Nonane is a linear alkane
Alkanes are chemical compounds that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms and are bonded exclusively by single bonds without any cycles...

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been removed are functional groups, called hydrocarbyls....

 with the chemical formula
Chemical formula
A chemical formula or molecular formula is a way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound....


Nonane has 35 structural isomers. Tripropylene
Tripropylene, also known as propylene trimer, 1-propene trimer, and tripropene is a mixture of three specific hydrocarbons, all saturated alkanes....

 is a mixture of three specific isomers of nonane.

Its substituent
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms substituted in place of a hydrogen atom on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon...

 form is nonyl. Its cycloalkane
Cycloalkanes are types of alkanes that have one or more rings of carbon atoms in the chemical structure of their molecules. Alkanes are types of organic hydrocarbon compounds that have only single chemical bonds in their chemical structure...

 counterpart is cyclononane
Cyclononane is an alicyclic hydrocarbon consisting of a ring of nine carbon atoms. Its molecular formula is C9H18. Its empirical formula is CH2....

, (C9H18).
Unlike most alkanes, the numeric prefix in its name is from Latin
Latin is an Italic language originally spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. It, along with most European languages, is a descendant of the ancient Proto-Indo-European language. Although it is considered a dead language, a number of scholars and members of the Christian clergy speak it fluently, and...

, not Greek
Greek language
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Native to the southern Balkans, it has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the majority of its history;...

. (Its former name, enneane, used a Greek prefix.)

External links

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