Ketuanan Melayu

Ketuanan Melayu is a political concept emphasizing Malay preeminence in present day Malaysia. The Malays of peninsular Malaysia claimed a special position and special rights owing to their long domicile and the role of the Malay rulers of the nine Malay states. The old term Tanah Melayu (literally means "Malay land") as well as the term Malay peninsular itself all point to the ownership of the land by the Malays.

They (the Malay extremists) have triggered off something basic and fundamental. Malaysia — to whom does it belong? To Malaysians. But who are Malaysians? I hope I am, Mr Speaker, Sir. But sometimes, sitting in this chamber, I doubt whether I am allowed to be a Malaysian. This is the doubt that hangs over many minds, and the next contest, if this goes on, will be on very different lines. ~ Lee Kuan Yew, originally in the Malaysian Parliament, his autobiography

A passion for all that is related to the Malay race, such as political rights, language, culture, tradition and the homeland. The Malay peninsula is regarded as the Malays' traditional land.

Definition of ketuanan Melayu from a government-approved history textbook