alain Delon
    Alain Fabien Maurice Marcel Delon is a French actor. He rose quickly to stardom, and by the age of 23 was already being compared to French actors such as Gérard Philipe and Jean Marais, as well as American actor James Dean. He was even called the male Brigitte Bardot...

    ; Camping Cosmos
    Camping Cosmos
    Camping Cosmos is a Belgian 1996 film, sequel to La Vie sexuelle des Belges 1950-1978, directed by Jan Bucquoy. It stars Claude Semal, Lolo Ferrari , Noël Godin , Herman Brusselmans and Arno ....

    with Lolo Ferrari
    Lolo Ferrari
    Lolo Ferrari, born Eve Valois , was a French dancer, sex star, pornographic actress, actress and singer billed as "the woman with the largest breasts in the world" though their size was artificially achieved....

    ; and Ex Drummer
    Ex Drummer
    Ex Drummer is a 2007 Flemish film directed by Koen Mortier. It is based on the book by Herman Brusselmans of the same name.- Plot :In Ostend three handicapped musicians are looking for a drummer for their band, consisting entirely of disabled people. They want to perform only one time at a music...

     based on the novel by Herman Brusselmans
    Herman Brusselmans
    Herman Frans Martha Brusselmans is a Flemish novelist, poet, playwright and columnist. He lives in Ghent.Herman Brusselmans studied Dutch and English at the University of Ghent. In his early twenties he was a successful football player. He played for Vigor Hamme and SK Lokeren. He now has his own...

     were partially shot in Ostend.
  • The comic Le Bal du rat mort about a dreadful invasion of rats, is set in Ostend.


Climate

Economy

Jetairfly
Jetairfly
Jetairfly is a Belgian airline with its headquarters in Ostend, Belgium and its centre of flight operations in Zaventem, Belgium. It operates scheduled passenger flights...

 has its headquarters in Ostend. TAAG Angola Airlines's Ostend offices are on the grounds of Ostend Airport in Ostend.

Notable residents

References to these notable citizens of Ostend can be found here: Oostendse biografieën (in Dutch)
  • Louise of Orléans
    Louise of Orléans
    Louise of Orléans was born a Princess of Orléans and was Queen consort of the Belgians as the wife of King Leopold I...

    , first queen of the Belgians
  • Lilian Baels
    Lilian Baels
    Princess Lilian of Belgium best known as Lilian, Princess of Réthy, was the second wife of King Leopold III of the Belgians.-Background and education:...

    , princess
  • Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert
    Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert
    Auguste Marie François Beernaert was the 14th Prime Minister of Belgium from October 1884 to March 1894....

    , Prime Minister of Belgium and Nobel Peace Prize
    Nobel Peace Prize
    The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel.-Background:According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize shall be awarded to the person who...

     recipient
  • Alfred Belpaire
    Alfred Belpaire
    Alfred Jules Belpaire was a Belgian locomotive engineer who invented the square-topped Belpaire firebox in 1860....

    , locomotive engineer
  • Gerard Brackx
    Gerard Brackx
    Gerardus "Gerard" Brackx was a Belgian businessman, pioneer of the Belgian travel business and founder of Jetair. His father was a Catholic businessman who owned a factory which produced washing machines and bicycles. Gerard was the seventh child out of nine...

    , tourism
  • Cesar De Paepe
    Cesar De Paepe
    César De Paepe was a medical doctor and a prominent syndicalist whose work strongly influenced the Industrial Workers of the World and the syndicalist movement in general...

    , syndicalist
  • James Ensor
    James Ensor
    James Sidney Edouard, Baron Ensor was a Flemish-Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life...

    , painter
  • Etienne Elias, painter
  • Marvin Gaye
    Marvin Gaye
    Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. , better known by his stage name Marvin Gaye, was an American singer-songwriter and musician with a three-octave vocal range....

    , singer
  • Hubert Minnebo, sculptor
  • Arno Hintjens
    Arno Hintjens
    Arno Hintjens , usually referred to as Arno, is a Belgian artist born in Ostend. He was the frontman of the group TC Matic. After the band split in 1986 he went solo....

    , lead-singer of TC Matic
    TC Matic
    TC Matic was a Belgian rock band, originating in 1980 from the duo Tjens Couter . Decoutere was replaced shortly after the establishment of TC Matic by Jean-Marie Aerts, who cooperated with Hintjens in the majority of the band's compositions.TC Matic mixed diverse styles: new wave, blues, funk,...

  • Karel Jonckheere
    Karel Jonckheere
    Karel Jonckheere was a Flemish writer. Karel Jonckheere was also a world traveler, he visited Cuba, Mexico, the United States, Congo, South Africa, India, Romania, the Balkans and many West-European countries...

    , writer
  • Mimi Lamote
    Mimi Lamote
    Mimi Lamote is a Belgian businesswoman. Since December 2006, she is the Chair of the Flemish Socio-economic Forum of Flanders in Action of the Flemish government. She is a member of the board of Belgacom...

     (b. Ostend, 27 April 1964), businesswoman
  • Stefaan Maene
    Stefaan Maene
    Stefaan Maene is a former backstroke and medley swimmer from Belgium, who competed for his native country at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. He won his first international medal at the inaugural 1993 FINA Short Course World Championships in Palma de Mallorca: bronze in the 200 m...

    , backstroke swimmer
  • Marie-José of Belgium
    Marie-José of Belgium
    Marie José of Belgium was the last Queen of Italy...

    , princess, then last queen of Italy
  • August Michiels, sculpturer, painter, engraver
  • Constant Permeke
    Constant Permeke
    Constant Permeke was a Belgian painter and sculptor who is considered the leading figure of Flemish expressionism.Permeke was born in Antwerp but when he was six years old the family moved to Ostend, where his father became curator of the Municipal Museum of Arts. Permeke went to school in Bruges...

    , expressionist painter
  • Raoul Servais
    Raoul Servais
    Raoul Servais is a Belgian filmmaker. He was born in Ostend.-Filmography:* 1963: The False Note* 1966: Chromophobia* 1968: Sirene* 1969: Goldframe* 1970: To speak or not to speak* 1971: Operation X-70...

    , filmmaker
  • Gustaaf Sorel
    Gustaaf Sorel
    Gustaaf Sorel was a Belgian painter known for his representations of gloomy people and bleak street sights.-External links:...

    , painter
  • Leon Spilliaert
    Leon Spilliaert
    Léon Spilliaert was a Belgian symbolist painter and graphic artist.Spilliaert was born in Ostend, the oldest of seven children of Léonard-Hubert Spilliaert, who was a perfumer, and Léonie . From childhood he displayed an interest in art and drawing. A prolific doodler and autodidact, he was...

    , painter
  • Henri Storck
    Henri Storck
    Henri Storck was a Belgian author, film-maker and documentarist.In 1933, he directed, with Joris Ivens, Misère au Borinage, a film about the miners in the Borinage area. In 1938, with Andre Thirifays and Pierre Vermeylen, he founded the Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique...

    , author, film-maker, and maker of documentaries
  • Robert Triffin
    Robert Triffin
    Robert Triffin was a Belgian economist best known for his critique of the Bretton Woods system of fixed currency exchange rates. His critique became known later as Triffin's dilemma.Triffin received his doctorate degree from Harvard University in 1938 and taught there from 1939 until 1942...

    , economist
  • Johan Vande Lanotte
    Johan Vande Lanotte
    Johan Cyrille Corneel Vande Lanotte is a Belgian politician. He is a member of the SP.A, and became its party president on 15 October 2005...

    , politician
  • Robert Van De Walle
    Robert Van De Walle
    Robert Van de Walle is a Belgian judoka. He was the first judoka to ever compete at five Olympics.He was born in Ostend....

    , judoka
  • Bart van den Bossche
    Bart van den Bossche
    Bart Van den Bossche is a Flemish singer, actor and radio/tv presenter.He was born in Oostende, Belgium but grew up in Kortrijk, to which he dedicated his song De stad van mijn jeugd . During his humanities studies he started to play the guitar and sing. After graduation he went to the Brussels...

    , singer, actor, and radio/TV presenter
  • Peter Van Heirseele, aka Herr Seele, cartoonist (Cowboy Henk), painter and performer
  • Rudolf Vanmoerkerke
    Rudolf Vanmoerkerke
    Rudolf Vanmoerkerke is a Belgian businessman and a pioneer of the Belgian travel industry. He is the former president of the basketball club Sunair Oostende.-Career:...


Sport clubs

  • Hermes Volley Oostende
    Hermes Volley Oostende
    Hermes Volley Oostende is a volleyball team based in Oostende, Belgium. The club was founded in 1955, but consisted only of one men's team until 1963, when also a women's team was erected....

     (volleyball
    Volleyball
    Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules.The complete rules are extensive...

    )
  • K.V. Oostende
    K.V. Oostende
    K.V. Oostende is a Belgian association football club, from the municipality of Ostend, West Flanders. It was created in 1904 as V.G. Oostende and it has the matricule n°31.- History :...

     (football
    Football (soccer)
    Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball...

    )
  • Telindus Oostende
    Telindus Oostende
    BC Oostende is a Belgian basketball team founded in 1970. It was previously known as Sunair Oostende then as Telindus oostende , Base Oostende and is now referred to as Telenet Oostende. The club has won 12 Belgian League titles, including a 6 year in a row sequence...

     (basketball
    Basketball
    Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

    )
  • Wellington Golf Oostende (Golf
    Golf
    Golf is a precision club and ball sport, in which competing players use many types of clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a golf course using the fewest number of strokes....

    )

External links

  • Toerisme Oostende - English edition - extensive.
  • Free photos of Ostend
  • Ostend Airport - Official website of the international airport of Ostend.
  • Ostend photo gallery
  • Official website Port of Oostende - Information available in Dutch
    Dutch language
    Dutch is a West Germanic language and the native language of the majority of the population of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Suriname, the three member states of the Dutch Language Union. Most speakers live in the European Union, where it is a first language for about 23 million and a second...

     and limited information available in French
    French language
    French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...

    , English
    English language
    English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

     and German
    German language
    German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....

    .
  • Oostendse verhalen- Site about the Ostend dialect and culture with Ostend grammatical rules. (mainly in Dutch (nl) and Ostend dialect).
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