List of Texas hurricanes
Overview
 
Texas is frequently affected by hurricanes and other tropical cyclones and their remains. This frequency is due to Texas
Texas
Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

' position along the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
The Gulf of Mexico is a partially landlocked ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent and the island of Cuba. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. In...

 coastline and also because Texas is within the path of recurvature of tropical cyclones from the eastern Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south, bounded by Asia and Australia in the west, and the Americas in the east.At 165.2 million square kilometres in area, this largest division of the World...

. This is a list of hurricanes that have affected the state of Texas in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 since 1980.
  • August 10, 1980 – Hurricane Allen
    Hurricane Allen
    Hurricane Allen was the first and strongest hurricane of the 1980 Atlantic hurricane season. It was one of the strongest hurricanes in recorded history, one of the few hurricanes to reach Category 5 status on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale on three separate occasions, and spent more time...

     made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
    Brownsville, Texas
    Brownsville is a city in the southernmost tip of the state of Texas, in the United States. It is located on the northern bank of the Rio Grande, directly north and across the border from Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Brownsville is the 16th largest city in the state of Texas with a population of...

     as a category 3 hurricane.
Encyclopedia
Texas is frequently affected by hurricanes and other tropical cyclones and their remains. This frequency is due to Texas
Texas
Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

' position along the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
The Gulf of Mexico is a partially landlocked ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent and the island of Cuba. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. In...

 coastline and also because Texas is within the path of recurvature of tropical cyclones from the eastern Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south, bounded by Asia and Australia in the west, and the Americas in the east.At 165.2 million square kilometres in area, this largest division of the World...

. This is a list of hurricanes that have affected the state of Texas in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 since 1980.

1980

  • August 10, 1980 – Hurricane Allen
    Hurricane Allen
    Hurricane Allen was the first and strongest hurricane of the 1980 Atlantic hurricane season. It was one of the strongest hurricanes in recorded history, one of the few hurricanes to reach Category 5 status on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale on three separate occasions, and spent more time...

     made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
    Brownsville, Texas
    Brownsville is a city in the southernmost tip of the state of Texas, in the United States. It is located on the northern bank of the Rio Grande, directly north and across the border from Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Brownsville is the 16th largest city in the state of Texas with a population of...

     as a category 3 hurricane. A wind gust of 140 miles per hour (225.3 km/h) was reported in Port Mansfield
    Port Mansfield, Texas
    Port Mansfield is a census-designated place in Willacy County, Texas, United States. The population was 415 at the 2000 census.-Geography:Port Mansfield is located at ....

     and up to 20 inches (508 mm) of rain fell in Kingsville
    Kingsville, Texas
    As of the census of 2000, there were 25,575 people, 8,943 households, and 6,134 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,848.8 people per square mile . There were 10,427 housing units at an average density of 753.8 per square mile...

    . Allen caused seven deaths and an estimated $600 million (1980 USD
    United States dollar
    The United States dollar , also referred to as the American dollar, is the official currency of the United States of America. It is divided into 100 smaller units called cents or pennies....

    ).
  • September 5, 1980 – Tropical Storm Danielle
    Tropical Storm Danielle (1980)
    Tropical Storm Danielle was a strong tropical storm that formed in the Gulf of Mexico and dissipated after making landfall in east Texas. The fourth tropical cyclone of the 1980 Atlantic hurricane season. Danielle formed as a tropical depression off the Louisiana coast on September 4 and moved...

     made landfall near Galveston Bay
    Galveston Bay
    Galveston Bay is a large estuary located along the upper coast of Texas in the United States. It is connected to the Gulf of Mexico and is surrounded by sub-tropic marshes and prairies on the mainland. The water in the Bay is a complex mixture of sea water and fresh water which supports a wide...

     as a weak tropical storm. Danielle caused flooding in Port Arthur
    Port Arthur, Texas
    -Demographics:As of the 2000 census, there were 57,755 people, 21,839 households, and 14,675 families residing in the city. The population density was 696.5 people per square mile . There were 24,713 housing units at an average density of 298.0 per square mile...

     after 17 inches (431.8 mm) of rain fell. Two people were killed.
  • Mid-November 1980 – Hurricane Jeanne
    Hurricane Jeanne (1980)
    Hurricane Jeanne was a moderate hurricane that formed and dissipated in the Gulf of Mexico without making landfall. The tenth tropical cyclone and eighth hurricane of the 1980 Atlantic hurricane season, Jeanne developed over the southern Caribbean on November 7. It moved swiftly northward, and it...

     over the Western Gulf of Mexico
    Gulf of Mexico
    The Gulf of Mexico is a partially landlocked ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent and the island of Cuba. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. In...

     causes tides up to 4 feet (1.2 m) above average along the Texas coast. Coastal flooding also occurred with the worst being near Galveston
    Galveston, Texas
    Galveston is a coastal city located on Galveston Island in the U.S. state of Texas. , the city had a total population of 47,743 within an area of...

    . Minimal damage and zero deaths were reported.

1981

  • August 31, 1981 Tropical Depression Eight moved ashore northeast Mexico on August 29 and into the United States on August 30. As an ill-defined surface low, a large thunderstorm complex formed near its center that day, which unleashed very heavy rainfall in a 50 miles (80.5 km) wide band which stretched along a 200 miles (321.9 km) path from Seguin, Texas
    Seguin, Texas
    Seguin is a city in Guadalupe County, Texas, in the United States. It is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 22,011; the July 1, 2009 Census estimate, however, showed the population had increased to 26,842...

     to north of Houston, Texas
    Houston, Texas
    Houston is the fourth-largest city in the United States, and the largest city in the state of Texas. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of . Houston is the seat of Harris County and the economic center of , which is the ...

    . The highest rainfall amount reported was from Cheapside, where 18 inches (457.2 mm) fell in the 24 hour period ending on the morning of August 31. Five died in the town of Shiner, Texas
    Shiner, Texas
    Shiner is a city in Lavaca County, Texas, United States. The town was named after Henry B. Shiner who donated for railroad right of way. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 2,070....

     due to the flood. Downtown Hallettsville flooded to a depth of 5 feet (1.5 m). Significant flooding occurred along the Lavaca, Guadalupe, and Colorado
    Colorado River
    The Colorado River , is a river in the Southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. The watershed of the Colorado River covers in parts of seven U.S. states and two Mexican states...

     rivers in Texas. Paid losses by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
    Federal Emergency Management Agency
    The Federal Emergency Management Agency is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1978 and implemented by two Executive Orders...

     (FEMA) totaled nearly US$21 million (1981 dollars).
  • October 13, 1981 – Hurricane Norma produced up to 21 inches (533.4 mm) of rain near Dallas-Fort Worth after making landfall on the Pacific coast of Mexico
    Mexico
    The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

    .

1982

  • September 11, 1982 – Tropical Storm Chris made landfall near Sabine Pass
    Sabine Pass, Texas
    Sabine Pass is a neighborhood of Port Arthur, Texas, United States. It lies on the west bank of Sabine Pass, near the Louisiana border.Originally known as Sabine City, the original date of settlement of Sabine Pass is unknown, but is estimated at 1836...

    . The storm caused wind damage to a restaurant on Pleasure Island. There were no fatalities.

1983

  • August 18, 1983 – Hurricane Alicia
    Hurricane Alicia
    Hurricane Alicia was the costliest tropical cyclone in the Atlantic since Hurricane Agnes in 1972. Alicia was the third depression, the first tropical storm, and the only major hurricane of the 1983 Atlantic hurricane season...

     made landfall near Galveston as a category 3 hurricane causing $5.4 billion (2007 USD
    United States dollar
    The United States dollar , also referred to as the American dollar, is the official currency of the United States of America. It is divided into 100 smaller units called cents or pennies....

    ) in damage and twenty-one fatalities. Rainfall totals of at least 7 inches (178 mm) were reported in Southeast Texas
    Southeast Texas
    Southeast Texas is a subregion of East Texas located in the southeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. The subregion is geographically centered around the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown and Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan areas...

     with a maximum of 9.5 inches (241 mm) of rain in Liberty
    Liberty, Texas
    Liberty is a city in and the county seat of Liberty County, Texas, United States and a part of the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 8,033 at the 2000 census....

    . The peak wind gust in Galveston was 102 miles per hour (164 km/h). Alica also caused twenty-three tornadoes.
  • August 28, 1983 – Hurricane Barry
    Hurricane Barry (1983)
    Hurricane Barry was the fourth tropical depression, second hurricane and named storm of the inactive 1983 Atlantic hurricane season. Developing out of a tropical wave on August 23, Barry quickly strengthened off the coast of Florida, reaching an initial peak intensity with winds of 60 mph...

    , a minimal category 1, made landfall just south of Brownsville. Barry causes minimal damage and no fatalities in Texas. The storm did have an effect on the tourism industry as 4,000 people evacuated South Padre Island
    South Padre Island
    South Padre Island is a barrier island in the U.S. state of Texas. It is located in Cameron County and is a popular vacation destination because the resort city South Padre Island is located on the island. The island itself is considered to have been settled by Padre Jose Nicolas Balli, who had a...

    .
  • October 21, 1983 – The remnants of Hurricane Tico from the Eastern Pacific cause rainfall over much of Texas with the heaviest amounts in North Texas
    North Texas
    North Texas is a distinct cultural and geographic area forming the central-northeastern section of the U.S. state of Texas. North Texas is generally considered to include the area south of Oklahoma, east of Abilene, and north of Waco...

     where rainfall amounts of at least 7 inches (178 mm) were reported.

1985

  • Late-October 1985 – Hurricane Juan
    Hurricane Juan (1985)
    Hurricane Juan was a hurricane that formed in October 1985 and looped twice near the Louisiana coast, causing torrential flooding for several days. Juan was the costliest hurricane of the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season, and at the time was among the costliest of all historical U.S. hurricanes...

     dumps up to 10 inches (254 mm) of rain in extreme Southeastern Texas and kills one person of the Texas coast.
  • October 11, 1985 – The remnants of Hurricane Waldo produces rainfall over most of West Texas
    West Texas
    West Texas is a vernacular term applied to a region in the southwestern quadrant of the United States that primarily encompasses the arid and semi-arid lands in the western portion of the state of Texas....

     with multiple totals of at least 5 inches (127 mm).

1986

  • June 26, 1986 – Hurricane Bonnie
    Hurricane Bonnie (1986)
    Hurricane Bonnie was the second named storm, and first hurricane of the 1986 Atlantic hurricane season. Forming on June 23, Bonnie developed out of an area of low pressure over the central Gulf of Mexico. The system gradually intensified and was declared Tropical Storm Bonnie the next day as...

     made landfall in Southeast Texas as a category 1 hurricane near High Island
    High Island, Texas
    High Island is an unincorporated area located in the Bolivar Peninsula census-designated place, Galveston County, Texas, United States. The community is located in the extreme eastern part of the county on Bolivar Peninsula, less than one mile from Chambers County and less than two miles from...

    . Bonnie killed three people in Texas and heavy rainfall caused street flooding. Texas received 13 inches (330 mm) of rain and many areas picking up at least 10 inches (254 mm). Bonnie also caused four tornadoes in Texas.
  • August 6, 1986 – Tropical Depression Four produces rain over South Texas
    South Texas
    South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas that lies roughly south of and including San Antonio. The southern and western boundary is the Rio Grande River, and to the east it is the Gulf of Mexico. The population of this region is about 3.7 million. The southern portion of this region is...

     with a maximum total of 4.5 inches (114 mm) near Refugio
    Refugio, Texas
    Refugio is a town in Refugio County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,941 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Refugio County. Although the town's name is derived from Spanish, a vast majority of the town's residents pronounce it re-fury-oh. The Spanish pronunciation is...

    .
  • September 23, 1986 – The remnants of Hurricane Newton produce 1 inches (25 mm) rainfall totals over the Texas Panhandle
    Texas Panhandle
    The Texas Panhandle is a region of the U.S. state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state. The panhandle is a rectangular area bordered by New Mexico to the west and Oklahoma to the north and east...

     with an area of 3 inches (76 mm) near the Texas/New Mexico
    New Mexico
    New Mexico is a state located in the southwest and western regions of the United States. New Mexico is also usually considered one of the Mountain States. With a population density of 16 per square mile, New Mexico is the sixth-most sparsely inhabited U.S...

     border. No damage was reported.
  • October 3, 1986 – The remnants of Hurricane Paine produce widespread rainfall over Western and Northern Texas. Most of Western and Northern Texas received at least an inch of rain with a few areas receiving at least 10 inches (254 mm).
  • October 22, 1986 – The remnants of Hurricane Roslyn produces rainfall over much of Southern and Eastern Texas with the heaviest totals along the Middle Texas coast where rainfall totals exceeded 10 inches (254 mm).

1987

  • August 10, 1987 – An unnamed storm made landfall near High Island, Texas producing over 1 inches (25 mm) of rain over East Texas
    East Texas
    East Texas is a distinct geographic and ecological area in the U.S. state of Texas.According to the Handbook of Texas, the East Texas area "may be separated from the rest of Texas roughly by a line extending from the Red River in north central Lamar County southwestward to east central Limestone...

    , but causing no damage.

1988

  • August 12, 1988 – Tropical Storm Beryl
    Tropical Storm Beryl (1988)
    Tropical Storm Beryl was an unusual Atlantic tropical cyclone that formed over southeastern Louisiana in August 1988. The second tropical storm of the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season, Beryl developed from a slow-moving trough of low pressure on August 8...

     produces heavy rainfall over East Texas with some areas receiving 11.8 inches (299.7 mm) and causing some localized flash flooding.
  • September 2, 1988 – Tropical Depression Ten produces heavy rain over Southeast Texas
    Southeast Texas
    Southeast Texas is a subregion of East Texas located in the southeast corner of the U.S. state of Texas. The subregion is geographically centered around the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown and Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan areas...

     but causes no damage.

  • September 17, 1988 – Hurricane Gilbert
    Hurricane Gilbert
    Hurricane Gilbert was an extremely powerful Cape Verde-type hurricane that formed during the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season and created widespread destruction in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. It is the second most intense hurricane ever observed in the Atlantic basin behind only...

     makes landfall in northern Mexico and causes tides up to 5 feet (1.5 m) above normal. Isolated locations in West Texas
    West Texas
    West Texas is a vernacular term applied to a region in the southwestern quadrant of the United States that primarily encompasses the arid and semi-arid lands in the western portion of the state of Texas....

     received 7 inches (178 mm) of rain. 29 tornadoes were recorded across Texas with the worst damage being in San Antonio. Gilbert caused three deaths in Texas, with all three caused by tornadoes in San Antonio.

1989

  • Tropical Storm Allison
    Tropical Storm Allison (1989)
    Tropical Storm Allison was a tropical cyclone that produced severe flooding in the southern United States. The second tropical cyclone and the first named storm of the 1989 Atlantic hurricane season, Allison formed on June 24 in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Development of Allison was a result...

     made landfall in early June 1989 causing 11 deaths throughout the area.
  • Hurricane Chantal
    Hurricane Chantal (1989)
    Hurricane Chantal was one of three tropical cyclones to make landfall in Texas during the 1989 Atlantic hurricane season. The third named storm and the first hurricane of the season, Chantal slowly developed on July 30 in the southern Gulf of Mexico from a tropical disturbance within that was...

     made landfall as a minimal hurricane at High Island, Texas, causing thirteen deaths from flash flooding.
  • Hurricane Jerry
    Hurricane Jerry (1989)
    Hurricane Jerry was the tenth named storm and the sixth and final hurricane of the 1989 Atlantic hurricane season. Jerry was also the fourth U.S. landfalling storm and the third storm to strike Texas during the 1989 season; the two previous storms were Allison in June and Chantal in August. When it...

     affected the Galveston
    Galveston, Texas
    Galveston is a coastal city located on Galveston Island in the U.S. state of Texas. , the city had a total population of 47,743 within an area of...

     area as a minimal hurricane. Jerry killed three people when a car was blown off Texas Route 87 near Sea Rim State Park. In total Jerry caused US$110 million (2005 USD) in damage.
  • Raymond from the East Pacific left small rainfall in Northern Texas.

1991

Tropical Depression Two of 1991 had effects on Texas with a tropical storm warning.

1992

The remnants of Hurricane Lester
Hurricane Lester (1992)
Hurricane Lester was the first Pacific tropical cyclone to enter the United States as a tropical storm since 1967. The twelfth named storm and seventh hurricane of the 1992 Pacific hurricane season, Lester formed on August 20 from a tropical wave southwest of Mexico. The tropical storm moved...

 from the 1992 East Pacific season created slight rainfall over Texas.

1993

Tropical Storm Arlene
Tropical Storm Arlene (1993)
Tropical Storm Arlene was the first tropical cyclone to make landfall in Texas since Hurricane Jerry in 1989. The second tropical cyclone and first named storm of the 1993 Atlantic hurricane season, Arlene developed from a tropical wave in the southern Gulf of Mexico on June 18...

 made landfall near Padre in mid-June 1993, killing six people from the heavy flooding. Heavy beach erosion also occurred causing $55 million dollars worth in damage.

1995

Tropical Storm Dean made landfall early on July 31, 1995 near Freeport
Freeport, Texas
Freeport is a city in Brazoria County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area and is situated in Southeast Texas. As of the 2000 U.S...

. Dean dropped heavy rainfall amounting to nearly 17 inches (431.8 mm) in Monroe City. The rainfall resulted in moderate localized damage and the evacuation of 20 families in Chambers County, but the storm caused no injuries or deaths.

Later that year, Tropical Storm Gabrielle produced rainfall in Texas on August 12.

Again in 1995, Hurricane Ismael
Hurricane Ismael
Hurricane Ismael was a weak, but deadly Pacific hurricane that killed over one hundred people in northern Mexico in September of the 1995 Pacific hurricane season. It developed from a persistent area of deep convection on September 12, and steadily strengthened as it moved to the north-northwest...

 from the Eastern Pacific produced 7+ inches of rainfall in Texas
Texas
Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

 

1998

In 1998, Tropical Storm Charley
Tropical Storm Charley (1998)
Tropical Storm Charley was the third named storm of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season. Charley was the second tropical storm to make landfall in Texas during that season . The storm originated with a tropical wave that moved off the West African coast on August 9...

 made landfall near Port Aransas
Port Aransas, Texas
Port Aransas is a city in Nueces County, Texas. The population was 3,370 at the 2000 census.-Early history:Karankawa Indians played a key role in the early development of the Texas Gulf Coast. The Karankawa Indians inhabited the Gulf Coast of Texas from Galveston Bay all the way to Corpus Christi Bay...

. Serious inland flooding occurred in and around Val Verde Country
Val Verde County, Texas
Val Verde County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2008, estimated population was 55,000. Its county seat is Del Rio. In 1936, Val Verde County received Recorded Texas Historic Landmark number 5625 to commemorate its founding.Val Verde, which means "green...

 and thirteen people reportedly died. Del Rio recorded 17 inches (43 cm) of rain in 24 hours from the storm, a record for the city and the most rainfall from a tropical cyclone in Texas since Tropical Storm Claudette in 1979.

Later that year, Tropical Storm Frances
Tropical Storm Frances (1998)
Originating over the southwest Caribbean sea on September 4, Tropical Storm Frances became the sixth tropical storm of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season. The cyclone moved northward through the western Gulf of Mexico, making landfall across the central Texas coastline before recurving across the...

 made landfall north of Corpus Christi, Texas
Corpus Christi, Texas
Corpus Christi is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County, it also extends into Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio counties. The MSA population in 2008 was 416,376. The population was 305,215 at the 2010 census making it the...

 on September 11 as a moderately strong tropical storm. Rainfall caused large amounts of flood damage in southeast Texas and southwest Louisiana, with an estimated total of $500 million in property damage.

1999

In 1999, Hurricane Bret
Hurricane Bret (1999)
Hurricane Bret was the first of five Category 4 hurricanes that developed during the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season and the first tropical cyclone since Hurricane Jerry in 1989 to make landfall in Texas at hurricane intensity. Forming from a tropical wave on August 18, Bret slowly...

 made landfall as a Category 3 hurricane at Padre Island
Padre Island
Padre Island is part of the U.S. state of Texas. The island is located on Texas' southern coast of the Gulf of Mexico and is famous for its white sandy beaches at the south end...

 on August 23, becoming the first major hurricane to hit Texas since Hurricane Alicia in 1983. Tropical Depression Seven's remnants later that year produced light rainfall, peaking at 3.35 inches in Harlingen
Harlingen, Texas
Harlingen is a city in Cameron County in the heart of the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas, United States, about from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The city covers more than , and is the second largest city in Cameron County and the sixth largest in the Rio Grande Valley...

.

2000

September 9, 2000 - Tropical Depression Nine made landfall near Sabine Pass
Sabine Pass, Texas
Sabine Pass is a neighborhood of Port Arthur, Texas, United States. It lies on the west bank of Sabine Pass, near the Louisiana border.Originally known as Sabine City, the original date of settlement of Sabine Pass is unknown, but is estimated at 1836...

, with maximum sustained winds of 30 mi/h and a central pressure of 1009 mb.

2001

June 5, 2001 - Tropical Storm Allison
Tropical Storm Allison
Tropical Storm Allison was a tropical storm that devastated southeast Texas in June of the 2001 Atlantic hurricane season. The first storm of the season, Allison lasted an unusually long period of time for a June storm, remaining tropical or subtropical for 15 days...

 made landfall near Freeport. It stalled over eastern Texas for several days, dropping extreme amounts of rain which led to catastrophic flooding. Allison caused estimated damages of $5 billion, nearly all of it related to freshwater flooding in the Greater Houston region when it struck in 2001. It caused 27 deaths due to flooding, and is the only Atlantic tropical storm
Atlantic hurricane
North Atlantic tropical cyclones usually form in the northern hemisphere summer or fall. Tropical cyclones can be categorized by intensity. Tropical storms have one-minute maximum sustained winds of at least 39 mph , while hurricanes have one-minute maximum sustained exceeding 74 mph...

 to have had its name retired.

2002

August 9, 2002 - Tropical Storm Bertha
Tropical Storm Bertha (2002)
Tropical Storm Bertha was a minimal tropical storm that made landfall twice along the Gulf Coast of the United States in August 2002. The second tropical storm of the 2002 Atlantic hurricane season, Bertha developed in the northern Gulf of Mexico out of a trough of low pressure that extended into...

 made landfall as a tropical depression near Kingsville
Kingsville, Texas
As of the census of 2000, there were 25,575 people, 8,943 households, and 6,134 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,848.8 people per square mile . There were 10,427 housing units at an average density of 753.8 per square mile...

.

September 7, 2002 - Tropical Storm Fay
Tropical Storm Fay (2002)
Tropical Storm Fay was the sixth named storm of the 2002 Atlantic hurricane season; it was a moderate tropical storm which caused flooding in parts of Texas and Mexico. In early September, a trough of low pressure moved south into the Gulf of Mexico, and became stationary...

 made landfall near Port O'Connor
Port O'Connor, Texas
Port O'Connor is an unincorporated village in Calhoun County, Texas, United States, on the coastline between Galveston and Corpus Christi. The ZIP Code Tabulation Area including Port O'Connor had a population of 1,078 at the 2000 census...

, where it caused heavy rainfall amounting to $4.5 million in damage.

2003

June 30, 2003 - Tropical Storm Bill
Tropical Storm Bill (2003)
Tropical Storm Bill was a tropical storm that affected the Gulf Coast of the United States in the summer of 2003. The second storm of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season, Bill developed from a tropical wave on June 29 to the north of the Yucatán Peninsula...

 caused effects on the Houston area.

July 15, 2003 - Hurricane Claudette
Hurricane Claudette (2003)
Hurricane Claudette was the third tropical storm and first hurricane of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season. A fairly long-lived July Atlantic hurricane, Claudette began as a tropical wave in the eastern Caribbean. It moved quickly westward, brushing past the Yucatán Peninsula before moving...

 made landfall at Matagorda Island near Port O'Connor as a strong Category 1 storm, with maximum sustained winds of 90 mi/h. Claudette was responsible for one direct death. Inland towns in Texas sustained significant wind damage. Estimated U.S. damage was $180 million.

August 16, 2003 - Hurricane Erika
Hurricane Erika (2003)
Hurricane Erika was a weak hurricane that struck extreme northeastern Mexico near the Texas-Tamaulipas border in mid-August of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season. Erika was the eighth tropical cyclone, fifth tropical storm, and third hurricane of the season...

 made landfall in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas as a minor Category 1 hurricane, causing minor coastal damage and beach erosion in parts of southern Texas.
August 31, 2003 - Tropical Storm Grace
Tropical Storm Grace (2003)
Tropical Storm Grace was a weak tropical storm that struck Texas in the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season. The eleventh tropical depression and the seventh tropical storm of the season, Grace was also the weakest storm of the season. On August 30 the storm developed from a long-track tropical wave in...

 made landfall near San Luis Pass with maximum sustained winds of 40 mi/h, causing heavy rainfall along the Texas coast. Damage was minor and totaled to $113,000 (2003 USD).

September 22, 2003 - Hurricane Marty
Hurricane Marty (2003)
Hurricane Marty was the deadliest tropical cyclone of the 2003 Pacific hurricane season. Forming on September 18, it became the 13th tropical storm and fourth hurricane of the year...

 (an East Pacific storm) made landfall in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur
Baja California Sur
Baja California Sur , is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Before becoming a state on October 8, 1974, the area was known as the South Territory of Baja California. It has an area of , or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico and comprises...

. Heavy rains associated with Marty affected western Texas.

2004

September 20, 2004 - As the remnants of Hurricane Javier
Hurricane Javier (2004)
Hurricane Javier was the tenth named storm and the sixth and final hurricane of the 2004 Pacific hurricane season. Javier was also the strongest hurricane of the 2004 season, with 150 mph winds and a central pressure of 930 millibars...

 continued to the northeast, one inch of rain was reported in western Texas.

September 24, 2004 - Just four days after Hurricane Javier affected the state, Hurricane Ivan
Hurricane Ivan
Hurricane Ivan was a large, long-lived, Cape Verde-type hurricane that caused widespread damage in the Caribbean and United States. The cyclone was the ninth named storm, the sixth hurricane and the fourth major hurricane of the active 2004 Atlantic hurricane season...

, having regenerated into a tropical storm in the Gulf of Mexico, made landfall near Cameron, LA as a tropical depression. Over 7 inches (177.8 mm) of rain was dropped over eastern Texas. No severe impact from Ivan was reported in Texas.

October 10, 2004 - Tropical Storm Matthew
Tropical Storm Matthew (2004)
Tropical Storm Matthew was a weak tropical storm in the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season that made landfall on Louisiana. Matthew was the thirteenth tropical storm of the season and the ninth storm to affect the United States. Matthew formed over the western Gulf of Mexico on October 8 and struck...

 moves ashore in southern Louisiana
Louisiana
Louisiana is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties...

, producing locally heavy rainfall in eastern Texas but little damage No damage was reported in Texas however.

2005

July 20, 2005 - Hurricane Emily
Hurricane Emily (2005)
Hurricane Emily was a powerful, early season tropical cyclone that caused significant damage across the Caribbean Sea to Mexico. A Cape Verde-type hurricane, the storm formed on July 10, 2005, in the central Atlantic Ocean before passing through the Windward Islands on July 14...

 made landfall in Tamaulipas
Tamaulipas
Tamaulipas officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Tamaulipas is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 43 municipalities and its capital city is Ciudad Victoria. The capital city was named after Guadalupe Victoria, the...

 state, Mexico, bringing much-needed rainfall to parts of southern Texas which had been hit hard by drought conditions. Rainfall peaked at 5.20 inches in Mercedes
Mercedes, Texas
Mercedes is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 15,570 at the 2010 census. It is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.-Geography:Mercedes is located at ....

. Rainfall was spread from about 1-3 inches elsewhere.

September 24, 2005 - Hurricane Rita
Hurricane Rita
Hurricane Rita was the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most intense tropical cyclone ever observed in the Gulf of Mexico. Rita caused $11.3 billion in damage on the U.S. Gulf Coast in September 2005...

 made landfall as a Category 3 hurricane at the Texas/Louisiana border on September 24. Major flooding was reported in Port Arthur and Beaumont. Offshore oil platforms throughout Rita's path also suffered significant damage, though the refineries of Houston, Texas
Houston, Texas
Houston is the fourth-largest city in the United States, and the largest city in the state of Texas. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of . Houston is the seat of Harris County and the economic center of , which is the ...

, originally thought to be at risk, escaped the brunt of the storm. Many of the indirect deaths linked to Rita were caused by a single bus fire in mass evacuations out of Houston.

2006

September 2, 2006 - The remnants of Hurricane John
Hurricane John (2006)
Hurricane John was the eleventh named storm, seventh hurricane, and fifth major hurricane of the 2006 Pacific hurricane season. Hurricane John developed on August 28 from a tropical wave to the south of Mexico. Favorable conditions allowed the storm to intensify quickly, and it attained peak winds...

, an East Pacific storm, cause moderate to heavy rainfall. In northern Texas, moisture from the storm combined with cold front produces rainfall of over 4 inches (100 helping alleviate a severe drought.

September 16, 2006 - Hurricane Lane
Hurricane Lane (2006)
Hurricane Lane was the thirteenth named storm, ninth hurricane, and sixth major hurricane of the 2006 Pacific hurricane season. The strongest Pacific hurricane to make landfall in Mexico since Hurricane Kenna of 2002, Lane developed on September 13 from a tropical wave to the south of Mexico...

, another East Pacific storm, makes landfall in the Mexican state of Sinaloa
Sinaloa
Sinaloa officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán Rosales....

. Lane's remnants combine with an upper level trough over southeast portions of the state, dropping over 5 inches (127 mm) of rain in some locations

2007

August 16, 2007 - Tropical Storm Erin
Tropical Storm Erin (2007)
Tropical Storm Erin was the second tropical cyclone to make landfall in the United States in the 2007 Atlantic hurricane season. The fifth named storm of the season, it formed in the Gulf of Mexico on August 14 from a persistent area of convection...

 makes landfall makes landfall near Lamar
Lamar, Texas
Lamar is a small, unincorporated community in Aransas County, Texas , ten miles north of Rockport and forty miles north of Corpus Christi. The community was named for Mirabeau B. Lamar, the second president of the Republic of Texas....

 as a minimal tropical storm. Rainfall reaching 11.02 inches (280 mm) and winds of 39 mph (63 km/h) at Jamaica Beach
Jamaica Beach, Texas
Jamaica Beach is a city in Galveston County, Texas, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 1,075.-History:Prior to its development, Jamaica Beach was a Karankawa burial ground. Johnny Goyen and Earl Galceran of the Jamaica Corporation developed Jamaica Beach as a 2,000-lot...

 contribute to over $45 million (2007 USD) in damage and 11 deaths.

September 13, 2007 - Hurricane Humberto
Hurricane Humberto (2007)
Hurricane Humberto was a minimal hurricane that formed and intensified faster than any other North Atlantic tropical cyclone on record before landfall. Developing on September 12, 2007, in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico, the tropical cyclone rapidly strengthened and struck High Island, Texas, with...

 rapidly intensifies before making landfall just west of the Louisiana
Louisiana
Louisiana is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties...

/Texas
Texas
Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

 border with winds of up to 90 mph, dropping up to 14.13 inches (358.9 mm) of rain. The storm killed one person and leaves $50 million (2007 USD) in damage.

2008

July 23, 2008 - Hurricane Dolly
Hurricane Dolly (2008)
Hurricane Dolly was a tropical cyclone that made landfall in extreme southern Texas in July 2008. Dolly was the fourth tropical cyclone and second hurricane to form during the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the first U.S. landfalling hurricane of the 2008 season. Dolly developed on July 20...

 makes landfall at South Padre Island
South Padre Island
South Padre Island is a barrier island in the U.S. state of Texas. It is located in Cameron County and is a popular vacation destination because the resort city South Padre Island is located on the island. The island itself is considered to have been settled by Padre Jose Nicolas Balli, who had a...

 with winds near 100 mph. Dolly's remnants cause coastal and inland flooding and rain over 12 inches (304.8 mm) of rain in some locations.

August 5, 2008 - Tropical Storm Edouard
Tropical Storm Edouard (2008)
Tropical Storm Edouard was a tropical storm that organized in the Gulf of Mexico. A shear line stalled in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico in early August as troughing aloft dug into the northeast Gulf of Mexico. This energy aloft help to organize a surface low along the shear line early on August...

 made landfall near Port Arthur, Texas
Port Arthur, Texas
-Demographics:As of the 2000 census, there were 57,755 people, 21,839 households, and 14,675 families residing in the city. The population density was 696.5 people per square mile . There were 24,713 housing units at an average density of 298.0 per square mile...

 with winds near 65 mph. Edouard gave beneficial rain to a drought stricken central Texas.

September 1, 2008 - Hurricane Gustav
Hurricane Gustav
The name Gustav has been used for five tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean:* 1984's Tropical Storm Gustav - Spent most of its existence as a tropical depression hovering over Bermuda, no major damage was reported....

 produced heavy rain to extreme East Texas
East Texas
East Texas is a distinct geographic and ecological area in the U.S. state of Texas.According to the Handbook of Texas, the East Texas area "may be separated from the rest of Texas roughly by a line extending from the Red River in north central Lamar County southwestward to east central Limestone...

 as it made landfall in Louisiana
Louisiana
Louisiana is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties...

 as a Category 2 hurricane.

September 13, 2008 - Hurricane Ike
Hurricane Ike
Hurricane Ike was the second-costliest hurricane ever to make landfall in the United States, the costliest hurricane ever to impact Cuba and the second most active hurricane to reach the Canadian mainland in the Great Lakes Region after Hurricane Hazel in 1954...

 made landfall at Galveston, Texas
Galveston, Texas
Galveston is a coastal city located on Galveston Island in the U.S. state of Texas. , the city had a total population of 47,743 within an area of...

 as a large Category 2 hurricane (with a storm surger comparable to that of a category 5). Ike was the most destructive hurricane to ever hit Texas and one of the deadliest. Ike caused $30 Billion dollars in damage, in the Galveston/Houston area, as well as the Golden Triangle
Golden Triangle (Texas)
The Golden Triangle is an area of Southeast Texas between the cities of Beaumont, Port Arthur, and Orange. The "golden" refers to the wealth that came from the Spindletop oil strike in Beaumont in 1901...

 area of SE Texas.

2009

November 10, 2009 - Hurricane Ida
Hurricane Ida (2009)
Hurricane Ida was the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone during the 2009 Atlantic hurricane season, crossing the coastline of Nicaragua with winds of 80 mph . The remnants of the storm became a powerful nor'easter that caused widespread damage along coastal areas of the Mid-Atlantic States...

 produced minimal affects on Texas when it produced high tides that led to road closures.

2010

June 30, 2010 - Hurricane Alex made landfall at Soto la Marina, Tamaulipas
Soto la Marina, Tamaulipas
Soto la Marina is a town in Soto la Marina Municipality located in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. It was directly hit by Hurricane Alex in 2010.-External links:* Official website...

 in Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

 as a large Category 2 hurricane, bringing heavy rains, wind, and tornadoes to South Texas
South Texas
South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas that lies roughly south of and including San Antonio. The southern and western boundary is the Rio Grande River, and to the east it is the Gulf of Mexico. The population of this region is about 3.7 million. The southern portion of this region is...

. However, the population in the area was prepared, and thus damages were near-minimal. The hurricane's remnants also brought heavy rains to portions of the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
The Rio Grande is a river that flows from southwestern Colorado in the United States to the Gulf of Mexico. Along the way it forms part of the Mexico – United States border. Its length varies as its course changes...

, causing it to exceed record levels.

July 8, 2010 - Tropical Depression Two
Tropical Depression Two (2010)
Tropical Depression Two was a short-lived tropical cyclone that impacted portions of Texas and Mexico during the highly active 2010 Atlantic hurricane season. It formed from a tropical wave that emerged off the western coast of Africa and crossed the Atlantic Ocean without any development...

 made landfall at South Padre Island, Texas
South Padre Island, Texas
South Padre Island is a town in Cameron County, Texas, United States. It is part of the Brownsville–Harlingen Metropolitan Statistical Area. It may be included as part of the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville and the Matamoros–Brownsville metropolitan areas. The population was 2,816 at the...

.

September 6, 2010 - Tropical Storm Hermine
Tropical Storm Hermine (2010)
Tropical Storm Hermine , was a rare basin-crossing tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage from Guatemala to Oklahoma in early September 2010. The system was first classified as Tropical Depression Eleven-E on September 3 in the Gulf of Tehuantepec...

 made landfall in northeastern Mexico as a strong tropical storm with 65 mph (100 km/h) winds. The storm then traveled North-Northwest into Texas and produced heavy rain and tornadoes.

2011

July 30, 2011 - Tropical Storm Don made landfall near Baffin Bay
Baffin Bay, Texas
Baffin Bay is a bay in South Texas, an inlet of the larger Laguna Madre. Located near the Gulf of Mexico, Baffin Bay forms part of the boundary between Kenedy County and Kleberg County.-Etymology:The history of the bay name is unclear...

, Texas before quickly diminishing.

See also

  • List of Atlantic hurricane seasons
  • List of Atlantic hurricanes
  • List of Pacific hurricanes
  • List of wettest known tropical cyclones affecting Texas
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK