, memory is an organism's ability to store, retain, and recall information
and experiences. Traditional studies of memory began in the fields of philosophy
, including techniques of artificially enhancing memory
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, scientists have put memory within the paradigm
of cognitive psychology
. In recent decades, it has become one of the principal pillars of a branch of science called cognitive neuroscience
, an interdisciplinary link between cognitive psychology
From an information processing
perspective there are three main stages in the formation and retrieval of memory:
- EncodingEncoding (Memory)Memory has the ability to encode, store and recall information. Memories give an organism the capability to learn and adapt from previous experiences as well as build relationships. Encoding allows the perceived item of use or interest to be converted into a construct that can be stored within the...
or registration (receiving, processing and combining of received information)
- StorageStorage (memory)Storage in human memory is one of three core process of memory, along with Recall and Encoding. It refers to the retention of information, which has been achieved through the encoding process, in brain for prolonged period of time until it is accessed by the recall process...
(creation of a permanent record of the encoded information)
- RetrievalRecollectionRecall in memory refers to the retrieval of events or information from the past. Along with encoding and storage, it is one of the three core processes of memory. There are three main types of recall: free recall, cued recall and serial recall...
, recall or recollection (calling back the stored information in response to some cue for use in a process or activity)
Sensory memory corresponds approximately to the initial 200–500 millisecond
s after an item is perceived.
Reg, as he insisted on being called, had a memory that he himself had once compared to the Queen Alexandra Birdwing Butterfly in that it was colorful, flitted prettily hither and thither, and was now, alas, almost completely extinct.
Not the power to remember, but its very opposite, the power to forget, is a necessary condition for our existence.
To look backward for a while is to refresh the eye, to restore it, and to render it the more fit for its prime function of looking forward.
God gave us memories that we might have roses in December.
Memories are like stones, time and distance erode them like acid.
I am a miser of my memories of youAnd will not spend them.
A happy childhood can't be cured. Mine'll hang around my neck like a rainbow, that's all, instead of a noose.
To live in hearts we leave behindIs not to die.
Memory is the thing you forget with.