Muban is the lowest administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as village, they are the subdivision of tambon
Tambon is a local government unit in Thailand. Below district and province , they form the third administrative subdivision level. As of the 2009 there are 7255 tambon, not including the 169 khwaeng of Bangkok, which are set at the same administrative level, thus every district contains 8-10 tambon...

. As of 2008, there are 74944 administrative villages in Thailand. As of the 1990 census, the average village consisted of 144 households or 746 persons.

A muban does not necessarily cover exactly one settlement. Larger settlements can be split into several muban, while very small settlements can be put together into a single muban.

In village names, muban is commonly abbreviated to ban .


The village is led by a village headman (Thai: Phu Yai Ban, ผู้ใหญ่บ้าน), who is elected by the population of the village and then appointed by the Ministry of the Interior. The headman has two assistants, one for Government affairs and one for Security Affairs. There also may be a Village Committee with elected members from the village, serving as an advisory body of a village. Originally the village headman once elected was in office until reaching retirement age. They now only serve for a five year term but can then apply for reelection.

Villages which are part of a town or city (thesaban mueang and thesaban nakhon) have no village headman.
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