National Assembly of Hungary
Overview
 
The National Assembly or Diet is the parliament
Parliament
A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modeled after that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French , the action of parler : a parlement is a discussion. The term came to mean a meeting at which...

 of Hungary
Hungary
Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The...

. The unicameral body consists of 386 members elected to 4-year terms. Election of members is based on a complex system involving both area and list election; parties must win at least 5% of the popular vote in order to enter list members the assembly (but area winners enter regardless). The Assembly includes 25 standing committees to debate and report on introduced bills and to supervise the activities of the ministers.
Encyclopedia
The National Assembly or Diet is the parliament
Parliament
A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modeled after that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French , the action of parler : a parlement is a discussion. The term came to mean a meeting at which...

 of Hungary
Hungary
Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The...

. The unicameral body consists of 386 members elected to 4-year terms. Election of members is based on a complex system involving both area and list election; parties must win at least 5% of the popular vote in order to enter list members the assembly (but area winners enter regardless). The Assembly includes 25 standing committees to debate and report on introduced bills and to supervise the activities of the ministers. The Constitutional Court of Hungary
Constitutional Court of Hungary
The Constitutional Court of Hungary is a special court of Hungary, making judicial review of the acts of the Parliament of Hungary. The official seat of the Constitutional Court is Esztergom....

 has the right to challenge legislation on the grounds of constitutionality. The assembly has met in the Hungarian Parliament Building
Hungarian Parliament Building
The Hungarian Parliament Building is the seat of the National Assembly of Hungary, one of Europe's oldest legislative buildings, a notable landmark of Hungary and a popular tourist destination of Budapest. It lies in Lajos Kossuth Square, on the bank of the Danube, in Budapest...

 in Budapest
Budapest
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

 since 1902.

History

The history of the Hungarian legislative goes back to the 15th century Diet of Hungary
Diet of Hungary
The Diet of Hungary was a legislative institution in the medieval kingdom of Hungary from the 15th century, and in its successor states, Royal Hungary and the Habsburg kingdom of Hungary throughout the Early Modern period...

, which was also called Országgyűlés in Hungarian. Insofar today's parliament can be called "Diet" as well, but uses the term "National Assembly" in English in order to differentiate between today's republican assembly and the one during the monarchy.

Since 2010

At the sixth parliamentary elections
Hungarian parliamentary election, 2010
A parliamentary election was held in Hungary on 11 and 25 April 2010 to choose MPs for the National Assembly. They were the sixth free elections since the end of communist era. The 386 members of parliament were elected in a combined system of party lists and electoral constituencies...

, four parties or party alliances passed the minimum threshold: the Hungarian Civic Union
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union
The Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union is a major conservative party in Hungary. At the 2010 election in Hungary, Fidesz-KDNP won a two-thirds majority of seats by gaining 52% of the votes, with Fidesz winning 227 seats and KDNP winning 36...

 (FIDESZ) in alliance with the Christian Democratic People's Party
Christian Democratic People's Party (Hungary)
The Christian Democratic People's Party is a political party in Hungary.- History :The party was founded in 1944 by Hungarian Catholic statesmen, intellectuals, and ecclesiastical such as Bishop Vilmos Apor, Béla Kovrig , László Varga and General József Pálffy, among others...

 (KDNP) (263 seats in common, 227 for Fidesz and 36 for KDNP). Fidesz-KDNP candidates won enough seats to achieve a two-thirds majority required to modify major laws and the country's constitution. The Hungarian Socialist Party
Hungarian Socialist Party
The Hungarian Socialist Party describes itself as a social democratic party in Hungary. It is the partial successor of the communist Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party , which ruled Hungary between 1956 and 1989. The decision to declare the party a successor of the MSZMP was controversial, and...

 (MSZP) won 59 seats, while its former coalition party Alliance of Free Democrats
Alliance of Free Democrats
The Alliance of Free Democrats – Hungarian Liberal Party is a liberal party in Hungary, led since July 2010 by Viktor Szabadai . The SZDSZ is a member of the ELDR and of Liberal International...

 (SZDSZ) failed to win any seats and became extra-parliamentary after 20 years. There were two newcomers to the Országgyűlés: Jobbik (47 seats) and Politics Can Be Different
Politics Can Be Different
Politics Can Be Different , abbreviated to LMP, is a Hungarian green liberal political party. Founded in 2009, it was one of four parties to win seats in the National Assembly in the 2010 parliamentary election.-History:...

 (LMP) (16 seats). 1 independent (former Fidesz member Oszkár Molnár
Oszkár Molnár
Oszkár Molnár is a Hungarian politician and has been member of the National Assembly since 1998.-Biography:He was born in Sajószentpéter, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, on 1 June 1956. He finished Izsó Miklós Secondary School of Edelény in 1974. He is married, with two children...

) got into the Parliament, winning a constituency (Edelény
Edelény
Edelény is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary. It lies in the valley of Bódva River, north from county seat Miskolc.-History:...

) in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén is the name of an administrative county in north-eastern Hungary , on the border with Slovakia. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Nógrád, Heves, Hajdú-Bihar and Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. The capital of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county is Miskolc...

.

The other prestigious party, the Hungarian Democratic Forum
Hungarian Democratic Forum
The Hungarian Democratic Forum , abbreviated to MDF, was a centre-right political party in Hungary. It had a liberal conservative and Christian democratic ideology...

 also lost its any seats.

The heads of the factions are:
  • Fidesz: János Lázár
    János Lázár
    János Lázár is a Hungarian MP. He is also the mayor of his home town of Hódmezővásárhely, being re-elected in 2006...

  • KDNP: Péter Harrach
    Péter Harrach
    Péter Pál Harrach is a Hungarian politician and theologist, who served as one of the Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly of Hungary from May 27, 2002 to May 13, 2010. He was a minister in the first cabinet of Viktor Orbán...

  • MSZP: Attila Mesterházy
    Attila Mesterházy
    Attila Mesterházy is a Hungarian politician, chairman of the Hungarian Socialist Party since 10 July 2010. He was the party's candidate for the position of Prime Minister of Hungary in the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2010.-Biography:Mesterházy was born in 1974 in Pécs...

  • Jobbik: Gábor Vona
    Gábor Vona
    Gábor Vona is a Hungarian politician and the leader of the Hungarian nationalist political party Jobbik. He was born on 20 August 1978 in Gyöngyös...

  • LMP: András Schiffer
    András Schiffer
    András Schiffer is a Hungarian politician, leader of the Politics Can Be Different parliamentary group.He received his Juris Doctor degree at the Eötvös Loránd University in 1995...



The new parliamentary session hold the inaugural session on 14 May 2010. The President of Fidesz and Prime Minister is Viktor Orbán
Viktor Orbán
Viktor Orbán is a Hungarian populist and conservative politician and current Prime Minister of Hungary...

. Pál Schmitt
Pál Schmitt
Pál Schmitt is the current President of Hungary. He was elected President of Hungary in a 263 to 59 vote in the Parliament of Hungary and was sworn in on 2010....

 served as Speaker of the National Assembly until August 2010 when became President of Hungary. He was replaced by László Kövér
László Kövér
László Kövér is a Hungarian politician. He was a founding member of Fidesz from 1988, and he served as Minister without portfolio for the Civilian Intelligence Services during the Viktor Orbán administration...

.

After the 2010 local elections, held on the 3rd of October, Katalin Szili
Katalin Szili
Katalin Szili was the Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary, a post to which she was elected on May 15, 2002. After obtaining a degree in law at Janus Pannonius University, she completed majors in human ecology and political science. She has been a legislator since 1994...

 founded the Social Union
Social Union (Hungary)
The Social Union , abbreviated to SZU, is a centre-left political party in Hungary. It has a traditionalism and social democratic ideology.-Establishment:...

 and became its first chairperson. As a result, she quit the Hungarian Socialist Party and their parliamentarian group. Continuing the parliamentarian work as formally independent MP. Gábor Ivády left the LMP faction on 21 October 2010. Lajos Pősze was expelled from the Jobbik faction and became independent in December 2010 because of his comments distancing himself from the Hungarian Guard Movement
Magyar Gárda
Magyar Gárda Mozgalom founded by Magyar Gárda Hagyományőrző és Kulturális Egyesület was a nationalist organization in Hungary related to the Jobbik party...

. On 22 October, 2011 Ferenc Gyurcsány
Ferenc Gyurcsány
Ferenc Gyurcsány is a Hungarian politician. He was the sixth Prime Minister of Hungary from 2004 to 2009.He was nominated to take that position on 25 August 2004 by the Hungarian Socialist Party , after Péter Medgyessy resigned due to a conflict with the Socialist Party's coalition partner...

 and 9 other lawmakers quit the MSZP and its parliamentary group and founded Democratic Coalition
Democratic Coalition
The Democratic Coalition , abbreviated to DK, is a centre-left political party in Hungary led by former Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány. Founded in 2010 as a group within the Hungarian Socialist Party , the party split from the MSZP in 22 October 2011 and became a separate party...

. The new party will not be allowed to form a new party faction until the spring after leaving the Socialist Party faction, parliament’s Constitutional and Procedural Committee decided on 7 November 2011. According the parliamentary rules, any parliamentarian that leaves or is expelled from a party faction must sit as an independent candidate for six months before joining another faction.

2006-2010 Parliament

At parliamentary elections in 2006
Hungarian parliamentary election, 2006
The schedule of the 2006 Hungarian parliamentary elections, as announced by president László Sólyom was as follows:* first round on April 9, 2006* second round on April 23, 2006...

, four parties or party alliances passed the minimum threshold: the Hungarian Socialist Party
Hungarian Socialist Party
The Hungarian Socialist Party describes itself as a social democratic party in Hungary. It is the partial successor of the communist Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party , which ruled Hungary between 1956 and 1989. The decision to declare the party a successor of the MSZMP was controversial, and...

 (MSZP) (190 seats), the coalition party Alliance of Free Democrats
Alliance of Free Democrats
The Alliance of Free Democrats – Hungarian Liberal Party is a liberal party in Hungary, led since July 2010 by Viktor Szabadai . The SZDSZ is a member of the ELDR and of Liberal International...

 (SZDSZ) (20 seats), the Hungarian Civic Union
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union
The Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union is a major conservative party in Hungary. At the 2010 election in Hungary, Fidesz-KDNP won a two-thirds majority of seats by gaining 52% of the votes, with Fidesz winning 227 seats and KDNP winning 36...

 (FIDESZ) in alliance with the Christian Democratic People's Party
Christian Democratic People's Party (Hungary)
The Christian Democratic People's Party is a political party in Hungary.- History :The party was founded in 1944 by Hungarian Catholic statesmen, intellectuals, and ecclesiastical such as Bishop Vilmos Apor, Béla Kovrig , László Varga and General József Pálffy, among others...

 (KDNP) (164 seats in common, 141 for Fidesz and 23 for KDNP), and the Hungarian Democratic Forum
Hungarian Democratic Forum
The Hungarian Democratic Forum , abbreviated to MDF, was a centre-right political party in Hungary. It had a liberal conservative and Christian democratic ideology...

 (MDF) (11 seats) and 1 independent (István Gyenesei
István Gyenesei
István Gyenesei is a Hungarian politician and is currently the Chairman of the Association for Somogy party. He was the only representative in the Hungarian National Assembly who gained a seat as independent. During the formation of the minority government Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány...

) got into the Parliament, winning a constituency in Somogy county.

The heads of the factions were:
  • MSZP: Ildikó Lendvai
    Ildikó Lendvai
    Ildikó Lendvai is a Hungarian politician, the president of the Hungarian Socialist Party between 5 April 2009 and 10 July 2010.-Biography:She was born in Debrecen, Hungary on 20 July 1946. She spent her childhood in Nagykanizsa, Pécs and Szolnok, following the movement of the family due to...

     (2006-2009), Attila Mesterházy
    Attila Mesterházy
    Attila Mesterházy is a Hungarian politician, chairman of the Hungarian Socialist Party since 10 July 2010. He was the party's candidate for the position of Prime Minister of Hungary in the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2010.-Biography:Mesterházy was born in 1974 in Pécs...

     (2009-2010)
  • Fidesz: Tibor Navracsics
    Tibor Navracsics
    Tibor Navracsics lawyer and political scientist, head of parliamentary group of the Fidesz - Hungarian Civic Union political party.He is married, he has a daughter, who was born in 1991.- Education :...

  • KDNP: Zsolt Semjén
    Zsolt Semjén
    Zsolt Semjén is a Hungarian politician, currently minister without portfolio and Deputy Prime Minister in the second cabinet of Prime Minister Viktor Orbán...

  • SZDSZ: Gábor Kuncze
    Gábor Kuncze
    Gábor Kuncze is a Hungarian liberal politician, former chairman of the Hungarian Alliance of Free Democrats ....

     (2006-2007), János Kóka (2007-2010).
  • MDF: Károly Herényi
    Károly Herényi
    Károly Herényi is a Hungarian politician who served as acting president of the Hungarian Democratic Forum after the 2010 Hungarian parliamentary election.-References:...

     (2006-2009). The faction of MDF broke up in 2009.


The head of the allied faction FIDESZ-KDNP was Viktor Orbán
Viktor Orbán
Viktor Orbán is a Hungarian populist and conservative politician and current Prime Minister of Hungary...

. The head of the minority government
Minority government
A minority government or a minority cabinet is a cabinet of a parliamentary system formed when a political party or coalition of parties does not have a majority of overall seats in the parliament but is sworn into government to break a Hung Parliament election result. It is also known as a...

 (since 2008, when SZDSZ left the coalition) was Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány
Ferenc Gyurcsány
Ferenc Gyurcsány is a Hungarian politician. He was the sixth Prime Minister of Hungary from 2004 to 2009.He was nominated to take that position on 25 August 2004 by the Hungarian Socialist Party , after Péter Medgyessy resigned due to a conflict with the Socialist Party's coalition partner...

 then Gordon Bajnai
Gordon Bajnai
György Gordon Bajnai was the seventh Prime Minister of Hungary from 2009 to 2010. In March 2009, following Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány's announced resignation, Bajnai was nominated by the ruling MSZP party to become Hungary's next prime minister...

. The speaker of the Assembly was Katalin Szili
Katalin Szili
Katalin Szili was the Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary, a post to which she was elected on May 15, 2002. After obtaining a degree in law at Janus Pannonius University, she completed majors in human ecology and political science. She has been a legislator since 1994...

 (2006-2009) then Béla Katona
Béla Katona
Béla Katona is a Hungarian politician , who served as Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary from 2009 to 2010.-References:**...

 (2009-2010) of the MSZP.

Speakers of the National Assembly of Hungary

Latest election

Summary of the 25 April 2010 National Assembly (Országgyűlés) elections
Hungarian parliamentary election, 2010
A parliamentary election was held in Hungary on 11 and 25 April 2010 to choose MPs for the National Assembly. They were the sixth free elections since the end of communist era. The 386 members of parliament were elected in a combined system of party lists and electoral constituencies...


|-
| style="text-align:left; background:#e9e9e9; vertical-align:top;"|Parties
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|Individual votes
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|Regional votes
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|Total votes
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|%
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|Fragmentary votes
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|Constituency seats
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|Regional seats
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|National list seats
! style="background:#e9e9e9; text-align:right;"|Total seats
|-
|align=left|Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union
The Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union is a major conservative party in Hungary. At the 2010 election in Hungary, Fidesz-KDNP won a two-thirds majority of seats by gaining 52% of the votes, with Fidesz winning 227 seats and KDNP winning 36...

 (Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség)
|620,232
|2,706,292
|3,326,524
|52.73
|135,592
|173
|87
|3
|263
|-
|align=left|Hungarian Socialist Party
Hungarian Socialist Party
The Hungarian Socialist Party describes itself as a social democratic party in Hungary. It is the partial successor of the communist Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party , which ruled Hungary between 1956 and 1989. The decision to declare the party a successor of the MSZMP was controversial, and...

 (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP)
|326,361
|990,428
|1,316,789
|19.30
|1,221,523
|2
|28
|29
|59
|-
|align=left|Movement for a Better Hungary
Movement for a Better Hungary
Jobbik, The Movement for a Better Hungary commonly known as Jobbik, is a Hungarian radical nationalist political party. Jobbik has been denoted by scholars, different press outlets and its political opponents as fascist, neo-fascist, anti-Semitic, anti-Roma and homophobic...

 (Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom)
|141,415
|855,436
|996,851
|16.67
|925,252
|0
|26
|21
|47
|-
|align=left| Politics Can Be Different
Politics Can Be Different
Politics Can Be Different , abbreviated to LMP, is a Hungarian green liberal political party. Founded in 2009, it was one of four parties to win seats in the National Assembly in the 2010 parliamentary election.-History:...

(Lehet Más a Politika)
|43,437
|383,876
|427,313
|7.48
|471,305
|0
|5
|11
|16
|- style="background:#e9e9e9;"
| style="text-align:left; "|Total
| style="text-align:right;"| 1,152,693
| style="text-align:right;"| 5,132,531
| style="text-align:right;"| 6,285,224
| style="text-align:right;"|96.18
| style="text-align:right;"| 2,753,672
| style="text-align:right;"|176
| style="text-align:right;"|146
| style="text-align:right;"|64
| style="text-align:right;"|386
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="10"|Source:
|}

External links

Official website Official website
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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