Neftegorsk, Sakhalin Oblast
Neftegorsk called Vostok before 1970, was an oil
Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. Petroleum is recovered mostly through oil drilling...

-producing urban-type settlement
Urban-type settlement
Urban-type settlement ; , selyshche mis'koho typu ) is an official designation for a type of locality used in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union...

 in Sakhalin Oblast
Sakhalin Oblast
Sakhalin Oblast is a federal subject of Russia comprising the island of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands.The oblast has an area of 87,100 km² and a population of 546,695...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

. It was devastated on May 28, 1995 by an earthquake measuring 7.6
1995 Neftegorsk earthquake
The 1995 Neftegorsk earthquake was a 7.1Mw earthquake that devastated the town of Neftegorsk in northern Sakhalin Island, Russia on May 27 1995 at 23:03 local time ....

 on the Richter scale
Richter magnitude scale
The expression Richter magnitude scale refers to a number of ways to assign a single number to quantify the energy contained in an earthquake....

, killing over 2,000 people (while the total population was about 3,500). The settlement was not rebuilt after the earthquake; a memorial was constructed in the area.
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