New York Army National Guard
Overview
 
The New York Army National Guard is a component of the New York National Guard and the Army National Guard
Army National Guard
Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the National Guard and is divided up into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories and the District of Columbia operating under their respective governors...

. Nationwide, the Army National Guard
Army National Guard
Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the National Guard and is divided up into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories and the District of Columbia operating under their respective governors...

 comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

The New York Army National Guard maintains 57 armories, 21 Field and Combined Support Maintenance facilities, and three Army Aviation Support Facilities.

New York Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army.
Encyclopedia
The New York Army National Guard is a component of the New York National Guard and the Army National Guard
Army National Guard
Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the National Guard and is divided up into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories and the District of Columbia operating under their respective governors...

. Nationwide, the Army National Guard
Army National Guard
Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the National Guard and is divided up into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories and the District of Columbia operating under their respective governors...

 comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

The New York Army National Guard maintains 57 armories, 21 Field and Combined Support Maintenance facilities, and three Army Aviation Support Facilities.

New York Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ran
United States Army enlisted rank insignia
The chart below represents the current enlisted rank insignia of the United States Army.This chart represents the U.S. Army enlisted rank insignia with seniority increasing left-to-right inside a given pay grade...

ks
United States Army officer rank insignia
United States Army officer rank insignia in use today.-History:The structure of U.S. ranks has its roots in British military traditions. At the start of the American Revolutionary War, uniforms, let alone insignia, were barely affordable and recognition of ranks in the field was problematic...

 and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards
Awards and decorations of the United States military
Awards and decorations of the United States Military are military decorations which recognize service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces...

. The New York Guard
New York Guard
The New York Guard is the State Defense Force of New York State. As of June 2008, the New York Guard, a recognized command under the New York State's Military law, has line-item funding in the state budget....

 also bestows a number of state awards
Awards and decorations of the National Guard
Awards and decorations of the National Guard are presented to members of the United States National Guard and sometimes to members of the State Defense Forces in addition to regular United States military decorations...

 for local services rendered in or to the state of New York
New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

.

The New York Army National Guard is a division of the Army National Guard, and although they are under control of the state, they can be federalized (as all Army National Guard units can), and will remain aligned with the federal government over the state government if requirements of the two conflict.

History

Before the formal creation of the New York Army National Guard, the State of New York
New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

 mobilized a number of militia regiments for short terms of service in the Union Army
Union Army
The Union Army was the land force that fought for the Union during the American Civil War. It was also known as the Federal Army, the U.S. Army, the Northern Army and the National Army...

 during moments of crisis in the American Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

.

The militia regiments that New York mobilized included:
  • 2nd Regiment New York State State Militia Infantry mustered into volunteer service as the 82nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment.

  • 4th Regiment National Guard Infantry was raised on June 18, 1863, for 30 days service in response to Robert E. Lee
    Robert E. Lee
    Robert Edward Lee was a career military officer who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War....

    's invasion of Pennsylvania in June of that year. It served in Pennsylvania
    Pennsylvania
    The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is a U.S. state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware and Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, New York and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jersey to...

     and was mustered out of service on July 24, 1863.
  • 5th Regiment National Guard Infantry was raised on June 18, 1863, for 30 days service in response to Robert E. Lee
    Robert E. Lee
    Robert Edward Lee was a career military officer who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War....

    's invasion of Pennsylvania in June of that year. It served in Pennsylvania
    Pennsylvania
    The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is a U.S. state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware and Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, New York and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jersey to...

     and was mustered out of service on July 22, 1863.
  • 6th Regiment National Guard Infantry was raised on June 18, 1863, for 30 days service in response to Robert E. Lee
    Robert E. Lee
    Robert Edward Lee was a career military officer who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War....

    's invasion of Pennsylvania in June of that year. It served in Baltimore, Maryland, as part of the garrison of that city, and was mustered out of service on July 22, 1863.
  • 25th Regiment National Guard Infantry was raised on May 31, 1862 for three months service. It served in the garrison of Suffolk, Virginia
    Suffolk, Virginia
    Suffolk is the largest city by area in Virginia, United States, and is located in the Hampton Roads metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 84,585. Its median household income was $57,546.-History:...

    , and was mustered out of service on September 8, 1862.
  • 28th Regiment National Guard Infantry was raised on June 20, 1863, in response to Robert E. Lee
    Robert E. Lee
    Robert Edward Lee was a career military officer who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War....

    's invasion of Pennsylvania in June of that year. It saw no action during the campaign, and then returned to New York City to help suppress the draft riots
    New York Draft Riots
    The New York City draft riots were violent disturbances in New York City that were the culmination of discontent with new laws passed by Congress to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War. The riots were the largest civil insurrection in American history apart from the Civil War itself...

     there. It was mustered out on July 23, 1863. It was called up for a second time on September 2, 1864, for 100 days service and mustered out on November 13, 1864
  • 37th Regiment National Guard Infantry was raised on May 29, 1862, for three months service. It served in the Middle Department
    Middle Department
    The Middle Department was an administrative military district created by the United States War Department early in the American Civil War to administer the troops in the Middle Atlantic states....

     and was mustered out on September 2, 1862. It was mustered a second time for 30 days service during the Gettysburg Campaign
    Gettysburg Campaign
    The Gettysburg Campaign was a series of battles fought in June and July 1863, during the American Civil War. After his victory in the Battle of Chancellorsville, Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia moved north for offensive operations in Maryland and Pennsylvania. The...

     on June 18, 1863, and mustered out on July 22, 1863. The 37th was mustered a third time for 30 days on May 6, 1864, for guard duty at New York's harbor. It mustered out June 6, 1864.


The New York State Militia was active by the mid 1880s. In 1889 a group of wealthy equestrian enthusists were incorporated into the State Militia as Squadron A
Squadron A
- The New York Hussars :Squadron A originated out of a group of wealthy, young gentlemen with great interest in equestrian sport who formed themselves into a group called the 'New York Hussars". They adopted fancy blue uniforms and headgear for ceremonial purposes that mimicked Eurasian fashions...

. Their heritage is carried on today by the 101st Cavalry Regiment.

New York Army National Guard

The New York Army National Guard was formally created in 1906. The Militia Act of 1903
Militia Act of 1903
The National Guard Bureau is the federal instrument responsible for the administration of the National Guard of the United States established by the United States Congress as a joint bureau of the Department of the Army and the Department of the Air Force. It was created by the Militia Act of 1903...

 organized the various state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 militia
Militia
The term militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary citizens to provide defense, emergency law enforcement, or paramilitary service, in times of emergency without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. It is a polyseme with...

s into the present National Guard system. The New York Army National Guard despatched elements of the 26th Infantry Division, and the 42nd Infantry Division to both world wars. Douglas McArthur served as an officer and brigade commander in the 42nd Infantry Division during the First World War.

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year
One weekend a month, two weeks a year
"One weekend a month, two weeks a year" is a former recruiting slogan used by the U.S. Army National Guard. It indicated the amount of time an individual would need to spend actively in the Guard to be a Guardsman with benefits...

", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity.

Twenty-First Century

Since the 9/11 Attacks on New York City, New York Army National Guard Soldiers were brought back into force in 2003 to help in the "Ice Storm". Soon after that, they were deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan in support of the Global War on Terror, as well as faced an increase in domestic missions.

The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current United States Department of Defense
United States Department of Defense
The United States Department of Defense is the U.S...

 policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period. This policy was due to change on 1 August 2007; the new policy stated that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months. However, individual states have differing policies.

The 2nd Battalion 108th Infantry deployed to Iraq in 2004 along with the 105th MP Company. In 2004/2005 the 1st Battalion 69th Infantry served in Iraq; eventually assuming responsibility for security on the Baghdad International Airport Road.

In 2004 the Division Headquarters and division base units of the 42nd Infantry Division, the "Rainbow" Division, were mobilized for service in Iraq. The 42nd Infantry Division, took over responsibility for the area known as Multi-National Division North Central—the provinces of Salah Ah Din, Diyala, At Tamamim (or Kirkuk Province) and As Sulymaniah Province from the 1st Infantry Division on February 14, 2005. The 42nd Combat Aviation Brigade also deployed to Iraq during this period.

At one point during 2005 almost 3,500 members of the New York Army National Guard were serving in Iraq. Task Force Liberty, led by the 42nd Infantry Division, comprised 23,000 Soldiers including two Active Duty Army Brigades of the 3rd Infantry Division, the 278th Regimental Combat Team of the Tennessee Army National Guard
Tennessee Army National Guard
The Tennessee Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization...

, and the 116th Brigade Combat Team from the Pacific Northwest.

About 25 NY ARNG soldiers deployed to Iraq in Sep 2006 as part of the 36th Combat Aviation Brigade.

In 2008 the 27th Brigade Combat Team was mobilized with the role of training Afghan National Army and Police forces in Afghianistan (Task Force Phoenix
Task Force Phoenix
Task Force Phoenix, or more properly known as Combined Joint Task Force Phoenix , is an international military formation. It was organized by the United States Central Command in 2003-2004 to train and mentor the newly-created Afghan National Security Forces to establish and maintain law and...

). The 2nd Squadron, 101st Cavalry deployed with the 27th BCT. Members of the 2nd Battalion 108th Infantry, and 1st Battalion 69th Infantry, filled out vacancies in the deploying units. The brigade returned late 2008.

The 3rd Battalion 142nd Aviation (Assault Helicopter) deployed to Iraq in late summer of 2008 in support of Multi-National Corps-Iraq, as did the 133rd Quartermaster Company. The battalion returned to New York in the spring of 2009.

The 27th Brigade Combat Team has received a notification of sourcing and is expected to again deploy to Afghanistan in February of 2012.

42nd Infantry Division

  • 42nd Infantry Division
    • TAC 1, Buffalo, NY
    • TAC 2, Staten Island, NY
  • 27th Infantry Brigade (United States) NEW YORK DIVISION
    • 1st Battalion, 69th Infantry Regiment (United States)
      69th Infantry Regiment (United States)
      The 69th Infantry Regiment was a Regular Army infantry regiment in the United States Army.-History:There have been three different lineages started under this number: The Famous 69th Infantry Regiment , and two under the Federal designation....

       "Gentle When Stroked; Fierce when Provoked", New York, NY
      • HHC, New York, NY
      • Co A, New York, NY
      • Co B, Huntington Station
      • Co C, Cortlandt Manor, NY
      • Co D, Bayshore, NY
    • 2nd Battalion, 108th Infantry Regiment
      108th Infantry Regiment (United States)
      The 108th Infantry Regiment is a regiment of the New York Army National Guard. It was first formed in 1898 and has been in continuous existence since 1907. As National Guardsmen, Soldiers of the 108th Infantry can be called upon to serve the state and Federal governments...

      , Utica, NY
      • HHC, Utica, NY
      • Co A, Geneseo, NY
      • Co B, Morrisonville, NY
      • Co C, Gloversville, NY
      • Co D, Ithaca, NY
    • 2nd Squadron, 101st Cavalry Regiment (United States) "To the Upmost", Buffalo, NY
      • HHT, Buffalo, NY
      • Troop A, Geneva, NY
      • Troop B, Jamestown, NY
      • Troop C, Buffalo, NY
    • 1st Battalion, 258th Field Artillery, Jamaica, NY HHB
      • Battery A, Newburgh M119 105mm
      • Battery B, Bronx, NY M119 105mm
    • 427th Brigade Support Battalion, Syracuse, NY
      • Co A, Rochester, NY
      • Co B, Rochester, NY
      • Co C, Buffalo, NY
      • Co D, Buffalo, NY
      • Co E, Glenville, NY
      • Co F, Freeport, NY - Recruiter SSG Bruce Welburn (516) 903-6206
      • Co G Jamaica, NY
    • 27th Brigade Special Troops Battalion, Buffalo, NY
      • Co A, Buffalo, NY
      • Co B, Syracuse, NY
      • Co C, Buffalo, NY
    • 42nd Combat Aviation Brigade "Over the Rainbow", Latham, NY
      • Co A, 224th Aviation Regiment, Latham, NY
      • 3rd Battalion, 142nd Aviation Regiment, Ronkonkoma, NY
      • Co A, Latham, NY
      • Co B, Ronkonkoma, NY
      • Co D, Latham, NY
      • Co E, Patchougue, NY
    • 642nd Aviation (Aviation Support Battalion), Rochester, NY
      • HSC, Rochester, NY
      • Co A, Dunkirk, NY
      • Co B, Ronkonkoma, NY
      • Co C, Brooklyn, NY
    • 1st Battalion, 169th Aviation, Rochester, NY
      • Co D, Rochester, NY
      • Co E, Rochester, NY
      • Co F, Rochester, NY
    • 3rd Battalion, 126th Aviation, Rochester, NY
      • Co B, Rochester, NY
      • Co D, Rochester, NY
      • Co E, Rochester, NY

53d Troop Command

  • 53d Troop Command
    • 53d HQ Detachment Army Liaison Team (ARFOR), New York, NY
    • 369th Sustainment Brigade
      • 1569th Transportation Company New Windsor, NY
      • 719th Transportation Company New York, NY
    • 153rd Troop Command
    • 104th Military Police Battalion "Vanguard of the Empire", Kingston, NY
      • 442nd Military Police Company (United States) , Jamaica, NY
      • 727th Law and Order Detachment, Poughkeepsie, NY
      • 222d Chemical Company, Brooklyn, NY
    • 101st Signal Battalion "Pro Patria Et Unitate" (For Country and Unity), Yonkers, NY
      • Co A, Poughkeepsie, NY
      • Co B, Orangeburg, NY
      • Co C, Yonkers, NY
    • 102nd Military Police Battalion
      • 105th Military Police Company (United States), Buffalo, NY
        • Det. 1, 105th Military Police Company, Rochester, NY
      • 107th Military Police Company, Utica, NY
      • 222d Military Police Company, Auburn, NY
        • Det. 1, 222d Military Police Company, Hornell, NY
    • 204th Engineer Battalion
      204th Engineer Battalion
      The 204th Engineer Battalion was constituted on 1 December 1967 in the New York Army National Guard. This battalion was organized on 1 February 1967 from existing units in south-central New York...

    • 501st Explosive Ordnance Disposal Battalion
  • 106th Regiment (RTI)
  • 2nd WMD Civil Support Team - Scotia (Weapons of mass destruction
    Weapons of mass destruction
    A weapon of mass destruction is a weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans and/or cause great damage to man-made structures , natural structures , or the biosphere in general...

     (WMD))

Historic units

  • 127th Armor Regiment (United states)
  • 101st Cavalry Regiment (United states)
  • 105th Infantry Regiment (United States)
  • 106th Infantry Regiment (United States)
  • 107th Infantry Regiment (United States)
  • 108th Infantry Regiment (United States)
    108th Infantry Regiment (United States)
    The 108th Infantry Regiment is a regiment of the New York Army National Guard. It was first formed in 1898 and has been in continuous existence since 1907. As National Guardsmen, Soldiers of the 108th Infantry can be called upon to serve the state and Federal governments...

  • HHC/108th Support Group (United States)

The Headquarters and Headquarters Company/108th Support Group is one of only nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812
Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812
Nineteen current units of the Army National Guard perpetuate the lineages of militia units mustered into federal service during the War of 1812. Militia units from nine states that were part of the Union by the end of the War of 1812 , plus the District of Columbia, are the predecessors...

.
  • (165th Infantry)69th Infantry Regiment (New York)
  • 71st Infantry Regiment (United States)
    71st Infantry Regiment (United States)
    The 71st Infantry Regiment was a Regular infantry regiment in the United States Army active briefly during 1918-1919.-History:There have been 2 different lineages started under this number: the famous 71st Infantry Regiment , and 1 under the Federal designation.Constituted 9 July 1918 in the...

  • 174th Infantry Regiment (United States)
  • 242nd Infantry Regiment (United States)
  • 104th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 105th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 106th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 156th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)
  • 170th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 186th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 186th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)
  • 187th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 226th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 249th Armored Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
  • 258th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)

The 258th Field Artillery is one of only nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812
Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812
Nineteen current units of the Army National Guard perpetuate the lineages of militia units mustered into federal service during the War of 1812. Militia units from nine states that were part of the Union by the end of the War of 1812 , plus the District of Columbia, are the predecessors...

.
  • 270th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)

See also

  • Coats of arms of U.S. Armor and Cavalry Regiments
    Coats of arms of U.S. Armor and Cavalry Regiments
    This page has been split as follows:* Coats of arms of U.S. Armor Regiments* Coats of arms of U.S. Cavalry Regiments-See also:* commons:Field Army insignia of the United States Army* Corps insignia of the United States Army...

  • Coats of arms of U.S. Artillery Regiments
    Coats of arms of U.S. Artillery Regiments
    Coats of arms of US Artillery Regiments are heraldic emblems associated with field artillery, air defense artillery, and coast artillery regiments in the US Army...

  • Coats of arms of U.S. Infantry Regiments
    Coats of arms of U.S. Infantry Regiments
    Coats of arms of US Infantry Regiments are heraldic emblems associated with infantry regiments in the US Army. By Army regulation, all regiments of the US Army organized under a Table of Organization and Equipment are authorized a coat of arms to be displayed on the organization's standard, called...

  • Coats of arms of U.S. Air Defense Artillery Regiments
    Coats of arms of U.S. Air Defense Artillery Regiments
    Coats of arms of US Air Defense Artillery Regiments are heraldic emblems associated with Field artillery, Air Defense Artillery, and coast artillery regiments in the US Army...


External links

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