Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Liberties
The Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Liberties (MTLD), name proposed by Maiza, was created October 1946 to replace the outlawed Parti du Peuple Algerien (PPA). Messali Hadj
Messali Hadj
Ahmed Ben Messali Hadj was an Algerian nationalist politician dedicated to the independence of his homeland from France...

 remained as its president.

The MTLD was created on the same platform as that of the PPA , that is full independence for Algeria. A month after its creation it won five seats (out of 15 elected) in the November 'two colleges' Algerian elections, despite numerous irregularities. During that same election Ferhat Abbas
Ferhat Abbas
Ferhat Abbas Kabyle: Ferḥat Σabbas, was an Algerian political leader and briefly acted in a provisional capacity as the yet-to-become independent country's President from 1958 to 1961.- Background :...

 was elected under the banner of the Union Democratique du Manifeste Algerien (UDMA), a party he formed in the same year. In the 1948 elections, the MTLD lost all seats, and in 1950, it was repressed by the police.

A power struggle erupted between Messali Hadj and the Central Committee, the legislative body of the Party. The first attempt at reconciliation took place in Belcourt, a suburb of Algiers, in August 1954. Messalists and Centralists with Special Organization (OS) members as observers, could not reach a compromise. A second attempt at rallying Messali was made later in 1954 by a "Committee of Neutralists" headed by Belkacem Radjef
Belkacem Radjef
Belkacem Radjef was born in Fort-National , Algeria and spent 32 years of his life in the fight to liberate Algeria from French colonialism. He joined the first movement for independence, L'Etoile Nord Africaine, in 1930...

 with the famous "Appel A La Raison' (call to reason). That also failed and Messali was permanently isolated from all future decisions made by the MTLD and its Centralists, Neutralists and OS members.

The National Liberation Front
National Liberation Front (Algeria)
The National Liberation Front is a socialist political party in Algeria. It was set up on November 1, 1954 as a merger of other smaller groups, to obtain independence for Algeria from France.- Anticolonial struggle :...

 (FLN) was formed after the OS, expanded as the Comité Révolutionaire d'Unité et d'Action (CRUA), triggered the War of Independence November 1954. It called for all Algerians to unite under the same banner to wrestle independence at any cost.
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.