Jordanian parliamentary election, 2010
A Chamber of Deputies election was held in Jordan
Jordan , officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan , Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing...

 following the dissolution of the current parliament by King Abdullah II
Abdullah II of Jordan
Abdullah II ibn al-Hussein is the reigning King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. He ascended the throne on 7 February 1999 after the death of his father King Hussein. King Abdullah, whose mother is Princess Muna al-Hussein, is a member of the Hashemite family...

 on 9 November 2010. The election had not been due until November 2011.


In 2009, King Abdullah II dissolved parliament on the grounds that it failed to "address the people's needs" only halfway through a four-year mandate, and also for "inept handling of legislation and failing to address poverty and unemployment."

In 1991, the National Accord was signed, 2 years after political parties were legalised and an election was called. In return for agreeing to work under the government instead of against it, political freedoms and legalisation of the parties was allowed. However, there have been allegations of repeated violations of the pact and attempts to undermine the election. An electoral law created in 1993, effectively gave the rural areas a larger representation at the expense of the urban areas and had in effect created sub-identities and split the country into Palestinian areas, most of whom have tended to side with the Islamic Action Front or leftist and pan-Arab nationalists, and Bedouin areas.


There were 763 candidates in the election. Seventy-five percent of MP's in the previous legislature were running again.


The main opposition, the Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Brotherhood
The Society of the Muslim Brothers is the world's oldest and one of the largest Islamist parties, and is the largest political opposition organization in many Arab states. It was founded in 1928 in Egypt by the Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna and by the late 1940s had an...

-affiliated Islamic Action Front
Islamic Action Front
The Islamic Action Front is a political party in Jordan. It is the political wing of the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan....

, announced on 30 July 2010 it would boycott the polls due to unfair election laws which gave undue weight to the rural, sparely populated areas, and other issues. The "one-man-one-vote" law was seen as "engineered to deprive the Islamic Action Front of votes." They also expelled five members for running in the election following a party decision to boycott the polls.

As a result of the boycotts, including the main opposition group, the poll was viewed with skepticism.

Opinion polls

The result was expected to be a predictable win for pro-government candidates and tribesmen with strong ties to the monarchy.


Jordan was criticised for not allowing freedom of expression amidst arrests of those calling for a boycott of the election.


A low voter turnout was expected, particularly amongst the Palestinian population after calls for a boycott and allegation of fraud. A turnout of 20%-40% was expected.

On election day, fighting between tribes loyal to different candidates led to at least 1 death and more injures.

A majority of the House was won by pro-government or tribal candidates that were seen as likely to support the government's agenda. Seventeen candidates were from opposition parties, excluding the IAF. Seventy-eight MPs were first time parliamentarians. The turnout was 53%.


An Al Jazeera English anaylsis said that while the election may have succeeded in "manufacturing consent," the costs may be much higher in that it fomented an "atmosphere of mutual suspicion that undermines national unity and social cohesion at a time when Jordan needs to confront tremors of regional instability."
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