Olongapo City
Overview
 
The City of Olongapo is a highly urbanized city located in the province of Zambales, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. According to the latest census, it has a population of 227,270 people in 50,300 households.
Unlike the rest of the Philippines which gained independence from the United States after World War II in 1946, Olongapo was governed as a part of the United States naval reservation.

After the efforts of James Leonard T. Gordon
James Leonard T. Gordon
James Leonard Tagle Gordon was the first elected mayor of Olongapo City, Philippines from December 30, 1963 to February 20, 1967...

, the area was relinquished to the Philippine Government and converted into a municipality on December 7, 1959.
Discussions
Encyclopedia
The City of Olongapo is a highly urbanized city located in the province of Zambales, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. According to the latest census, it has a population of 227,270 people in 50,300 households.

History

Unlike the rest of the Philippines which gained independence from the United States after World War II in 1946, Olongapo was governed as a part of the United States naval reservation.

After the efforts of James Leonard T. Gordon
James Leonard T. Gordon
James Leonard Tagle Gordon was the first elected mayor of Olongapo City, Philippines from December 30, 1963 to February 20, 1967...

, the area was relinquished to the Philippine Government and converted into a municipality on December 7, 1959. The first mayor appointed was civic leader Mayor Ruben Geronimo and was later succeeded by business enterpreneur Ildefonso Arriola.

Six years later under Mayor James Leonard T. Gordon
James Leonard T. Gordon
James Leonard Tagle Gordon was the first elected mayor of Olongapo City, Philippines from December 30, 1963 to February 20, 1967...

, Olongapo was reconverted to a chartered city on June 1, 1966. Olongapo City administers itself autonomously from Zambales province. Adjacent to the city is the Subic Bay Freeport Zone
Subic Bay Freeport Zone
Subic Bay Freeport Zone , which is known simply as Subic Bay, is the Philippines' first success case of a into a tax- and duty-free zone similar to Hong Kong and Singapore, operated and managed by the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority or SBMA. It covers the fenced area of the former U.S...

, which until 1992 was a United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 naval base
U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay
U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay was a major ship-repair, supply, and rest and recreation facility of the United States Navy located in Zambales, Philippines. It was the largest U.S...

.

Like his father before him, Mayor Richard Gordon
Richard Gordon (politician)
Richard "Dick" Juico Gordon is a Filipino politician and broadcaster who currently serves as the chairman of the Philippine National Red Cross....

, who was against departure of the US military forces, lobbied for the turnover of the facility and its conversion into a freeport after the Senate of the Philippines
Senate of the Philippines
The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines...

 rejected an extension of a treaty with the United States government.

The city is known for its innovative methods of urban management in the 1980s in addressing crime and cleanliness that has been said to be copied by local governments nationwide. These include the public utility color-code, traffic management system, waste management system earning Olongapo City national and international award such as the UNESCO Cities for Peace representing Asia and the Pacific in 1997 and the Konrad Adenauer Local Medal of Excellence in 1999.

Furthermore, the Asian Development Bank and World Bank have also recognized its successful urban redevelopment and city development strategy after the US Base turnover.

Name

According to popular legend, there once was a group of warring tribes who lived in the area in and around what is now the modern city. A wise old man, seeing the perils of disunity, exerted great effort toward uniting the warring tribes. There were, however, some who bitterly opposed his idea, and one day the old man just disappeared.

After a long search, the old man's body was found, but with the head missing. It is said that the tribesmen launched search parties to locate the severed head of the man. (To the Sambal
Sambal people
The Sambal are a Filipino ethnolinguistic group living primarily in the province of Zambales, the city of Olongapo, and the Pangasinense municipalities of Bolinao and Anda...

, decapitation was the only permissible form of assassination.) These efforts proved to be futile, and the search was eventually called off. A boy, however, vowed to himself that he would not stop searching until he found the elder’s head. He searched for weeks, but found nothing. Then, one day, he chanced upon what appeared to be the old man’s head, resting on top of a bamboo
Bamboo
Bamboo is a group of perennial evergreens in the true grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae. Giant bamboos are the largest members of the grass family....

 pole. The boy ran back to his people crying, “Olo nin apo! Olo nin apo!” (“head of the elder” in Sambal; translates as “ulo ng apo” in Tagalog
Tagalog language
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a third of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by most of the rest. It is the first language of the Philippine region IV and of Metro Manila...

), running hysterically from village to village.
The phrase stuck, and that, according to legend, is how the area got its name, Olongapo. To this day, the old man’s head acts as a symbol of the unity of the people of what is now a modern city.

Mayors

  • Ruben Dela Cruz Geronimo (Nov. 1959 - 1962 as Municipal Mayor)
  • Ildefonso O. Arriola (1962 - 1964 as Municipal Mayor)
  • James Leonard T. Gordon (Nov. 1964 - June 1, 1966 as Municipal Mayor)
  • James Leonard T. Gordon (June 1, 1966 - Feb. 20, 1967 as City Mayor)
  • Jaime Guevarra (1967 - 1968 as City Mayor)
  • Amelia Juico Gordon (1968 - June 30, 1972)
  • Geronimo "Momoy" Lipumano (July 1972 to May 1980)
  • Richard "Dick" Gordon
    Richard Gordon (politician)
    Richard "Dick" Juico Gordon is a Filipino politician and broadcaster who currently serves as the chairman of the Philippine National Red Cross....

     (June 30, 1980 - February 1986) (1st term)
  • Teodoro Macapagal (March 1986 - November 1987 as OIC Mayor)
  • Ildefonso O. Arriola (November 1987 - January 1988 as OIC Mayor)
  • Richard "Dick" Gordon
    Richard Gordon (politician)
    Richard "Dick" Juico Gordon is a Filipino politician and broadcaster who currently serves as the chairman of the Philippine National Red Cross....

     (February 1988 - June 30, 1998)(2nd term)
  • Cynthia Cajudo (June 30, 1998) acting capacity
  • Katherine "Kate" Gordon - (June 30, 1998 - June 22, 2001)
  • James Gordon, Jr. (June 30, 2001 - present)


{| border="0"

Barangays

Olongapo City is politically subdivided into 18 barangay
Barangay
A barangay is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward...

s:

{| border="0"
|-----
| valign="top" |
  • Asinan
  • Banicain
  • Barretto
  • East Bajac-bajac
  • East Tapinac
  • Gordon Heights
  • Kalaklan
  • Kalalake
  • Mabayuan
  • New Cabalan

| valign="top" |
  • New Ilalim
  • New Kababae
  • New Kalalake
  • Old Cabalan
  • Pag-asa
  • Santa Rita
  • West Bajac-bajac
  • West Tapinac

|}

Landmarks

  • Ulo ng Apo


A towering and majestic marker located at the rotunda in Bajac-Bajac. A very visible and tangible tourist attraction to glorify the legend of the city.
  • Olongapo City Hall


The City Hall is located at Rizal Avenue, West Bajac-Bajac. On the east side contains the PUD (Public Utilities Department), in charge of providing electricity to the city. To the east is the Olongapo City PNP Police Station 1, and at the back of the city hall is the Health Building.
  • Olongapo City Convention Center


More conveniently known as OCCC or OCC, it has been the site of many events in Olongapo City history, not to mention numerous conferences, meetings, and school events.
  • Olongapo City Museum


Opened to the public on 2003, the museum contains dioramas, artifacts, and paintings about the history of the city. At the entrance, a rotating Ulo ng Apo statue meets you.
  • Olongapo City Public Library


The original Library stood near the City Hall. However, to make way for the construction of the PUD office, it was relocated at Hospital Road, East Tapinac; near the Convention Center.
  • Marikit Park


One of the most earliest parks of Olongapo, it has become a famous in its time. Today, it is near Gordon College, the museum, the convention center and the library.
  • Olongapo Lighthouse


A panoramic view perfect for picture taking. This old lighthouse is located along the national highway going to the north. It overlooks the Subic Bay Freeport area.

Famous Citizens

Some Filipino celebrities that hailed from Olongapo City include:
  • Freddie Aguilar
    Freddie Aguilar
    Ferdinand Pascual Aguilar , better known as Freddie Aguilar, is a folk musician from the Philippines. He is best known for his rendition of "Bayan Ko", which became the anthem for the opposition to the Marcos regime during the 1986 People Power Revolution, and for his song "Anak", the best-selling...

     (b.1953), noted musician, songwriter and singer
  • Arnel Pineda
    Arnel Pineda
    Arnel Pineda is a Filipino singer-songwriter who has served as the lead singer of the American rock band Journey since 2007. Pineda has had a successful musical career in the Philippines for the last 25 years.- Biography :...

     (b.1961), Singer/Vocalist of Journey
  • K Brosas
    K Brosas
    K Brosas , sometimes credited as Kaye Brosas, is a Filipina actress, comedienne, singer and television host. She was a band member of 'Gladys and The Boxers' and was lead singer when the group performed as 'K and The Boxers'...

     (b.1975), comedienne and singer
  • Rico Barrera
    Rico Barrera
    Rico Barrera is an Olongappese actor, the first housemate evicted from the 12 housemates of Pinoy Big Brother 2005....

     (b.1981), model and actor, Pinoy Big Brother Season 1 Housemate
  • Scarlet Garcia
    Scarlet Garcia (model)
    Scarlet Mae Bouffard Garcia was a Filipino glamour model. She was a member of the Viva Hot Babes girl group and was the covergirl of FHM Philippines in November 2007.-Career:...

     (1985–2008), model
  • Jackie Rice
    Jackie Rice
    Jackie Rice is a Filipina actress, television personality and commercial model.-Career and personal life:...

     (b.1990), actress, Starstruck Season 3 Winner
  • Megan Young
    Megan Young
    Megan Lynne Young is a Filipina-American actress who is a member of Star Magic Batch 15. She is best known for being a former celebrity housemate on Pinoy Big Brother: Celebrity Edition 2 . Megan is an alumnus of ABS-CBN's rival television station GMA's StarStruck and also a member of GMA Artist...

     (b.1990), actress, Host, Starstruck contestant Season 2
  • Lauren Young
    Lauren Young
    Lauren Anne Young is a Filipino-American actress who is part of ABS-CBN's Star Magic group. She is the younger sister of actress and TV host, Megan Young.- Biography :...

     (b.1993), actress, sister of Megan Young
  • Jake Vargas (b. 1992), actor
  • Kristofer Martin (b. 1994), actor
  • Jessa Rivera (b.1996), actress

Religious groups

  • Roman Catholic Church
    Roman Catholic Church
    The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

    , San Jose Vicarate, Diocese of Iba
  • Ang Dating Daan
    The Old Path
    The Old Path is a religious online & cable channel owned by Progressive Broadcasting Corporation for the Philippines'-based Members Church of God International.-Background:...

    / Members Church of God International
  • Iglesia ni Cristo
    Iglesia ni Cristo
    Iglesia ni Cristo also known as INC, is the largest entirely indigenous Christian religious organization that originated from the Philippines and the largest independent church in Asia. Due to a number of similarities, some Protestant writers describe the INC's doctrines as restorationist in...

  • Aglipayan
  • Seventh day Adventist
  • Evangelicals
  • Protestant
  • VCF-Olongapo
    Victory Christian Fellowship
    Victory Metro Manila is a non-denominational Evangelical church based in the Philippines and a founding member of the Every Nation Churches and Ministries, a worldwide movement of churches...

  • Pentecostals
    Pentecostalism
    Pentecostalism is a diverse and complex movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on a direct personal experience of God through the baptism in the Holy Spirit, has an eschatological focus, and is an experiential religion. The term Pentecostal is derived from Pentecost, the Greek...

  • Jehovah's Witnesses
    Jehovah's Witnesses
    Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity. The religion reports worldwide membership of over 7 million adherents involved in evangelism, convention attendance of over 12 million, and annual...

  • The Lord's Presence Christian Ministry
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Mosque
    Mosque
    A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The word is likely to have entered the English language through French , from Portuguese , from Spanish , and from Berber , ultimately originating in — . The Arabic word masjid literally means a place of prostration...

  • Church Of Christ 20th Street
  • Jesus My Bestfriend Church "JMBC"

Schools

Elementary Private Schools
  • Christ The King Catholic School
  • Christian Baptist Academy
  • Columban College
    Columban College
    Columban College in Olongapo City is a Catholic institution dedicated to serve the needs of the city and the surrounding provinces of Zambales and Bataan.-History:...

     - Asinan
  • Columban College - Barretto
  • Heaven Sent Tutorial and Learning Center
  • Holy Infant Jesus College
  • Juventus School for the Gifted
  • KinderCare Development Center (KCDC)
  • Learning Circle
  • Little Angel Study Center
  • Mondriaan Montessori School
  • Olongapo Adventist Elementary School
  • Olongapo Anglo Cultural School
  • Olongapo City Christian School
  • Olongapo Wesley School
  • Sacred Heart Children's Center Foundation Inc.
  • San Antonio de Padua G.S
  • St. Anne Academy
  • St. Joseph College-Olongapo
  • Subic Montessori School
  • Sunbeam Christian Academy
  • Virgen Delos Remedios College
  • White Stone Christian School


Elementary Public Schools
  • Asinan Elementary School
  • Balic-Balic Elementary School
  • Banicain Elementary School
  • Barretto I Elementary School
  • Barretto II Elementary School
  • Boton Elementary School
  • Center of Excellence
  • East Bajac Bajac Elementary School
  • Gordon Heights Elementary School
  • Ilalim Elementary School
  • Iram Elementary School
  • James L. Gordon Integrated School (Elementary School)
  • Kalaklan Elementary School
  • Kalalake Elementary School
  • Mabayuan Elementary School
  • Nellie E. Brown Elementary School
  • New Cabalan Elementary School
  • Old Cabalan Elementary School
  • Olongapo City Elementary School
  • Sergia Soriano Esteban Memorial School
  • SPED-Gifted
  • Sta. Rita Elementary School
  • Tabacuhan Elementary School
  • Tapinac Elementary School


High School (Private)
  • Aura De Laurentus Business High School
  • Christ The King Catholic School
  • Columban College-Asinan
  • Columban College-Barretto
  • Holy Infant Jesus College
  • Little Angel Study Center
  • Network Computer and Business College
  • Olongapo Wesley School
  • St. Anne Academy
  • St. Joseph College-Olongapo
  • Sunbeam Christian Academy
  • Virgen Delos Remedios College
  • White Stone Christian School


High School (Public)
  • Barretto National High School
  • City of Olongapo National High School
  • City of Olongapo National High School - (James L. Gordon Integrated School)
  • Gordon Heights National High School
  • Gordon Heights NHS - Sta. Rita High School
  • Iram High School (Resettlement School)
  • Kalalake National High School
  • New Cabalan National High School
  • Regional Science High School, Region III
    Regional Science High School for Region III
    The Regional Science High School III is a high school in East Kalayaan, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales province of the Philippines. It specializes in both science and math, mainly for academically strong adolescents. The school was established in 1994....

  • Sergia Soriano Esteban Integrated School Of Kalaklan I


College
  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Olongapo City
  • AMA Computer College, Olongapo City
  • Aptech Computer Education Subic
  • Asian Institute of E-commerce
  • Mondriaan Aura College
  • Central Gate Micro Tech Center
  • Columban College (Main and Barretto Campus)
  • Comteq Computer and Business College
  • Computron
  • Divine Spirit Hospital & Colleges, Inc.
  • Freeport Institute for Research, Science and Technology
  • Gordon College
  • George Dewey Medical College http://www.georgedeweymedicalcollege.net/
  • Lyceum of Subic Bay
  • Metro Subic Colleges Incorporated
  • Mondrian Aura College
  • National Christian College
  • Naval Reservation Jr. College
  • Network Computer and Business Colleges
  • Olongapo City College
  • Online Data Center Computer School
  • Ship Repair Facility Apprentice—HTJ School USNB
  • STI College
    STI College
    Systems Technology Institute College is the largest network of for-profit information technology-based colleges in the Philippines. This private college system offers a curriculum including business studies, computer science, education, engineering and health care.STI uses a trimestral calendar as...

    Olongapo City
  • St. Joseph College-Olongapo
  • US Navy PWC Apprenticeship
  • USNB SRF Shop Learners (Electronics)

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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