, mountain west
, and southwestern
regions of the United States. With an area of 110561 square miles (286,351.7 km²) and a population of about 2.7 million, it is the 7th-largest and 35th-most populous state. Over two-thirds of Nevada's people live in the Las Vegas metropolitan area, which contains its three largest incorporated cities. Nevada's capital is Carson City
Nevada is largely desert and semiarid, with much of it located within the Great Basin
1848 Mexican-American War: Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo thus ending the war and ceding California, Nevada, Utah and parts of four other modern-day U.S. states to the United States for $15 million USD.
1864 Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
1924 Capital punishment: The first state execution in the United States by gas chamber takes place in Nevada.
1931 Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
1935 The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
1947 In Nevada, the Boulder Dam is renamed Hoover Dam a second time.
1951 Operation Buster-Jangle: 6,500 American soldiers are exposed to 'Desert Rock' atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation is not voluntary.
1983 Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 mph (1,019 km/h), driving Thrust 2 at the Black Rock Desert of Nevada.
1998 Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.