Judicial Committee of the Privy Council
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is one of the highest court
A court is a form of tribunal, often a governmental institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law...

s in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

. Established by the Judicial Committee Act 1833 to hear appeals formerly heard by the King in Council (s. 3), it is the highest court of appeal (or court of last resort) for several independent Commonwealth
Commonwealth of Nations
The Commonwealth of Nations, normally referred to as the Commonwealth and formerly known as the British Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of fifty-four independent member states...

 countries, as well as for the United Kingdom's overseas territories
British overseas territories
The British Overseas Territories are fourteen territories of the United Kingdom which, although they do not form part of the United Kingdom itself, fall under its jurisdiction. They are remnants of the British Empire that have not acquired independence or have voted to remain British territories...

, and the British Crown Dependencies. It is often referred to as the Privy Council, as in most cases appeals are made to "Her Majesty in Council" (i.e.