List (watercraft)
The angle of list is a term used to describe the degree to which a vessel
A watercraft is a vessel or craft designed to move across or through water. The name is derived from the term "craft" which was used to describe all types of water going vessels...

 heels (leans, or tilts) to either port or starboard.

A listing vessel is stable and at equilibrium, but the distribution of weight aboard causes it to heel to one side or the other.

List refers to a ship leaning to one side under stable conditions, often caused by uneven loading or flooding. By contrast "roll" refers to the dynamic movement from side to side caused by waves.

If a listing ship goes beyond the point where a righting moment will keep it afloat, it will capsize
Capsizing is an act of tipping over a boat or ship to disable it. The act of reversing a capsized vessel is called righting.If a capsized vessel has sufficient flotation to prevent sinking, it may recover on its own if the stability is such that it is not stable inverted...

 and potentially sink.

See also

  • Angle of loll
    Angle of loll
    Angle of loll is a term used to describe the state of a ship which is unstable when upright and therefore takes on an angle of heel to either port or starboard....

  • Heeling (sailing)
  • Keeled over
  • Metacentric height
    Metacentric height
    The metacentric height is a measurement of the static stability of a floating body. It is calculated as the distance between the centre of gravity of a ship and its metacentre . A larger metacentric height implies greater stability against overturning...

  • Ship stability
    Ship stability
    Ship stability is an area of naval architecture and ship design that deals with how a ship behaves at sea, both in still water and in waves. Stability calculations focus on the center of gravity and center of buoyancy of vessels and on how these interact....

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