Mina al Fahal
Mina al Fahal is a coastal area in the northeast of Oman
Oman , officially called the Sultanate of Oman , is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the...

, near to the country's capital, Muscat
Muscat, Oman
Muscat is the capital of Oman. It is also the seat of government and largest city in the Governorate of Muscat. As of 2008, the population of the Muscat metropolitan area was 1,090,797. The metropolitan area spans approximately and includes six provinces called wilayats...

. It was renamed from Saih al Maleh as the petroleum processing plant was developed. It is a key area for the country's petroleum operations. Petroleum Development Oman
Petroleum Development Oman
Petroleum Development of Oman is the foremost exploration and production company in the Sultanate. It accounts for more than 90% of the country's crude-oil production and nearly all of its natural-gas supply...

is based at Mina al Fahal, and the Oman Refinery Company
Oman Refinery Company
Established as a limited liability company in 1982, Oman Refinery Company was commissioned with a refining capacity of to cater for the Oman’s local strategic demand of refined products. The Refinery produced after modifications that took place in 1987 and 2001. A Revamp project in 2007 brought...

has an 85,000 b/d oil refinery
Oil refinery
An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas...

located here. Crude oil and refinery products are loaded on to tankers off Mina Al Fahal by subsea pipeline and SBM (Single Buoy Mooring) Systems. Two of the SBMs are ownened by PDO for crude export and the third is owned by SOM (Shell Oman Marketing).

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