. Though he vehemently disavowed the role, Garcia was viewed by many as the leader or "spokesman" of the group.
One of its founders, Garcia performed with the Grateful Dead for their entire three-decade career (1965–1995).
Another loyal Dead Head fan has passed. The Grateful Dead provided a universe, a place of association and individual passion by many, as in the case of the late follower, Richard Blood, who passed away 9-14-09.
It's pretty clear now that what looked like it might have been some kind of counterculture is, in reality, just the plain old chaos of undifferentiated weirdness.
Somebody has to do something, and it's just incredibly pathetic that it has to be us.
For me, the lame part of the Sixties was the political part, the social part. The real part was the spiritual part.
I'm shopping around for something to do that no one will like.
I've always been really fond — in folk music, I've always been fond of the fragment. The song that has one verse. And you don't know anything about the characters, you don't know what they're doing, but they're doing something important. I love that. I'm really a sucker for that kind of song.
We are all bozos on the same bus
Truth is something you stumble into when you think you're going someplace else.
I think basically the Grateful Dead is not for cranking out rock and roll, it's not for going out and doing concerts or any of that stuff. I think it's to get high. To get really high is to forget yourself. And to forget yourself is to see everything else. And to see everything else is to become an understanding molecule in evolution, a conscious tool of the universe. And I think every human being should be a conscious tool of the universe.
We've been trying to sell out for years, nobody's buying!
. Though he vehemently disavowed the role, Garcia was viewed by many as the leader or "spokesman" of the group.
One of its founders, Garcia performed with the Grateful Dead for their entire three-decade career (1965–1995). Garcia also founded and participated in a variety of side projects, including the Saunders-Garcia Band (with longtime friend Merl Saunders
), Jerry Garcia Band
, Old and in the Way
, the Garcia/Grisman
acoustic duo, Legion of Mary
, and the New Riders of the Purple Sage
(which Garcia co-founded with John Dawson
and David Nelson
). He also released several solo albums, and contributed to a number of albums by other artists over the years as a session musician
. He was well known by many for his distinctive guitar playing and was ranked 13th in Rolling Stones "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" cover story.
Later in life, Garcia was sometimes ill because of his unstable weight, and in 1986 went into a diabetic coma
that nearly cost him his life. Although his overall health improved somewhat after that, he also struggled with heroin addiction, and was staying in a California drug rehabilitation facility when he died of a heart attack in August 1995.
Childhood and early lifeJerry Garcia's ancestry was Galician
, and Swedish. He was born in San Francisco, California, on August 1, 1942, to Jose Ramon "Joe" Garcia and Ruth Marie "Bobbie" (née Clifford) Garcia. His parents named him after composer Jerome Kern
. Jerome John was their second child, preceded by Clifford Ramon "Tiff", who was born in 1937. Shortly before Clifford's birth, their father and a partner leased a building in downtown San Francisco and turned it into a bar, partly in response to Jose being blackballed from a musician's union for moonlighting.
Garcia was influenced by music at an early age, taking piano lessons for much of his childhood. His father was a retired professional musician and his mother enjoyed playing the piano. His father's extended family—who had emigrated from Spain in 1919—would often sing during reunions.
At age four, while vacationing in the Santa Cruz Mountains
, Garcia underwent amputation
of two-thirds of his right middle finger. Garcia was given the chore of steadying wood while his elder brother chopped, when he inadvertently put his finger in the way of the falling axe. After his mother wrapped his hand in a towel Garcia's father drove him over thirty miles to the nearest hospital. A few weeks later, Garcia—who never looked at the finger after the accident—was surprised to discover most of it missing when the bandage he was wearing came off during a bath. Garcia later confided that he often used it to his advantage in his youth, showing it off to other children in his neighborhood.
Garcia experienced several tragic events during his youth. Less than a year after losing the segment of his finger, his father died. While on vacation with his family near Arcata
in Northern California in 1947, his father went fly-fishing in the Trinity River
, part of the Six Rivers National Forest
. Not long after entering he slipped on a rock underfoot, plunging into the deep rapids of the river. The incident was witnessed by a group of boys who immediately sought help, beckoning a pair of nearby fishermen. By the time he was pulled from the water, he had already drowned. Garcia later claimed to have seen his father fall into the river, but Dennis McNally, author of the book A Long Strange Trip: The Inside Story of the Grateful Dead, asserts that he did not, instead forming the memory from hearing the story repeated many times. Blair Jackson, who wrote the biography Garcia: An American Life, lends weight to McNally's claim, citing that the newspaper article describing Jose's death made no mention of Garcia being at the scene—even misidentifying him as his parents' daughter.
Following the accident, Garcia's mother took over their late father's bar, buying out his partner for full ownership. As a result, Ruth Garcia began working full-time, sending Jerry and his brother to live just down the road with their maternal grandparents, Tillie and William Clifford. During the five-year period in which he lived with his grandparents, Garcia enjoyed a large amount of autonomy and attended Monroe School, the local elementary school. At the school, Garcia was greatly encouraged in his artistic abilities by his third grade teacher: through her, he discovered that "being a creative person was a viable possibility in life." According to Garcia, it was around this time that he was opened up to country and to bluegrass
by his grandmother, who he recalled enjoyed listening to the Grand Ole Opry
. His elder brother, Clifford, however, staunchly believed the contrary, insisting that Garcia was "fantasizing all [that] ... she'd been to Opry, but she didn't listen to it on the radio." It was at this point that Garcia started playing the banjo, his first stringed instrument.
In 1953, Garcia's mother was remarried to a man named Wally Matusiewicz. Subsequently, Garcia and his brother moved back home with their mother and new stepfather. However, due to the roughneck reputation of their neighborhood at the time, the Excelsior District
, Garcia's mother moved their family to Menlo Park
. During their stay in Menlo Park, Garcia became acquainted with racism and antisemitism, things he disliked intensely. The same year, Garcia was also introduced to rock and roll
and rhythm and blues
by his brother, and enjoyed listening to the likes of Ray Charles
, John Lee Hooker
, B. B. King
, Hank Ballard
, and, in a few years, Chuck Berry
. Clifford often memorized the vocals for his favorite songs, and would then make Garcia learn the harmony parts, a move to which Garcia later attributed much of his early ear training
In mid-1957, Garcia began smoking cigarettes and was introduced to marijuana
. Garcia would later reminisce about the first time he smoked marijuana: "Me and a friend of mine went up into the hills with two joints, the San Francisco foothills, and smoked these joints and just got so high and laughed and roared and went skipping down the streets doing funny things and just having a helluva time". During this time, Garcia also took up an art program at the San Francisco Art Institute
to further his burgeoning interest in the visual arts. The teacher there was Wally Hedrick
, an artist who came to prominence during the 1960s. During the classes, he often encouraged Garcia in his drawing and painting skills.
In June of the same year, Garcia graduated from the local Menlo Oaks school. He then moved with his family back to San Francisco, where they lived in an apartment above the newly built bar, having previously been torn down to make way for a freeway entrance. Two months later, on Garcia's fifteenth birthday, his mother purchased him an accordion
, to his great disappointment. Garcia had long been captivated by many rhythm and blues
artists, especially Chuck Berry
and Bo Diddley
: his one wish at this point was to have an electric guitar. After some pleading, his mother exchanged the accordion for a Danelectro
with a small amplifier at a local pawnshop. Garcia's stepfather, who was somewhat proficient with instruments, helped tune his guitar to an unusual open tuning.
After a short stint at Denman Junior High School, Garcia attended tenth grade at Balboa High School
in 1958, where he often got into trouble for skipping classes and fighting. Consequently, in 1959, Garcia's mother again moved the family to get Garcia to stay out of trouble, this time to Cazadero
, a small town in Sonoma County, 90 miles north of San Francisco. This turn of events did not sit well with Garcia. To get to Analy High School
, the nearest school, he had to travel by bus thirty miles to Sebastopol
, a move which only made him more unhappy. Garcia did, however, join a band at his school known as the Chords. After performing and winning a contest, the band's reward was recording a song—they chose "Raunchy" by Bill Doggett
Relocation and band beginningsGarcia stole his mother's car in 1960, and as punishment, joined the United States Army
. He received basic training at Fort Ord
. After training, he was transferred to Fort Winfield Scott in the Presidio of San Francisco
. Garcia spent most of his time in the army at his leisure, missing roll call and accruing many counts of AWOL
. As a result, Garcia was given a general discharge
on December 14, 1960.
In January 1961, Garcia drove down to East Palo Alto to see Laird Grant, an old friend from middle school. Garcia, using his final paycheck from the army, purchased some gasoline and an old Chevrolet car, which barely made it to Grant's residence before it broke down. Garcia proceeded to spend the next few weeks sleeping where friends would allow, eventually using his car as a home. Through Grant, Garcia met Dave McQueen in February, who, after hearing Garcia perform some blues, introduced him to local people and to the Chateau, a rooming house located near Stanford University
which was then a popular hangout.
On February 20, 1961, Garcia entered a car with Paul Speegle, a 16-year-old artist and acquaintance of Garcia; Jack Royerton, a poet from Indiana and childhood friend of Garcia; Lee Adams, the house manager of the Chateau and driver of the car; and Alan Trist, a companion of theirs. After speeding past the Menlo Park Veterans Hospital, the car encountered a curve and, traveling around ninety miles per hour, collided with the guard rail, sending the car rolling turbulently. Garcia was hurled through the windshield of the car into a nearby field with such force he was literally thrown out of his shoes and would later be unable to recall the ejection. Lee Adams, the driver, and Alan Trist, who was seated in the back, were thrown from the car as well, suffering from abdominal injuries and a spine fracture, respectively. Royerton suffered a mild concussion and shattered his ulna. Garcia escaped with a broken collarbone, while Speegle, still in the car, was fatally injured.
The accident served as an awakening for Garcia, who later commented: "That's where my life began. Before then I was always living at less than capacity. I was idling. That was the slingshot for the rest of my life. It was like a second chance. Then I got serious". It was at this time that Garcia began to realize that he needed to begin playing the guitar in earnest—a move which meant giving up his love of drawing and painting.
Garcia met Robert Hunter
, who would become a long-time lyrical collaborator with the Grateful Dead
, in April 1961. Garcia and Hunter began to participate in the local art and music scenes, sometimes playing at Kepler's Books
. Garcia performed his first concert with Hunter, each earning five dollars. Garcia and Hunter also played in a band called the Wildwood Boys with David Nelson
, a future contributor to some Grateful Dead albums.
In 1962 Garcia met Phil Lesh
, the eventual bassist of the Grateful Dead, during a party in Menlo Park's bohemian Perry Lane neighborhood (where Ken Kesey
lived). Lesh would later write in his autobiography that Garcia resembled the composer Claude Debussy
, with his "dark, curly hair, goatee, Impressionist eyes". While attending another party in Palo Alto, Lesh approached Garcia to suggest that he record some songs on Lesh's tape recorder (Phil was musically trained, though he did not start playing bass guitar until the formation of the Grateful Dead in 1965) with the intention of getting them played on the radio station KPFA
. Using an old Wollensak
tape recorder, they recorded "Matty Groves
" and "The Long Black Veil", among several other tunes. Their efforts were not in vain, leading to a spot on the show, a ninety-minute special on Garcia. It was broadcast as: "'The Long Black Veil' and Other Ballads: An Evening with Jerry Garcia".
Garcia soon began playing and teaching acoustic guitar
. One of Garcia's students was Bob Matthews, who later engineered many of the Grateful Dead's albums. Matthews went to high school and was friends with Bob Weir
, and on New Year's Eve 1963, he introduced Weir and Garcia.
Between 1962 and 1964, Garcia sang and performed mainly bluegrass
and folk music
. One of the bands Garcia performed with was the Sleepy Hollow Hog Stompers, a bluegrass act. The group consisted of Jerry Garcia on guitar, banjo, vocals, and harmonica, Marshall Leicester on banjo, guitar, and vocals, and Dick Arnold on fiddle and vocals. Soon after this, Garcia joined a local bluegrass and folk band called Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions, whose membership included Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, a rhythm and blues
fan. Around this time, the psychedelic LSD was gaining popularity. Garcia first began experimenting with LSD in 1964; later, when asked how it changed his life, he remarked: "Well, it changed everything [...] the effect was that it freed me because I suddenly realized that my little attempt at having a straight life and doing that was really a fiction and just wasn't going to work out. Luckily I wasn't far enough into it for it to be shattering or anything; it was like a realization that just made me feel immensely relieved".
In 1965, Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions evolved into the Warlocks, with the addition of Phil Lesh on bass guitar and Bill Kreutzmann
. However, the band discovered that another group was performing under their newly selected name, prompting another name change. Garcia came up with the name by opening a Funk and Wagnall's dictionary to an entry for "Grateful Dead". The definition for "Grateful Dead" was "a dead person, or his angel, showing gratitude to someone who, as an act of charity, arranged their burial". The band's first reaction was disapproval. Garcia later explained the group's reaction: "I didn't like it really, I just found it to be really powerful. [Bob] Weir didn't like it, [Bill] Kreutzmann didn't like it and nobody really wanted to hear about it. [...]" Despite their dislike of the name, it quickly spread by word of mouth, and soon became their official title.
Career with the Grateful Dead
", "Franklin's Tower", and "Scarlet Begonias
", among many others. Robert Hunter
, an ardent collaborator with the band, wrote the lyrics to all but a few of Garcia's songs.
Garcia was well-noted for his "soulful extended guitar improvisations", which would frequently feature interplay between himself and his fellow band members. His fame, as well as the band's, arguably rested on their ability to never play a song the same way twice. Often, Garcia would take cues from rhythm guitarist Bob Weir
on when to solo, remarking that "there are some [...] kinds of ideas that would really throw me if I had to create a harmonic bridge between all the things going on rhythmically with two drums and Phil [Lesh's] innovative bass playing. Weir's ability to solve that sort of problem is extraordinary. [...] Harmonically, I take a lot of my solo cues from Bob."
When asked to describe his approach to soloing, Garcia commented: "It keeps on changing. I still basically revolve around the melody and the way it’s broken up into phrases as I perceive them. With most solos, I tend to play something that phrases the way the melody does; my phrases may be more dense or have different value, but they’ll occur in the same places in the song. [...]"
Garcia and the band toured almost constantly from their formation in 1965 until Garcia's death in 1995, a stint which gave credit to the name "endless tour". Periodically, there were breaks due to exhaustion or health problems, often due to unstable health and/or Garcia's drug use. During their three decade span, the Grateful Dead played 2,314 shows.
Garcia's mature guitar-playing melded elements from the various kinds of music that had enthralled him. Echoes of bluegrass
playing (such as Arthur Smith and Doc Watson
) could be heard. But the "roots music" behind bluegrass had its influence, too, and melodic riffs from Celtic
fiddle jigs can be distinguished. There was also early rock (like Lonnie Mack
, James Burton
and Chuck Berry
), contemporary blues (such as Freddie King
and Lowell Fulson), country and western
(such as Roy Nichols
and Don Rich
), and jazz
(like Charlie Christian
and Django Reinhardt
) to be heard in Jerry's style. Don Rich was the sparkling country guitar player in Buck Owens
's "the Buckaroos
" band of the 1960s, but besides Rich's style, both Garcia's pedal steel guitar
playing (on Grateful Dead records and others) and his standard electric guitar work, were influenced by another of Owens's Buckaroos of that time, pedal-steel player Tom Brumley
. And as an improvisational soloist, John Coltrane was one of his greatest personal and musical influences.
", "That's It for the Other One", "U.S. Blues", "Sugaree
", and "Don't Ease Me In").
Side projectsIn addition to the Grateful Dead, Garcia had numerous side projects, the most notable being the Jerry Garcia Band
. He was also involved with various acoustic projects such as Old and in the Way
and other bluegrass
bands, including collaborations with noted bluegrass mandolin
ist David Grisman
. The documentary film Grateful Dawg
chronicles the deep, long-term friendship between Garcia and Grisman.
Other groups of which Garcia was a member at one time or another include the Black Mountain Boys, Legion of Mary
, and the Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band
. Jerry Garcia was also an appreciative fan of jazz
artists and improvisation: he played with jazz keyboardists Merl Saunders
and Howard Wales
for many years in various groups and jam sessions, and he appeared on saxophonist Ornette Coleman
's 1988 album, Virgin Beauty. His collaboration with Merl Saunders and Muruga Booker
on the Grammy-nominated world music album Blues From the Rainforest launched the Rainforest Band
(most notably Surrealistic Pillow
, Garcia being listed as their "Spiritual Advisor"), Tom Fogerty, David Bromberg
, Robert Hunter (Liberty, on Relix Records), Paul Pena
, Peter Rowan, Warren Zevon
, Country Joe McDonald
, Ken Nordine
, Ornette Coleman
, Bruce Hornsby
, Bob Dylan
and many more. He was also one of the first musicians to really cover in depth Motown music in the early 1970s and probably the most prolific coverer of Bob Dylan songs.
In 1995 Garcia played on three tracks for the CD Blue Incantation
by guitarist Sanjay Mishra
, making it his last studio collaboration.
Throughout the early 1970s, Garcia, Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh
, drummer Mickey Hart
, and David Crosby
collaborated intermittently with MIT-educated composer and biologist Ned Lagin
on several projects in the realm of early electronica
; these include the album Seastones (released by the Dead on their Round Records subsidiary) and L, an unfinished dance work.
Garcia also lent pedal-steel guitar playing to fellow-San Francisco musicians New Riders of the Purple Sage
from their initial dates in 1969 to October 1971, when increased commitments with the Dead forced him to opt out of the group. He appears as a band member on their début album New Riders of the Purple Sage
, and produced Home, Home On The Road, a 1974 live album by the band. He also contributed pedal steel guitar to the enduring hit "Teach Your Children" by Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young. Garcia also played steel guitar licks on Brewer & Shipley's
1970 album Tarkio
. Despite considering himself a novice on the pedal steel, Garcia routinely ranked high in player polls. After a long lapse from playing the pedal-steel, he played it once more during several of the Dead's concerts with Bob Dylan
during the summer of 1987.
Having studied art at the San Francisco Art Institute
, Garcia embarked on a second career in the visual arts. He offered for sale and auction to the public a number of illustrations, lithographs, and water colors. Some of those pieces became the basis of a line of men's neckties characterized by bright colors and abstract patterns. Even in 2005, ten years after Garcia's death, new styles and designs continued to be produced and sold.
Personal lifeGarcia met his first wife, Sara Ruppenthal Garcia, in 1963. She was working at the coffee house in the back of Kepler's Bookstore where Garcia, Hunter, and Nelson performed. They married on April 23 of the same year, and had their only child together, a daughter whom they named Heather, on December 8, 1963.
Garcia and his fellow musicians were subjected to a handful of drug busts during their lifetime. On October 2, 1967, 710 Ashbury Street in San Francisco (where the Grateful Dead had taken up residence the year before) was raided after a police tip-off
. Grateful Dead members Phil Lesh, Bob Weir, and Ron "Pigpen" McKernan were apprehended on marijuana charges which were later dropped, although Garcia himself was not arrested. The following year, ironically, Garcia's picture was used in a campaign commercial for Richard Nixon
Most of the Grateful Dead were arrested again in January 1970, after they flew to New Orleans from Hawaii. After returning to their hotel from a performance, the band checked into their rooms, only to be quickly raided by police. Around fifteen people were arrested on the spot, including many of the road crew, management, and nearly all of the Grateful Dead (except Garcia, who arrived later, and Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, who was not taking drugs at the time).
During August 1970, Garcia's mother Ruth was involved in a car accident near Twin Peaks
in San Francisco. Garcia, who was recording the album American Beauty
at the time, often left the sessions to visit his mother with his brother Clifford. She died on September 28, 1970. That same year, Garcia participated in the soundtrack for the film Zabriskie Point
, also known as 'Mountain Girl', gave birth to Garcia's second and third daughters, Annabelle Walker Garcia (February 2, 1970) and Theresa Adams "Trixie" Garcia (September 21, 1974). Adams and Garcia married in 1981.
In 1975, around the time Blues for Allah
was being created, Garcia met Deborah Koons, the woman who would much later become his third wife and widow. He began seeing her while he was still involved with Adams, with whom Koons had a less-than-perfect relationship. Garcia and Adams eventually went different ways.
While touring in late 1973 the band began to use cocaine in order to reduce the exhausting effects of constantly being on the road. During the band's hiatus in 1975, Garcia was introduced to a smoke-able form of heroin. Influenced by the stresses of creating and releasing The Grateful Dead Movie
in 1977, Garcia's cocaine
and heroin use increased. This, combined with the drug use of several other members of the Grateful Dead, produced turbulent times for the band: the band's chemistry began "cracking and crumbling", resulting in poor group cohesion. As a result, Keith and Donna Godchaux were asked to leave the band in February 1979. With the addition of keyboardist Brent Mydland
, the band was reaching new heights. Though things seemed to be getting better for the band, Garcia's health was descending. By 1983, Garcia had lost his "liveliness" on stage. The so-called "endless tour," the result of years of financial risks, drug use and mistakes, also became extremely taxing.
Garcia's use of heroin increased heavily over the years, eventually culminating in the rest of the Grateful Dead holding an intervention
in January of 1985. Given the choice between the band or the drugs, Garcia readily agreed to check into a rehabilitation center in Oakland, California. A few days later in January, nearing the completion of his program in Oakland, Garcia was arrested for drug possession
in Golden Gate Park
; Garcia subsequently attended a drug diversion program. Throughout 1985, Garcia fought to kick his habit while on tour, and by 1986, was completely clean.
Precipitated by an unhealthy weight, bad eating habits, and recent drug use, Garcia collapsed into a diabetic coma in July 1986, waking up five days later. Garcia later spoke about this period of unconsciousness as surreal: "Well, I had some very weird experiences. My main experience was one of furious activity and tremendous struggle in a sort of futuristic, space-ship vehicle with insectoid presences. After I came out of my coma, I had this image of myself as these little hunks of protoplasm
that were stuck together kind of like stamps with perforations between them that you could snap off." Garcia's coma had a profound effect on him: it forced him to have to relearn how to play the guitar, as well as other, more basic skills. Within a handful of months, Garcia quickly recovered, playing with the Jerry Garcia Band and the Grateful Dead again later that year. Garcia frequently saw a woman named Manasha Matheson during this period. Together they produced Garcia's fourth and final child, a girl named Keelin Noel Garcia, who was born December 20, 1987. (Jerry, Keelin and Manasha toured and shared a home together as a family until 1993.) After Garcia's recovery, the band released a comeback album "In the Dark
" in 1987, which became their best ever selling studio album. Inspired by Garcia's improved health and a successful album, the band's energy and chemistry peaked in the late 1980's and 1990.
During the summer of 1990, when keyboardist Brent Mydland
died, Garcia relapsed. Before the winter tour later in 1990, Garcia was confronted by the Grateful Dead with another intervention. After a disastrous meeting, Garcia invited Phil Lesh
over to his home in San Rafael
, California, where he explained that after the meeting he would start attending a methadone
clinic. Garcia said that he simply wanted to clean up in his own way.
After returning from the Grateful Dead's 1992 summer tour, Garcia became extremely sick, evidently a throwback to his diabetic coma in 1986. Refusing to go to the hospital, he instead enlisted the aid of an acupuncturist
named Yen Wei Choong and a licensed doctor to treat him personally at home. Garcia recovered over the following days, despite the Grateful Dead having to cancel their fall tour to allow him time to recuperate. Following this episode, Garcia quit smoking and began losing weight.
Garcia and girlfriend Barbara Meier, who had met in December of the previous year, separated at the beginning of the Dead's 1993 spring tour. In 1994, Garcia renewed acquaintances with Deborah Koons, with whom he had been involved sometime around 1975. They married on February 14, 1994, in Sausalito
, California. The wedding was attended by family and friends. Garcia had divorced Adams in January of that year.
By the beginning of 1995, Garcia's physical and mental condition began a decline. His playing ability suffered to the point where he would turn down the volume of his guitar, and he often had to be reminded of what song he was performing. Due to his frail condition, he began to use again just to dull the pain.
In light of his second drug relapse and current condition, Garcia checked himself into the Betty Ford Center
during July 1995. His stay was limited, however, lasting only two weeks. Motivated by the experience, he then checked into the Serenity Knolls treatment center in Forest Knolls
DeathOn August 9, 1995, at 4:23 am, Garcia's body was discovered in his room at the rehabilitation clinic. The cause of death was a heart attack. Garcia had long struggled with drug addiction, weight problems, and sleep apnea
, all of which contributed to his physical decline. Phil Lesh
remarked in his autobiography that, upon hearing of Garcia's death, "I was struck numb; I had lost my oldest surviving friend, my brother." On the morning of August 10, Garcia was rested at a funeral home in San Rafael
, California. On August 12, at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Belvedere
, Garcia's funeral was held. It was attended by his family, the remaining Grateful Dead and their friends, including former basketball player Bill Walton
and musician Bob Dylan
, and his widow Deborah Koons, who barred Garcia's other two wives from the ceremony.
On August 13, a municipally-sanctioned public memorial took place in the Polo Fields of San Francisco's Golden Gate Park
, and was attended by about twenty-five thousand people. The crowds produced hundreds of flowers, gifts, images, and even a bagpipe rendition of "Amazing Grace" in remembrance.
On April 4, 1996, Bob Weir
and Deborah Koons spread half of Garcia's cremated ashes into the Ganges River at the holy city of Rishikesh, India, a site sacred to the Hindu
s. Then, according to Garcia's last wishes, the other half of his ashes were poured into the San Francisco Bay
. Deborah Koons did not allow one of Garcia's ex-wives, Carolyn "Mountain Girl" Garcia, to attend the spreading of the ashes.
Musical equipmentGarcia played many guitars during his career, which ranged from Fender Stratocaster
s and Gibson SG
s to custom-made instruments. During his thirty-odd years of being a musician, Garcia used about twenty-five different guitars.
In 1965, when Garcia was playing with the Warlocks, he used a Guild Starfire
, which he also used on the début album
of the Grateful Dead
. Beginning in late 1967 and ending in 1968, Garcia played various colored Gibson Les Paul
guitars. In 1969, he picked up the Gibson SG
and used it for most of that year and 1970, except for a small period in between where he used a Sunburst Fender Stratocaster
During Garcia's "pedal steel flirtation period" (as Bob Weir referred to it in Anthem to Beauty), from approximately 1968 to 1973, he played a ZB Custom D-10 steel guitar
, especially in his earlier public performances. Although this was a double neck guitar, Garcia often would choose not to attach the last 5 pedal rods for the rear or Western Swing neck. Additionally, he was playing an Emmons D-10 at the time of the Grateful Dead's and New Riders of the Purple Sage's final appearances at the Filmore East in late April 1971. Also, he had been given a Fender Pedal Steel (probably a 1000 model) prior to owning the ZB Custom, but did not play it much.
In 1969, Garcia played pedal steel on two notable outside recordings: the track "The Farm" on the Jefferson Airplane
; and the hit single
"Teach Your Children
" by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young from their album Déjà Vu, released in 1970. Garcia played on the latter album in exchange for harmony lessons for the Grateful Dead, who were at the time recording their acoustic albums Workingman's Dead
and American Beauty
In 1972, Garcia used a Fender Stratocaster nicknamed Alligator for its alligator sticker on the pickguard
. The guitar was given to him by Graham Nash
. This was due in part to damage to his first custom-made guitar, made by Alembic
. This guitar, nicknamed Wolf for a memorable sticker Garcia added below the tailpiece, cost $1500 – extremely high for the time.
In the late eighties Garcia, Weir and CSN (along with many others) endorsed Alvarez Yairi acoustic guitars. There are many photographs circulating (mostly promotional) of Jerry playing a DY99 Virtuoso Custom with a Modulus Graphite neck. He opted to play with the less decorated model but the promotional photo from the Alvarez Yairi catalog has him holding the "tree of life" model. This hand-built guitar was notable for the collaboration between Japanese luthier Kazuo Yairi and Modulus Graphite of San Rafael. As with most things Garcia, with his passing, the DY99 model is rendered legend and valuable among collectors.
Wolf was made with an ebony
and featured numerous embellishments like alternating grain designs in the headstock
inlays, and fret marker dots made of sterling silver
. The body was composed of western maple wood which had a core of purpleheart
. Garcia later had former Alembic employee Doug Irwin replace the electronics inside the guitar, at which point he added his own logo to the headstock alongside the Alembic logo. The system included two interchangeable plates for configuring pickups: one was made for strictly single coil
s, while the other accommodated humbucker
s. Shortly after receiving the modified instrument, Garcia requested another custom guitar from Irwin with the advice "don't hold back."
During the Grateful Dead's European Tour
, Wolf was dropped on several occasions, one of which caused a minor crack in the headstock. Garcia returned it to Irwin to fix; during its two-year absence Garcia played predominantly Travis Bean
guitars. On September 28, 1977, Irwin delivered the renovated Wolf back to Garcia. The wolf sticker which gave the guitar its name had now been inlaid into the instrument; it also featured an effects loop between the pick-ups and controls (so inline effects would "see" the same signal at all times) which was bypassable. Irwin also put a new face on the headstock with only his logo (he later claimed to have built the guitar himself, though pictures through time clearly show the progression of logos, from Alembic, to Alembic & Irwin, to only Irwin). In the "Grateful Dead Movie" Jerry is playing Wolf and this film provides excellent views of Wolf.
The above paragraph contains significant errors, in that Wolf was not delivered to Jerry until May 1973 and therefore could not have been used during a European tour in 1972. Additionally Doug states that Jerry paid Doug directly and that Doug's contracts were between Doug and Jerry. Wolf is clearly an Irwin Guitar and only in recent revisionist history is Wolf referenced as an Alembic. However, the Grateful Dead also toured Europe in September 1974 so this may be the european tour of which the paragraph spoke.
Nearly seven years after he first requested it, Garcia received his third custom guitar from Irwin in 1979(The first Irwin was "Eagle", the second was "Wolf"). The first concert that Jerry played Tiger was August 4, 1979 at the Oakland Auditorium Arena. It was named Tiger
from the inlay on the preamp cover. The body of Tiger was of rich quality: the top layer was cocobolo
, with the preceding layers being maple stripe, vermilion, and flame maple
, in that order. The neck was made of western maple with an ebony fingerboard. The pickups consisted of a single coil DiMarzio
SDS-1 and two humbucker DiMarzio Super IIs which were easily removable due to Garcia's preference for replacing his pickups every year or two. The electronics were composed of an effects bypass loop, which allowed Garcia to control the sound of his effects through the tone and volume controls on the guitar, and a preamplifier/buffer which rested behind a plate in the back of the guitar. In terms of weight, everything included made Tiger tip the scales at 13½ pounds. This was Garcia's principal guitar for the next eleven years, and most played.
In 1990, Irwin completed Rosebud, Garcia's fourth custom guitar. It was similar to his previous guitar Tiger in many respects, but featured different inlays and electronics, tone and volume controls, and weight. Rosebud, unlike Tiger, was configured with three humbuckers; the neck and bridge pickups shared a tone control, while the middle had its own. Inside the guitar, a Roland GK-2 synthesizer was used in junction with GR-50 rack mount, producing the MIDI
effects heard during live performances of this period. Sections of the guitar were hollowed out to bring the weight down to 11½ pounds. The inlay, a dancing skeleton holding a rose
, covers a plate just below the bridge
. The final cost of the instrument was $11,000.
In 1993, carpenter-turned-luthier Stephen Cripe tried his hand at making an instrument for Garcia. After researching Tiger through pictures and films, Cripe set out on what would soon become known as Lightning Bolt, again named for its inlay. The guitar used Brazilian rosewood for the fingerboard and East Indian rosewood for the body, which, with admitted irony from Cripe, was taken from a 19th century bed used by opium smokers. Built purely from guesswork, Lightning Bolt was a hit with Garcia, who began using the guitar exclusively. Soon after, Garcia requested that Cripe build a backup of the guitar. Cripe, who had not measured or photographed the original, was told simply to "wing it."
Cripe later delivered the backup, which was known by the name Top Hat. Garcia bought it from him for the price of $6,500, making it the first guitar that Cripe had ever sold. However, infatuated with Lightning Bolt, Garcia rarely used the backup.
After Garcia's death, the ownership of his Wolf and Tiger came into question. According to Garcia's will, his guitars were to go to Doug Irwin, who had constructed them. The remaining Grateful Dead members disagreed—they considered his guitars to be property of the band, leading to a lawsuit between the two parties. In 2001, Irwin won the case. Irwin, being a victim of a hit-and-run
accident in 1998, was left nearly penniless. He placed Garcia's guitars up for auction in hopes of being able to start another guitar workshop.
On May 8, 2002, Wolf and Tiger, among other memorabilia, were placed for auction at Studio 54
in New York City. Tiger was purchased for $957,500, while Wolf was bought for $789,500. Together, the instruments were bought for 1.74 million dollars, setting a new world record. Wolf is in a private collection kept in a secure climate controlled room in a private residence at Utica, N.Y., and Tiger is in the private collection of Indianapolis Colts
owner Jim Irsay
LegacyGarcia appeared in the 1977 movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind
as an extra
during the scenes in India
in a crowd shot. During the following year, the Grateful Dead would occasionally improvise the theme from "Close Encounters" in concert.
In 1987, ice cream
manufacturer Ben & Jerry's
came out with Cherry Garcia, which is named after the guitarist and consists of "cherry ice cream with cherries and fudge flakes".
Garcia was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
as a member of the Grateful Dead in 1994.
Famous guitar player and known Jerry fan Warren Haynes
wrote the song "Patchwork Quilt" in memory of Jerry.
In the episode titled "Halloween: The Final Chapter" on the show Roseanne
, aired shortly after his death on October 31, 1995, a tribute to Jerry Garcia was made, and the character name of the baby was Jerry Garcia Conner.
In 2003, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked Jerry Garcia 13th in their list of the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.
In 2005, Rapper Proof
from the group D12
released an album named after Garcia, Searching for Jerry Garcia
. The album was dedicated to the Grateful Dead and released ten years to the day of Garcia's death.
recorded the song, "So Long Jerry" during the sessions for their 12 Golden Country Greats album, but it was left off the album, eventually appearing on the "Piss Up a Rope" single.
According to fellow Bay Area guitar player Henry Kaiser
, Garcia is "the most recorded guitarist in history. With more than 2,200 Grateful Dead concerts, and 1,000 Jerry Garcia Band concerts captured on tape – as well as numerous studio sessions – there are about 15,000 hours of his guitar work preserved for the ages."
On July 30, 2004, Melvin Seals
was the first Jerry Garcia Band
member to headline an outdoor music and camping festival called the Grateful Garcia Gathering. The festival is a tribute to the Grateful Dead's guitarist Jerry Garcia. "Jerry Garcia Band" drummer David Kemper
, joined Melvin Seals & JGB in 2007. To date, other musicians and friends of Jerry's have also included Donna Jean Godchaux, Mookie Siegel, Pete Sears
, G.E. Smith, Barry Sless
, and Jackie Greene
to name a few musicians.
On July 21, 2005, the San Francisco Recreation and Park Commission passed a resolution to name the amphitheater in McLaren Park
"The Jerry Garcia Amphitheater." The amphitheater is located in the Excelsior District, where Garcia grew up. The first show to happen at the Jerry Garcia Amphitheater was Jerry Day 2005 on August 7, 2005. Tiff Garcia was the first person to welcome everybody to the "Jerry Garcia Amphitheater." Jerry Day is an annual celebration of Jerry in his childhood neighborhood. The dedication ceremony (Jerry Day 2) on October 29, 2005 was officiated by mayor Gavin Newsom
On September 24, 2005, the Comes a Time: A Celebration of the Music & Spirit of Jerry Garcia tribute concert was held at the Hearst Greek Theatre
in Berkeley, California
. The concert featured Bob Weir
, Bill Kreutzmann
, Mickey Hart
, Bruce Hornsby
, Trey Anastasio
, Warren Haynes
, Jimmy Herring
, Michael Kang
, Jay Lane
, Jeff Chimenti
, Mark Karan
, Robin Sylvester
, Kenny Brooks, Melvin Seals
, Merl Saunders
, Marty Holland, Stu Allen, Gloria Jones
, and Jackie LaBranch.
Also in 2008, Georgia-based composer Lee Johnson released an orchestral tribute to the music of the Grateful Dead, recorded with the Russian National Orchestra, entitled "Dead Symphony: Lee Johnson Symphony No. 6." Johnson was interviewed on NPR
on the July 26, 2008 broadcast of "Weekend Edition", and gave much credit to the genius and craft of Garcia's songwriter. A live performance with the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra
, conducted by Johnson himself, was held Friday, August 1.
Seattle rock band Soundgarden
wrote and recorded the instrumental song "Jerry Garcia's Finger", dedicated to the singer, which was released as a b-side with their single "Pretty Noose
Numerous music festivals across the United States and Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK hold annual events in memory of Jerry Garcia.
- Jerry Garcia
- GarciaGarcia (album)Garcia is Grateful Dead guitarist Jerry Garcia's first solo album, released in 1972.Warner Bros. Records offered the Grateful Dead the opportunity to cut their own solo records, and Garcia was released during the same time as Bob Weir's Ace and Mickey Hart's Rolling Thunder...
- ComplimentsCompliments (Jerry Garcia album)Compliments, also known as Garcia, is Jerry Garcia's second solo album, released in 1974. It includes one newly-written song by John Kahn and Robert Hunter but is otherwise cover versions...
- ReflectionsReflections (Jerry Garcia Album)Reflections is Jerry Garcia's third solo album, released in 1976. It includes five songs that were performed by the Grateful Dead. All of the then-members of the Grateful Dead contribute to the music on this album.-Track listing:...
- Run for the RosesRun for the Roses (album)Run for the Roses is a 1982 solo album by Jerry Garcia.-Track listing:#"Run For The Roses" #"I Saw Her Standing There" #"Without Love"...
- Jerry Garcia BandJerry Garcia BandThe Jerry Garcia Band was a San Francisco Bay Area rock band led by Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead. Garcia founded the band in 1975; it remained the most important of his various side-projects until his death in 1995...
- Cats Under the StarsCats Under the StarsCats Under the Stars, released in 1978, is the first and only studio release under the name Jerry Garcia Band and Garcia's first album on the Arista label.Garcia, in the years before his death in 1995, considered this album to be his favorite....
- Jerry Garcia BandJerry Garcia Band (album)Jerry Garcia Band is the second album, and first live album, by the Jerry Garcia Band. It was recorded in the spring of 1990 at The Warfield in San Francisco.-Disc One:#"The Way You Do the Things You Do" – 8:08...
- How Sweet It Is – 1997
- Don't Let GoDon't Let Go (album)Don't Let Go is the third live album by the Jerry Garcia Band. It was recorded on May 21, 1976 at the Orpheum Theatre in San Francisco, with a bonus track recorded on September 11 in 1976 at the Keystone in Berkeley....
- Shining Star – 2001
- After Midnight: Kean College, February 28, 1980 – 2004
- Let It Rock: The Jerry Garcia Collection, Vol. 2Let It Rock: The Jerry Garcia Collection, Vol. 2Let It Rock: The Jerry Garcia Collection, Vol. 2 is an album by the Jerry Garcia Band. It was recorded live at the Keystone in Berkeley, California, on November 17 and 18, 1975. It was released by Rhino Records as a two-disc CD on November 10, 2009....
- Cats Under the Stars
- Jerry Garcia Acoustic BandJerry García Acoustic BandThe Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band was a band formed by Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead. They played a number of concerts in 1987 and subsequently released two live albums.-Band members:*Jerry Garcia - guitar, vocals*David Nelson - guitar, vocals...
- Almost AcousticAlmost AcousticAlmost Acoustic is a 1988 live acoustic album by the Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band. Held in high esteem by fans for superb sound quality and fine musical selection, it was culled from 18 performances at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre during the fall of 1987...
- Ragged but RightRagged but RightRagged but Right is the second live album by the Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band. It was recorded in October and December 1987 at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre in New York City, the Wiltern Theatre in Los Angeles, and the Warfield Theater in San Francisco...
- Almost Acoustic
- Jerry Garcia and Merl SaundersMerl SaundersMerl Saunders, was an American multi-genre musician who played piano and keyboards, favoring the Hammond B-3 console organ.-Biography:...
- Heavy Turbulence – with Tom FogertyTom FogertyThomas Richard "Tom" Fogerty was an American musician, best known as the rhythm guitarist in Creedence Clearwater Revival and the elder brother of John Fogerty, lead singer and lead guitarist in that band....
– 1972 (LP)
- Fire Up – 1973 (LP)
- Live at the Keystone – Merl Saunders / Jerry Garcia / John KahnJohn KahnJohn Kahn was an American rock bass player. For a period of about twenty five years Kahn was Jerry Garcia's principal collaborator outside of the Grateful Dead.-Biography:...
/ Bill Vitt – 1973 (LP)
- Keystone Encores, Volume 1 – Merl Saunders / Jerry Garcia / John Kahn / Bill Vitt – 1988 (LP)
- Keystone Encores, Volume 2 – Merl Saunders / Jerry Garcia / John Kahn / Bill Vitt – 1988 (LP)
- Live at the Keystone Vol. 1 – Merl Saunders / Jerry Garcia / John Kahn / Bill Vitt – 1988 (CD)
- Live at the Keystone Vol. 2 – Merl Saunders / Jerry Garcia / John Kahn / Bill Vitt – 1988 (CD)
- Keystone Encores – Merl Saunders / Jerry Garcia / John Kahn / Bill Vitt – 1988 (CD)
- Fire Up Plus – with John Kahn, Tom Fogerty and Ron Tutt – 1992 (CD)
- Keystone Berkeley, September 1, 1974 – Jerry Garcia and Merl SaundersMerl SaundersMerl Saunders, was an American multi-genre musician who played piano and keyboards, favoring the Hammond B-3 console organ.-Biography:...
– 2004 (also listed under Pure Jerry series)
- Legion of Mary: The Jerry Garcia Collection, Vol. 1 – Legion of MaryLegion of Mary (band)Legion of Mary was an American rock band, formed by Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead and his friend and musical collaborator Merl Saunders. The band lasted from July 12, 1974 to July 5, 1975. Its members included Garcia , Saunders , John Kahn , Martin Fierro and Paul Humphrey...
- Well Matched: The Best Of Merl Saunders & Jerry Garcia – 2006 (also listed under Compilations)
- Heavy Turbulence – with Tom Fogerty
- New Riders of the Purple SageNew Riders of the Purple SageNew Riders of the Purple Sage is an American country rock band. The group emerged from the psychedelic rock scene in San Francisco, California in 1969, and its original lineup included several members of the Grateful Dead. Their best known song is "Panama Red"...
- New Riders of the Purple SageNew Riders of the Purple Sage (album)New Riders of the Purple Sage is the self-titled debut album by the American country rock band the New Riders of the Purple Sage. It was released by Columbia Records in 1971, and reached number 39 on the Billboard charts....
- Before Time BeganBefore Time BeganBefore Time Began is the eleventh studio album and thirteenth album overall by the country rock group the New Riders of the Purple Sage. It was released in 1986 on the Relix Records label....
- Vintage NRPSVintage NRPSVintage NRPS is an album by the country rock group the New Riders of the Purple Sage. It was recorded live on February 21 and February 23, 1971 at the Capitol Theater in Port Chester, New York, and released in 1986....
- New Riders of the Purple Sage
- Old and in the WayOld and in the WayOld & in the Way was a bluegrass supergroup in the 1970s. The group performed traditional tunes such as "Pig in a Pen" as well as bluegrass-flavoured versions of The Rolling Stones' "Wild Horses" and Peter Rowan's "Panama Red"....
- Old and in the WayOld and in the Way (album)Old and in the Way is the self-titled first album by the bluegrass band Old and in the Way. It was recorded 8 October 1973 at the Boarding House in San Francisco by Owsley Stanley and Vickie Babcock utilizing eight microphones mixed live onto a stereo Nagra tape recorder...
- That High Lonesome Sound – 1996
- Breakdown – 1997
- Live at the Boarding HouseLive at the Boarding House- References :*Rolling Stone Magazine. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/oldintheway/albums/album/23974691/live_at_the_boarding_house*Nugs.net. http://www.nugs.net/prodDet.aspx?productType=0&productID=19142...
- Old and in the Way
- Jerry Garcia and David GrismanDavid GrismanDavid Grisman is an American bluegrass/newgrass mandolinist and composer of acoustic music. In the early 1990s, he started the Acoustic Disc record label in an effort to preserve and spread acoustic or instrumental music.-Biography:Grisman grew up in Hackensack, New Jersey...
- Garcia/Grisman – 1991
- Not for Kids OnlyNot for Kids OnlyNot for Kids Only is the name of an album of children's songs released by Jerry Garcia and David Grisman. Most of the songs come from the Southeast region of the United States...
- Shady GroveShady Grove (Garcia/Grisman album)Shady Grove is the name of an acoustic album by Jerry Garcia and David Grisman. It was released on the Acoustic Disc record label in 1996. The album was produced by Garcia and Grisman for Dawg Productions. Also appearing on the album: Joe Craven, Jim Kerwin, Matt Eakle, Bryan Bowers, and Will...
- So WhatSo What (Garcia/Grisman album)So What is an acoustic jazz album by Jerry Garcia and David Grisman. It was released on the Acoustic Disc record label in 1998.-Track listing:# "So What" – 6:55# "Bag's Groove" – 8:43# "Milestones" – 7:55...
- The Pizza TapesThe Pizza TapesThe Pizza Tapes is an acoustic album by the American musicians Jerry Garcia, David Grisman and Tony Rice. The album was made over a series of two evenings in 1993 featuring completely unrehearsed songs recorded in Grisman's own recording studio.-History:...
(featuring Tony RiceTony RiceTony Rice is an American acoustic guitarist and bluegrass musician. He is considered one of the most influential acoustic guitar players in bluegrass, progressive bluegrass, newgrass and acoustic jazz.Rice spans the range of acoustic music, from traditional bluegrass to jazz-influenced New...
) – 2000
- Grateful DawgGrateful Dawg (soundtrack)Grateful Dawg is the soundtrack to the 2000 film of the same name. It is a collaboration between Jerry Garcia and David Grisman. It was released on the Acoustic Disc record label.- Track listing :#"Intro"#"Grateful Dawg "...
- Been All Around This WorldBeen All Around This WorldBeen All Around this World is an album of acoustic collaboration between Jerry Garcia and David Grisman, released in 2004.-Track listing:# "Been All Around this World" # "I'll Go Crazy" # "Take Me"...
- All Good Things – 2004 (box set of studio albums Garcia, Compliments, Reflections, Cats Under The Stars, Run For The Roses', as well as outtakes, jams, and alternate versions)
- Garcia Plays DylanGarcia Plays DylanGarcia Plays Dylan is an album composed of various live performances featuring Jerry Garcia playing covers of Bob Dylan songs. It is culled from performances from 1973-1995, and features Garcia playing with the Grateful Dead, Legion of Mary, Jerry Garcia Band, and Garcia-Saunders.-Track...
- The Very Best of Jerry GarciaThe Very Best of Jerry GarciaThe Very Best of Jerry Garcia is a compilation album with recordings by Jerry Garcia, Grateful Dead, Jerry Garcia Band, Old and in the Way, Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band, and Reconstruction...
- Well Matched: The Best Of Merl Saunders & Jerry Garcia – 2006
- Pure Jerry – a series of live concert CDs licensed by the Garcia Family LLC.
- Theatre 1839, July 29 & 30, 1977Theatre 1839, July 29 & 30, 1977Theatre 1839, July 29 & 30, 1977 is the first release in the Pure Jerry series of live recordings by Jerry Garcia and his various solo bands. As the title suggests, it was recorded on July 29 and July 30, 1977, at the Theatre 1839 in San Francisco...
– Jerry Garcia Band – 2004
- Lunt-Fontanne, New York City, October 31, 1987 – Jerry Garcia Band and Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band – 2004
(This album is one of 10 "live jam releases of this century" according to the August issue of Guitar One magazine.)
- Lunt-Fontanne, New York City, The Best of the Rest, October 15 – 30, 1987 – Jerry Garcia Band and Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band – 2004
- Keystone Berkeley, September 1, 1974 – Jerry Garcia and Merl Saunders – 2004
- Merriweather Post Pavilion, September 1 & 2, 1989 – Jerry Garcia Band – 2005
- Warner Theatre, March 18, 1978 – Jerry Garcia Band – 2005
- Coliseum, Hampton, VA, November 9, 1991 – Jerry Garcia Band – 2006 (with Bruce HornsbyBruce HornsbyBruce Randall Hornsby is an American singer, pianist, accordion player, and songwriter. Known for the spontaneity and creativity of his live performances, Hornsby draws frequently from classical, jazz, bluegrass, folk, Motown, rock, blues, and jam band musical traditions with his songwriting and...
- Marin Veterans Memorial Auditorium, February 28, 1986 – Jerry Garcia and John Kahn – 2009
- Bay Area, 1978 – Jerry Garcia Band – 2009
- Theatre 1839, July 29 & 30, 1977
- With other artists
- Surrealistic PillowSurrealistic PillowSurrealistic Pillow is the second album by American psychedelic rock band Jefferson Airplane, released in February 1967.Original drummer Alexander 'Skip' Spence had left the band in mid-1966, replaced by a jazz drummer from Los Angeles, Spencer Dryden, a nephew of Charlie Chaplin. New lead vocalist...
– Jefferson AirplaneJefferson AirplaneJefferson Airplane was an American rock band formed in San Francisco in 1965. A pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement, Jefferson Airplane was the first band from the San Francisco scene to achieve mainstream commercial and critical success....
- Volunteers – Jefferson AirplaneJefferson AirplaneJefferson Airplane was an American rock band formed in San Francisco in 1965. A pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement, Jefferson Airplane was the first band from the San Francisco scene to achieve mainstream commercial and critical success....
- TarkioTarkio (album)Tarkio is the third album by Brewer & Shipley. Released in 1970, the album yielded the hit singles "One Toke Over the Line" and "Tarkio Road".The title came about when they left California in 1969 returning to the Midwest, this time to Kansas City, Missouri,...
– Brewer & ShipleyBrewer & ShipleyBrewer & Shipley were an American folk rock music duo of the late 1960s through 1970s, consisting of singer-songwriters Mike Brewer and Tom Shipley. They were known for their intricate guitar work, vocal harmonies and socially conscious lyrics. Their greatest success was the song "One Toke Over the...
- Déjà Vu – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – 1970
- Blows Against the EmpireBlows Against the EmpireBlows Against the Empire is a concept album by Paul Kantner and Grace Slick, released under the name Paul Kantner and Jefferson Starship, the first album to use the "Starship" name, although the personnel line-up was not the same as would appear on the first actual Jefferson Starship...
– Paul KantnerPaul KantnerPaul Lorin Kantner is an American rock musician, known for co-founding the psychedelic rock band Jefferson Airplane and its spin-off band Jefferson Starship.- Overview :...
and Jefferson StarshipJefferson StarshipJefferson Starship is an American rock band formed in the early 1970s. The group is a spin-off from the iconic 1960s psychedelic/folk group Jefferson Airplane. The band has undergone several major changes in personnel and genres through the years while retaining the same Jefferson Starship name...
- Marrying Maiden – It's a Beautiful DayIt's a Beautiful DayIt's a Beautiful Day is a band formed in San Francisco, California in 1967, the brainchild of violinist David LaFlamme.LaFlamme, a former soloist with the Utah Symphony Orchestra, had previously been in the band Orkustra, and unusually, played a five-string violin...
- Stephen Stills 2Stephen Stills 2Stephen Stills 2 is the second solo album by Stephen Stills and was released in 1971. He had already performed "Bluebird Revisited" on tour with Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young in 1969....
– Stephen StillsStephen StillsStephen Arthur Stills is an American guitarist and singer/songwriter best known for his work with Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Stills & Nash . He has performed on a professional level in several other bands as well as maintaining a solo career at the same time...
- Hooteroll?Hooteroll?Hooteroll? is a jazz-rock fusion album by Howard Wales and Jerry Garcia.Prior to making Hooteroll?, Wales and Garcia had played together at Monday night jam sessions at The Matrix in San Francisco...
– Howard WalesHoward WalesHoward Wales is an American keyboardist and sometime collaborator of Jerry Garcia.He was a session player for numerous musical acts, including James Brown and the Four Tops.-Selected discography:* A.B. Skhy – A.B...
and Jerry Garcia – 1971
- If I Could Only Remember My NameIf I Could Only Remember My Name-External links:*...
– David CrosbyDavid CrosbyDavid Van Cortlandt Crosby is an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter. In addition to his solo career, he was a founding member of three bands: The Byrds, Crosby, Stills & Nash , and CPR...
- SunfighterSunfighter-Personnel:*Paul Kantner – vocals, rhythm guitar*Grace Slick – vocals, piano*Jack Traylor – guitar on "Earth Mother", vocals on "Earth Mother"*Jerry Garcia – guitar on "When I Was a Boy I Watched the Wolves", "Million", and "Holding Together"...
– Paul KantnerPaul KantnerPaul Lorin Kantner is an American rock musician, known for co-founding the psychedelic rock band Jefferson Airplane and its spin-off band Jefferson Starship.- Overview :...
and Grace SlickGrace SlickGrace Slick is an American singer and songwriter, who was one of the lead singers of the rock groups The Great Society, Jefferson Airplane, Jefferson Starship, and Starship, and was a solo artist, for nearly three decades, from the mid-1960s to the mid-1990s...
- PowerglidePowerglide (album)Powerglide is the second album by the American band the New Riders of the Purple Sage. The music is a psychedelic hybrid of country rock, and includes guest musicians Jerry Garcia and Bill Kreutzmann from the Grateful Dead, along with noted session player Nicky Hopkins...
– New Riders of the Purple SageNew Riders of the Purple SageNew Riders of the Purple Sage is an American country rock band. The group emerged from the psychedelic rock scene in San Francisco, California in 1969, and its original lineup included several members of the Grateful Dead. Their best known song is "Panama Red"...
- Songs for BeginnersSongs for BeginnersSongs for Beginners is Graham Nash's first solo album, released in May 1971, and one of four high-profile albums released by each partner of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young in the wake of their chart-topping Déjà Vu album of 1970...
– Graham NashGraham NashGraham William Nash, OBE is an English singer-songwriter known for his light tenor vocals and for his songwriting contributions with the British pop group The Hollies, and with the folk-rock band Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. Nash is a photography collector and a published photographer...
- Graham Nash David CrosbyGraham Nash David CrosbyGraham Nash/David Crosby is the first album by the partnership of David Crosby and Graham Nash, released on Atlantic Records in 1972, catalogue SD 7220. It peaked at #4 on the Billboard Top Pop Albums chart, and a single taken from the album, "Immigration Man," peaked at #36 on the Billboard Hot...
– Graham NashGraham NashGraham William Nash, OBE is an English singer-songwriter known for his light tenor vocals and for his songwriting contributions with the British pop group The Hollies, and with the folk-rock band Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. Nash is a photography collector and a published photographer...
and David CrosbyDavid CrosbyDavid Van Cortlandt Crosby is an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter. In addition to his solo career, he was a founding member of three bands: The Byrds, Crosby, Stills & Nash , and CPR...
- Demon in DisguiseDemon in DisguiseDemon in Disguise is an album by David Bromberg. His second album, it was released by Columbia Records in 1972. It was released as a CD by Wounded Bird Records in 2005....
– David BrombergDavid BrombergDavid Bromberg is an American multi-instrumentalist, singer, and songwriter. Bromberg has an eclectic style, playing bluegrass, blues, folk, jazz, country and western, and rock and roll equally well. He is known for his quirky, humorous lyrics, and the ability to play rhythm and lead guitar at the...
- ExcaliburExcalibur (Tom Fogerty album)Excalibur was Tom Fogerty's second solo album.-Track list:All songs written by Tom Fogerty, except where noted. # "Forty Years" – 3:40# "Black Jack Jenny" – 2:30# "Rocky Road Blues" – 3:56...
– Tom FogertyTom Fogerty
- AceAce (Bob Weir album)Ace was the first solo album by Grateful Dead rhythm guitarist Bob Weir, released in 1972.Its origins come from an offer by the Dead's Warner Bros. Records label to have band members cut their own solo records, and came out at the same time as Jerry Garcia's Garcia and Mickey Hart's Rolling Thunder...
– Bob WeirBob WeirBob Weir is an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist, most recognized as a founding member of the Grateful Dead. After the Grateful Dead disbanded in 1995, Weir performed with The Other Ones, later known as The Dead, together with other former members of the Grateful Dead...
- Wanted Dead or AliveWanted Dead or Alive (David Bromberg album)Wanted Dead or Alive is an album by David Bromberg. It was his third album, released by Columbia Records as a vinyl LP in 1974. It has been released as a CD several times — by Sony Music Media in 2004, by SBME Special Markets in 2008, and by Columbia Records in 2011...
– David Bromberg – 1973
- Keith & Donna – Keith GodchauxKeith GodchauxKeith Richard Godchaux was a musician best known for his tenure in the rock group the Grateful Dead.-Biography:Keith Godchaux was born in Seattle, Washington and grew up in Concord, California...
and Donna Jean Godchaux – 1975
- Virgin BeautyVirgin BeautyVirgin Beauty is an album by Ornette Coleman and his Prime Time ensemble. Portrait Records released the album in 1988.-Track listing:# "3 Wishes" - 4:23# "Bourgeois Boogie" - 5:11# "Happy Hour" - 4:49# "Virgin Beauty" - 3:34...
– Ornette ColemanOrnette ColemanOrnette Coleman is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. He was one of the major innovators of the free jazz movement of the 1960s....
- Devout Catalyst – Ken NordineKen NordineKen Nordine is an American voiceover and recording artist best known for his series of Word Jazz albums. His deep, resonant voice has also been featured in many commercial advertisements and movie trailers. One critic wrote that "you may not know Ken Nordine by name or face, but you'll almost...
- Astronauts & HereticsAstronauts & HereticsAstronauts & Heretics, released in 1992, was the fourth studio album by Thomas Dolby.-Track listing:All tracks by Dolby and Lost Toy People unless noted#"I Love You Goodbye" - 5:58#"Cruel" - 3:08#"Silk Pyjamas" - 3:38#"I Live in a Suitcase" - 5:29...
– Thomas DolbyThomas DolbyThomas Dolby is an English musician and producer. Best known for his 1982 hit "She Blinded Me with Science", and 1984 single "Hyperactive!", he has also worked extensively in production and as a session musician.-Early life:Dolby was born in London, England, contrary to information in early 1980s...
- Blue IncantationBlue IncantationBlue Incantation is an album by guitarist Sanjay Mishra, with special guest Jerry Garcia.The Denver Post wrote of the album, "Sanjay Mishra plays acoustic guitar with an eclecticism well suited for his multicultural background.... [The] selections [with Garcia] are lovely and expansive."The album...
– Sanjay MishraSanjay MishraSanjay Mishra is an American Guitarist/Composer born in India and subsequently becoming a citizen of the United States who began performing after completing his studies at...
and Jerry Garcia – 1994
- Trios – Rob WassermanRob WassermanRob Wasserman is an American bass player, who has played with a wide variety of musicians including David Grisman, Lou Reed, Bob Weir, Jerry Garcia, Bruce Cockburn, Van Morrison, Rickie Lee Jones, Brian Wilson, Elvis Costello, Mark Morris, Aaron Neville, Chris Whitley, Studs Terkel, Pete Seeger,...
- Side Trips, Volume OneSide Trips, Volume OneSide Trips, Volume One is a jazz-rock fusion album by Howard Wales and Jerry Garcia. It was recorded live at the Matrix in San Francisco in 1970, and released in 1998.-Monday night jam sessions at the Matrix:...
– Howard Wales and Jerry Garcia – 1998
- Mother McCree's Uptown Jug ChampionsMother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions (album)Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions is an American folk music album. It was recorded live by the band of the same name at the Top of the Tangent coffee house in Palo Alto, California in July, 1964, and released in 1999....
– Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions – 1999
- Surrealistic Pillow