Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt (December 15, 1719 – April 6, 1790) was the Landgrave
Landgrave was a title used in the Holy Roman Empire and later on by its former territories. The title refers to a count who had feudal duty directly to the Holy Roman Emperor...

 of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt was a member state of the Holy Roman Empire. It was formed in 1567 following the division of the Landgraviate of Hesse between the four sons of Philip I, the last Landgrave of Hesse....

 from 1768 - 1790. He was a son of Louis VIII
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach....

, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg
Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Charlotte, Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg, full name: Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau-Lichtenberg was the wife of Duke Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.- The Heiress :...


He was born in Darmstadt
Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine Main Area.The sandy soils in the Darmstadt area, ill-suited for agriculture in times before industrial fertilisation, prevented any larger settlement from developing, until the city became the seat...

 on 15 December 1719. On 12 August 1741, Louis married Caroline of Zweibrücken, daughter of Christian III, Duke of Zweibrücken
Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1731–1735. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein...

. They had three sons and five daughters, including:
  • Caroline (1746–1821), married Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
    Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
    Frederick V Louis William Christian , Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg was from 1751 to his death landgrave of Hesse-Homburg...

  • Frederica Louisa (1751–1805), married King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia
    Frederick William II of Prussia
    Frederick William II was the King of Prussia, reigning from 1786 until his death. He was in personal union the Prince-Elector of Brandenburg and the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel.-Early life:...

     and became Queen of Prussia
  • Louis X (1753–1830), later Grand Duke Louis I
  • Amalie (1754–1832), married Karl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  • Wilhelmina Louisa (1755–1776), married Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich of Russia
    Paul I of Russia
    Paul I was the Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801. He also was the 72nd Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta .-Childhood:...

    , later emperor
  • Louisa Augusta (1757–1830), married Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  • Frederick (1759–1802)
  • Christian
    Christian of Hesse-Darmstadt
    Christian of Hessen-Darmstadt was landgraf of the house of Hesse-Darmstadt and a Dutch general. He was also a keen Freemason, rising to grandmaster.-Life:...


In 1752, Louis married Marie Adelaide of Cheirouze, countess of Lemberg.


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