Miss Universe
Overview
Miss Universe is an annual international beauty contest
Beauty contest
A beauty pageant or beauty contest, is a competition that mainly focuses on the physical beauty of its contestants, although such contests often incorporate personality, talent, and answers to judges' questions as judged criteria...

 that is run by the Miss Universe Organization
Miss Universe Organization
The Miss Universe Organization is the organization that currently owns and runs the Miss Universe, Miss USA and Miss Teen USA beauty contests. Based in New York, it is owned jointly by NBC Universal and Donald Trump. The current president is Paula Shugart...

. The pageant is the most publicized beauty contest in the world with 600 million viewers.

The contest was founded in 1952 by California
California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

 clothing company Pacific Mills. The pageant became part of Kayser-Roth
Kayser-Roth
Kayser-Roth Corporation is an intimate apparel and hosiery manufacturer based in Greensboro, North Carolina. The company currently markets two brands in North America, No Nonsense and HUE.-History:...

 and then Gulf and Western Industries, before being acquired by Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Donald John Trump, Sr. is an American business magnate, television personality and author. He is the chairman and president of The Trump Organization and the founder of Trump Entertainment Resorts. Trump's extravagant lifestyle, outspoken manner and role on the NBC reality show The Apprentice have...

 in 1996.

In 1998, Miss Universe changed its name from Miss Universe, Inc.
Encyclopedia
Miss Universe is an annual international beauty contest
Beauty contest
A beauty pageant or beauty contest, is a competition that mainly focuses on the physical beauty of its contestants, although such contests often incorporate personality, talent, and answers to judges' questions as judged criteria...

 that is run by the Miss Universe Organization
Miss Universe Organization
The Miss Universe Organization is the organization that currently owns and runs the Miss Universe, Miss USA and Miss Teen USA beauty contests. Based in New York, it is owned jointly by NBC Universal and Donald Trump. The current president is Paula Shugart...

. The pageant is the most publicized beauty contest in the world with 600 million viewers.

The contest was founded in 1952 by California
California
California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

 clothing company Pacific Mills. The pageant became part of Kayser-Roth
Kayser-Roth
Kayser-Roth Corporation is an intimate apparel and hosiery manufacturer based in Greensboro, North Carolina. The company currently markets two brands in North America, No Nonsense and HUE.-History:...

 and then Gulf and Western Industries, before being acquired by Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Donald John Trump, Sr. is an American business magnate, television personality and author. He is the chairman and president of The Trump Organization and the founder of Trump Entertainment Resorts. Trump's extravagant lifestyle, outspoken manner and role on the NBC reality show The Apprentice have...

 in 1996.

In 1998, Miss Universe changed its name from Miss Universe, Inc. to Miss Universe Organization
Miss Universe Organization
The Miss Universe Organization is the organization that currently owns and runs the Miss Universe, Miss USA and Miss Teen USA beauty contests. Based in New York, it is owned jointly by NBC Universal and Donald Trump. The current president is Paula Shugart...

 and the headquarters moved from Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

, California, to New York City
New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

 that year. Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Donald John Trump, Sr. is an American business magnate, television personality and author. He is the chairman and president of The Trump Organization and the founder of Trump Entertainment Resorts. Trump's extravagant lifestyle, outspoken manner and role on the NBC reality show The Apprentice have...

 brought in a new team of professionals to the contest headed by its new CEO, Molly Miles, and president Maureen Reidy. The contest would use the slogan "Redefined for Today" for promotion of the pageants.

The current Miss Universe is Leila Lopes, from Angola
Angola
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola , is a country in south-central Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city...

. She won the title on September 12, 2011.

History

The first use of the title "Miss Universe" was as part of International Pageant of Pulchritude
International Pageant of Pulchritude
The International Pageant of Pulchritude, also known as the "International Beauty Contest" or the "Miss Universe Contest," was a beauty contest that began in 1926 featuring contestants from multiple nations. The last pageant event in the U.S. was held in 1931 although additional "Miss Universe"...

 which began in 1926. These events, the first international contests, lasted until 1935 when the Great Depression
Great Depression
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s...

 and other events preceding World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 led to their demise. This pageant had no direct relationship with the modern event.

The winner of the later "Miss America
Miss America
The Miss America pageant is a long-standing competition which awards scholarships to young women from the 50 states plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands...

 1951" pageant, Yolande Betbeze
Yolande Betbeze
Yolande Betbeze Fox was Miss America in 1951.Fox entered Miss Alabama for the scholarship opportunities the pageant presented...

, refused to pose in a swimsuit from its major sponsor, Catalina swimwear
Catalina swimwear
Catalina is one of the oldest apparel manufacturers in California and one of the best known names in the swimwear industry. Their history began in 1907, as Bentz Knitting Mills, a small manufacturer of underwear and sweaters. The name was changed to Pacific Knitting Mills in 1912, accompanied by...

. As a result, the brand's manufacturer Pacific Mills withdrew from Miss America and set up the Miss USA
Miss USA
The Miss USA beauty contest has been held annually since 1952 to select the United States entrant in the Miss Universe pageant. The Miss Universe Organization operates both pageants, as well as Miss Teen USA...

 and Miss Universe contests. The first Miss Universe Pageant was held in Long Beach, California
Long Beach, California
Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

 in 1952. It was won by Armi Kuusela
Armi Kuusela
3. ; Victoria Advocate, 5 May, 19534. ; Owosso Argus-Press, 30, June 1952-External links:*...

 from Finland, who gave up her title though not officially to get married, shortly before her year was complete. Until 1958 the Miss Universe title (like Miss America) was post-dated, so at the time Ms. Kuusela's title was Miss Universe 1953.

The pageant was first televised in 1955. CBS
CBS
CBS Broadcasting Inc. is a major US commercial broadcasting television network, which started as a radio network. The name is derived from the initials of the network's former name, Columbia Broadcasting System. The network is sometimes referred to as the "Eye Network" in reference to the shape of...

 began nationally broadcasting the combined Miss USA and Miss Universe pageants from 1960 and, separately, from 1965. In 2003 NBC
NBC
The National Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcasting television network and former radio network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's Rockefeller Center with additional major offices near Los Angeles and in Chicago...

 took over the television rights.

Competition formats

In the early years of the pageant the delegates who made the cut were announced after the preliminary competition. From 1965 to the present day the semi-finalists were not announced until the night of the main event. The semi-finalists once again competed in evening gown and swimsuit and a top 5 were announced. An interview portion was introduced in 1960 to decide the runners-up and winner.

From 1959 to 1964 there were slight format changes. From 1959 through 1963 there was no cut to reach the five finalists. The runners-up and winner were called from the assembled 15 semi-finalists.

In 1965 the pageant returned to the original format of a cut to five finalists, and remained so until 1989.

In 1969 a final question was posed to the last five contestants. The final question was an on-and-off feature of the pageant.

In 1990 it had taken root, and with every pageant since the final contestants have had to answer a final question.

In 1990 the pageant implemented major format changes in the competition itself. Instead of five finalists, the field was reduced from 10 semi-finalists to 6. Each contestant then randomly selected a judge and answered the question posed by the judge. After that, the field was narrowed down further to a final 3. In 1998, the number of finalists was reduced to 5, although there still was a cut to a final 3. This continued to 2001, where the final 5 format was re-instated.

In 2000 the interview portion of the semi-finals was quietly dropped and the contestants once again, as in the early days of the pageant, competed only in swimsuit and gowns.

In 2003 the Top 15 was again selected instead of the Top 10. Cuts were made to make the Top 10, and eventually the Top 5. The final question varied, each coming from the final delegates themselves and the current Miss Universe.

In 2006 twenty semi-finalists were announced, with these delegates competing in the swimsuit competition. The number of competing delegates was then cut to ten, with those delegates competing in the evening gown competition. After that round of competition, the final five were announced, with the finalists competing in the "final question" or interview round. At the end of competition the runners-up were announced and the winner crowned by the outgoing queen.

In 2007 the format changed slightly with the top 15 moving to the swimsuit competition; from there, 10 selected contestants moved on to the evening gown competition where half were eliminated. The final five were competing in the "final question". At the end of competition the runners-up were announced and the winner crowned by the outgoing queen.

In 2011, for the first time ever, one of the sixteen semifinalists was selected exclusively by fans via online voting.

The contest today

The Miss Universe Organization, a New York–based partnership between NBC
NBC
The National Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcasting television network and former radio network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's Rockefeller Center with additional major offices near Los Angeles and in Chicago...

 and Donald Trump, has run the contest since June 20, 2002. The current president is Paula Shugart. The Organization sells television rights to the pageant in other countries, and also produces the Miss USA
Miss USA
The Miss USA beauty contest has been held annually since 1952 to select the United States entrant in the Miss Universe pageant. The Miss Universe Organization operates both pageants, as well as Miss Teen USA...

 and Miss Teen USA
Miss Teen USA
Miss Teen USA is a beauty pageant run by the Miss Universe Organization for girls aged 14–19. The reigning titleholder is Danielle Doty of Texas....

 contests with the winner of Miss USA representing the USA in Miss Universe.

Contestant selection

Each year, Miss Universe organizers receive bids from organizations who wish to select the Miss Universe contestant for a country. This allows competition between different pageants to hold a country's license, as happened for Miss Italy and Miss France for example, when the licenses for their respective traditional organizations were revoked (the usual Miss France competition returned in 2004).

Usually a country's candidate selection involves pageants in major cities, with the winners competing in a national pageant, but this does not always occur. For example, in 2000 Australia's national pageant was abolished as a relic of a bygone era, with Australian delegates instead chosen by a modeling agency
Modeling agency
A modeling agency is a company that represents fashion models, to work for the fashion industry. These agencies earn their income via commission, usually from the deal they make with the model and or the head agency....

. Such "castings" are generally discouraged by the Miss Universe Organization, which prefers national pageants that preserve an aura of respectability and competition. Despite being "cast", Miss Australia, Jennifer Hawkins
Jennifer Hawkins
Jennifer Hawkins is an Australian beauty queen, model and television presenter best known as Miss Universe 2004 and the face of Australian department store Myer.-Early life:...

, was chosen as Miss Universe 2004. Later that year, Australia resumed its national pageant and chose Michelle Guy as Miss Universe Australia 2005.

Some of the most successful national pageants in the last decade have been Venezuela
Miss Venezuela
The Miss Venezuela contest is the national beauty pageant of Venezuela and has been held since 1952. It is responsible for selecting the country's representatives to the Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss Earth and Miss International pageants .Under the direction of Osmel Sousa, Venezuela has...

, USA
Miss USA
The Miss USA beauty contest has been held annually since 1952 to select the United States entrant in the Miss Universe pageant. The Miss Universe Organization operates both pageants, as well as Miss Teen USA...

, Puerto Rico
Miss Puerto Rico
Miss Puerto Rico is the common name or sash used to identify a Puerto Rican representative in an international pageant. Currently, Miss Universe Puerto Rico, Miss Mundo de Puerto Rico and Miss Earth Puerto Rico are the official national preliminaries to the Miss Universe, Miss World and Miss Earth...

, etc. which command consistently high interest and television ratings in their respective countries. Recent arrivals in the pageant include China
China
Chinese civilization may refer to:* China for more general discussion of the country.* Chinese culture* Greater China, the transnational community of ethnic Chinese.* History of China* Sinosphere, the area historically affected by Chinese culture...

 (2002), Albania
Albania
Albania , officially known as the Republic of Albania , is a country in Southeastern Europe, in the Balkans region. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea...

 (2002), Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam – sometimes spelled Viet Nam , officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam – is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –...

 (2004), Georgia
Georgia (country)
Georgia is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the southwest by Turkey, to the south by Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital of...

 (2004), Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Ethiopia , officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with over 82 million inhabitants, and the tenth-largest by area, occupying 1,100,000 km2...

 (2004), Latvia
Latvia
Latvia , officially the Republic of Latvia , is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia , to the south by Lithuania , to the east by the Russian Federation , to the southeast by Belarus and shares maritime borders to the west with Sweden...

 (2005), Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan , officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of is greater than Western Europe...

 (2006), Tanzania
Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.Tanzania is a state...

 (2007), and Kosovo
Kosovo
Kosovo is a region in southeastern Europe. Part of the Ottoman Empire for more than five centuries, later the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within Serbia...

 (2008); there have also been efforts to revive strong national pageants in South Africa
Miss South Africa
Miss South Africa is an annual beauty pageant in South Africa that began in 1956. The winner of the pageant represents her country at the Miss Universe and Miss World pageants....

, Canada
Miss Universe Canada
-External links:*...

, Spain
Miss Spain
Miss España is the main annual beauty pageant of Spain that selects the official representative to the Miss Universe pageant. Runners-up go to Miss World, Miss International and Miss Earth.-History:...

, Japan, Philippines
Binibining Pilipinas
Binibining Pilipinas is the organization responsible for sponsoring the annual national beauty pageant which selects representatives of the Philippines to Miss Universe and Miss International, among others.-History:...

; Latin America
Latin America
Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

 (especially Venezuela
Venezuela
Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

, Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico , officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.Puerto Rico comprises an...

, Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
The Dominican Republic is a nation on the island of La Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are shared by two countries...

, Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

, Colombia
Colombia
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia , is a unitary constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. The country is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the...

, Ecuador
Ecuador
Ecuador , officially the Republic of Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border...

 and Brazil
Brazil
Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

) among other regions. Prior powerhouses are Finland
Miss Finland
-External links:*...

, Germany
Miss Germany
Miss Germany is a national beauty pageant for unmarried women in Germany. In 1927, the contest was held for the first time.In the past there were several organisations which claimed the title: In the 1920s already, German jurisdiction decided that the title Miss Germany could not be patented or...

 and Sweden
Miss Sweden
Miss Sweden , is the title of the Swedish beauty pageant, which ran from 1949-2003, by the female magazine VeckoRevyn and production company Strix in partnership with MTG. The competition qualified delegates to the global contests Miss Universe and first runner ups to Miss World...

. England
Miss England
The Miss England competition is an annual beauty pageant targeted at young females aged 17–24 years living in England. Entrants must hold a British passport to enter....

 is the most successful non-winning country with nine Top five positions.

The organization makes continual efforts to expand the pageant, but the participation of some countries such as Algeria
Algeria
Algeria , officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria , also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa with Algiers as its capital.In terms of land area, it is the largest country in Africa and the Arab...

 has proven difficult due to cultural barriers to the swimsuit competition, while others such as Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to...

, Mozambique
Mozambique
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique , is a country in southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest...

, Armenia
Armenia
Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...

 and Nepal
Nepal
Nepal , officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India...

 have balked at sending representatives due to the cost (in fact, of all the major international pageants, the franchise fee for Miss Universe is the most expensive). As of 2010, only four countries have been present at every Miss Universe since its inception in 1952: Canada, France, Germany, and the United States. Many European countries allow 17-year-old contestants to compete in their pageants, while Miss Universe's minimum age is 18, so national titleholders often have to be replaced by their runners-up. Miss Universe also prohibits transsexual applicants and age fabrication
Age fabrication
Age fabrication occurs when an individual deliberately misrepresents his or her true age. This is usually done with the intent to garner privileges or status that would not otherwise be available to the individual...

.

Main pageant

The main Miss Universe Pageant, as of this writing, is held over a two week period in May and July. In the 1970s through the 1990s, the pageant was a month long. This allowed time for rehearsals, appearances, and the preliminary competition, with the winner being crowned by the previous year's titleholder during the final competition.

According to the organizers, the Miss Universe contest is more than a beauty pageant: women aspiring to become Miss Universe must be intelligent, well-mannered, and cultured. Often a candidate has lost because she did not have a good answer during the question responses rounds; although this section of competition has held less importance during recent pageants than it did in the twentieth century. Delegates also participate in swimsuit and evening gown competitions.

Currently, the final placement of the finalists is determined by a ranked vote, where each judge ranks each of the final three/five candidates, with the contestant posting the lowest cumulative score (thus often, but not necessarily always, the contestant with the most number one votes) becoming the winner. If there is a tie, the higher semifinal scores become decisive.

The winner is assigned a one-year contract with the Miss Universe Organization, going overseas to spread messages about the control of diseases, peace, and public awareness of AIDS. Since Donald Trump took over the pageant, the winner has been given the use of a Trump Tower
Trump Tower (New York)
Trump Tower is a 58-story mixed-use skyscraper located at 725 Fifth Avenue, at the corner of East 56th Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It was developed by Donald Trump and the Equitable Life Assurance Company, and designed by Der Scutt of Swanke, Hayden Connell...

 apartment in New York City for use during her reign. If the winner, for any reason, cannot fulfill her duties as Miss Universe, the 1st runner-up takes over.

Aside from the main winner and her runners-up, special awards are also given to the winners of the best National Costume, Miss Photogenic, and Miss Congeniality. The Miss Congeniality award is chosen by the delegates themselves. In recent years, Miss Photogenic has been chosen by popular internet vote (the winner used to be chosen by media personnel covering the event).

Final judgment

The competition for the Miss Universe title has seen many changes, although there have been several constants throughout its history. All the contestants compete in a preliminary round of judging (nowadays called the "Presentation Show") where the field is narrowed to a select number of semi-finalists. This number has fluctuated over the years. The very first Miss Universe pageant had ten semi-finalists. The next two years, the number of semi-finalists grew to 16. In 1955, the number dropped to a stable 15, which remained through 1970. In 1971, the number was reduced to 12. That number was further reduced to a mere 10 in 1984. This lasted until 2003, when the number of 15 was re-instated. In 2006, there were 20 semi-finalists, the highest number ever. In 2007, the Organization announced the Top 15 system would be back, which was also used in 2008
Miss Universe 2008
Miss Universe 2008, the 57th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Crown Convention Center in the Diamond Bay Resort, Nha Trang, Vietnam on July 14, 2008...

.

In the early years, the contestants were judged in swimsuit and evening gown only. In later years, the contestants also competed in a preliminary interview round in a one-on-one meeting with each individual judge.

In 2007, 77 contestants started the competition; the top 15 moving to the swimsuit competition. From there, 10 were selected for the evening gown competition which halved the contenders to 5. These final five then answered a final question to decide the winner.

Crown

The Miss Universe crown
Crown (headgear)
A crown is the traditional symbolic form of headgear worn by a monarch or by a deity, for whom the crown traditionally represents power, legitimacy, immortality, righteousness, victory, triumph, resurrection, honour and glory of life after death. In art, the crown may be shown being offered to...

 used from 2002–2007 was designed by Mikimoto
Kokichi Mikimoto
was a Japanese entrepreneur and adopter of the Mise/Nishikawa technique for production of synthetic cultured pearls.-Early life:Born as the first son of an udon shop owner in Toba, Shima Province , Mikimoto left school at the age of 13 and sold vegetables to support his family...

, the official jewellery sponsor of the Miss Universe Organization, and depicted the phoenix
Phoenix (mythology)
The phoenix or phenix is a mythical sacred firebird that can be found in the mythologies of the Arabian, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese, Indian and Phoenicians....

 rising, signifying status, power and beauty. The crown has 500 diamond
Diamond
In mineralogy, diamond is an allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice. Diamond is less stable than graphite, but the conversion rate from diamond to graphite is negligible at ambient conditions...

s of almost 30 carats (6 g), 120 South Sea and Akoya pearl
Pearl
A pearl is a hard object produced within the soft tissue of a living shelled mollusk. Just like the shell of a mollusk, a pearl is made up of calcium carbonate in minute crystalline form, which has been deposited in concentric layers. The ideal pearl is perfectly round and smooth, but many other...

s, ranging in size from 3 to 18 mm diameter and is valued at $250,000. The Crown was designed specifically for the pageant on Mikimoto Pearl Island in Japan with the Mikimoto crown and tiara being first used for Miss Universe 2002.

Since 2009, Diamond Nexus Labs
Diamond Nexus Labs
Diamond Nexus Labs is a producer and marketer of laboratory-produced gemstones. The company owns the trademark: “The World Leader in Laboratory Created Precious Gemstones”. The company produces and sells laboratory created rubies, emeralds sapphires and canary diamonds...

 has made the Miss Universe crown. The crown is set with 1,371 gemstones, weighing a total of 416.09 carats (83.2 g). It contains 544.31 grams of 14k and 18k white gold as well as platinum. The crown features synthetic rubies to represent Miss Universe's HIV/AIDS education and awareness platform. Diamond Nexus Labs is the first ever eco-friendly Official Jeweler of Miss Universe and was selected as part of NBC Universal's "Green is Universal" initiative.

Musical score

2004 marked the first year for the Miss Universe pageant to use the Orenté musical score, the official Miss Universe soundtrack. The Orenté musical score is divided into eight sequences: the Orenté Introduction — the musical score played during the live telecast as the voice over begins the Miss Universe pageant, the Orenté Major — used for the cue after commercial and during the announcement of the newly crowned Miss Universe, the Orenté Elimination — used for the announcement of semi-finalists, the Orenté Fashion Presentation, the Orenté Interlude — used while showing the ten finalists, the Orenté Pregunta Final — used while the final five finalists answer the final question the Orenté Final Look — used for the final look of the five finalists, and the Orenté Announcement — used while announcing the positions of the final five delegates. In 2008, a new Orenté Fashion Presentation was played during the Fadil Berisha swimsuit photoshoot, the 2008 version was now the called the Orenté Curtain Call, which was used as Melanie B
Melanie Brown
Melanie Janine "Scary Spice" Brown , often better known as Mel B, is an English pop singer-songwriter, actress, author and television presenter...

 and Jerry Springer
Jerry Springer
Gerald Norman "Jerry" Springer is a British-born American television presenter, best known as host of the tabloid talk show The Jerry Springer Show since its debut in 1991...

 called out the delegates just before they made the first cut, making the Orenté musical score divided into nine sequences.

Recent titleholders

Year Country/Territory Miss Universe National title Location
2011
Miss Universe 2011
Miss Universe 2011, the 60th anniversary of the Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Credicard Hall in São Paulo, Brazil on September 12, 2011. Ximena Navarrete of Mexico crowned her successor, Leila Lopes of Angola, at the end of this event...

 Angola Leila Lopes Miss Angola
Miss Angola
-External links:*...

São Paulo
São Paulo
São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil, the largest city in the southern hemisphere and South America, and the world's seventh largest city by population. The metropolis is anchor to the São Paulo metropolitan area, ranked as the second-most populous metropolitan area in the Americas and among...

, Brazil
Brazil
Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

2010
Miss Universe 2010
Miss Universe 2010, the 59th edition of the pageant, was held at the Mandalay Bay Events Center in the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino, Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S. on August 23, 2010. It was hosted by Bret Michaels and Natalie Morales...

 Mexico Ximena Navarrete
Ximena Navarrete
Jimena "Ximena" Navarrete Rosete is a Mexican model and beauty pageant titleholder who won Miss Universe 2010. She was previously named as Nuestra Belleza México 2009.-Personal life:...

Nuestra Belleza México
Nuestra Belleza Mexico
Nuestra Belleza México is a Mexican national beauty pageant held annually since 1994. It is currently responsible for selecting the country's delegates to three of the most relevant international beauty contests, Miss Universe, Miss World and Miss International.In association with Televisa, the...

Las Vegas
Las Vegas metropolitan area
The Las Vegas Valley is the heart of the Las Vegas-Paradise, NV MSA also known as the Las Vegas–Paradise–Henderson MSA which includes all of Clark County, Nevada, and is a metropolitan area in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada. The Valley is defined by the Las Vegas Valley landform, a ...

, U.S.
2009
Miss Universe 2009
Miss Universe 2009, the 58th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Atlantis Paradise Island, in Nassau, Bahamas on August 23, 2009. It was the first time back to back victories in Miss Universe history: Stefanía Fernández of Venezuela, was crowned Miss Universe 2009 by outgoing titleholder Dayana...

 Venezuela Stefanía Fernández
Stefanía Fernández
Stefanía Fernández Krupij is a Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder who won the Miss Venezuela 2008 and Miss Universe 2009 titles. She earned a Guinness record by being the first Miss Universe winner who was crowned by a compatriot....

Miss Venezuela
Miss Venezuela
The Miss Venezuela contest is the national beauty pageant of Venezuela and has been held since 1952. It is responsible for selecting the country's representatives to the Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss Earth and Miss International pageants .Under the direction of Osmel Sousa, Venezuela has...

Nassau
Nassau, Bahamas
Nassau is the capital, largest city, and commercial centre of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The city has a population of 248,948 , 70 percent of the entire population of The Bahamas...

, Bahamas
2008
Miss Universe 2008
Miss Universe 2008, the 57th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Crown Convention Center in the Diamond Bay Resort, Nha Trang, Vietnam on July 14, 2008...

 Venezuela Dayana Mendoza
Dayana Mendoza
Dayana Sabrina Mendoza Moncada is a model and beauty pageant titleholder who won the titles of Miss Venezuela 2007 and Miss Universe 2008.-Personal life:...

Miss Venezuela
Miss Venezuela
The Miss Venezuela contest is the national beauty pageant of Venezuela and has been held since 1952. It is responsible for selecting the country's representatives to the Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss Earth and Miss International pageants .Under the direction of Osmel Sousa, Venezuela has...

Nha Trang
Nha Trang
Nha Trang is a coastal city and capital of Khanh Hoa province, on the South Central Coast of Vietnam. It is bounded on the North by Ninh Hoà district, on the East by the South China Sea, on the South by Cam Ranh town and on the West by Diên Khánh district...

, Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam – sometimes spelled Viet Nam , officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam – is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –...

2007
Miss Universe 2007
Miss Universe 2007, the 56th Miss Universe pageant, took place on May 28, 2007 at the National Auditorium in Mexico City, Mexico. 77 delegates competed for the title. Riyo Mori of Japan was crowned the winner of the title by Zuleyka Rivera of Puerto Rico....

 Japan Riyo Mori
Riyo Mori
is a Japanese dance instructor and model who won the Miss Universe 2007 title in May 2007.-Early life:...

Miss Universe Japan Mexico City
Mexico City
Mexico City is the Federal District , capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole...

, Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

2006
Miss Universe 2006
Miss Universe 2006, the 55th Miss Universe pageant, took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, USA. Unlike past events, it was broadcast live on NBC on a Sunday, July 23, 2006, almost two months later than usual....

 Puerto Rico Zuleyka Rivera
Zuleyka Rivera
Zuleyka Jerrís Rivera Mendoza is a Puerto Rican beauty queen who held the titles Miss Puerto Rico Universe 2006 and Miss Universe 2006. She made her debut as a telenovela actress in Telemundo's soap opera Dame Chocolate.-Early life:...

Miss Puerto Rico Universe
Miss Puerto Rico
Miss Puerto Rico is the common name or sash used to identify a Puerto Rican representative in an international pageant. Currently, Miss Universe Puerto Rico, Miss Mundo de Puerto Rico and Miss Earth Puerto Rico are the official national preliminaries to the Miss Universe, Miss World and Miss Earth...

Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

, U.S.
2005
Miss Universe 2005
Miss Universe 2005, the 54th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Impact Arena, Bangkok, Thailand on May 31, 2005.At the conclusion of the final telecast, Miss Universe Canada, Natalie Glebova was crowned Miss Universe 2005 by outgoing titleholder Jennifer Hawkins of Australia...

 Canada Natalie Glebova
Natalie Glebova
Natalie Glebova is a Russian Canadian beauty queen, the 2005 Miss Universe title holder.-Personal life:Glebova was born in Tuapse, Russia. She studied classical piano and graduated from a professional musical school at age of 12. She also has won various regional rhythmic gymnastics championships...

Miss Universe Canada
Miss Universe Canada
-External links:*...

Bangkok
Bangkok
Bangkok is the capital and largest urban area city in Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep , meaning "city of angels." The full name of Bangkok is Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom...

, Thailand
Thailand
Thailand , officially the Kingdom of Thailand , formerly known as Siam , is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula and Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the...

2004
Miss Universe 2004
Miss Universe 2004, the 53rd Miss Universe pageant, was held in Centro de Convenciones CEMEXPO, Quito, Ecuador on June 1, 2004. It was won by Jennifer Hawkins of Australia....

 Australia Jennifer Hawkins
Jennifer Hawkins
Jennifer Hawkins is an Australian beauty queen, model and television presenter best known as Miss Universe 2004 and the face of Australian department store Myer.-Early life:...

Miss Universe Australia
Miss Universe Australia
Miss Universe Australia is an annual national beauty pageant that has selected Australia's representative to the Miss Universe pageant since 2004.-Titleholders:-Preliminary divisions:...

Quito
Quito
San Francisco de Quito, most often called Quito , is the capital city of Ecuador in northwestern South America. It is located in north-central Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin, on the eastern slopes of Pichincha, an active stratovolcano in the Andes mountains...

, Ecuador
Ecuador
Ecuador , officially the Republic of Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border...

2003
Miss Universe 2003
Miss Universe 2003, the 52nd Miss Universe pageant, was held at Figali Convention Center, Panama City, Panama on June 3, 2003. 71 delegates from around the universe competed for the crown...

 Dominican Republic Amelia Vega
Amelia Vega
Amelia Vega Polanco became the first and only Dominican woman to be named Miss Universe, in 2003. At the age of 18, she was the youngest winner since 1994....

Miss Dominican Republic
Miss Dominican Republic
Miss Dominican Republic, or Miss República Dominicana in Spanish, is a pageant where women ranging from the ages of 18 to 26 compete, each representing a Dominican province, city, or community. The Miss Dominican Republic organization is managed by Magali Febles...

Panama City
Panama City
Panama is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Panama. It has a population of 880,691, with a total metro population of 1,272,672, and it is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, in the province of the same name. The city is the political and administrative center of the...

, Panama
Panama
Panama , officially the Republic of Panama , is the southernmost country of Central America. Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The...

2002
Miss Universe 2002
Miss Universe 2002, the 51st edition of the Miss Universe pageant, was held in Coliseo Roberto Clemente, San Juan, Puerto Rico on May 29, 2002. There were 75 delegates from around the world who competed for the title Miss Universe 2002. Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 by...

Justine Pasek
Justine Pasek
Yostin "Justine" Lissette Pasek Patiño is a Panamanian model, FAO Goodwill Ambassador, and Miss Universe 2002.-Early life:Pasek was born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the daughter of a Panamanian homemaker and Polish engineer...

Señorita Panamá Crowned by Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Donald John Trump, Sr. is an American business magnate, television personality and author. He is the chairman and president of The Trump Organization and the founder of Trump Entertainment Resorts. Trump's extravagant lifestyle, outspoken manner and role on the NBC reality show The Apprentice have...

 in NYC
*
Oxana Fedorova
Oxana Fedorova
Oxana Gennadyevna Fedorova is a Russian Miss Universe winner, police officer , former university lecturer, television host, actress, singer, and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador....

 (Dethroned)
Miss Russia
Miss Russia
Miss Russia is the annual national beauty pageant of Russia, responsible for selecting representatives to Miss Universe and Miss World.-History:The pageant has been running since 1992, however there was no Miss Russia 1994, 2000 or 2008....

San Juan
San Juan, Puerto Rico
San Juan , officially Municipio de la Ciudad Capital San Juan Bautista , is the capital and most populous municipality in Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 395,326 making it the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of...

, Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico , officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.Puerto Rico comprises an...


  • In 2002, Russia
    Russia
    Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

    's Oxana Fedorova
    Oxana Fedorova
    Oxana Gennadyevna Fedorova is a Russian Miss Universe winner, police officer , former university lecturer, television host, actress, singer, and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador....

     won the Miss Universe crown. However, she was dethroned on September 23, 2002 by Miss Universe Organization
    Miss Universe Organization
    The Miss Universe Organization is the organization that currently owns and runs the Miss Universe, Miss USA and Miss Teen USA beauty contests. Based in New York, it is owned jointly by NBC Universal and Donald Trump. The current president is Paula Shugart...

     and is not officially listed as Miss Universe. First runner-up, Panama
    Panama
    Panama , officially the Republic of Panama , is the southernmost country of Central America. Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The...

    's Justine Pasek
    Justine Pasek
    Yostin "Justine" Lissette Pasek Patiño is a Panamanian model, FAO Goodwill Ambassador, and Miss Universe 2002.-Early life:Pasek was born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the daughter of a Panamanian homemaker and Polish engineer...

     continued the responsibilities as Miss Universe 2002
    Miss Universe 2002
    Miss Universe 2002, the 51st edition of the Miss Universe pageant, was held in Coliseo Roberto Clemente, San Juan, Puerto Rico on May 29, 2002. There were 75 delegates from around the world who competed for the title Miss Universe 2002. Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 by...

    .

By Number of Wins

Country/Territory Titles Winning years
7 1954, 1956, 1960, 1967, 1980, 1995, 1997
6 1979, 1981, 1986, 1996, 2008, 2009
5 1970, 1985, 1993, 2001, 2006
3 1955, 1966, 1984
2 1991, 2010
1959, 2007
1982, 2005
1972, 2004
1994, 2000
1977, 1998
1965, 1988
1952, 1975
1969, 1973
1963, 1968
1 2011
2003
2002 (Inherited crown after Russia was dethroned)
2002 (Dethroned on September 23, 2002)
1999
1992
1990
1989
1987
1983
1978
1976
1974
1971
1964
1962
1961
1958
1957
1953


Source:

Top 15 Countries by Tally

Rank Country/Territory Miss Universe 1st runner-up 2nd runner-up 3rd runner-up 4th runner-up Semifinalists Total
1  United States 7 8 6 1 5 28 55
2 6 6 5 4 2 14 37
3 5 1 2 1 3 7 19
4 3 1 2 3 4 16 29
5 2 5 1 2 3 17 30
6 2 3 5 1 1 6 18
7 2 1 3 1 2 6 15
8 2 1 1 2 3 9 18
9 2 1 1 1 1 13 19
10 2 1 1 1 0 11 16
11 2 1 0 4 2 7 17
12 2 0 1 2 2 9 16
13 1 4 2 3 1 19 30
14 2 0 1 0 1 4 8
15 0 0 0 0 0 7 7

Scores

  • Electronic voting was introduced to television viewers in 1978
    Miss Universe 1978
    Miss Universe 1978, the 27th Miss Universe pageant, was held at Centro de Convenciones de Acapulco, Acapulco, Mexico on July 24, 1978. Seventy-five contestants competed in the event....

     when the pageant was held in Acapulco, Mexico
    Miss Universe 1978
    Miss Universe 1978, the 27th Miss Universe pageant, was held at Centro de Convenciones de Acapulco, Acapulco, Mexico on July 24, 1978. Seventy-five contestants competed in the event....

    : for the first time in a televised pageant, the audience got to see how the judges voted. This system was temporarily suspended from 2003
    Miss Universe 2003
    Miss Universe 2003, the 52nd Miss Universe pageant, was held at Figali Convention Center, Panama City, Panama on June 3, 2003. 71 delegates from around the universe competed for the crown...

     to 2006
    Miss Universe 2006
    Miss Universe 2006, the 55th Miss Universe pageant, took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, USA. Unlike past events, it was broadcast live on NBC on a Sunday, July 23, 2006, almost two months later than usual....

    , where the traditional ballot system was implemented. The pageant reestablished a computer voting system in 2007
    Miss Universe 2007
    Miss Universe 2007, the 56th Miss Universe pageant, took place on May 28, 2007 at the National Auditorium in Mexico City, Mexico. 77 delegates competed for the title. Riyo Mori of Japan was crowned the winner of the title by Zuleyka Rivera of Puerto Rico....

    .
  • From 1990 to 2001, the judges' individual scores were visible to the viewing audience, creating three of the four highest scores ever seen on the pageant in each area of competition. The scoring system was similar to the Olympics. As each contestant competed, the judges entered a score ranging from 1.0 to a high of 9.99 into their computer terminals. The judges' names and scores were seen on screen, then the highest and lowest scores were eliminated and the rest were averaged.
    • The highest Semifinal Swimsuit score in that time period was given in Miss Universe 2002
      Miss Universe 2002
      Miss Universe 2002, the 51st edition of the Miss Universe pageant, was held in Coliseo Roberto Clemente, San Juan, Puerto Rico on May 29, 2002. There were 75 delegates from around the world who competed for the title Miss Universe 2002. Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 by...

      , a score of 9.854 to Miss Venezuela
      Miss Venezuela
      The Miss Venezuela contest is the national beauty pageant of Venezuela and has been held since 1952. It is responsible for selecting the country's representatives to the Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss Earth and Miss International pageants .Under the direction of Osmel Sousa, Venezuela has...

      , Veruzka Ramírez.
    • The highest Semifinal Evening Gown score was given in 1994
      Miss Universe 1994
      Miss Universe 1994, the 43rd Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Plenary Hall of the Philippine International Convention Center, in Manila, Philippines on May 20, 1994...

      , a score of 9.897 to Miss Colombia
      Miss Colombia
      Señorita Colombia is an annual national beauty contest in Colombia that selects representatives to Miss Universe and Miss International...

      , Carolina Gómez.
    • The highest Semifinal Interview score was given in 1993
      Miss Universe 1993
      Miss Universe 1993, the 42nd Miss Universe pageant, was held at Auditorio Nacional, Mexico City, Mexico on May 21, 1993. Dayanara Torres of Puerto Rico was crowned as Miss Universe 1993...

      , a score of 9.843 to Miss Venezuela
      Miss Venezuela
      The Miss Venezuela contest is the national beauty pageant of Venezuela and has been held since 1952. It is responsible for selecting the country's representatives to the Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss Earth and Miss International pageants .Under the direction of Osmel Sousa, Venezuela has...

      , Milka Chulina
      Milka Chulina
      Milka Yelisava Chulina Urbanich is Miss Venezuela 1992, second runner-up to Miss Universe 1993 and Top 15 semifinalist at Miss International 1994.-Miss Venezuela:...

      .
    • The highest Top 5 Interview score was given in Miss Universe 2000
      Miss Universe 2000
      Miss Universe 2000, the 49th Miss Universe pageant was held at Eleftheria Stadium, Nicosia, Cyprus on May 12, 2000. 79 delegates from around the universe competed for the crown. At the conclusion of the final night, Lara Dutta of India was crowned as the new Miss Universe 2000 by Miss Universe...

      , a score of 9.954 to Miss India
      Miss India
      Miss India or Femina Miss India is a national beauty pageant in India, one of the most recognized contests to produce international beauty queens in the 90s, which annually selects three winners to compete globally. It is organized by Femina, a women's magazine published by Bennett, Coleman & Co...

      , Lara Dutta
      Lara Dutta
      Lara Dutta Bhupathi is an Indian actress, UNFPA Goodwill Ambassador, and former Miss Universe.-Early life:Dutta was born in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh to a Punjabi father and an Anglo-Indian mother. Her father is Wing Commander L.K. Dutta and her mother is Jennifer Dutta...

      . This is in fact the highest score in any competition in the history of Miss Universe.
  • However, in 2002
    Miss Universe 2002
    Miss Universe 2002, the 51st edition of the Miss Universe pageant, was held in Coliseo Roberto Clemente, San Juan, Puerto Rico on May 29, 2002. There were 75 delegates from around the world who competed for the title Miss Universe 2002. Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 by...

    , individual judges' scores were hidden again, as it happened from 1978
    Miss Universe 1978
    Miss Universe 1978, the 27th Miss Universe pageant, was held at Centro de Convenciones de Acapulco, Acapulco, Mexico on July 24, 1978. Seventy-five contestants competed in the event....

     to 1989
    Miss Universe 1989
    Miss Universe 1989, the 38th Miss Universe pageant was held at Fiesta Americana Condesa Hotel, Cancún, Quintana Roo, Mexico on May 23, 1989. Angela Visser of Holland was crowned as Miss Universe 1989. Seventy-six contestants competed for the crown....

    , and only the average score is shown to the viewing audience nowadays. That year, the highest Semifinal Swimsuit score ever recorded was given to Miss Russia
    Miss Russia
    Miss Russia is the annual national beauty pageant of Russia, responsible for selecting representatives to Miss Universe and Miss World.-History:The pageant has been running since 1992, however there was no Miss Russia 1994, 2000 or 2008....

    , Oxana Fedorova
    Oxana Fedorova
    Oxana Gennadyevna Fedorova is a Russian Miss Universe winner, police officer , former university lecturer, television host, actress, singer, and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador....

    , a score of 9.88.
  • There is a team of three people who install, maintain, and operate the voting system. They sit somewhere in the audience area with a view of the stage, usually just in front of the accountants. They are listed in credits as “Computer Score Operators.” The same system is used for Miss Teen USA and Miss USA.

Locations

For the full list of venues, see List of Miss Universe venues.
  • 6 winners have been crowned Miss Universe on their home turf:
    • 1954
      Miss Universe 1954
      The third edition of Miss Universe was held on 24 July 1954, at Long Beach Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, California, USA. They had 33 young ladies in the competition. Miss USA, 21-year-old Miriam Stevenson, won the competition...

      : Miriam Stevenson
      Miriam Stevenson
      Miriam Jacqueline Stevenson born 4 July 1933, of Winnsboro, South Carolina, won the Miss USA pageant as Miss South Carolina USA in 1954. She was the first Miss USA to hold the Miss Universe beauty crown....

       (USA) was crowned in Long Beach
      Long Beach, California
      Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

      , California
      California
      California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

      , USA.
    • 1956
      Miss Universe 1956
      The fifth edition of the Miss Universe pageant was held on 20 July 1956, at Long Beach Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, California, USA. They had 30 young ladies in the competition. Miss USA, 20-year-old Carol Morris, won the competition...

      : Carol Morris
      Carol Morris
      Carol Ann Laverne Morris , Miss Iowa USA, was the second Miss USA to win the Miss Universe title in the pageant's fifth edition in 1956....

       (USA) was crowned in Long Beach
      Long Beach, California
      Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

      , California
      California
      California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

      , USA.
    • 1960
      Miss Universe 1960
      Miss Universe 1960, the 9th Miss Universe pageant, was won by 18-year-old Linda Bement of USA. It took place on 9 July 1960 at the Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.-Placements:-Special awards:...

      : Linda Bement
      Linda Bement
      Linda Jeanne Bement , is a beauty pageant titleholder from the United States who became the third Miss USA to be crowned Miss Universe.-Miss Universe 1960:...

       (USA) was crowned in Miami Beach, Florida
      Florida
      Florida is a state in the southeastern United States, located on the nation's Atlantic and Gulf coasts. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of 18,801,310 as measured by the 2010 census, it...

      , USA.
    • 1967
      Miss Universe 1967
      Miss Universe 1967, the 16th Miss Universe pageant, was won by 21-year-old Sylvia Hitchcock of USA. It took place on 15 July 1967 at the Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.-Placements:-Special awards:-Contestants:...

      : Sylvia Hitchcock
      Sylvia Hitchcock
      Sylvia Louise Hitchcock-Carson is a pageant titleholder who held the Miss USA 1967 and Miss Universe 1967 titles.Hitchcock was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts and grew up on a chicken farm in Miami, Florida. She attended Palmetto High School, Miami-Dade Junior College and studied art at the...

       (USA) was crowned in Miami Beach, Florida
      Florida
      Florida is a state in the southeastern United States, located on the nation's Atlantic and Gulf coasts. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of 18,801,310 as measured by the 2010 census, it...

      , USA.
    • 1997
      Miss Universe 1997
      Miss Universe 1997 pageant was held in Miami Beach Convention Center in Miami Beach, Florida, USA, culminating in the final competition on May 16, 1997. This was the second consecutive year that the pageant had been held in the United States. Miss USA, Brook Lee of Hawaii was crowned Miss...

      : Brook Mahealani Lee (USA) was crowned in Miami Beach, Florida
      Florida
      Florida is a state in the southeastern United States, located on the nation's Atlantic and Gulf coasts. It is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of 18,801,310 as measured by the 2010 census, it...

      , USA.
    • 2001
      Miss Universe 2001
      Miss Universe 2001 was held at Coliseo Rubén Rodríguez, Bayamón, Puerto Rico on May 11, 2001. 77 contestants participated in the prestigious event...

      : Denise Quiñones
      Denise Quiñones
      Denise Marie Quiñones August is a Puerto Rican actress and beauty pageant titleholder who was the fourth woman from her country to win the Miss Universe contest...

       (Puerto Rico) was crowned in Bayamón
      Bayamón, Puerto Rico
      Bayamón is a municipality of Puerto Rico located on the northern coastal valley, north of Aguas Buenas and Comerío; south of Toa Baja and Cataño; west of Guaynabo; and east of Toa Alta and Naranjito. Bayamón is spread over 11 wards and Bayamón Pueblo...

      , Puerto Rico
      Puerto Rico
      Puerto Rico , officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.Puerto Rico comprises an...

      .
  • 11 winners have crowned their successors on their home turf:
    • 1954
      Miss Universe 1954
      The third edition of Miss Universe was held on 24 July 1954, at Long Beach Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, California, USA. They had 33 young ladies in the competition. Miss USA, 21-year-old Miriam Stevenson, won the competition...

      : Miriam Stevenson
      Miriam Stevenson
      Miriam Jacqueline Stevenson born 4 July 1933, of Winnsboro, South Carolina, won the Miss USA pageant as Miss South Carolina USA in 1954. She was the first Miss USA to hold the Miss Universe beauty crown....

       (USA) crowned 1955
      Miss Universe 1955
      The fourth edition of Miss Universe was held on 22 July 1955, at Long Beach Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, California, USA. They had 33 young ladies in the competition...

      : Hillevi Rombin
      Hillevi Rombin
      Hillevi Schine, , crowned as Miss Sweden and is the fourth winner of Miss Universe in 1955. She was the first deceased Miss Universe title holder since the pageant's inception.-Biography:...

       (Sweden) in Long Beach
      Long Beach, California
      Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

      , California
      California
      California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

      , USA.
    • 1956
      Miss Universe 1956
      The fifth edition of the Miss Universe pageant was held on 20 July 1956, at Long Beach Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, California, USA. They had 30 young ladies in the competition. Miss USA, 20-year-old Carol Morris, won the competition...

      : Carol Morris
      Carol Morris
      Carol Ann Laverne Morris , Miss Iowa USA, was the second Miss USA to win the Miss Universe title in the pageant's fifth edition in 1956....

       (USA) crowned 1957
      Miss Universe 1957
      The 6th Miss Universe pageant, Miss Universe 1957 was held in Long Beach, California, USA for the 6th time. In this pageant thirty two contestants competed...

      : Gladys Zender
      Gladys Zender
      Gladys Rosa Zender de Meier is a beauty queen from Peru who became the first Latin American woman to win the Miss Universe title.-Miss Universe:...

       (Peru) in Long Beach
      Long Beach, California
      Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

      , California
      California
      California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

      , USA.
    • 1960
      Miss Universe 1960
      Miss Universe 1960, the 9th Miss Universe pageant, was won by 18-year-old Linda Bement of USA. It took place on 9 July 1960 at the Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.-Placements:-Special awards:...

      : Linda Bement
      Linda Bement
      Linda Jeanne Bement , is a beauty pageant titleholder from the United States who became the third Miss USA to be crowned Miss Universe.-Miss Universe 1960:...

       (USA) crowned 1961
      Miss Universe 1961
      Miss Universe 1961, the 10th Miss Universe pageant, was won by 24-year-old Marlene Schmidt of Germany. It took place on 15 July 1961 at the Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.-Placements:-Special awards:-Contestants:...

      : Marlene Schmidt
      Marlene Schmidt
      Marlene Schmidt , a professional Engineer, came to fame as winner of the 1961 Miss Universe pageant. Later she had a career in the movie industry....

       (Germany) in Long Beach
      Long Beach, California
      Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

      , California
      California
      California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

      , USA.
    • 1967
      Miss Universe 1967
      Miss Universe 1967, the 16th Miss Universe pageant, was won by 21-year-old Sylvia Hitchcock of USA. It took place on 15 July 1967 at the Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.-Placements:-Special awards:-Contestants:...

      : Sylvia Hitchcock
      Sylvia Hitchcock
      Sylvia Louise Hitchcock-Carson is a pageant titleholder who held the Miss USA 1967 and Miss Universe 1967 titles.Hitchcock was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts and grew up on a chicken farm in Miami, Florida. She attended Palmetto High School, Miami-Dade Junior College and studied art at the...

       (USA) crowned 1968
      Miss Universe 1968
      Miss Universe 1968, the 17th Miss Universe pageant, was won by 20-year-old Martha Vasconcellos of Brazil. It took place on 13 July 1968 at the Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.-Placements:-Special awards:-Contestants:...

      : Martha Vasconcellos
      Martha Vasconcellos
      Martha Vasconcellos , is a Brazilian who became that country's second Miss Universe winner, after Ieda Maria Vargas first achieved the feat in 1963. She also became the fifth Latin American to win the title, after Peru's Gladys Zender in 1957, Colombia's Luz Marina Zuluaga in 1958 and Argentina's...

       (Brazil) in Long Beach
      Long Beach, California
      Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

      , California
      California
      California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state, and the third-largest by land area...

      , USA.
    • 1973
      Miss Universe 1973
      Miss Universe 1973 was held at the 2,000-year-old amphitheatre of Odeon of Herodes Atticus, at the foot of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece on July 21, 1973...

      : Maria Margarita Moran
      María Margarita Morán
      Maria Margarita Morán Róxas-Floirendo won the Miss Philippines and Miss Universe crowns in 1973. A granddaughter of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas, she has also been known as Margie Morán Róxas and Margie Moran Róxas De Floirendo...

       (Philippines) crowned 1974
      Miss Universe 1974
      Miss Universe 1974, the 23rd Miss Universe pageant, was held in Manila, Philippines on the early morning of July 21, 1974 before a live audience of an estimated 10,000 at the Folk Arts Theater and broadcast live by CBS and Radio Philippines Network . The pageant was hosted by Bob Barker and Helen...

      : Amparo Muñoz
      Amparo Muñoz
      Amparo Muñoz Quesada was a Spanish actress who, in 1974, became the first, and so far, only Spaniard to win the Miss Universe pageant.-Miss Universe 1974:Amparo Muñoz came from the town of Vélez-Málaga, Andalusia,...

       (Spain) in Manila
      Manila
      Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

      , Philippines.
    • 1980
      Miss Universe 1980
      Miss Universe 1980 was held at Sejong Cultural Center, Seoul, South Korea on July 8, 1980. 20-year-old Shawn Weatherly of USA was crowned as Miss Universe 1980...

      : Shawn Weatherly (USA) crowned 1981
      Miss Universe 1981
      Miss Universe 1981, the 30th Miss Universe pageant, was held at Minskoff Theater, New York City, New York, USA on July 20, 1981. 19-year-old Irene Sáez of Venezuela was crowned as Miss Universe 1981. There were 77 contestants competing for the crown, but Miss Mauritius got homesick and withdrew....

      : Irene Sáez (Venezuela) in New York City
      New York City
      New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

      , New York
      New York
      New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

      , USA.
    • 1995
      Miss Universe 1995
      Miss Universe 1995, the 44th Miss Universe pageant was held at Windhoek Country Club Resort, in Windhoek, Namibia on May 12, 1995. Chelsi Smith of USA was crowned as Miss Universe 1995 by Miss Universe 1994 Sushmita Sen of India...

      : Chelsi Smith
      Chelsi Smith
      Chelsi Mariam Pearl Smith is a former beauty pageant titleholder from the United States who became the first Miss USA in fifteen years to capture the Miss Universe crown on May 12, 1995.-Early life:...

       (USA) crowned 1996
      Miss Universe 1996
      Miss Universe 1996, the 45th Miss Universe pageant was held at the Theatre for the Performing Arts in the Aladdin Resort and Casino, in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA on May 17, 1996. Alicia Machado of Venezuela was crowned as Miss Universe 1996 by Miss Universe 1995 Chelsi Smith of USA. 79 contestants...

      : Alicia Machado
      Alicia Machado
      Yoseph Alicia Machado Fajardo is an actress, singer and former Miss Universe. She was the fourth woman from Venezuela to capture the Miss Universe crown.-Career:...

       (Venezuela) in Las Vegas, Nevada
      Las Vegas metropolitan area
      The Las Vegas Valley is the heart of the Las Vegas-Paradise, NV MSA also known as the Las Vegas–Paradise–Henderson MSA which includes all of Clark County, Nevada, and is a metropolitan area in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada. The Valley is defined by the Las Vegas Valley landform, a ...

      , USA.
    • 1997
      Miss Universe 1997
      Miss Universe 1997 pageant was held in Miami Beach Convention Center in Miami Beach, Florida, USA, culminating in the final competition on May 16, 1997. This was the second consecutive year that the pageant had been held in the United States. Miss USA, Brook Lee of Hawaii was crowned Miss...

      : Brook Mahealani Lee (USA) crowned 1998
      Miss Universe 1998
      Miss Universe 1998, the 47th Miss Universe pageant was held at Stan Sheriff Arena, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA on May 12, 1998. Brook Lee, Miss Universe 1997, of the USA crowned Wendy Fitzwilliam of Trinidad and Tobago as Miss Universe 1998...

      : Wendy Fitzwilliam
      Wendy Fitzwilliam
      Wendy Fitzwilliam is a former Miss Trinidad & Tobago Universe, the third woman of African heritage to capture the Miss Universe crown and the second Miss Universe in history from Trinidad and Tobago.-Early life:...

       (Trinidad and Tobago) in Honolulu, Hawaii
      Hawaii
      Hawaii is the newest of the 50 U.S. states , and is the only U.S. state made up entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of...

      , USA.
    • 1998
      Miss Universe 1998
      Miss Universe 1998, the 47th Miss Universe pageant was held at Stan Sheriff Arena, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA on May 12, 1998. Brook Lee, Miss Universe 1997, of the USA crowned Wendy Fitzwilliam of Trinidad and Tobago as Miss Universe 1998...

      : Wendy Fitzwilliam
      Wendy Fitzwilliam
      Wendy Fitzwilliam is a former Miss Trinidad & Tobago Universe, the third woman of African heritage to capture the Miss Universe crown and the second Miss Universe in history from Trinidad and Tobago.-Early life:...

       (Trinidad and Tobago) crowned 1999
      Miss Universe 1999
      Miss Universe 1999 was held at the Chaguaramas Convention Centre, Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago on May 26, 1999. Mpule Kwelagobe of Botswana was crowned as Miss Universe 1999 by Miss Universe 1998 Wendy Fitzwilliam of Trinidad and Tobago. A record number of 84 contestants competed in the pageant...

      : Mpule Kwelagobe
      Mpule Kwelagobe
      Mpule Keneilwe Kwelagobe of Gaborone, Botswana was crowned Miss Universe in May 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago. Since being crowned Miss Universe 1999, Mpule has been recognized and honored as a human health rights activist, especially for her fight against HIV/AIDS and advocacy for youth and women to...

       (Botswana) in Chaguaramas, Trinidad and Tobago.
    • 2001
      Miss Universe 2001
      Miss Universe 2001 was held at Coliseo Rubén Rodríguez, Bayamón, Puerto Rico on May 11, 2001. 77 contestants participated in the prestigious event...

      : Denise Quiñones
      Denise Quiñones
      Denise Marie Quiñones August is a Puerto Rican actress and beauty pageant titleholder who was the fourth woman from her country to win the Miss Universe contest...

       (Puerto Rico) crowned 2002
      Miss Universe 2002
      Miss Universe 2002, the 51st edition of the Miss Universe pageant, was held in Coliseo Roberto Clemente, San Juan, Puerto Rico on May 29, 2002. There were 75 delegates from around the world who competed for the title Miss Universe 2002. Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 by...

      : Oxana Fedorova
      Oxana Fedorova
      Oxana Gennadyevna Fedorova is a Russian Miss Universe winner, police officer , former university lecturer, television host, actress, singer, and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador....

       (Russia) in San Juan
      San Juan, Puerto Rico
      San Juan , officially Municipio de la Ciudad Capital San Juan Bautista , is the capital and most populous municipality in Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 395,326 making it the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of...

      , Puerto Rico.
    • 2002
      Miss Universe 2002
      Miss Universe 2002, the 51st edition of the Miss Universe pageant, was held in Coliseo Roberto Clemente, San Juan, Puerto Rico on May 29, 2002. There were 75 delegates from around the world who competed for the title Miss Universe 2002. Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 by...

      : Justine Pasek
      Justine Pasek
      Yostin "Justine" Lissette Pasek Patiño is a Panamanian model, FAO Goodwill Ambassador, and Miss Universe 2002.-Early life:Pasek was born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the daughter of a Panamanian homemaker and Polish engineer...

       (Panama) crowned 2003
      Miss Universe 2003
      Miss Universe 2003, the 52nd Miss Universe pageant, was held at Figali Convention Center, Panama City, Panama on June 3, 2003. 71 delegates from around the universe competed for the crown...

      : Amelia Vega
      Amelia Vega
      Amelia Vega Polanco became the first and only Dominican woman to be named Miss Universe, in 2003. At the age of 18, she was the youngest winner since 1994....

       (Dominican Republic) in Panama City
      Panama City
      Panama is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Panama. It has a population of 880,691, with a total metro population of 1,272,672, and it is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, in the province of the same name. The city is the political and administrative center of the...

      , Panama
  • In 1972
    Miss Universe 1972
    Miss Universe 1972 was held at Cerromar Beach Hotel in Vega Alta, Puerto Rico, on July 29, 1972. Kerry Anne Wells earned Australia's first Miss Universe crown. The outgoing Miss Universe, Georgina Rizk of Lebanon, was not allowed to crown her successor due to government restrictions because of...

    , the Miss Universe Pageant was held outside the continental US for the first time, taking place in Dorado
    Dorado, Puerto Rico
    Dorado is a small tourist town in the northern coast of Puerto Rico, west of San Juan and is located in the northern region of the island, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, north of Toa Alta, east of Vega Alta, and west of Toa Baja. Dorado is spread over five barrios and Dorado Pueblo...

    , Puerto Rico
    Puerto Rico
    Puerto Rico , officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.Puerto Rico comprises an...

    .
  • Miss Universe was first held outside of U.S. territory when it held the pageant in Athens, Greece, for the Miss Universe 1973
    Miss Universe 1973
    Miss Universe 1973 was held at the 2,000-year-old amphitheatre of Odeon of Herodes Atticus, at the foot of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece on July 21, 1973...

     pageant. It is also the only pageant wherein contestants were not allowed to wear the traditional swimsuit because it was held in Odeon of Herodes Atticus
    Odeon of Herodes Atticus
    The Odeon of Herodes Atticus is a stone theatre structure located on the south slope of the Acropolis of Athens. It was built in 161 AD by Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla...

    , where religious rites were performed in the ancient times.
  • In 1974, the first Asian country to host Miss Universe is the Philippines
    Philippines
    The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

    .
  • In 2008
    Miss Universe 2008
    Miss Universe 2008, the 57th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Crown Convention Center in the Diamond Bay Resort, Nha Trang, Vietnam on July 14, 2008...

    , the Miss Universe Pageant was held in a contemporary communist state
    Communist state
    A communist state is a state with a form of government characterized by single-party rule or dominant-party rule of a communist party and a professed allegiance to a Leninist or Marxist-Leninist communist ideology as the guiding principle of the state...

     for the first time, taking place in Nha Trang
    Nha Trang
    Nha Trang is a coastal city and capital of Khanh Hoa province, on the South Central Coast of Vietnam. It is bounded on the North by Ninh Hoà district, on the East by the South China Sea, on the South by Cam Ranh town and on the West by Diên Khánh district...

     - Khanh Hoa province
    Khanh Hoa Province
    Khánh Hòa is a province of Vietnam, located in the South Central Coast. It has a population of 1,066,300 and spans an area of 5,197 km². Its capital is Nha Trang...

    , Vietnam
    Vietnam
    Vietnam – sometimes spelled Viet Nam , officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam – is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –...

    .
  • Outside the continental US, Mexico has hosted the most Miss Universe pageants, with four. The various locations were:
    • Mexico: Acapulco
      Acapulco
      Acapulco is a city, municipality and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, southwest from Mexico City. Acapulco is located on a deep, semi-circular bay and has been a port since the early colonial period of Mexico’s history...

      , Guerrero
      Guerrero
      Guerrero officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Guerrero is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 81 municipalities and its capital city is Chilpancingo....

       (1978), Cancún
      Cancún
      Cancún is a city of international tourism development certified by the UNWTO . Located on the northeast coast of Quintana Roo in southern Mexico, more than 1,700 km from Mexico City, the Project began operations in 1974 as Integrally Planned Center, a pioneer of FONATUR Cancún is a city of...

      , Quintana Roo
      Quintana Roo
      Quintana Roo officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 10 municipalities and its capital city is Chetumal....

       (1989
      Miss Universe 1989
      Miss Universe 1989, the 38th Miss Universe pageant was held at Fiesta Americana Condesa Hotel, Cancún, Quintana Roo, Mexico on May 23, 1989. Angela Visser of Holland was crowned as Miss Universe 1989. Seventy-six contestants competed for the crown....

      ) and Mexico City
      Mexico City
      Mexico City is the Federal District , capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole...

       (1993
      Miss Universe 1993
      Miss Universe 1993, the 42nd Miss Universe pageant, was held at Auditorio Nacional, Mexico City, Mexico on May 21, 1993. Dayanara Torres of Puerto Rico was crowned as Miss Universe 1993...

      , 2007
      Miss Universe 2007
      Miss Universe 2007, the 56th Miss Universe pageant, took place on May 28, 2007 at the National Auditorium in Mexico City, Mexico. 77 delegates competed for the title. Riyo Mori of Japan was crowned the winner of the title by Zuleyka Rivera of Puerto Rico....

      )
  • Apart from the United States and Mexico, the other territory/states to host the pageant more than once were:
    • Puerto Rico
      Puerto Rico
      Puerto Rico , officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.Puerto Rico comprises an...

      : Dorado
      Dorado, Puerto Rico
      Dorado is a small tourist town in the northern coast of Puerto Rico, west of San Juan and is located in the northern region of the island, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, north of Toa Alta, east of Vega Alta, and west of Toa Baja. Dorado is spread over five barrios and Dorado Pueblo...

       (1972), Bayamón (2001
      Miss Universe 2001
      Miss Universe 2001 was held at Coliseo Rubén Rodríguez, Bayamón, Puerto Rico on May 11, 2001. 77 contestants participated in the prestigious event...

      ), San Juan
      San Juan, Puerto Rico
      San Juan , officially Municipio de la Ciudad Capital San Juan Bautista , is the capital and most populous municipality in Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 395,326 making it the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of...

       (2002
      Miss Universe 2002
      Miss Universe 2002, the 51st edition of the Miss Universe pageant, was held in Coliseo Roberto Clemente, San Juan, Puerto Rico on May 29, 2002. There were 75 delegates from around the world who competed for the title Miss Universe 2002. Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 by...

      )
    • Manila
      Manila
      Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

      , Philippines
      Philippines
      The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

       (1974
      Miss Universe 1974
      Miss Universe 1974, the 23rd Miss Universe pageant, was held in Manila, Philippines on the early morning of July 21, 1974 before a live audience of an estimated 10,000 at the Folk Arts Theater and broadcast live by CBS and Radio Philippines Network . The pageant was hosted by Bob Barker and Helen...

       & 1994
      Miss Universe 1994
      Miss Universe 1994, the 43rd Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Plenary Hall of the Philippine International Convention Center, in Manila, Philippines on May 20, 1994...

      )
    • Panama City
      Panama City
      Panama is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Panama. It has a population of 880,691, with a total metro population of 1,272,672, and it is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, in the province of the same name. The city is the political and administrative center of the...

      , Panama
      Panama
      Panama , officially the Republic of Panama , is the southernmost country of Central America. Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The...

       (1986
      Miss Universe 1986
      Miss Universe 1986, the 35th Miss Universe pageant, was held at ATLAPA Convention Center, Panama City, Panama on July 21, 1986. 22-year-old Bárbara Palacios Teyde of Venezuela was crowned as Miss Universe 1986 by the outgoing titleholder, Deborah Carthy-Deu of Puerto Rico...

       & 2003
      Miss Universe 2003
      Miss Universe 2003, the 52nd Miss Universe pageant, was held at Figali Convention Center, Panama City, Panama on June 3, 2003. 71 delegates from around the universe competed for the crown...

      )
    • Bangkok
      Bangkok
      Bangkok is the capital and largest urban area city in Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep , meaning "city of angels." The full name of Bangkok is Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom...

      , Thailand
      Thailand
      Thailand , officially the Kingdom of Thailand , formerly known as Siam , is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula and Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the...

       (1992
      Miss Universe 1992
      Miss Universe 1992, the 41st Miss Universe pageant, was held at Queen Sirikit National Convention Center, Bangkok, Thailand on May 8, 1992. 78 international beauties competed for the Miss Universe crown....

       & 2005
      Miss Universe 2005
      Miss Universe 2005, the 54th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Impact Arena, Bangkok, Thailand on May 31, 2005.At the conclusion of the final telecast, Miss Universe Canada, Natalie Glebova was crowned Miss Universe 2005 by outgoing titleholder Jennifer Hawkins of Australia...

      )
  • It was announced on July 7, 2011 that Miss Universe 2013 would be held in Panama City
    Panama City
    Panama is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Panama. It has a population of 880,691, with a total metro population of 1,272,672, and it is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, in the province of the same name. The city is the political and administrative center of the...

    . However, Panama later rejected the offer.

Competing states

  • The United States has performed the best throughout the pageant's entire history, with seven winners, eight first runners-up, six second runners-up, one third runner-up, five fourth runners-up, six finalists, and eighteen semi-finalists. Miss USA has missed the semi-finals only four times: 1976 (Barbara Peterson, from Minnesota
    Minnesota
    Minnesota is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern United States. The twelfth largest state of the U.S., it is the twenty-first most populous, with 5.3 million residents. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the thirty-second state...

    ), 1999 (Kimberly Pressler, from New York), 2002 (Shauntay Hinton, from District of Columbia), and 2010 (Rima Fakih, from Michigan
    Michigan
    Michigan is a U.S. state located in the Great Lakes Region of the United States of America. The name Michigan is the French form of the Ojibwa word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake"....

    ). In 1957, Leona Gage, from Maryland
    Maryland
    Maryland is a U.S. state located in the Mid Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east...

    , was disqualified from the semi-finals after it was revealed that she was married and a mother.
  • After the USA, Venezuela is the next most successful nation in terms of overall placements in the semi-finals (37); it is followed in turn by Brazil, and Colombia (30 both), Sweden (29), Germany (21), Israel (20), England, India, and Puerto Rico (19 each), Finland, Greece, Japan, and South Africa (18 each), Canada, Mexico, Norway, Peru, and Philippines (16 each). Of these countries, only England has yet to win the contest (though now competes as part of Great Britain or United Kingdom)
  • The United States has been the most successful nation to compete in Miss Universe in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Venezuela won two crowns in the 1980s becoming the most successful country that decade. Puerto Rico and Venezuela have been most successful in the 1990s and 2000s with 3 crowns each.
  • Sweden has competed every single year of competition, except in 2005
    Miss Universe 2005
    Miss Universe 2005, the 54th Miss Universe pageant, was held at the Impact Arena, Bangkok, Thailand on May 31, 2005.At the conclusion of the final telecast, Miss Universe Canada, Natalie Glebova was crowned Miss Universe 2005 by outgoing titleholder Jennifer Hawkins of Australia...

    , 2007 and 2008.
  • Brazil has participated since 1954 and was only absent in 1990
    Miss Universe 1990
    Miss Universe 1990, the 39th Miss Universe pageant was held at Shubert Theatre, Los Angeles, USA on April 15, 1990. Mona Grudt of Norway was crowned as Miss Universe 1990. Seventy-one contestants competed for the crown....

     (Miss Brasil
    Miss Brasil
    The Miss Brasil Pageant is a beauty contest that has been held almost every year since 1954 between winners of the Brazilian state pageants.It is one of the most important beauty contest of the world, with USA and Venezuela...

     pageant wasn't contested).
  • Before becoming states in 1959, Alaska and Hawaii both sent delegates to the pageant during the 1950s. In fact, Miss Hawaii was 1st runner-up in 1952 and 2nd runner-up in 1958 (before winning Miss Universe as Miss USA in 1997), while Miss Alaska reached the semi-finals in 1957.
  • After the USA, Venezuela ranked second in terms of consecutive placements in the semi-finals: 21 years, from 1983 to 2003, nearly beating the United States' 22-year streak between 1977–1998. Of those 21 years, 13 times in a row Venezuela made the top 6 or higher (1991–2003).
  • Other than the USA and Venezuela, the countries that have made the semi-finals the most in a row are India (who in recent years has emerged as a pageant powerhouse) with 11 (1992–2002) consecutive placements; Germany with ten (1952 to 1961); and Finland with 8 (1962–1969).
  • Colombia had three first runner-up placements in a row (1992–1994). Also, between 1996 and 1998, Venezuela had three consecutive placements in the top two with Alicia Machado winning the crown in 1996 and the first runner-up the next two years being Venezuelan. Both streaks have been unparalleled in competition history.
  • Finland has had the most consecutive runners-up. For five years, from 1965 to 1969, its delegates placed among the five finalists without interruption (1965: Virpi Miettinen, first runner-up, 1966: Satu Östring, first runner-up, 1967: Ritva Lehto, third runner-up, 1968: Leena Brusiin, second runner-up, and 1969: Harriet Eriksson, first runner-up).
  • Both Puerto Rico and Venezuela have had at least one winner in each of the last four decades, the only two nations/territories to accomplish this feat.
    • Puerto Rico: Marisol Malaret
      Marisol Malaret
      Marisol Malaret Contreras was the very first Puerto Rican woman to be crowned Miss Universe.-Biography:She started to work from an early age due to the death of her father and chronic illness of her mother...

       in the 70s (1970), Deborah Carthy-Deu
      Deborah Carthy-Deu
      Deborah Fátima Carthy-Deu in Santurce, Puerto Rico. She became the second Miss Universe from Puerto Rico. The contest was held at James L. Knight Center of Miami, Florida on July 15, 1985.-Early years:...

       in the 80s (1985), Dayanara Torres
      Dayanara Torres
      Dayanara Torres Delgado is a Puerto Rican actress, singer, model, and former Miss Universe.Torres was discovered at age 17 while walking through the Plaza de Toa Alta in her hometown, and was invited to represent Toa Alta in the annual Miss Puerto Rico pageant. She won the pageant and the right...

       in the 90s (1993), and Denise Quiñones
      Denise Quiñones
      Denise Marie Quiñones August is a Puerto Rican actress and beauty pageant titleholder who was the fourth woman from her country to win the Miss Universe contest...

       (2001) and Zuleyka Rivera
      Zuleyka Rivera
      Zuleyka Jerrís Rivera Mendoza is a Puerto Rican beauty queen who held the titles Miss Puerto Rico Universe 2006 and Miss Universe 2006. She made her debut as a telenovela actress in Telemundo's soap opera Dame Chocolate.-Early life:...

       (2006) in the 2000s.
    • Venezuela: Maritza Sayalero
      Maritza Sayalero
      Maritza Sayalero is a former beauty queen who was crowned Miss Venezuela in 1979 and became her country's first Miss Universe titleholder...

       in the 70s (1979), Irene Sáez (1981) and Bárbara Palacios Teyde (1986) in the 80s, Alicia Machado
      Alicia Machado
      Yoseph Alicia Machado Fajardo is an actress, singer and former Miss Universe. She was the fourth woman from Venezuela to capture the Miss Universe crown.-Career:...

       in the 90s (1996), Dayana Mendoza
      Dayana Mendoza
      Dayana Sabrina Mendoza Moncada is a model and beauty pageant titleholder who won the titles of Miss Venezuela 2007 and Miss Universe 2008.-Personal life:...

       (2008) and Stefanía Fernández
      Stefanía Fernández
      Stefanía Fernández Krupij is a Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder who won the Miss Venezuela 2008 and Miss Universe 2009 titles. She earned a Guinness record by being the first Miss Universe winner who was crowned by a compatriot....

       (2009) in the 2000s.

Delegates

  • Miss Universe 1955, Hillevi Rombin
    Hillevi Rombin
    Hillevi Schine, , crowned as Miss Sweden and is the fourth winner of Miss Universe in 1955. She was the first deceased Miss Universe title holder since the pageant's inception.-Biography:...

     of Sweden
    Sweden
    Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

     is the first winner to witness her victory being aired on television.
  • Miss Universe 1957, Gladys Zender
    Gladys Zender
    Gladys Rosa Zender de Meier is a beauty queen from Peru who became the first Latin American woman to win the Miss Universe title.-Miss Universe:...

     from Peru
    Peru
    Peru , officially the Republic of Peru , is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean....

     was the youngest Miss Universe in history. She was 17 when she won the title.
  • Miss Universe 1997, Brook Lee from United States was the oldest Miss Universe in history. She was crowned at the age of 26.
  • On three occasions, contestants that did not place in Miss World
    Miss World
    The Miss World pageant is the oldest surviving major international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951...

    : Georgina Rizk
    Georgina Rizk
    Georgina Rizk was Lebanon's first and so far only Miss Universe.Rizk was born in Beirut to a Christian household. She was crowned in the Miss Universe pageant in 1971 in Miami Beach, Florida, USA. She was the first woman from the Middle East and the fourth woman from Asia to win the title...

    , Angela Visser
    Angela Visser
    Angela Visser is the first woman from the Netherlands to win the Miss Universe pageant in 1989.-Miss Universe:...

    , and Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Keneilwe Kwelagobe of Gaborone, Botswana was crowned Miss Universe in May 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago. Since being crowned Miss Universe 1999, Mpule has been recognized and honored as a human health rights activist, especially for her fight against HIV/AIDS and advocacy for youth and women to...

    , won Miss Universe.
  • Eight Miss Universe delegates placed as runner-up or semi-finalist in that pageant and later won the Miss World
    Miss World
    The Miss World pageant is the oldest surviving major international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951...

     title. They were: Susana Duijm - semi-finalist, Venezuela 1955; Corine Rottschäfer
    Corine Rottschäfer
    Corine Spier-Rottschäfer won the 1959 Miss World contest, representing the Netherlands. She was the first woman from her country to win the title. The pageant was held in London, United Kingdom...

     - semi-finalist, Holland 1958; Rosemarie Frankland
    Rosemarie Frankland
    Rosemarie Frankland was a Welsh beauty pageant contestant who won the 1961 Miss United Kingdom and Miss World titles before becoming an actress.-Biography:...

     - first runner-up, Wales 1961; Madeleine Hartog Bell
    Madeleine Hartog Bell
    Madeleine Hartog-Bel won the 1967 Miss World contest, representing Peru.. After making it to the semi-finals of the Miss Universe pageant in 1966, she went on to win the Miss World title in London, UK the following year. After Miss World, she lived in Paris, France for many years, and now she...

     - semi-finalist, Peru 1966; Eva Rueber-Staier
    Eva Rueber-Staier
    Eva Rueber-Staier is an Austrian actress and former Miss World.Rueber-Staier was born in 1951 in Bruck an der Mur, Styria. She won the title of Miss Austria and participated in the Miss Universe contest in 1969, in which she was a top 15 semifinalist. She went on to win the Miss World pageant...

     - semi-finalist, Austria 1969; Helen Morgan
    Helen Morgan (Miss World)
    Helen Morgan is a Welsh model, and the 1974 winner of the Miss United Kingdom and Miss World pageants. Morgan became the first winner to resign, and the second not to finish her reign as Miss World.-Biography:Born in Barry, she worked in a bank...

     - first runner-up, Wales 1974 (dethroned); Gina Swainson - first runner-up, Bermuda 1979 and Agbani Darego
    Agbani Darego
    Agbani Darego is a Nigerian model, best known as the first Sub-Saharan African Miss World.-Early life:...

     - semi-finalist, Nigeria 2001.
  • At tall, Miss Thailand 1965, Apasra Hongsakula
    Apasra Hongsakula
    Apasra Hongsakula is a Thai beauty queen who has held the title Miss Universe 1965. She is the daughter of Group Captain "Perm" and Kayoon Hongsakula...

     was the shortest Miss Universe ever crowned.
  • At tall, Miss Dominican Republic 2003, Amelia Vega
    Amelia Vega
    Amelia Vega Polanco became the first and only Dominican woman to be named Miss Universe, in 2003. At the age of 18, she was the youngest winner since 1994....

     is the tallest Miss Universe ever crowned.
  • In 1957, Miss USA
    Miss USA
    The Miss USA beauty contest has been held annually since 1952 to select the United States entrant in the Miss Universe pageant. The Miss Universe Organization operates both pageants, as well as Miss Teen USA...

     Mary Leona Gage
    Mary Leona Gage
    Mary Leona Gage was a beauty queen from Maryland who was crowned Miss USA 1957, the first, and so far, only woman from that state to capture the Miss USA crown...

     was disqualified for being married and a mother, though she had qualified for the semi-finals. She was replaced by Miss Argentina, Mónica Lamas.
  • Irene Sáez, Miss Universe 1981, ran for President of Venezuela
    Venezuela
    Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

     in 1998, after having been elected mayor of Chacao in 1992 and governor of Nueva Esparta
    Nueva Esparta
    Nueva Esparta State is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It comprises Margarita Island, Coche, and the largely uninhabited Cubagua.The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venuezuela...

     in 1999.
  • Miss Haiti, Evelyn Miot
    Evelyn Miot
    Evelyn Miot, Miss Haiti Universe, was the first black woman to reach the top fifteen finalists position in the Miss Universe pageant. Miot was a semi-finalist in the Miss Universe 1962 pageant, won by Argentine Norma Nolan-References:...

    , became the first black woman to make it to the semi-finals in 1962.
  • Miss Curaçao, Anne Marie Braafheid
    Anne Marie Braafheid
    Anne Marie Braafheid became the first black woman to attain the position of 1st runner-up in the Miss Universe contest. She was the second black woman to reach the top 15 finalists position, after Evelyn Miot of Haiti in 1962...

    , became the first black woman to become first runner up in 1968.
  • Trinidad & Tobago's Janelle Commissiong
    Janelle Commissiong
    Janelle Commissiong was born in Trinidad and Tobago. Commissiong migrated to the United States at the age of 13, and returned to Trinidad and Tobago ten years later...

     became the first woman of African descent to be crowned Miss Universe, in 1977 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The first black African to win Miss Universe was Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Keneilwe Kwelagobe of Gaborone, Botswana was crowned Miss Universe in May 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago. Since being crowned Miss Universe 1999, Mpule has been recognized and honored as a human health rights activist, especially for her fight against HIV/AIDS and advocacy for youth and women to...

    , of Botswana, crowned in 1999 at Chaguaramas, Trinidad & Tobago.
  • Only once have black women won Miss Universe in succession. Wendy Fitzwilliam
    Wendy Fitzwilliam
    Wendy Fitzwilliam is a former Miss Trinidad & Tobago Universe, the third woman of African heritage to capture the Miss Universe crown and the second Miss Universe in history from Trinidad and Tobago.-Early life:...

     of Trinidad & Tobago won the title in 1998, followed by Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Keneilwe Kwelagobe of Gaborone, Botswana was crowned Miss Universe in May 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago. Since being crowned Miss Universe 1999, Mpule has been recognized and honored as a human health rights activist, especially for her fight against HIV/AIDS and advocacy for youth and women to...

     of Botswana in 1999.
  • Andrea Stelzer was Miss South Africa
    Miss South Africa
    Miss South Africa is an annual beauty pageant in South Africa that began in 1956. The winner of the pageant represents her country at the Miss Universe and Miss World pageants....

     in 1985, but pulled out of Miss Universe because of anti-apartheid demonstrations. She competed in 1989 as Miss Germany, and was a top 10 semi-finalist.
  • Miss Lebanon
    Miss Lebanon
    .Miss Lebanon - Lebanon's Official National Beauty Pageant is a beauty contest in Lebanon.Miss Lebanon is the only national beauty contest that awards prizes worth more than one million US dollars to its winners. It is broadcast on Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation , since 1991...

     2001, Christina Sawaya
    Christina Sawaya
    Christina Sawaya , born 16 August 1980, is a Lebanese beauty queen.As part of her modelling career, Christina entered a series of pageants between 1998 and 2002 in which she became the winner of "Miss University" Lebanon in 1998, and was chosen as "Top Lebanon Model 1999".In 2001, Sawaya competed...

    , pulled out of the 2002 Miss Universe competition because of the participation of Miss Israel
    Miss Israel
    -Winners:...

    . She went on to win the rival Miss International
    Miss International
    Miss International is an annual international beauty pageant held since 1960.The current Miss International is Fernanda Cornejo, from Ecuador...

     competition in the same year.
  • 2002's winner, Oxana Fedorova
    Oxana Fedorova
    Oxana Gennadyevna Fedorova is a Russian Miss Universe winner, police officer , former university lecturer, television host, actress, singer, and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador....

     of Russia, became the first Miss Universe who officially did not finish her reign, making first runner-up Justine Pasek
    Justine Pasek
    Yostin "Justine" Lissette Pasek Patiño is a Panamanian model, FAO Goodwill Ambassador, and Miss Universe 2002.-Early life:Pasek was born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the daughter of a Panamanian homemaker and Polish engineer...

     the first Panama
    Panama
    Panama , officially the Republic of Panama , is the southernmost country of Central America. Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The...

    nian to hold the title. Fedorova was crowned in Puerto Rico in mid-May, and was replaced by Pasek in late September. It is unclear whether Fedorova was fired for failure to perform her duties (the official version), or chose to resign because she had not expected the heavy workload.
  • The strong rivalry between Puerto Rico
    Puerto Rico
    Puerto Rico , officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.Puerto Rico comprises an...

     and Venezuela
    Venezuela
    Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

     is so well known in Latin American popular culture, that their struggle has been immortalized in several Spanish-language television commercials in the United States for such companies as MasterCard
    MasterCard
    Mastercard Incorporated or MasterCard Worldwide is an American multinational financial services corporation with its headquarters in the MasterCard International Global Headquarters, Purchase, Harrison, New York, United States...

     and Budweiser
    Budweiser (Anheuser-Busch)
    Budweiser is a 5.0% abv American-style lager introduced in 1876 by Adolphus Busch and one of the highest selling beers in the United States. It is made with up to 30% rice in addition to hops and barley malt. Budweiser is produced in various breweries located around the world...

    . In the latter, former Miss Universe winners Dayanara Torres
    Dayanara Torres
    Dayanara Torres Delgado is a Puerto Rican actress, singer, model, and former Miss Universe.Torres was discovered at age 17 while walking through the Plaza de Toa Alta in her hometown, and was invited to represent Toa Alta in the annual Miss Puerto Rico pageant. She won the pageant and the right...

     of Puerto Rico and Alicia Machado
    Alicia Machado
    Yoseph Alicia Machado Fajardo is an actress, singer and former Miss Universe. She was the fourth woman from Venezuela to capture the Miss Universe crown.-Career:...

     of Venezuela caused mayhem in a sports bar as they competed to win the admiration of the men present.
  • A new trend of delegates representing countries they were not born in has developed. Miss Universe 2002 Justine Pasek
    Justine Pasek
    Yostin "Justine" Lissette Pasek Patiño is a Panamanian model, FAO Goodwill Ambassador, and Miss Universe 2002.-Early life:Pasek was born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the daughter of a Panamanian homemaker and Polish engineer...

     was born in Kharkiv
    Kharkiv
    Kharkiv or Kharkov is the second-largest city in Ukraine.The city was founded in 1654 and was a major centre of Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv became the first city in Ukraine where the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed in December 1917 and Soviet government was...

    , Ukraine
    Ukraine
    Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after Russia...

    , where her Panamanian mother was completing her University studies. Miss Israel
    Miss Israel
    -Winners:...

     2005, Elena Ralph
    Elena Ralph
    Elena Ralph is a beauty queen who has represented Israel in the Miss Universe pageant.Ralph won the Miss Israel 2005 title and went on to represent Israel in the Miss Universe 2005 beauty pageant held in Bangkok, Thailand. She made the top ten in the internationally televised pageant, which was...

     was also born in Ukraine and moved to Israel when she was 18 years old. The most famous country-swapper was probably Natascha Börger
    Natascha Börger
    Natascha Vanessa Börger Sevilla is a former Venezuelan-German model and multiple beauty queen.On 10 January 2002, the 20-year old BWL-Student as Miss Hamburg in Kaiserslauterner entertainment center Riverside was crowned Miss Germany...

    . After placing 12th in the 2000 Venezuela
    Venezuela
    Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

    n pageant she moved to Germany where she easily won the crown of Miss Deutschland
    Miss Germany
    Miss Germany is a national beauty pageant for unmarried women in Germany. In 1927, the contest was held for the first time.In the past there were several organisations which claimed the title: In the 1920s already, German jurisdiction decided that the title Miss Germany could not be patented or...

     2002. Other notable contestants who represented countries other than their birth place include the Miss Universe Canada and Miss Universe 2005 Natalie Glebova
    Natalie Glebova
    Natalie Glebova is a Russian Canadian beauty queen, the 2005 Miss Universe title holder.-Personal life:Glebova was born in Tuapse, Russia. She studied classical piano and graduated from a professional musical school at age of 12. She also has won various regional rhythmic gymnastics championships...

     who is Russian by birth, Miss Universe Canada 2006 Alice Panikian
    Alice Panikian
    Alice Panikian is a Bulgarian-born Canadian model who was crowned Miss Universe Canada on March 21, 2006...

     who is Armenian-Bulgarian by birth, Miss Germany Universe 2006 Natalie Ackermann who is Colombian by birth, and Venezuelan born Francys Sudnicka
    Francys Sudnicka
    Francys Mayela Sudnicka is a Venezuelan model of Polish ancestry.She was born in the city of Valencia, Venezuela. Barraza lived and went to school in Poland until her adolescence...

     representing Poland. Such is also reflected in the growing number of delegates from different parts of the world being sent to a third country (almost always Latin American) for further training before going on to the host country and compete in the pageant proper.
  • In 1999, Botswana sent Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Keneilwe Kwelagobe of Gaborone, Botswana was crowned Miss Universe in May 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago. Since being crowned Miss Universe 1999, Mpule has been recognized and honored as a human health rights activist, especially for her fight against HIV/AIDS and advocacy for youth and women to...

     as its first ever delegate to the pageant and she won.
  • Flaviana Matata
    Flaviana Matata
    Flaviana Matata is a Tanzanian beauty queen and fashion model.-Miss Universe 2007:Flaviana won the first edition of the Miss Universe Tanzania pageant in 2007, and went on to represent her country in the Miss Universe pageant the same year, where she placed among the Top 15 semifinalists and ended...

     from Tanzania
    Tanzania
    The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.Tanzania is a state...

     was the first Miss Universe delegate to participate with a shaved head in 2007. It was also the first time Tanzania was represented and placed.

Winners

  • In an interesting and quite original break from tradition, Miss Universe 1998, Wendy Fitzwilliam
    Wendy Fitzwilliam
    Wendy Fitzwilliam is a former Miss Trinidad & Tobago Universe, the third woman of African heritage to capture the Miss Universe crown and the second Miss Universe in history from Trinidad and Tobago.-Early life:...

     of Trinidad and Tobago
    Trinidad and Tobago
    Trinidad and Tobago officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is an archipelagic state in the southern Caribbean, lying just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles...

    , did her final walk in 1999 to her very own recording, a cover of Sade
    Sade (band)
    Sade is a British smooth jazz band that formed in 1983, named for Nigerian lead singer Sade Adu. Their music features elements of R&B, soul, jazz, and soft rock....

    's Kiss of Life
    Kiss of Life
    "Kiss of Life" is the third single from the English group Sade's fourth studio album, Love Deluxe . The single was released in May 1993 and became a minor hit in the United States, peaking at number 78 on the Billboard Hot 100 but became Sade's seventh top 10 hit on the R&B chart peaking at...

    , something that wasn't allowed by the organization in the beginning.
  • Natalie Glebova
    Natalie Glebova
    Natalie Glebova is a Russian Canadian beauty queen, the 2005 Miss Universe title holder.-Personal life:Glebova was born in Tuapse, Russia. She studied classical piano and graduated from a professional musical school at age of 12. She also has won various regional rhythmic gymnastics championships...

     of Canada, Miss Universe 2005 reigned for the longest period in Miss Universe history: one year and 53 days (almost 2 months) from the time she was crowned on May 31, 2005 in Bangkok, Thailand. Riyo Mori
    Riyo Mori
    is a Japanese dance instructor and model who won the Miss Universe 2007 title in May 2007.-Early life:...

     of Japan, Miss Universe 2007 reigned for almost the same length: one year and 45 days from the time she was crowned on May 28, 2007 in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • In April 2006, a reunion of former titleholders took place in New York City to celebrate the launch of the book "Universal Beauty" by Cara Birnbaum. The reunion included Sylvia Hitchcock
    Sylvia Hitchcock
    Sylvia Louise Hitchcock-Carson is a pageant titleholder who held the Miss USA 1967 and Miss Universe 1967 titles.Hitchcock was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts and grew up on a chicken farm in Miami, Florida. She attended Palmetto High School, Miami-Dade Junior College and studied art at the...

     (1967, USA); Margaret Gardiner
    Margaret Gardiner
    Margaret Gardiner, from Woodstock, South Africa is the winner of the Miss Universe pageant in 1978. She was 18 years old when she won the pageant.. , Palm Beach Post . , St...

     (1978, South Africa); Yvonne Ryding
    Yvonne Ryding
    Yvonne Agneta Ryding is a beauty queen from Sweden who was crowned Miss Universe 1984 on July 9, 1984...

     (1984, Sweden); Deborah Carthy Deu (1985, Puerto Rico); Bárbara Palacios (1986, Venezuela); Porntip Nakhirunkanok
    Porntip Nakhirunkanok
    Porntip Bui Nakhirunkanok aka Porntip Bui Simon is a Thai beauty queen who has held the title Miss Universe 1988. She became the second woman from Thailand to win the Miss Universe crown, the first being Apasra Hongsakula in 1965.-Biography:Nakhirunkanok was born in Chacheonsao, Thailand...

     (1988, Thailand); Mona Grudt
    Mona Grudt
    Mona Grudt Bittrick became the first Norwegian to capture the Miss Universe title in 1990.-Miss Universe:...

     (1990, Norway); Lupita Jones
    Lupita Jones
    María Guadalupe "Lupita" Jones Garay became the first Mexican woman to win the title of Miss Universe in 1991.-Miss Universe 1991:...

     (1991, Mexico); Michelle McLean
    Michelle McLean
    Michelle McLean was crowned Miss Universe in 1992. She was19 years old when she represented Namibia and became the first and only woman from Namibia to win the crown.-Miss World:...

     (1992, Namibia); Brook Mahealani Lee (1997, USA); Wendy Fitzwilliam
    Wendy Fitzwilliam
    Wendy Fitzwilliam is a former Miss Trinidad & Tobago Universe, the third woman of African heritage to capture the Miss Universe crown and the second Miss Universe in history from Trinidad and Tobago.-Early life:...

     (1998, Trinidad & Tobago); Denise Quiñones
    Denise Quiñones
    Denise Marie Quiñones August is a Puerto Rican actress and beauty pageant titleholder who was the fourth woman from her country to win the Miss Universe contest...

     (2001, Puerto Rico); Justine Pasek
    Justine Pasek
    Yostin "Justine" Lissette Pasek Patiño is a Panamanian model, FAO Goodwill Ambassador, and Miss Universe 2002.-Early life:Pasek was born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the daughter of a Panamanian homemaker and Polish engineer...

     (2002, Panama); Amelia Vega
    Amelia Vega
    Amelia Vega Polanco became the first and only Dominican woman to be named Miss Universe, in 2003. At the age of 18, she was the youngest winner since 1994....

     (2003, Dominican Republic) and Natalie Glebova
    Natalie Glebova
    Natalie Glebova is a Russian Canadian beauty queen, the 2005 Miss Universe title holder.-Personal life:Glebova was born in Tuapse, Russia. She studied classical piano and graduated from a professional musical school at age of 12. She also has won various regional rhythmic gymnastics championships...

     (2005, Canada).
  • The largest interval between a nation winning Miss Universe is Japan; Akiko Kojima
    Akiko Kojima
    is a Japanese model and the first Miss Universe to originate from Asia.- Biography :Akiko was a 22-year-old model from Tokyo, Japan when she bested four other finalists from Norway, the USA, England, and Brazil for the 1959 Miss Universe crown in Long Beach, California...

     won the title in 1959 and, 48 years later, Riyo Mori
    Riyo Mori
    is a Japanese dance instructor and model who won the Miss Universe 2007 title in May 2007.-Early life:...

     became the second recipient from Japan.
  • In 2009, Venezuela became the first country ever to win consecutive titles, when Dayana Mendoza
    Dayana Mendoza
    Dayana Sabrina Mendoza Moncada is a model and beauty pageant titleholder who won the titles of Miss Venezuela 2007 and Miss Universe 2008.-Personal life:...

    , Miss Venezuela and Miss Universe 2008 crowned her compatriot, Stefanía Fernández
    Stefanía Fernández
    Stefanía Fernández Krupij is a Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder who won the Miss Venezuela 2008 and Miss Universe 2009 titles. She earned a Guinness record by being the first Miss Universe winner who was crowned by a compatriot....

     as Miss Universe 2009. Stefanía Fernández
    Stefanía Fernández
    Stefanía Fernández Krupij is a Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder who won the Miss Venezuela 2008 and Miss Universe 2009 titles. She earned a Guinness record by being the first Miss Universe winner who was crowned by a compatriot....

     did not score in the Top 3 in any of the preliminaries or semi-finals events. However, it should be noted that both Dayanara Torres
    Dayanara Torres
    Dayanara Torres Delgado is a Puerto Rican actress, singer, model, and former Miss Universe.Torres was discovered at age 17 while walking through the Plaza de Toa Alta in her hometown, and was invited to represent Toa Alta in the annual Miss Puerto Rico pageant. She won the pageant and the right...

    , Miss Universe 1993 and Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Kwelagobe
    Mpule Keneilwe Kwelagobe of Gaborone, Botswana was crowned Miss Universe in May 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago. Since being crowned Miss Universe 1999, Mpule has been recognized and honored as a human health rights activist, especially for her fight against HIV/AIDS and advocacy for youth and women to...

    , Miss Universe 1999 did not score in the Top 3 either, and won the crown. Scores only determine which delegates are making the cut, and the competition starts all over from zero: Many delegates in the past won some semifinal competitions and didn't win the crown. Diana Nogueira, Miss Spain 1999, won the swimsuit and evening gown competitions and was 2nd runner-up; in 1992, Carolina Iszak also won in swimsuit and evening gown and only made it to the top 6; Milka Chulina, Miss Venezuela 1993, who had the highest semifinal average score was also 2nd runner-up; and in 1997, Verna Vasquez, Miss Curaçao, along with Miss Italy, Denny Mendez just made top 6. Only the judges' final vote determines the winner.
  • USA won in 1954 and 1956, then in 1995 and 1997; Venezuela won in 1979 and 1981. Curiously, between the Venezuelan triumphs of 1979 and 1981, the winner was from the USA, and between the two USA wins in 1995 and 1997, the winner was from Venezuela.
  • The very first Miss Universe Armi Kuusela from Finland lives again in California, San Diego, with her ambassador husband, Albert Williams, after living around the world which all started in Miss Universe competition in California 1952.
  • Both times that Mexico and Trinidad and Tobago gives the crown to the successor, the winner has been an african woman: Michelle McLean from Namibia in 1992 and Leila Lopes from Angola in 2011 (México) South Africa in 1978 and Botswana in 1999 (Trinidad & Tobago).
  • In 2002 and 2003 all five major continents, (North America, South America, Europe, Asia and Africa) except Australia and Antarctica were represented in the five finalists: 2002- Russia, Panama, China, South Africa and Venezuela. 2003 - Dominican Republic, Venezuela, South Africa, Serbia and Montenegro and Japan.

Awards

  • The Philippines has won the Miss Photogenic award seven times (five of them via internet voting, including a back-to-back and a three-peat), followed by the England with five and Puerto Rico, with five, four of them via internet voting during a six-year period, from 1999 to 2004 (did not win in 2000).
  • Colombia has won the Best National Costume Award six times.
  • Guam has won the Miss Congeniality award four times.
  • The only Miss Universe to win three awards on pageant night was Denise Quiñones (Puerto Rico), who in 2001 also won Miss Photogenic via internet voting, Bluepoint Swimsuit Award, and Clairol Best Style Award. Alicia Machado (Venezuela) almost accomplished this feat when she got the Jantzen Best in Swimsuit Award and That Takes Finesse Award in 1996.
  • Four Miss Universe winners were awarded Miss Photogenic: Margareta Arvidsson (Sweden, 1966), Margarita Moran (Philippines, 1973), Janelle Commissiong (Trinidad and Tobago, 1977) and Denise Quiñones (Puerto Rico, 2001).
  • Three titleholders have also won Best National Costume: Porntip Nakhirunkanok (Thailand, 1988), Wendy Fitzwilliam (Trinidad and Tobago, 1998) and, Amelia Vega (Dominican Republic, 2003).
  • In 1962
    Miss Universe 1962
    Miss Universe 1962, the 11th Miss Universe pageant, was won by 24-year-old Norma Nolan of Argentina. It took place on 14 July 1962 at the Miami Beach Auditorium in Miami Beach, Florida, USA.-Placements:-Special awards:...

    , Kim Carlton of England won both the Miss Photogenic and Best National Costume awards. This is the first time in Miss Universe history that a country accomplished this feat. 48 years later, Fonthip Watcharatrakul
    Fonthip Watcharatrakul
    Fonthip Watcharatrakul , nicknamed Pook Look is a beauty pageant titleholder who won Miss Thailand Universe 2010 and represented Thailand in Miss Universe 2010.-Biography:...

    of Thailand would win the same awards via internet voting.

The Miss Universe Creed

From 1960 to 1990, the Miss Universe Creed was read at each pageant:
"We, the young women of the universe, believe people everywhere are seeking peace, tolerance and mutual understanding. We pledge to spread this message in every way we can, wherever we go."

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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