Joe M. McCord
Joe Milton McCord is an American biochemist and current Professor of Medicine at the University of Colorado at Denver. He is most famous for his discovery, along with Irwin Fridovich
Irwin Fridovich
Irwin Fridovich is an American biochemist who, together with his graduate student Joe M. McCord, discovered the enzyme superoxide dismutase . He is currently Professor emeritus of Biochemistry at Duke University. Superoxide dismutase is a central enzyme for the detoxification of harmful oxygen free...

, of the enzyme superoxide dismutase
Superoxide dismutase
Superoxide dismutases are a class of enzymes that catalyze the dismutation of superoxide into oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. As such, they are an important antioxidant defense in nearly all cells exposed to oxygen...

. For this work, Dr. McCord has earned numerous awards and recognition. He has been a member of the board of directors of the LifeVantage Corporation (makers of the dietary supplement Protandim
Protandim is a patented dietary supplement marketed by LifeVantage Corporation , a Utah-based multilevel marketing company...

) since 2006.

Education, Academic Positions, Awards, and Honors

Dr. McCord hold a B.S. in Chemistry from Rhodes College
Rhodes College
Rhodes College is a private, predominantly undergraduate, liberal arts college located in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. Originally founded by freemasons in 1848, Rhodes became affiliated with the Presbyterian Church in 1855. Rhodes enrolls approximately 1,700 students pursuing bachelor's and master's...

 (graduated 1966) and a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from Duke University
Duke University
Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, United States. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco industrialist James B...

 (graduated 1970), where he also conducted postdoctoral research.

Dr. McCord has previously held biochemistry faculty positions at Duke University Medical Center and University of South Alabama
University of South Alabama
The University of South Alabama is a public, doctoral-level university in Mobile, Alabama, USA. It was created by the Alabama Legislature in 1963, and replaced existing extension programs operated in Mobile by the University of Alabama. No other areas of the state were willing to support such a...

. He currently serves as a professor in the department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Genetics at the University of Colorado Denver
University of Colorado Denver
The University of Colorado Denver, shortened as CU Denver, UC Denver, or UCD, is a public university in the United States state of Colorado. It is one of three schools of the University of Colorado system. The university has two campuses — one in downtown Denver at the Auraria Campus, and the other...


Dr. McCord has received several awards and honors for his research and discoveries in the field of free radical biochemistry. McCord is a past recipient of the Elliott Cresson Medal
Elliott Cresson Medal
The Elliott Cresson Medal, also known as the Elliott Cresson Gold Medal, was the highest award given by the Franklin Institute. The award was established by Elliott Cresson, life member of the Franklin Institute, with $1,000 granted in 1848...

, the Discovery Award from the Society for Free Radical Biology and Medicine (SFRBM), and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Oxygen Society. He holds an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Buenos Aires
University of Buenos Aires
The University of Buenos Aires is the largest university in Argentina and the largest university by enrollment in Latin America. Founded on August 12, 1821 in the city of Buenos Aires, it consists of 13 faculties, 6 hospitals, 10 museums and is linked to 4 high schools: Colegio Nacional de Buenos...

 and has served as Honorary President of the International Society of Antioxidants in Nutrition and Health (ISANH) and as Chairman of the Third International Conference on Superoxide Dismutases at the Institut Pasteur.


Dr. McCord has served on the board of directors (Director of Science) of the LifeVantage Corporation since 2006 and is listed by the SEC as an insider shareholder. LifeVantage is a Utah-based multilevel marketing company that distributes an antioxidant dietary supplement
Dietary supplement
A dietary supplement, also known as food supplement or nutritional supplement, is a preparation intended to supplement the diet and provide nutrients, such as vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, or amino acids, that may be missing or may not be consumed in sufficient quantities in a person's diet...

 known as Protandim
Protandim is a patented dietary supplement marketed by LifeVantage Corporation , a Utah-based multilevel marketing company...

. McCord has co-authored 7 studies on the product and participates in distributor training.

In June 2011, Dr. McCord accepted a position as Chief Scientific Officer for LifeVantage Corporation.


McCord has published more than 200 articles in numerous scientific journals and books.

Journal Articles

The following is a partial list of Dr. McCord's published articles:
  • J.M. McCord and I. Fridovich, Superoxide Dismutase: an Enzymic Function for Erythrocuprein (Hemocuprein), J. Biol. Chem. 244: 6049-6055 (1969).
  • B.B. Keele, Jr., J.M. McCord and I. Fridovich, Superoxide Dismutase from Escherichia coli B: A New Manganese-Containing Enzyme, J. Biol. Chem. 245:6176-6181 (1970).
  • J.M. McCord, B.B. Keele, Jr., and I. Fridovich, An Enzyme-Based Theory of Obligate Anaerobiosis: The Physiological Function of Superoxide Dismutase, Proc. Nat'l Acad. Sci. USA 68:1024-1027 (1971).
  • J.M. McCord, Free Radicals and Inflammation: Protection of Synovial Fluid by Superoxide Dismutase, Science 185:529-531 (1974).
  • M.L. Salin and J.M. McCord, Free Radicals and Inflammation: Protection of Phagocytosing Leukocytes by Superoxide Dismutase, J. Clin. Invest. 56:1319-1323 (1975).
  • J.M. McCord and E.D. Day, Jr., Superoxide-Dependent Production of Hydroxyl Radical Catalyzed by Iron-EDTA Complex, FEBS Lett. 86:139-142 (1978).
  • W.F. Petrone, D.K. English, K. Wong and J.M. McCord, Free Radicals and Inflammation: Superoxide-Dependent Activation of a Neutrophil Chemotactic Factor in Plasma, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 77:1159-1163 (1980).
  • D.N. Granger, G. Rutili and J.M. McCord, Superoxide Radicals in Feline Intestinal Ischemia, Gastroenterology 81:22-29 (1981).
  • J.M. McCord, Oxygen-Derived Free Radicals in Post-Ischemic Tissue Injury, New Eng. J. Med. 312:159-163 (1985).
  • J.M. McCord and I. Fridovich, Superoxide Dismutase: An Enzymic Function for Erythrocuprein (Hemocuprein), [reprinted from J. Biol. Chem. 244:6049-6055 (1969) as a Landmark Classic Paper] J. NIH Res. 1:111-120 (1989).
  • B.A. Omar, N.M. Gad, M.C. Jordan, S.P. Striplin, W.J. Russell, J.M. Downey and J.M. McCord, Cardioprotection by Cu,Zn-Superoxide Dismutase Is Lost at High Doses in the Reoxygenated Heart, Free Radical Biol. Med. 9:465-471 (1990).
  • S.C. Flores, J.C. Marecki, K.P. Harper, S.K. Bose, S.K. Nelson, and J.M. McCord, Tat protein of human immuno-deficiency virus type 1 represses expression of manganese superoxide dismutase in HeLa cells, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90:7632?7636 (1993).
  • J.M. McCord, Mutant mice, Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase, and motor neuron degeneration. Science 266:1586?1587 (1994).
  • S.K. Nelson, S.K. Bose, and J.M. McCord, The toxicity of high-dose superoxide dismutase suggests that superoxide can both initiate and terminate lipid peroxidation in the reperfused heart, Free Radical Biol. Med. 16:195-200 (1994).
  • M. Sève, A. Favier, M. Osman, D. Hernandez, G. Vaitaitis, N.C. Flores, J.M. McCord and S.C. Flores, The human immunodeficiency virus-1 Tat protein increases cell proliferation, alters sensitivity to zinc chelator-induced apoptosis and changes Sp1 DNA binding in HeLa cells. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 361: 165?172 (1999).
  • D.M. Guidot and J.M. McCord, Walking a tightrope: The balance between mitochondrial generation and scavenging of superoxide anion, in: E. Cadenas and L. Packer, (eds.), Understanding the Process of Aging, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, pp. 17–38 (1999).
  • J.M. McCord, S.K. Bose, and B. Gao, Iron, oxidative stress, the HFE gene, and lung cancer, in: A. Favier, R. Anderson and A. Roussel, (eds.), Trace Elements in Man and Animal, Plenum, London, in press (1999).
  • B. Gao, S.C. Flores, S.K. Nelson, and J.M. McCord, A heparin-binding SOD with enhanced therapeutic efficacy, in M. Edeas, (ed.), Superoxide Dismutases: Recent Advances and Clinical Applications, Editions Mel-Paris, Paris, pp. 177–180 (1999).
  • J.M. McCord, Evolution of free radicals and oxidative stress. Am. J. Med. 108: 652-659 (2000).
  • C. Quijano, D. Hernandez-Saavedra, L. Castro, J.M. McCord, B.A. Freeman and Rafael Radi, Reaction of peroxynitrite with Mn-superoxide dismutase: role of the metal center in decomposition kinetics and nitration. J. Biol. Chem. 276: 11631-11638 (2001).
  • J.M. McCord, Superoxide dismutase in aging and disease: An overview. Meth. Enzymol. 349: 331-341 (2002).
  • J.M. McCord, Oxidative Stress Related Diseases - Overview, in: H. Rodriguez and R. Cutler (eds.), Oxidative Stress and Aging: Advances in Basic Science, Diagnostics, and Intervention, World Scientific Pub. Co. (2002).
  • S.K. Nelson, B. Gao, S. Bose, M. Rizeq and J.M. McCord, A novel mutant human Mn-superoxide dismutase improves myocardial preservation and protects from ischemia/reperfusion injury. J. Heart Lung Transplant. in press, (2002).
  • J.C. Marecki and J.M. McCord, The inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase enhances growth rates of ataxia telangiectasia cells. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 402: 227-234 (2002).
  • M.P. Look, K. Krämer, J.K. Rockstroh, J.M. McCord and L. Packer, High-dose nutraceuticals in human immunodeficiency virus-disease. An understudied option? Curr. Topics Nutraceut.Res. 1: 1-16 (2003).
  • W.H. Cerwinka, C.F. Krieglstein, C.R. Ross, J.M. McCord and D.N. Granger, Superoxide mediates endotoxin-induced platelet-endothelial cell adhesion in intestinal venules. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 284: H535-H541 (2003).
  • I.N. Hines, J.M. Hoffman, H. Scheerens, B.J. Day, H. Harada, K.P. Pavlick, S. Bharwani, R. Wolf, B. Gao, S.C. Flores, J.M. McCord and M.B. Grisham, Regulation of Post-Ischemic Liver Injury Following Different Durations of Ischemia, Am. J. Physiol.Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 284:G536-G545 (2003).
  • D. Hernandez-Saavedra and J.M. McCord, Paradoxical effects of thiol reagents on Jurkat cells and a new thiol-sensitive mutant form of human mitochondrial superoxide dismutase, Cancer Res. 63: 159-163 (2003).
  • B. Gao, S.C. Flores, J.A. Leff, S.K. Bose, and J.M. McCord, Synthesis and anti-inflammatory activity of a chimeric recombinant superoxide dismutase: SOD2/3, Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. 284: L917-L925 (2003).
  • S.K. Nelson, S.K. Bose, G.K. Grunwald, P. Myhill and J.M. McCord, The induction of human superoxide dismutase and catalase in vivo: a fundamentally new approach to antioxidant therapy, Free Radical Biol. Med., 40: 341-347 (2006).
  • K. Velmurugan, J. Alam, J.M. McCord and S. Pugazhenthi, Synergistic induction of heme oxygenase-1 by the components of the dietary supplement Protandim, Free Radical Biol. Med., 46: 430-40 (2009).
  • J. Liu, X. Gu, D. Robbins, G. Li, R. Shi, J.M. McCord, and Yunfeng Zhao, Protandim, a fundamentally new antioxidant approach in chemoprevention using mouse two-stage skin carcinogenesis as a model, PLoS ONE, 4: e5284 (2009) DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0005284.
  • H.J. Bogaard, R. Natarajan, S.C. Henderson, C. Long, D. Kraskauskas, L. Smithson, R.A. Ockaili, J.M. McCord, N.F. Voelkel, Chronic pulmonary artery pressure elevation is insufficient to explain right heart failure, Circulation 120: 1951-1960 (2009).


  • A. M. Michelson, J. M. McCord, and I. Fridovich, eds., Superoxide and Superoxide Dismutases, Academic Press, London, 1977.
  • P. A Cerutti, I. Fridovich, and J. M. McCord, eds., Oxy-Radicals in Molecular Biology and Pathology, Alan R. Liss, New York, 1988.

External links

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