Manfred Mayrhofer
Manfred Mayrhofer is an Indo-Europeanist specialized on Indo-Iranian languages
Indo-Iranian languages
The Indo-Iranian language group constitutes the easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European family of languages. It consists of three language groups: the Indo-Aryan, Iranian and Nuristani...

. Mayrhofer is professor emeritus at the University of Vienna
University of Vienna
The University of Vienna is a public university located in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Duke Rudolph IV in 1365 and is the oldest university in the German-speaking world...

. He is noted for his etymological dictionary
Etymological dictionary
An etymological dictionary discusses the etymology of the words listed. Often, large dictionaries, such as the OED and Webster's, will contain some etymological information, without aspiring to focus on etymology....

 of Sanskrit
Sanskrit , is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.Buddhism: besides Pali, see Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Today, it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand...


Mayrhofer studied Indo-European and Semitic
Semitic languages
The Semitic languages are a group of related languages whose living representatives are spoken by more than 270 million people across much of the Middle East, North Africa and the Horn of Africa...

 linguistics and philosophy
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational...

 in Graz
The more recent population figures do not give the whole picture as only people with principal residence status are counted and people with secondary residence status are not. Most of the people with secondary residence status in Graz are students...

. From 1963 to 1966 he was professor in Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken is the capital of the state of Saarland in Germany. The city is situated at the heart of a metropolitan area that borders on the west on Dillingen and to the north-east on Neunkirchen, where most of the people of the Saarland live....

, from 1966 until his retirement in 1988 in Vienna
Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...



  • Sanskrit-Grammatik (1953), English A Sanskrit Grammar (2003), ISBN 0817312854.
  • Sanskrit-Grammatik mit sprachvergleichenden Erläuterungen (1978), ISBN 3110071770.
  • Ausgewählte kleine Schriften
    Kleine Schriften
    is a German phrase often used as a title for a collection of articles and essays written by a single scholar over the course of a career. "Collected Papers" is an English equivalent. These shorter works were usually published previously in various periodicals or in collections of papers written...

    (1979), ISBN 3882260386.
  • Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Woerterbuch des Altindischen, 4 vols. (1976), ISBN 0828857229.
  • Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (EWAia), Heidelberg (1986–2001), ISBN 3533038262.
  • Die avestischen Namen,IPNB I/1(Vienna 1977).

External links

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